Esperanto

EsperantistEsperantistsEsperanto languageEsperanto-languageepocommon human cultureEsperantistaEsperanto SocietyEsperanto-speakersEsperanto-speaking
Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language.wikipedia
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L. L. Zamenhof

Ludwik ZamenhofZamenhofLudwig Zamenhof
L. L. Zamenhof, a Polish-Jewish ophthalmologist, created Esperanto in the late 19th century and published the first book detailing it, Unua Libro, in 1887 under the pseudonym Dr. Esperanto, Esperanto translating as "one who hopes".
Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (Ludwik Łazarz Zamenhof, לײזער לֵוִי זאַמענהאָף; 15 December 1859 – 14 April 1917), credited as L. L. Zamenhof and sometimes as the pseudonymous Dr. Esperanto, was a Polish-Jewish ophthalmologist and the initiator of the international language Esperanto, the most successful constructed language in the world.

List of Esperanto organizations

Esperanto organizationsItalian Esperanto Federationorganizations
Despite speakers facing persecution in regimes such as Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union under Stalin, Esperanto speakers continued to establish organizations and publish periodicals tailored to specific regions and interests.
This is a list of Esperanto organizations.

Akademio de Esperanto

Academy of EsperantoEsperanto AcademyAcademy
Another is that the Esperanto movement is exclusively a linguistic movement and that no further meaning can ever be ascribed to it. Zamenhof also proposed to the first congress that an independent body of linguistic scholars should steward the future evolution of Esperanto, foreshadowing the founding of the Akademio de Esperanto, in part modeled after the Académie française, which was established soon thereafter.
The Akademio de Esperanto (AdE; English: Academy of Esperanto) is an independent body of language scholars who steward the evolution of the language Esperanto by keeping it consistent with Fundamento de Esperanto in accordance with the Declaration of Boulogne.

Unua Libro

Dr. Esperanto's International Language: Introduction & Complete Grammarfirst Esperanto publication
L. L. Zamenhof, a Polish-Jewish ophthalmologist, created Esperanto in the late 19th century and published the first book detailing it, Unua Libro, in 1887 under the pseudonym Dr. Esperanto, Esperanto translating as "one who hopes".
Dr. Esperanto's International Language (Международный язык, International Language), commonly referred to as Unua Libro (First Book), is an 1887 book by L. L. Zamenhof, in which the author first introduced and described the constructed language Esperanto.

Constructed language

constructedconlangconstructed languages
Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language.
For example, the Hungarian census of 2001 found 4570 speakers of Esperanto, 10 of Romanid, two each of Interlingua and Ido and one each of Idiom Neutral and Mundolinco.

William Auld

Several writers have contributed to the growing body of Esperanto literature, including William Auld, who received the first nomination for the Nobel Prize in Literature for a literary work in Esperanto in 1999, followed by two more in 2004 and 2006.
William Auld (6 November 1924 – 11 September 2006) was a Scottish poet, author, translator and magazine editor who wrote chiefly in Esperanto.

List of Esperanto-language writers

Several writers
Several writers have contributed to the growing body of Esperanto literature, including William Auld, who received the first nomination for the Nobel Prize in Literature for a literary work in Esperanto in 1999, followed by two more in 2004 and 2006.
Authors from many nations have written literature in the Esperanto language, a constructed international auxiliary language with an estimated two million speakers worldwide.

Esperantujo

Esperanto communityEsperanto language communityEsperanto movement
Although no country has adopted Esperanto officially, Esperantujo is the collective name given to places where it is spoken, and the language is widely employed in world travel, correspondence, cultural exchange, conventions, literature, language instruction, television and radio broadcasting.
Esperantujo or Esperantio (Esperanto-land) is the community of speakers of the Esperanto and their culture, as well the places and institutions where the language is used.

International auxiliary language

auxiliary languageinternational languageauxiliary languages
Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language.
Often, the term is used to refer to planned or constructed languages proposed specifically to ease international communication, such as Esperanto, Ido and Interlingua.

Native Esperanto speakers

native speakersEsperanto native speakernative Esperantists
With approximately twomillion speakers, a small portion of whom are native speakers, it is the most widely spoken constructed language in the world.
Native Esperanto speakers (Esperanto: denaskuloj or denaskaj esperantistoj) are people who have acquired Esperanto as one of their native languages.

Esperanto literature

EsperantoEsperanto poetryliterature
Several writers have contributed to the growing body of Esperanto literature, including William Auld, who received the first nomination for the Nobel Prize in Literature for a literary work in Esperanto in 1999, followed by two more in 2004 and 2006.
Esperanto literature is literature in the Esperanto language.

