A report on Eswatini and Southern Africa

A composite satellite image of Southern Africa
Waterfall in the Witwatersrand region near Johannesburg
A 19th-century Swazi container, carved in wood
Sandton, Johannesburg, the financial centre of South Africa
Southern Africa (UN subregion and the SACU)
Geographical Southern Africa, including the UN subregion
Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Swaziland in Southern Africa, 1896
United Nations geoscheme for Africa
Eastern Africa
Middle Africa
Northern Africa
Southern Africa
Western Africa
Topographic map of Eswatini
Landscape in Eswatini
Grewia villosa
Mswati III has been king of Eswatini since 1986.
Swazi army officers
A proportional representation of Swazi exports
Central Bank in Mbabane
Eswatini is part of the Southern African Customs Union (green).
Eswatini's population in thousands (1950–2021)
A rural primary school in Eswatini
King Mswati III at the reed dance festival where he will choose his next wife
Princess Sikhanyiso Dlamini (left) and Temtsimba Dlamini (right) at the reed dance (umhlanga) festival 2006
A traditional Swazi homestead
Swazi warriors at the incwala ceremony

Eswatini (eSwatini ), officially the Kingdom of Eswatini and formerly named Swaziland (officially renamed in 2018), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa.

- Eswatini

Countries commonly included in Southern Africa include Angola, Botswana, the Comoros, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

- Southern Africa

6 related topics with Alpha


South Africa

3 links

Migrations that formed the modern Rainbow nation
Mapungubwe Hill, the site of the former capital of the Kingdom of Mapungubwe
Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias planting the cross at Cape Point after being the first to successfully round the Cape of Good Hope.
Charles Davidson Bell's 19th-century painting of Jan van Riebeeck, who founded the first European settlement in South Africa, arrives in Table Bay in 1652
Depiction of a Zulu attack on a Boer camp in February 1838
The First Boer War was a rebellion of Boers against the British rule in the Transvaal that re-established their independence.
"For use by white persons" – apartheid sign in English and Afrikaans
FW de Klerk and Nelson Mandela shake hands in January 1992
The Central Plateau edged by the Great Escarpment, and the Cape Fold Belt
The thick line traces the Great Escarpment bordering the central plateau; the line's red portion is the Drakensberg. The Escarpment rises to its highest, over 3000 m, where it separates KwaZulu-Natal and Lesotho. No regions on the map have well-defined borders except where the Escarpment or a mountain range forms a clear dividing line
Drakensberg, the eastern and highest portion of the Great Escarpment which surrounds the east, south and western borders of the central plateau of Southern Africa
Spring flowers in Namaqualand
Köppen climate types of South Africa
South African giraffes, Kruger National Park
Subtropical forest near Durban
Lowveld vegetation of the Kruger National Park
Cape Floral Region Protected Areas
Union Buildings in Pretoria, seat of the executive
Houses of Parliament in Cape Town, seat of the legislature
Constitutional Court in Johannesburg
Soweto Pride 2012 participants protest against violence against lesbians. The country has strong human rights laws but some groups are still discriminated against. It is the first country in Africa to recognise same sex marriage
SANDF soldiers
Provinces of South Africa
Change in per capita GDP of South Africa, 1700–2018. Figures are inflation-adjusted to 2011 International dollars.
Annual per capita personal income by race group in South Africa relative to white levels
A proportional representation of South Africa exports, 2019
The Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) is the largest stock exchange on the African continent
Workers packing pears for export in the Ceres Valley, Western Cape
Mark Shuttleworth in space
Schoolchildren in Mitchell's Plain
Life expectancy in select Southern African countries, 1950–2019. HIV/AIDS has caused a fall in life expectancy.
Rock painting of an eland, Drakensberg
Olive Schreiner
A plate of freshly prepared Babotie, a meat-based meal which originated within South Africa.
Kagiso Rabada, South African cricketer
The Springboks in a bus parade after winning the 2007 Rugby World Cup
A SAAF JAS 39 Gripen the main combat aircraft of the South African Air Force during take off
Zulus in Natal

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

It is bounded to the south by 2798 km of coastline that stretch along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.


