Location of Estonia (red) within the Soviet Union
Bronze Age stone-cist graves
According to the 23 August 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania were divided into German and Soviet "spheres of influence" (German copy)
Iron Age artefacts of a hoard from Kumna
Location of Estonia (red) within the Soviet Union
Independent counties of Ancient Estonia in the beginning of the 13th century
People massacred by Soviet NKVD on 8 July 1941 in Tartu, Estonia
Medieval Estonia and Livonia after the crusade
Soviet-organized rally in Tallinn, July 1940
Kuressaare Castle in Saaremaa dates back to the 1380s
Karl Säre with other Estonian Communist Party officials in Tallinn, July 1940
"Academia Dorpatensis" (now University of Tartu) was founded in 1632 by King Gustavus as the second university in the kingdom of Sweden. After the king's death it became known as "Academia Gustaviana".
A propaganda poster from the Stalin era. The poster says: "The spirit of the great Lenin and his victorious banner encourage us now in the Patriotic War."
Carl Robert Jakobson played a key role in the Estonian national awakening.
Soviet prison doors on display in the Museum of Occupations, Tallinn, Estonia
Declaration of Independence in Pärnu on 23 February 1918. One of the first images of the Republic.
1967 Soviet stamp
Estonian armoured train during the Estonian War of Independence
A reconstruction of a typical Soviet-era living room, in a museum in central Tallinn.
According to the 23 August 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact "the Baltic States (Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania)" were divided into German and Soviet "spheres of influence" (German copy)
Tram along the Pärnu maantee street in Tallinn on June 26, 1983
The Red Army troops crossing Soviet-Estonian border in October 1939 after Estonia had been forced to sign the Bases Treaty
The blue-black-white flag of Estonia was raised on Pikk Hermann on February 24, 1989.
The capital Tallinn after bombing by the Soviet Air Force during the war on the Eastern Front in March 1944
Border changes of Estonia after World War II
Estonian Swedes fleeing the Soviet occupation to Sweden (1944)
Johannes Käbin, leader of the Communist Party of Estonia from 1950 to 1978
The blue-black-white flag of Estonia was raised again on the top of the Pikk Hermann tower on February 24, 1989.
1941 mugshot of kindral Johan Laidoner after his arrest 1940
Baltic Way in Estonia
Estonian Song Festival in Tallinn in 1980
The barn swallow (H. r. rustica) is the national bird of Estonia.
Plaque on Stenbock House, the seat of the Government of Estonia, commemorating government members killed by Soviet forces
Estonia Endla Nature Reserve 07 Forest
Haanja Nature reserve where violations of Natura 2000 area logging is taking place.
The seat of the Parliament of Estonia in Toompea Castle
Building of the Supreme Court of Estonia in Tartu
US President Barack Obama giving a speech at the Nordea Concert Hall in Tallinn
Foreign ministers of the Nordic and Baltic countries in Riga, 2016
Estonian soldiers during a NATO exercise in 2015
KAPO (Kaitsepolitsei) headquarters in Kassisaba, Kesklinn, Tallinn
An Estonian Patria Pasi XA-180 in Afghanistan
Administrative divisions of Estonia
A proportional representation of Estonia exports, 2019
The central business district of Tallinn
Real GPD per capita development of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
Estonia's GDP growth from 2000 till 2012
The oil shale industry in Estonia is one of the most developed in the world. In 2012, oil shale supplied 70% of Estonia's total primary energy and accounted for 4% of Estonia's gross domestic product.
Rõuste wind farm in Lääneranna Parish
Graphical depiction of Estonia's product exports in 28 colour-coded categories
Population of Estonia 1960–2019. The changes are largely attributed to Soviet immigration and emigration.
Estonian folk dancers
A Russian Old Believer village with a church on Piirissaar island
Ruhnu stave church, built in 1644, is the oldest surviving wooden building in Estonia
Distribution of Finnic languages in Northern Europe
The University of Tartu is one of the oldest universities in Northern Europe and the highest-ranked university in Estonia. According to the Top Universities website, the University of Tartu ranks 285th in the QS Global World Ranking.
Building of the Estonian Students' Society in Tartu. It is considered to be the first example of Estonian national architecture. The Treaty of Tartu between Finland and Soviet Russia was signed in the building in 1920.
ESTCube-1 is the first Estonian satellite.
The Estonian National Museum in Tartu.
The Estonian Song Festival is UNESCO's Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
Arvo Pärt was the world's most performed living composer from 2010 to 2018.
Jaan Kross is the most translated Estonian writer.
A traditional farmhouse built in the Estonian vernacular style
Mulgipuder, a national dish of Estonia made with potatoes, groats, and meat. It is very traditional food in the southern part of Estonia.
Tartu Ski Marathon in 2006

The Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic (widely used abbreviation Estonian SSR; Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik, Eesti NSV; Эстонская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Эстонская ССР) was an ethnically based administrative subdivision of the former Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, USSR) covering the territory of Estonia in 1940–1941 and 1944–1991.

- Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic

Democratic throughout most of the interwar period, Estonia declared neutrality at the outbreak of World War II, but the country was repeatedly contested, invaded and occupied, first by Stalinist Soviet Union in 1940, then by Nazi Germany in 1941, and ultimately reoccupied in 1944 by, and annexed into, the USSR as an administrative subunit (Estonian SSR).

- Estonia

17 related topics with Alpha


Map of the Union Republics from 1956 to 1991, as numbered by the Soviet Constitution

Republics of the Soviet Union

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The Republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or the Union Republics were national-based former countries and ethnically based administrative units of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

The Republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or the Union Republics were national-based former countries and ethnically based administrative units of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

Map of the Union Republics from 1956 to 1991, as numbered by the Soviet Constitution
Country emblems of the Union republics, before and after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Note that the Transcaucasian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (fifth in the second row) no longer exists as a political entity of any kind, and the emblem is unofficial.
A hall in Bishkek's Soviet-era Lenin Museum decorated with the flags of Soviet Republics
Poster of the unity of the Soviet republics in the late 1930s. All republics, except Russia, are shown with their respective traditional clothes.
Poster of the unity of the Soviet republics in the late 1940s. Note that the map also points out the Karelo-Finnish SSR capital, Petrozavodsk.

The Baltic states assert that their incorporation into the Soviet Union in 1940 (as the Lithuanian, Latvian, and Estonian SSRs) under the provisions of the 1939 Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact was illegal, and that they therefore remained independent countries under Soviet occupation.

By 6 September 1991, the Soviet Union's State Council recognized the independence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania bringing the number of union republics down to 12.

Exhibition of vehicles similar to these that were used for deporting people to Siberia in 1941.

Soviet deportations from Estonia

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Exhibition of vehicles similar to these that were used for deporting people to Siberia in 1941.
Memorial for the victims of deportations of 1941 and 1949 in Paldiski
Plaque on Stenbock House, the building of Government of Estonia, Toompea, commemorating government members killed by communist terror

Soviet deportations from Estonia were a series of mass deportations by the Soviet Union from Estonia in 1941 and 1945–1951.

In Estonia, as well as in other territories annexed by the Soviet Union in 1939–40, the first large-scale deportation of ordinary citizens was carried out by the local operational headquarters of the NKGB of the Estonian SSR under Boris Kumm (chairman), Andres Murro, Aleksei Shkurin, Veniamin Gulst, and Rudolf James, according to the top secret joint decree No 1299-526ss Directive on the Deportation of the Socially Alien Element from the Baltic Republics, Western Ukraine, Western Belarus and Moldavia by the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) and the Council of People's Commissars of the Soviet Union of 14 May 1941.

Baltic German stained glass

Baltic Germans

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Baltic German stained glass
Map of Terra Mariana in 1260.
Citizens (upper panel) and commoners (lower panel) in medieval Livonia, 16th century
Polish-Lithuanian and Swedish lands in the Baltics
Russian Baltic governorates
Duke's Rundāle Palace
The many manors in Estonia and Latvia testify to the former splendor of the Baltic German landowning class. Pictured: Vääna manor, Estonia.
Mežotne Palace in Latvia
Building of the Large Guild in Riga, 1918
Boxed goods of leaving Germans, Riga 1939
Some better preserved tombstones in Riga's Great Cemetery.
Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly. Russia postage stamp, 2011
Nazi plans to "resettle" Baltic Germans in "Warthegau"
At the port
Baltic German resettlers disembark at the Port of Stettin from the ship General Steuben
Resettled Baltic Germans take new home of expelled Poles in "Warthegau"
Newly built village in Reichsgau Wartheland

Baltic Germans (Deutsch-Balten or Deutschbalten, later Baltendeutsche) were ethnic German inhabitants of the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea, in what today are Estonia and Latvia.

