Essen

Essen, GermanyAltenessenEssen-KrayEssen-Stoppenberg Essen (Essen1992 EssenEEishalle, Essen, GermanyEssen (Germany)
Essen (Latin: Assindia) is the central and second largest city of the Ruhr, the largest urban area in Germany.wikipedia
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North Rhine-Westphalia

Nordrhein-WestfalenNRWNorthrhine-Westphalia
Its population of 583,393 makes it the ninth largest city of Germany, as well as the fourth largest city of the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
North Rhine-Westphalia features 30 of the 81 German cities with over 100,000 inhabitants, including Cologne (over 1 million), Düsseldorf, Dortmund and Essen (all between 580,000 and 620,000 inhabitants) and other cities predominantly located in the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area, the largest urban area in Germany and the third-largest on the European continent.

University of Duisburg-Essen

University of EssenUniversität Duisburg-EssenUniversity Duisburg-Essen
In early 2003, the universities of Essen and the nearby city of Duisburg (both established in 1972) were merged into the University of Duisburg-Essen with campuses in both cities and a university hospital in Essen.
The University of Duisburg-Essen (Universität Duisburg-Essen) is a public university in Duisburg and Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and a member of the newly founded University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr.

RWE

RWE AGRWE Power AGRWE Power
Essen is often considered the energy capital of Germany with E.ON and RWE, Germany's largest energy providers, both headquartered in the city.
RWE AG, until 1990: Rheinisch-Westfälisches Elektrizitätswerk AG (Rhenish-Westphalian Power Plant), is a German electric utilities company based in Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia.

E.ON

E.ON Ruhrgase·onE.ON SE
Essen is often considered the energy capital of Germany with E.ON and RWE, Germany's largest energy providers, both headquartered in the city.
E.ON SE (marketed with an interpunct and lowercase letters as e·on) is a German electric utility company based in Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Rhine-Ruhr

Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan RegionRhein-RuhrRhine
On the Ruhr and Emscher rivers, Essen geographically is part of the Rhineland and the larger Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region.
The largest cities in the Rhine-Ruhr area are Cologne, with over 1 million inhabitants, followed by Düsseldorf, Dortmund and Essen, which each have a population of over 500,000.

Essen Abbey

EssenAbbess of EssenAbbey of Essen
Founded around 845, Essen remained a small town within the sphere of influence of an important ecclesiastical principality (Essen Abbey) until the onset of industrialization.
Essen Abbey (Stift Essen) was a monastery of secular canonesses for women of high nobility in Essen, Germany.

Duisburg

Duisburg, West GermanyDuisburg, GermanyCity of Duisburg
In early 2003, the universities of Essen and the nearby city of Duisburg (both established in 1972) were merged into the University of Duisburg-Essen with campuses in both cities and a university hospital in Essen.
Its 499,845 (2016) inhabitants rank after Cologne, Düsseldorf, Dortmund and Essen,

Kettwig

Essen-KettwigKettwig-on-the-Ruhr
Generally, large areas south of the River Ruhr (including the suburbs of Schuir and Kettwig) are quite green and are often quoted as examples of rural structures in the otherwise relatively densely populated central Ruhr area.
Kettwig is the southernmost borough of the city of Essen in western Germany and, until 1975, was a town in its own right.

Bochum

Bochum, GermanyKunstmuseum BochumBO
One renowned educational institution in Essen is the Folkwang University, a university of the arts founded in 1927, which is headquartered in Essen and has additional facilities in Duisburg, Bochum and Dortmund.
Bochum (, also, ; ) is the sixth largest city of the most populous German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne, Düsseldorf, Dortmund, Essen and Duisburg, and its 364,920 (2016) inhabitants make it the 16th largest city of Germany.

Red Dot

Red Dot Design AwardRed Dot AwardRed Dot Awards
Essen is also known for its impact on the arts through the respected Folkwang University of the Arts, its Zollverein School of Management and Design, and the Red Dot industrial product design award.
The Red Dot Design Award is an international product design and communication design prize awarded by the Design Zentrum Nordrhein Westfalen in Essen, Germany.

Oberhausen

Oberhausen, GermanySterkradeSterkrade/Holten
In the north, the A 42 briefly touches Essen territory, serving as an interconnection between the neighboring cities of Oberhausen and Gelsenkirchen and destinations beyond.
Oberhausen is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen (c.