3 links

The 'Two Rhino' painting at Tsodilo, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
German map of 1905 still showing the undivided Bechuanaland area
Sechele I who led a Batswana Merafe Coalition against Boers in 1852
3 Dikgosi Monument: Khama III, Sebele I & Bathoen I who negotiated a Protectorate
Postage stamp of British-ruled Bechuanaland from 1960
Botswana map of Köppen climate classification.
Zebras roaming the Okavango Basin
The current president, Mokgweetsi Masisi
High Court of Botswana
Botswana soldiers board a Botswana Defence Force plane to Mozambique, July 2021
New Gaborone Central Business District
Graphical depiction of Botswana's product exports in 28 colour-coded categories.
GDP per capita of Botswana, 1950 to 2018
GDP per capita (current), % of world average, 1960–2012; Zimbabwe, South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, Mozambique
Kazungula Bridge, connecting Botswana and Zambia
Population pyramid 2016
Gaborone Hindu Temple
Unity Dow, author of Far and Beyon, The Screaming of the Innocent and Heavens May Fall
Francistown Stadium
Physicist in a Lab at Botswana International University of Science and Technology
Deaftronics Solar Powered Hearing Aid
Cubesat miniaturized satellite
Scottish Livingstone Hospital in Molepolole
Life expectancy in select Southern African countries, 1950–2019. HIV/AIDS has caused a fall in life expectancy.
Tourist on a safari boat cruise
I-Towers, Gaborone Central Business District
Kazungula Bridge, connecting Botswana and Zambia

Botswana (, also ), officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana, ), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa.

When the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910 from the main British colonies in the region, the High Commission Territories—the Bechuanaland Protectorate, Basutoland (now Lesotho), and Swaziland (now Eswatini)—were not included, but provision was made for their later incorporation.


2 links

Mozambican dhow
Arab-Swahili slave traders and their captives on the Ruvuma River
The Island of Mozambique is a small coral island at the mouth of Mossuril Bay on the Nacala coast of northern Mozambique, first explored by Europeans in the late 15th century.
View of the Central Avenue in Lourenço Marques, now Maputo, ca. 1905
Portuguese language printing and typesetting class, 1930
Portuguese troops during the Portuguese Colonial War, some loading FN FAL and G3
A land mine victim in Mozambique
The geopolitical situation in 1975, nations friendly to the FRELIMO are shown in orange
A US helicopter flying over the flooded Limpopo River during the 2000 Mozambique flood
Satellite image
Mozambique map of Köppen climate classification zones
Incumbent President Filipe Nyusi
Maputo City Hall
A section of the crowd at its final campaign rally for the 2014 election
Mozambique's embassy in Washington, D.C.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi meets members of Indian community in Mozambique, 7 July 2016
Historical development of real GDP per capita in Mozambique, since 1960
A proportional representation of Mozambique's exports
Traditional sailboat in Ilha de Moçambique
European tourists on the beach, in Inhambane, Mozambique
Vilanculos beach Mozambique
Carrying goods on head in Mozambique
Steam locomotive at Inhambane, 2009
National Mozambican airline, LAM Mozambique
Woman fetching water during the dry season from a polluted source in Machaze District of the Central Manica Province
Ethnic map of Mozambique
Population pyramid 2016
The increase in the number of HIV positive Mozambicans on Antiretroviral treatment, 2003–14
Woman with traditional mask in Mozambique
Island of Mozambique, 2016
Headquarters of Rádio Moçambique in KaMpfumo district of Maputo (photo 2009)
Lebombo Mountains
Gorongosa National Park
Island of Mozambique
Monte Binga
Ponta do Ouro
Pupils in front of their school in Nampula, Mozambique
School children in the classroom

Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique, ; Mozambiki; Msumbiji; Muzambhiki), is a country located in Southeastern Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Eswatini (Swaziland) and South Africa to the southwest.

