Photograph of Konstantin Päts, c. 1930s
Location of Estonia (red) within the Soviet Union
Konstantin Päts with his family. 
From left: brother Nikolai, sister Marianna, father Jakob, brother Voldemar, mother Olga, brother Peeter and Konstantin.
Bronze Age stone-cist graves
According to the 23 August 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania were divided into German and Soviet "spheres of influence" (German copy)
Ensign officer Konstantin Päts in 1917
Iron Age artefacts of a hoard from Kumna
Location of Estonia (red) within the Soviet Union
Konstantin Päts was one of the authors of the Estonian Declaration of Independence.
Independent counties of Ancient Estonia in the beginning of the 13th century
People massacred by Soviet NKVD on 8 July 1941 in Tartu, Estonia
Konstantin Päts gave the first traditional speech at the Independence Day parade on 24 February 1919.
Medieval Estonia and Livonia after the crusade
Soviet-organized rally in Tallinn, July 1940
Weak representation in the left wing dominated Constituent Assembly left Konstantin Päts with little power in composing the land reform law and the 1920 constitution.
Kuressaare Castle in Saaremaa dates back to the 1380s
Karl Säre with other Estonian Communist Party officials in Tallinn, July 1940
Oru palace in Toila was used as the summer residence of Päts during his authoritarian and presidential years. The palace was destroyed in World War II.
"Academia Dorpatensis" (now University of Tartu) was founded in 1632 by King Gustavus as the second university in the kingdom of Sweden. After the king's death it became known as "Academia Gustaviana".
A propaganda poster from the Stalin era. The poster says: "The spirit of the great Lenin and his victorious banner encourage us now in the Patriotic War."
The presidential palace in Kadriorg was finished during Päts's presidency in 1938.
Carl Robert Jakobson played a key role in the Estonian national awakening.
Soviet prison doors on display in the Museum of Occupations, Tallinn, Estonia
Konstantin Päts giving a speech at the 20th anniversary of the Republic of Estonia on Peter's Square in Tallinn.
Declaration of Independence in Pärnu on 23 February 1918. One of the first images of the Republic.
1967 Soviet stamp
Estonia's leaders before the Soviet occupation, celebrating the country's Independence Day for the last time, on 24 February 1940. From left General Johan Laidoner, President Konstantin Päts and Prime Minister Jüri Uluots.
Estonian armoured train during the Estonian War of Independence
A reconstruction of a typical Soviet-era living room, in a museum in central Tallinn.
Destruction of Konstantin Päts's statue in Tahkuranna in 1940.
According to the 23 August 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact "the Baltic States (Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania)" were divided into German and Soviet "spheres of influence" (German copy)
Tram along the Pärnu maantee street in Tallinn on June 26, 1983
Konstantin Päts as a Soviet prisoner.
The Red Army troops crossing Soviet-Estonian border in October 1939 after Estonia had been forced to sign the Bases Treaty
The blue-black-white flag of Estonia was raised on Pikk Hermann on February 24, 1989.
President of Finland Pehr Evind Svinhufvud and Konstantin Päts in Narva in 1936. Päts's idea of a union of Finnic countries never came into existence.
The capital Tallinn after bombing by the Soviet Air Force during the war on the Eastern Front in March 1944
Border changes of Estonia after World War II
President Konstantin Päts visiting Polish president, Ignacy Mościcki, in 1935.
Estonian Swedes fleeing the Soviet occupation to Sweden (1944)
Johannes Käbin, leader of the Communist Party of Estonia from 1950 to 1978
"Mees ordenitega (K. Päts)" by Andrus Johani (1936)
The blue-black-white flag of Estonia was raised again on the top of the Pikk Hermann tower on February 24, 1989.
1941 mugshot of kindral Johan Laidoner after his arrest 1940
Statue for Konstantin Päts in his birthplace Tahkuranna. Erected in 1939, it was removed by the Soviets in 1940. The statue was restored in 1989, exactly fifty years after it was first erected.
Baltic Way in Estonia
Estonian Song Festival in Tallinn in 1980
Konstantin Päts and his wife Helma.
The barn swallow (H. r. rustica) is the national bird of Estonia.
Plaque on Stenbock House, the seat of the Government of Estonia, commemorating government members killed by Soviet forces
Konstantin and Helma Päts' graves in Tallinn Metsakalmistu cemetery (2019).
Estonia Endla Nature Reserve 07 Forest
Haanja Nature reserve where violations of Natura 2000 area logging is taking place.
The seat of the Parliament of Estonia in Toompea Castle
Building of the Supreme Court of Estonia in Tartu
US President Barack Obama giving a speech at the Nordea Concert Hall in Tallinn
Foreign ministers of the Nordic and Baltic countries in Riga, 2016
Estonian soldiers during a NATO exercise in 2015
KAPO (Kaitsepolitsei) headquarters in Kassisaba, Kesklinn, Tallinn
An Estonian Patria Pasi XA-180 in Afghanistan
Administrative divisions of Estonia
A proportional representation of Estonia exports, 2019
The central business district of Tallinn
Real GPD per capita development of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
Estonia's GDP growth from 2000 till 2012
The oil shale industry in Estonia is one of the most developed in the world. In 2012, oil shale supplied 70% of Estonia's total primary energy and accounted for 4% of Estonia's gross domestic product.
Rõuste wind farm in Lääneranna Parish
Graphical depiction of Estonia's product exports in 28 colour-coded categories
Population of Estonia 1960–2019. The changes are largely attributed to Soviet immigration and emigration.
Estonian folk dancers
A Russian Old Believer village with a church on Piirissaar island
Ruhnu stave church, built in 1644, is the oldest surviving wooden building in Estonia
Distribution of Finnic languages in Northern Europe
The University of Tartu is one of the oldest universities in Northern Europe and the highest-ranked university in Estonia. According to the Top Universities website, the University of Tartu ranks 285th in the QS Global World Ranking.
Building of the Estonian Students' Society in Tartu. It is considered to be the first example of Estonian national architecture. The Treaty of Tartu between Finland and Soviet Russia was signed in the building in 1920.
ESTCube-1 is the first Estonian satellite.
The Estonian National Museum in Tartu.
The Estonian Song Festival is UNESCO's Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
Arvo Pärt was the world's most performed living composer from 2010 to 2018.
Jaan Kross is the most translated Estonian writer.
A traditional farmhouse built in the Estonian vernacular style
Mulgipuder, a national dish of Estonia made with potatoes, groats, and meat. It is very traditional food in the southern part of Estonia.
Tartu Ski Marathon in 2006

The Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic (widely used abbreviation Estonian SSR; Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik, Eesti NSV; Эстонская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Эстонская ССР) was an ethnically based administrative subdivision of the former Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, USSR) covering the territory of Estonia in 1940–1941 and 1944–1991.

- Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic

Konstantin Päts (23 February 1874 – 18 January 1956) was an Estonian statesman and the country's President in 1938–1940.

- Konstantin Päts

Democratic throughout most of the interwar period, Estonia declared neutrality at the outbreak of World War II, but the country was repeatedly contested, invaded and occupied, first by Stalinist Soviet Union in 1940, then by Nazi Germany in 1941, and ultimately reoccupied in 1944 by, and annexed into, the USSR as an administrative subunit (Estonian SSR).

- Estonia

That day, the President Konstantin Päts (deported to Ufa, Russian SFSR on 30 July 1940 and arrested a few weeks later) was pressured into affirming the Andrei Zhdanov-appointed puppet government of Johannes Vares, following the arrival of demonstrators accompanied by Red Army troops with armored vehicles to the residence of the Estonian president.

- Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic

In the late 1890s, there was a new surge of nationalism with the rise of prominent figures like Jaan Tõnisson and Konstantin Päts.

- Estonia

On 21 July 1940, the Estonian SSR was proclaimed and it is claimed that only then Päts realized the essence of the Soviet occupation.

- Konstantin Päts

3 related topics with Alpha


Planned and actual divisions of Europe, according to the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, with later adjustments.

Occupation of the Baltic states

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Planned and actual divisions of Europe, according to the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, with later adjustments.
Soldiers of the Red Army enters the territory of Lithuania during the first Soviet occupation of Lithuania in 1940
Schematics of the Soviet military blockade and invasion of Estonia in 1940. (Russian State Naval Archives)
Einsatzkommando execution in Lithuania
Victims of Soviet NKVD in Tartu, Estonia (1941)
Latvian SS-Legion parade through Riga before deployment to Eastern Front. December 1943
Lithuanian rebels lead the disarmed soldiers of the Red Army in Kaunas
The plan of deportations of the civilian population in Lithuania during the Operation Priboi created by the Soviet MGB.
Antanas Sniečkus, the leader of the Communist Party of Lithuania from 1940 to 1974
Pro-independence Lithuanians demonstrating in Šiauliai, January 1990.
Unarmed Lithuanian citizen standing against a Soviet tank during the January Events.
Monument to Lithuanian victims of Soviet occupation in Gediminas Avenue, Vilnius. 54.68858°N, 25.27056°W
Nils Ušakovs, the first ethnic Russian mayor of Riga in independent Latvia
The Red Army's 16th Rifle Division fighting in the Oryol Oblast in the summer of 1943

The Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania were invaded and occupied in June 1940 by the Soviet Union, under the leadership of Stalin and auspices of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact that had been signed between Nazi Germany and the USSR immediately before the outbreak of World War II.

However, the Soviet Union never formally acknowledged its presence in the Baltics as an occupation or that it annexed these states and considered the Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republics as three of its constituent republics.

The deposed presidents of Estonia (Konstantin Päts) and Latvia (Kārlis Ulmanis) were imprisoned and deported to the USSR and died later in the Tver region and Central Asia respectively.

Estonian government-in-exile

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Location of Estonia
Jüri Uluots
Location of Estonia

The Estonian government-in-exile was the formally declared governmental authority of the Republic of Estonia in exile, existing from 1944 until the reestablishment of Estonian sovereignty over Estonian territory in 1991 and 1992.

Soviet authorities arrested President Konstantin Päts and deported him to the USSR where he died in prison in 1956.

The "People's Riigikogu" met on 21 July, with only one order of business–a resolution declaring Estonia a Soviet republic and petitioning to join the Soviet Union.

Pärnu in 1554


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Pärnu in 1554
Rüütli street in Pärnu.
Memorial monument of Lydia Koidula (1843–1886), the national poet of Estonia, created by Amandus Adamson.
thumb|Pärnu beach promenade
thumb|Nikolai street with St. Elizabeth's Church
thumb|left|Sunset in Pärnu beach.
thumb|Pärnu mud baths

Pärnu is the fourth largest city in Estonia.

Pärnu then continued as being part of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic from 1944 to 1991, when Estonia restored its independence.

1934 Konstantin Päts