Ethanol

alcoholbioethanolethyl alcoholbio-ethanolabsolute alcoholalcoholichydroxyethylgrain alcoholpure alcoholabsolute ethanol
Ethanol (also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, drinking alcohol, or simply alcohol) is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.wikipedia
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Alcohol (drug)

alcoholdrinkingdrink
It is a psychoactive substance and is the principal active ingredient found in alcoholic drinks.
Alcohol, sometimes referred to by the chemical name ethanol, is a psychoactive drug that is the active ingredient in drinks such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits (hard liquor).

Alcohol

alcoholssecondary alcoholtertiary alcohol
Ethanol (also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, drinking alcohol, or simply alcohol) is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
The term alcohol originally referred to the primary alcohol ethanol (ethyl alcohol), which is used as a drug and is the main alcohol present in alcoholic beverages.

Yeast

yeastsbrewer's yeastbudding yeast
Ethanol is naturally produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts or via petrochemical processes, and is commonly consumed as a popular recreational drug.
The yeast species Saccharomyces cerevisiae converts carbohydrates to carbon dioxide and alcohols a process known as fermentation.

Alcohol fuel

alcoholethanolbioalcohol
Ethanol is also used as a clean-burning fuel source.
The first four aliphatic alcohols (methanol, ethanol, propanol, and butanol)

Solvent

solventsorganic solventorganic solvents
The compound is widely used as a chemical solvent, either for scientific chemical testing or in synthesis of other organic compounds, and is a vital substance used across many different kinds of manufacturing industries.
Common uses for organic solvents are in dry cleaning (e.g. tetrachloroethylene), as paint thinners (e.g. toluene, turpentine), as nail polish removers and glue solvents (acetone, methyl acetate, ethyl acetate), in spot removers (e.g. hexane, petrol ether), in detergents (citrus terpenes) and in perfumes (ethanol).

Recreational drug use

recreational drugdrug userecreational drugs
Ethanol is naturally produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts or via petrochemical processes, and is commonly consumed as a popular recreational drug.

Hand sanitizer

Alcohol based hand rubHand SanitiserAlcohol-based hand sanitizers
Ethanol is used in medical wipes and most commonly in antibacterial hand sanitizer gels as an antiseptic for its bactericidal and anti-fungal effects.
Formulations of the alcohol-based type are preferable to hand washing with soap and water in most situations in the healthcare setting.

Chemical formula

molecular formulaformulageneral formula
Ethanol (also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, drinking alcohol, or simply alcohol) is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
For example, the empirical formula of ethanol may be written C 2 H 6 O because the molecules of ethanol all contain two carbon atoms, six hydrogen atoms, and one oxygen atom.

Volatility (chemistry)

volatilevolatilityvolatiles
Ethanol is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid with a slight characteristic odor.
Ethanol and dimethyl ether, two chemicals with the same formula (C 2 H 6 O), have different volatilities due to the different interactions that occur between their molecules in the liquid phase: ethanol molecules are capable of hydrogen bonding while dimethyl ether molecules are not.

Acetaldehyde

ethanalCH 3 CHOacetylaldehyde
The metabolite acetaldehyde is responsible for much of the short term, and long term effects of ethyl alcohol toxicity.
It is also produced by the partial oxidation of ethanol by the liver enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase and is a contributing cause of hangover after alcohol consumption.

Diethyl ether

etherethyl etherdiethylether
He coined the word from the German name Aether of the compound −O− (commonly called “ether” in English, more specifically called “diethyl ether”).
Most diethyl ether is produced as a byproduct of the vapor-phase hydration of ethylene to make ethanol.

Methanol

methyl alcoholwood alcoholCH 3 OH
Ethanol may be administered as an antidote to methanol and ethylene glycol poisoning.
It is a light, volatile, colorless, flammable liquid with a distinctive odor similar to that of ethanol (drinking alcohol).