During the Soviet Baltic time, Soviet authorities governing the Estonian SSR and the Latvian SSR, politically empowered by their victory in World War II, were keen to erase any traces of ethnic German rule in past centuries.

Estonian Sovereignty Declaration

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The Estonian Sovereignty Declaration (suveräänsusdeklaratsioon), fully: Declaration on the Sovereignty of the Estonian SSR (Deklaratsioon Eesti NSV suveräänsusest), was issued on November 16, 1988 during the Singing Revolution in Soviet Estonia.

Estonia gained independence in the aftermath of World War I and Estonian War of Independence (1918–1920).

Estonian National Independence Party

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The Estonian National Independence Party, or ENIP, (Eesti Rahvusliku Sõltumatuse Partei, ERSP), founded on 20 August 1988 in Soviet-occupied Estonia, was the first non-communist political party established in the former USSR.

Insignia of Ämari Air Base

Ämari Air Base

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Insignia of Ämari Air Base
A-10's of Michigan Air National Guard at Ämari Air Base in 2012.

Ämari Air Base is a military airbase in Harjumaa, Estonia located 7 km south of Lake Klooga and 20 NM southwest of Tallinn.

Ämari Air Base was built between 1940–1952 under an agreement signed by the Estonian SSR and the Soviet Union.

Emblem of the 1980 Summer Olympics

1980 Summer Olympics

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International multi-sport event held from 19 July to 3 August 1980 in Moscow, Soviet Union, in present-day Russia.

International multi-sport event held from 19 July to 3 August 1980 in Moscow, Soviet Union, in present-day Russia.

Emblem of the 1980 Summer Olympics
A Soviet stamp sheet showing the logo of the games and its mascot Misha holding the 1980 Olympic torch. The map shows the torch relay route from Olympia, Greece, the site of the ancient Olympic Games, to Moscow, Russian SFSR. It also depicts the number of gold, silver and bronze medals (80, 69, 46) won by the Soviet athletes at the Games.
Participating nations
Countries boycotting the 1980 Games are shaded blue
Olympic Village in February 2004
150-rubles platinum coin (reverse)
Marathon in front of Saint Basil's Cathedral. The athlete 563 in the foreground is Koh Chun-son from North Korea
All events in canoeing and rowing took place at the Moscow Canoeing and Rowing Basin in Krylatskoye
Olympic Velodrome in Krylatskoye
Pins released by the USSR for the football event of the Olympics (with a British 50 pence coin for size comparison)
The USSR men's handball team celebrating their victory over Yugoslavia
Rica Reinisch with her gold medal in 200 m swimming.
Misha, the mascot, formed in a mosaic as a tear runs down his face during the closing ceremony
Misha carried by balloons into the sky, commemorated by a 2000 postage stamp issued by Russia
A "bronze" medal – actually tombac – from the 1980 Summer Olympics
Number of athletes sent per nation

In the triple jump final, Viktor Saneyev (USSR; present day-Georgia), who won gold at Mexico, Munich and Montreal, won silver behind Jaak Uudmäe (USSR; present day-Estonia) and ahead of Brazil's world record holder João Carlos de Oliveira. Both de Oliveira and Australia's Ian Campbell produced long jumps, but they were declared fouls by the officials and not measured; in Campbell's case, his longest jump was ruled a "scrape foul", with his trailing leg touching the track during the jump. Campbell insisted that he had not scraped, and it was alleged the officials intentionally threw out his and de Oliveira's best jumps to favor the Soviets, similarly to a number of other events.

The sailing event was held in Tallinn, Soviet-occupied Estonia.