A report on Eswatini

A 19th-century Swazi container, carved in wood
Swaziland in Southern Africa, 1896
Topographic map of Eswatini
Landscape in Eswatini
Grewia villosa
Mswati III has been king of Eswatini since 1986.
Swazi army officers
A proportional representation of Swazi exports
Central Bank in Mbabane
Eswatini is part of the Southern African Customs Union (green).
Eswatini's population in thousands (1950–2021)
A rural primary school in Eswatini
King Mswati III at the reed dance festival where he will choose his next wife
Princess Sikhanyiso Dlamini (left) and Temtsimba Dlamini (right) at the reed dance (umhlanga) festival 2006
A traditional Swazi homestead
Swazi warriors at the incwala ceremony

Landlocked country in Southern Africa.

- Eswatini

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South Africa

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Southernmost country in Africa.

Southernmost country in Africa.

Migrations that formed the modern Rainbow nation
Mapungubwe Hill, the site of the former capital of the Kingdom of Mapungubwe
Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias planting the cross at Cape Point after being the first to successfully round the Cape of Good Hope.
Charles Davidson Bell's 19th-century painting of Jan van Riebeeck, who founded the first European settlement in South Africa, arrives in Table Bay in 1652
Depiction of a Zulu attack on a Boer camp in February 1838
The First Boer War was a rebellion of Boers against the British rule in the Transvaal that re-established their independence.
"For use by white persons" – apartheid sign in English and Afrikaans
FW de Klerk and Nelson Mandela shake hands in January 1992
The Central Plateau edged by the Great Escarpment, and the Cape Fold Belt
The thick line traces the Great Escarpment bordering the central plateau; the line's red portion is the Drakensberg. The Escarpment rises to its highest, over 3000 m, where it separates KwaZulu-Natal and Lesotho. No regions on the map have well-defined borders except where the Escarpment or a mountain range forms a clear dividing line
Drakensberg, the eastern and highest portion of the Great Escarpment which surrounds the east, south and western borders of the central plateau of Southern Africa
Spring flowers in Namaqualand
Köppen climate types of South Africa
South African giraffes, Kruger National Park
Subtropical forest near Durban
Lowveld vegetation of the Kruger National Park
Cape Floral Region Protected Areas
Union Buildings in Pretoria, seat of the executive
Houses of Parliament in Cape Town, seat of the legislature
Constitutional Court in Johannesburg
Soweto Pride 2012 participants protest against violence against lesbians. The country has strong human rights laws but some groups are still discriminated against. It is the first country in Africa to recognise same sex marriage
SANDF soldiers
Provinces of South Africa
Change in per capita GDP of South Africa, 1700–2018. Figures are inflation-adjusted to 2011 International dollars.
Annual per capita personal income by race group in South Africa relative to white levels
A proportional representation of South Africa exports, 2019
The Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) is the largest stock exchange on the African continent
Workers packing pears for export in the Ceres Valley, Western Cape
Mark Shuttleworth in space
Schoolchildren in Mitchell's Plain
Life expectancy in select Southern African countries, 1950–2019. HIV/AIDS has caused a fall in life expectancy.
Rock painting of an eland, Drakensberg
Olive Schreiner
A plate of freshly prepared Babotie, a meat-based meal which originated within South Africa.
Kagiso Rabada, South African cricketer
The Springboks in a bus parade after winning the 2007 Rugby World Cup
A SAAF JAS 39 Gripen the main combat aircraft of the South African Air Force during take off
Zulus in Natal

It is bounded to the south by 2798 km of coastline that stretch along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.