Mülheim

Mülheim an der RuhrMulheim an der RuhrMülheim/Ruhr
On Essen territory, the A 52 runs from the southern boroughs near Mülheim an der Ruhr past the fairground and then merges with the Ruhrschnellweg at the Autobahndreieck Essen-Ost junction east of the city centre.
It is located in the Ruhr Area between Duisburg, Essen, Oberhausen and Ratingen.

Werden, Essen

WerdenEssen-WerdenBredeney
The Ruhr forms the Lake Baldeney reservoir in the boroughs of Fischlaken, Kupferdreh, Heisingen and Werden.
Werden is a borough of the city of Essen in Germany.

Bottrop

Bottrop, GermanyKirchhellenBottrop-Kirchhellen
Located in the Ruhr industrial area, Bottrop adjoins Essen, Oberhausen, Gladbeck and Dorsten.

Gelsenkirchen

Gelsenkirchen, GermanyAir bombing of Gelsenkirchen in World War IIBombing of Gelsenkirchen in World War II
In the north, the A 42 briefly touches Essen territory, serving as an interconnection between the neighboring cities of Oberhausen and Gelsenkirchen and destinations beyond.
On the Emscher River (a tributary of the Rhine), it lies at the centre of the Ruhr, the largest urban area of Germany, of which it is the fifth largest city after Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg and Bochum.

Gladbeck

Gladbeck is predominantly surrounded by Bottrop, Gelsenkirchen, Dorsten and by Essen in the south.

Rhineland

RhenishRheinlandThe Rhineland
On the Ruhr and Emscher rivers, Essen geographically is part of the Rhineland and the larger Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region.
Some of the larger cities in the Rhineland are Aachen, Bonn, Cologne, Duisburg, Düsseldorf, Essen, Koblenz, Krefeld, Leverkusen, Mainz,

Hattingen

The cities bordering Hattingen are Bochum, Essen, Sprockhövel, Velbert, Witten and Wuppertal.

Essen Hauptbahnhof

EssenEssen HbfEssen BME
The weapon factories in Essen became so important that a sign facing the main railway station welcomed visitors Hitler and Mussolini to the "Armory of the Reich" (Waffenschmiede des Reiches) in 1937.
Essen Hauptbahnhof (German for Essen main station) is a railway station in the city of Essen in western Germany.

Urban area

Urbanurban agglomerationagglomeration
Essen is located in the centre of the Ruhr area, one of the largest urban areas in Europe (see also: megalopolis), comprising eleven independent cities and four districts with some 5.3 million inhabitants.
The largest conurbation is the Rhine-Ruhr region (11 million ), including Düsseldorf (the capital of North Rhine-Westphalia), Cologne, Bonn, Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg, and Bochum.

Ruhr (river)

RuhrRuhr ValleyRuhr River
On the Ruhr and Emscher rivers, Essen geographically is part of the Rhineland and the larger Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region.
Then the river marks the southern limit of the Ruhr area, passing Hagen, Dortmund, Herdecke, Wetter, Witten, Bochum, Hattingen, Essen, Mülheim and Duisburg.

Altfrid

Altfrid of HildesheimAltfrid, Bishop of Hildesheim
Around 845, Saint Altfrid (around 800–874), the later Bishop of Hildesheim, founded an abbey for women (coenobium Astnide) in the centre of present-day Essen.
He owned land in the Harzvorland and in central Essen (Asnithi), which may have been inherited from his family, and it seems likely that he belonged to the Saxon nobility, and may have been connected to the Imperial family of the Liudolfings, who, however, had no influence in Altfrid's foundation Essen Abbey (Stift Essen) until after his death.

Vogelheimer Klinge

The oldest archaeological find, the Vogelheimer Klinge, dates back to 280,000 – 250,000 BC.
The Vogelheimer Klinge (German: Vogelheim Blade) is an approximately 280,000 year old flint tool, discovered in 1926 during the construction of the Rhine-Herne Canal in Vogelheim, north of the city of Essen.

Grillo-Theater

Grillo TheaterOperaSchauspiel Essen
Other industrialists, such as Friedrich Grillo, who in 1892 donated the Grillo-Theater to the city, also played a major role in the shaping of the city and the Ruhr area in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Grillo-Theater is a theatre in Essen, Germany.

Museum Folkwang

Folkwang MuseumMuseum FolkswangFolkwang Museum in Essen
Foundations such as the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung still promote the well-being of the city, for example by supporting a hospital and donating €55,000,000 for a new building for the Museum Folkwang, one of the Ruhr area's major art museums.
Museum Folkwang is a major collection of 19th- and 20th-century art in Essen, Germany.