Ethan Allen

ALLEN, Colonel EthanAllen, EthanEthan Allen, spyVermont Revolutionary War hero
Ethan Allen (January 21, 1738 – February 12, 1789) was a farmer, businessman, land speculator, philosopher, writer, lay theologian, American Revolutionary War patriot, and politician.wikipedia
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Capture of Fort Ticonderoga

captured Fort TiconderogaFort TiconderogaBattle of Crown Point
He is best known as one of the founders of Vermont and for the capture of Fort Ticonderoga early in the Revolutionary War.
The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga occurred during the American Revolutionary War on May 10, 1775, when a small force of Green Mountain Boys led by Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold surprised and captured the fort's small British garrison.

Battle of Longue-Pointe

a poorly-organized attempt to capture Montrealattempt on MontrealBattle of Longue Pointe
In September 1775, he led a failed attempt on Montreal which resulted in his capture by British authorities.
The Battle of Longue-Pointe was an attempt by Ethan Allen and a small force of American and Quebec militia to capture Montreal from British forces on September 25, 1775, early in the American Revolutionary War.

Ira Allen

He was the brother of Ira Allen and the father of Frances Allen.
He was the younger brother of Ethan Allen.

Green Mountain Boys

Green Mountain BoyJohn Pettibonemilitia
Legal setbacks led to the formation of the Green Mountain Boys, whom Allen led in a campaign of intimidation and property destruction to drive New York settlers from the Grants.
Headed by Ethan Allen and members of his extended family, it was instrumental in resisting New York's attempts to control the territory, over which it had won de jure control in a territorial dispute with New Hampshire.

Fanny Allen

Frances "Fanny" AllenFrances (Fanny) AllenFrances Allen
He was the brother of Ira Allen and the father of Frances Allen.
The daughter of Revolutionary War General Ethan Allen, she converted to Catholicism and entered the convent of the Religious Hospitallers of St. Joseph in Montreal in 1811.

Fort Ticonderoga

TiconderogaFort CarillonFort Ticonderoga Museum
He and the Green Mountain Boys seized the initiative early in the Revolutionary War and captured Fort Ticonderoga in May 1775.
During the American Revolutionary War, when the British controlled the fort, it was attacked on May 10, 1775, in the Capture of Fort Ticonderoga by the Green Mountain Boys and other state militia under the command of Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold, who captured it in the surprise attack.


VTState of VermontGeography of Vermont
He is best known as one of the founders of Vermont and for the capture of Fort Ticonderoga early in the Revolutionary War.
In 1770 Ethan Allen, his brothers Ira and Levi, and the Allens' cousins Seth Warner and Remember Baker, recruited an informal militia known as the Green Mountain Boys to protect the interests of the original New Hampshire settlers against newcomers from New York.

Thomas Young (American revolutionary)

Thomas YoungDr. Thomas Young
Allen met Thomas Young when he moved to Salisbury, a doctor living and practicing just across the provincial boundary in New York.
Young was a mentor and teacher to Ethan Allen.

Seth Warner

A few of the holders of Wentworth grants were from northwestern Connecticut, and some of them were related to Allen, including Remember Baker and Seth Warner.
Although Warner was not related to Ethan Allen, both men were cousins of Remember Baker, another notable Green Mountain Boy captain.

Remember Baker

A few of the holders of Wentworth grants were from northwestern Connecticut, and some of them were related to Allen, including Remember Baker and Seth Warner.
The son of Remember Baker and Tamar Warner, he was a first cousin of Ethan Allen and Seth Warner.

Vermont Republic

VermontRepublic of Vermontindependent republic
Upon his release, Allen returned to the New Hampshire Grants which had declared independence in 1777, and he resumed political activity in the territory, continuing resistance to New York's attempts to assert control over the territory.
The "Green Mountain Boys", led by Ethan Allen, was a militia force from Vermont that supported the New Hampshire claims and fought against the British during the American Revolution.

Castleton, Vermont

CastletonCastleton, VTBomoseen
He acquired grants from Wentworth to about 1000 acre in Poultney and Castleton prior to the trial.
In May 1775 Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys met in Castleton with Benedict Arnold to plan their next day's attack on Fort Ticonderoga, 30 mi west, on the New York side of Lake Champlain.