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Mozambican dhow
Arab-Swahili slave traders and their captives on the Ruvuma River
The Island of Mozambique is a small coral island at the mouth of Mossuril Bay on the Nacala coast of northern Mozambique, first explored by Europeans in the late 15th century.
View of the Central Avenue in Lourenço Marques, now Maputo, ca. 1905
Portuguese language printing and typesetting class, 1930
Portuguese troops during the Portuguese Colonial War, some loading FN FAL and G3
A land mine victim in Mozambique
The geopolitical situation in 1975, nations friendly to the FRELIMO are shown in orange
A US helicopter flying over the flooded Limpopo River during the 2000 Mozambique flood
Satellite image
Mozambique map of Köppen climate classification zones
Incumbent President Filipe Nyusi
Maputo City Hall
A section of the crowd at its final campaign rally for the 2014 election
Mozambique's embassy in Washington, D.C.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi meets members of Indian community in Mozambique, 7 July 2016
Historical development of real GDP per capita in Mozambique, since 1960
A proportional representation of Mozambique's exports
Traditional sailboat in Ilha de Moçambique
European tourists on the beach, in Inhambane, Mozambique
Vilanculos beach Mozambique
Carrying goods on head in Mozambique
Steam locomotive at Inhambane, 2009
National Mozambican airline, LAM Mozambique
Woman fetching water during the dry season from a polluted source in Machaze District of the Central Manica Province
Ethnic map of Mozambique
Population pyramid 2016
The increase in the number of HIV positive Mozambicans on Antiretroviral treatment, 2003–14
Woman with traditional mask in Mozambique
Island of Mozambique, 2016
Headquarters of Rádio Moçambique in KaMpfumo district of Maputo (photo 2009)
Lebombo Mountains
Gorongosa National Park
Island of Mozambique
Monte Binga
Ponta do Ouro
Pupils in front of their school in Nampula, Mozambique
School children in the classroom

Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique, ; Mozambiki; Msumbiji; Muzambhiki), is a country located in Southeastern Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Eswatini (Swaziland) and South Africa to the southwest.

Mswati in 2014

Mswati III

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Mswati in 2014
King Mswati at the Reed Dance 2006
Some of his wives meeting the wife of the Japanese prime minister in 2013
Royal standard of Mswati III

Mswati III (born Makhosetive; 19 April 1968 ) is the king (Swazi: Ngwenyama, Ingwenyama yemaSwati) of Eswatini and head of the Swazi royal family.

Mswati II

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Mswati II (c.

Mswati II (c.

He was also the eponym of Eswatini.

A composite satellite image of Southern Africa

Southern Africa

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Southernmost subregion of the African continent, south of the Congo and Tanzania.

Southernmost subregion of the African continent, south of the Congo and Tanzania.

A composite satellite image of Southern Africa
Waterfall in the Witwatersrand region near Johannesburg
Sandton, Johannesburg, the financial centre of South Africa
Southern Africa (UN subregion and the SACU)
Geographical Southern Africa, including the UN subregion
Southern African Development Community (SADC)
United Nations geoscheme for Africa
Eastern Africa
Middle Africa
Northern Africa
Southern Africa
Western Africa

Countries commonly included in Southern Africa include Angola, Botswana, the Comoros, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Swazi people

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Princess Sikhanyiso dancing at umhlanga
A Swazi woman dancing

The Swazi or Swati (Swati: Emaswati, singular Liswati) are a Bantu ethnic group in Southern Africa, inhabiting Eswatini, a sovereign kingdom in Southern Africa.

Sobhuza II in 1945

Sobhuza II

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Sobhuza II in 1945
1959 Buick LeSabre, owned by Sobhuza II. Photographed at the Sobhuza II Memorial Park in Lobamba.
Mswati III, Sobhuza II's son and eventual successor

Sobhuza II, (also known as Nkhotfotjeni, Mona; 22 July 1899 – 21 August 1982) was the Paramount Chief and later Ngwenyama of Swaziland for 82 years and 254 days, the List of longeslongest verifiable reign of any monarch in recorded history.


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Landlocked country enclaved by South Africa.

Landlocked country enclaved by South Africa.

King Moshoeshoe I with his Ministers
1959 stamps for the Basutoland National Council
Lesotho mountain village
Embassy in Washington, D.C., United States
The Parliament building in Maseru
Districts and Cities of Lesotho
Topographic map of the region, showing Lesotho situated on the highest peaks of Southern Africa
The Afriski resort in the Maloti Mountains of Lesotho
Hills in Lesotho
Aloe polyphylla
Sani Pass on the border is a popular tourist attraction.
Primary school class
St.Michael's Cathedral
National University of Lesotho
LDF Deputy Commander briefing soldiers
Women wearing Basotho blankets
Shweshwe clothing

"It is a sovereign country like South Africa. We sent envoys to our neighbours – Botswana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Lesotho – before we enforced the passport rule. When you travel from Britain to South Africa, don't you expect to use a passport?"


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View of Mbabane
Portable market hut in Mbabane, 1979

Mbabane (ÉMbábáne, ) is a city in Eswatini (previously called Swaziland), and is one of the two capitals (along with Lobamba), serving as the executive capital.

Shiselweni Region

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Baitul Hadi mosque, Hlatikulu.

Shiselweni is a region of Eswatini, located in the south of the country.