Cellulosic ethanol

Cellulosic biofuelcellulose ethanolcellulosic technologies
Argonne National Laboratory analyzed greenhouse gas emissions of many different engine and fuel combinations, and found that biodiesel/petrodiesel blend (B20) showed a reduction of 8%, conventional E85 ethanol blend a reduction of 17% and cellulosic ethanol 64%, compared with pure gasoline.
Cellulosic ethanol is ethanol (ethyl alcohol) produced from cellulose (the stringy fiber of a plant) rather than from the plant's seeds or fruit.

Alcohol-induced respiratory reactions

Liquid preparations of pain medications, cough and cold medicines, and mouth washes, for example, may contain up to 25% ethanol and may need to be avoided in individuals with adverse reactions to ethanol such as alcohol-induced respiratory reactions.
In 1978 a non-asthmatic female of Japanese descent with a history of moderately severe bronchoconstriction responses to various alcoholic beverages and in 1981 an asthmatic Japanese male with a similar history beer or 95% pure ethanol were studied and found to develop bronchoconstriction after drinking apple juice but not after drinking apple juice per se; intravenous infusion or inhalation of ethanol also caused bronchospasm responses in the male subject.

Enzyme

enzymologyenzymesenzymatic
If ingested orally, ethanol is extensively metabolized by the liver, particularly via the enzyme CYP450.
A few decades later, when studying the fermentation of sugar to alcohol by yeast, Louis Pasteur concluded that this fermentation was caused by a vital force contained within the yeast cells called "ferments", which were thought to function only within living organisms.

Sugarcane

sugar canesugarsugar-cane
Brazilian ethanol is produced from sugar cane and noted for high carbon sequestration.
Sucrose (table sugar), extracted from sugarcane in specialized mill factories, is either used as raw material in the food industry or fermented to produce ethanol.

Combustibility and flammability

flammableflammabilitycombustible
Ethanol is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid with a slight characteristic odor.

List of gasoline additives

fuel additivegasoline additiveadditive
The largest single use of ethanol is as an engine fuel and fuel additive.

Ethanol fuel

ethanolbioethanolethanol economy
Ethanol fuel is ethyl alcohol, the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, used as fuel.

Maize

cornZea mayscorn (maize)
In the United States, the ethanol fuel industry is based largely on corn.
Maize is also used in making ethanol and other biofuels.

Psychoactive drug

psychoactivepsychotropicdrug
As a central nervous system depressant, ethanol is one of the most commonly consumed psychoactive drugs.

Fungus

Fungifungalnecrotrophic
Ethanol kills organisms by denaturing their proteins and dissolving their lipids and is effective against most bacteria and fungi, and many viruses.
Fungi have evolved a high degree of metabolic versatility that allows them to use a diverse range of organic substrates for growth, including simple compounds such as nitrate, ammonia, acetate, or ethanol.

Analgesic

analgesiaanalgesicspainkillers
Liquid preparations of pain medications, cough and cold medicines, and mouth washes, for example, may contain up to 25% ethanol and may need to be avoided in individuals with adverse reactions to ethanol such as alcohol-induced respiratory reactions.
High-alcohol liquor, two forms of which were found in the US Pharmacopoeia up until 1916 and in common use by physicians well into the 1930s, has been used in the past as an agent for dulling pain, due to the CNS depressant effects of ethyl alcohol, a notable example being the American Civil War.

Ethylene glycol

glycolmonoethylene glycolethanediol
Ethanol may be administered as an antidote to methanol and ethylene glycol poisoning.
Wurtz named his new compound "glycol" because it shared qualities with both ethyl alcohol (with one hydroxyl group) and glycerin (with three hydroxyl groups).

Direct-ethanol fuel cell

Direct ethanol fuel cell
There are a wide range of fuel cell concepts that have been trialled including direct-ethanol fuel cells, auto-thermal reforming systems and thermally integrated systems.
Direct-ethanol fuel cells or DEFCs are a category of fuel cell in which ethanol is fed directly into the cell.