Esperanto Wikipedia

Esperanto
With about 0 articles, Esperanto Wikipedia is the 32nd-largest Wikipedia, as measured by the number of articles, and is the largest Wikipedia in a constructed language.
The Esperanto Wikipedia (undefined, or Esperanta Vikipedio ) is the Esperanto edition of Wikipedia, which was started on 11 May 2001, alongside the Basque Wikipedia.

World Esperanto Congress

World Congressinternational Esperanto meetingsWorld Congresses of Esperanto
Later that year, he organized the first World Esperanto Congress, an ongoing annual conference, in Boulogne-sur-Mer, France.
The World Esperanto Congress (Universala Kongreso de Esperanto, UK) is an annual Esperanto convention.

Propaedeutic value of Esperanto

first, fluent, intercultural, foreign languagehelp in third language acquisitionlanguage propaedeutics
Some have also chosen to learn Esperanto due to its purported help in third language acquisition.
The propaedeutic value of Esperanto is the utility of Esperanto as an introduction to foreign language study and its benefit on the teaching of subsequent foreign languages.

List of Esperanto speakers

esperantistInternational Esperanto Communityesperantists
Esperantists were killed during the Holocaust, with Zamenhof's family in particular singled out for being killed.
An Esperantist (Esperantisto) is a person who speaks Esperanto.

Anationalism

anationalistinternationalismsennaciismo
Anarchism as a political movement was very supportive during this time of anationalism as well as of the Esperanto language.
Anationalism (sennaciismo) is a term originating from the community of Esperanto speakers.

Fundamento de Esperanto

Fundamenta GramatikoFundamento
In 1905, Zamenhof published Fundamento de Esperanto as a definitive guide to the language.
Fundamento de Esperanto (English: Foundation of Esperanto) is a 1905 book by L. L. Zamenhof, in which the author explains the basic grammar rules and vocabulary that constitute the basis of the constructed language Esperanto.

Universal Esperanto Association

UEAWorld Esperanto AssociationUniversal Esperanto Association (UEA)
In 1908, a group of young Esperanto speakers led by Hector Hodler established the Universal Esperanto Association, in order to provide a central organization for the global Esperanto community. The World Esperanto Association collaborated in 2017 with UNESCO to deliver an Esperanto translation of its magazine UNESCO Courier (Unesko Kuriero en Esperanto).
The Universal Esperanto Association (Universala Esperanto-Asocio, UEA), also known as the World Esperanto Association, is the largest international organization of Esperanto speakers, with 5501 individual members in 121 countries and 9215 through national associations (in 2015) and in official relations with the United Nations.

World Passport

worldwide citizenship
All the personal documents sold by the World Service Authority, including the World Passport, are written in Esperanto, together with English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, and Chinese.
In 1979 the World Passport was a 42-page document, with a dark blue cover, and text in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, Chinese, and Esperanto.

Neutral Moresnet

Mayor of Neutral MoresnetMoresnetMayor of Moresnet
The autonomous territory of Neutral Moresnet, between what is today Belgium and Germany, had a sizable proportion of Esperanto-speakers among its small and multi-ethnic population.
The area is especially of interest to Esperantists because of initiatives in the early 20th century to found an Esperanto‑speaking state, named Amikejo (lit.

Republic of Rose Island

Rose Island
In addition, the self-proclaimed artificial island micronation of Rose Island used Esperanto as its official language in 1968, and another micronation, the extant Republic of Molossia, uses Esperanto as an official language alongside English.
The platform declared independence on 24 June 1968, under the Esperanto name "Insulo de la Rozoj", with Rosa as self-declared President.

UNESCO Courier

The World Esperanto Association collaborated in 2017 with UNESCO to deliver an Esperanto translation of its magazine UNESCO Courier (Unesko Kuriero en Esperanto).
The magazine is nowadays translated in Esperanto, Sardinian and Sicilian.

International Academy of Sciences San Marino

Akademio Internacia de la SciencojIAS-RSMInternational Academy of Sciences
Esperanto is also the first language of teaching and administration of the International Academy of Sciences San Marino.
Its name uses the constructed international auxiliary language Esperanto.

Google Translate

GoogleLanguage Toolsbelow
On 22 February 2012, Google Translate added Esperanto as its 64th language.
23) Esperanto

Montevideo Resolution

In 1954, the United Nations granted official support to Esperanto as an international auxiliary language in the Montevideo Resolution.
The resolution officially supports the constructed language Esperanto as an international auxiliary language and recommends that the Director-General of UNESCO follow current developments in the use of the language.