Litchfield, Connecticut

LitchfieldLitchfield, CTEast Litchfield
Allen was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, the first child of Joseph and Mary Baker Allen, both descended from English Puritans.

New Hampshire Grants

New Hampshire grantdisputed territorya long-running dispute
In the late 1760s, he became interested in the New Hampshire Grants, buying land there and becoming embroiled in the legal disputes surrounding the territory.
This infuriated residents, including Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys, who rose up to resist those efforts.

Salisbury, Connecticut

SalisburySalisbury, CTTaconic
Allen began studies under a minister in the nearby town of Salisbury with the goal of gaining admission to Yale College.

Cornwall, Connecticut

CornwallCornwall BridgeWest Cornwall
The family moved to the town of Cornwall shortly after his birth due to his father's quest for freedom of religion during the Great Awakening.

Whitehall (village), New York

WhitehallWhitehall, New YorkSkenesborough
On May 14, following the arrival of 100 men recruited by Arnold's captains, and the arrival of a schooner and some bateaux that had been taken at Skenesboro, Arnold and 50 of his men sailed north to raid Fort St. John, on the Richelieu River downstream from the lake, where a small British warship was reported by the prisoners to be anchored.
On May 9, 1775, Lieutenant Samuel Herrick, leading as an advance party for Benedict Arnold's and Ethan Allen's attack on Fort Ticonderoga, surprised Major Skene and his small garrison.

Benedict Arnold

ArnoldBenedictGen. Benedict Arnold
On the afternoon of May 9, Benedict Arnold unexpectedly arrived, flourishing a commission from the Massachusetts Committee of Safety.
They issued him a colonel's commission on May 3, 1775, and he immediately rode off to Castleton in the disputed New Hampshire Grants (Vermont) in time to participate with Ethan Allen and his men in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga.


They eventually decided to collaborate on a book intended as an attack on organized religion, as Young had convinced Allen to become a Deist.
Other "Founding Fathers" who were influenced to various degrees by deism were Ethan Allen, Benjamin Franklin, Cornelius Harnett, Gouverneur Morris, Hugh Williamson, James Madison, and possibly Alexander Hamilton.

Catamount Tavern

Fay's Tavern
On Allen's return to Bennington, the settlers met at the Catamount Tavern to discuss their options.
Colonel Ethan Allen advised the crowd depart to return the day fixed for the execution in the act of the governor and council, adding with an oath, and according to Dr. John Spargo who wrote a book on the hanging which can be found in the Bennington Museum library, "you shall see somebody hung, for if Redding is not hung, I will be hung myself."

Poultney (town), Vermont

Poultney, VermontPoultneyEast Poultney, Vermont
He acquired grants from Wentworth to about 1000 acre in Poultney and Castleton prior to the trial.
East Poultney was the original home of Heman Allen, brother of Ebenezer Allen and cousin of Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen.

Siege of Fort St. Jean

Battle of Fort St. Jeanbesieging Fort Saint-Jeanbattle of St. Johns
On September 4, the army had occupied the Île aux Noix in the Richelieu River, a few miles above Fort St. John, which they then prepared to besiege.
When Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen captured Fort Ticonderoga and raided Fort St. Jean in May 1775, Quebec was garrisoned by about 600 regular troops, some of which were widely distributed throughout Quebec's large territory.

Winooski River

WinooskiOnion RiverWinooski (Onion) River
Allen joined his cousin Remember Baker and his brothers Ira, Heman, and Zimri to form the Onion River Company in 1772, a land-speculation organization devoted to purchasing land around the Winooski River, which was known then as the Onion River.
The byname "Onion River" came into general usage in the late 18th and early 19th century, after Ira and Ethan Allen established the Onion River Land Company.

John Brown of Pittsfield

John BrownColonel John Brown
On September 8, Schuyler sent Allen and Massachusetts Major John Brown, who had also been involved in the capture of Ticonderoga, into the countryside between St. John and Montreal to spread the word of their arrival to the habitants and the Indians.
Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold clashed over who had overall command of the expedition.

Sheffield, Massachusetts

SheffieldAshley FallsAshley Falls, Massachusetts
He briefly returned to Salisbury before settling in Sheffield, Massachusetts with his younger brother Zimri.