Bantu-speaking people's migration into Mozambique dates as far back as the 4th century BC. It's believed between the 1st and 5th centuries AD, waves of migration from the west and north went through the Zambezi River valley and then gradually into the plateau and coastal areas of Southern Africa.

Southern African Customs Union

2 links

Evolution of the Southern African Customs Union from 1903 to the present day based on [[:File:Southern African Customs Union.svg |Southern African Customs Union.svg]], and information found in Brief Chronology of Customs Agreements in Southern Africa, 1855-1979 by Derek J. Hudson. The light green area in Zambia represents the extent of the territory of North-western Rhodesia in 1905 when it joined the customs union

The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) is a customs union among five countries of Southern Africa: Botswana, Eswatini (formerly Swaziland), Lesotho, Namibia and South Africa.

Swazi people

0 links

Princess Sikhanyiso dancing at umhlanga
A Swazi woman dancing

The Swazi or Swati (Swati: Emaswati, singular Liswati) are a Bantu ethnic group in Southern Africa, inhabiting Eswatini, a sovereign kingdom in Southern Africa.

White farmers in Southern Rhodesia, early 1920s.

White Africans of European ancestry

0 links

White Africans of European ancestry refers to people in Africa who can trace full, or partial ancestry to Europe.

White Africans of European ancestry refers to people in Africa who can trace full, or partial ancestry to Europe.

White farmers in Southern Rhodesia, early 1920s.
Lara Logan, South African journalist and war correspondent
Guy Scott, Vice President of Zambia from October 2014 to January 2015
Nobel and Booker prize-winning South African author J. M. Coetzee.
Camões prize-winning Angolan writer and former MPLA fighter Pepetela
Painting depicting the arrival of Jan van Riebeeck, founder of Cape Town, and one of the earliest European colonists in sub-Saharan Africa.
Boer guerrillas during the Second Boer War, 1900.
Oliver Risser, former Namibian footballer of German origin
Ghanzi, Botswana, home to a large Afrikaner community.
Cecil John Rhodes, the 6th Prime Minister of the Cape Colony and founder of the De Beers diamond company.
Notre Dame d'Afrique, a church built by the French Pieds-Noirs in Algeria.
The Huguenot Monument in Franschhoek, a structure dedicated to the French Huguenots who settled in South Africa.
Jorge Carlos Fonseca, former President of Cape Verde
Arrival of the first Italian locomotive in Tripoli, Italian Tripolitania, in 1912.
Italian Club in Boksburg
Church of Our Lady of the Rosary in Asmara, built by Italian Eritreans in 1923.
The geographer Ptolemy was a Greek born in Alexandria
Examples of daily use of German in Namibia.
A classroom in a German East African school.
A map of Togoland in 1885, with Lomé in the south-west. Note that all land above the coast is called 'Unexplored country', despite the whole territory being under German control.
A 1924 stamp depicting a typical Spanish-owned plantation in Spanish Guinea
Geographical distribution of Afrikaans in South Africa: proportion of the population that speaks Afrikaans at home.
The Namibia rugby team is largely white
The Zimbabwean women's field hockey team that won gold at the 1980 Olympics
German Settlers enjoying Christmas in Kamerun.
Bananas heading for Germany in 1912.
German surveyor in Kamerun, 1884.
A Police force on the Kaiser's birthday, 1901.
German men in Douala, Kamerun.
A German built workshop in Kamerun.
Oil in Kamerun, one of the many resources that the German Empire needed.
German settlers in the rainforest.
Governor's home in Buea, with Mount Cameroon in the background.
A German cemetery in Kamerun.
The schloss (palace) of Jesko von Puttkamer, governor of German Kamerun.
The proposed flag for German Kamerun

The majority once lived along the Mediterranean coast or in Southern Africa.

Sizable numbers of people of British descent are also nationals of Ghana, Namibia, Tanzania, Swaziland (3% of the population), Nigeria, and Botswana.