Ethel Snowden

Ethel AnnakinLady Ethel Snowden
Ethel Snowden, Viscountess Snowden (born Ethel Annakin; 8 September 1881 – 22 February 1951), was a British socialist, human rights activist, and feminist politician.wikipedia
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Philip Snowden, 1st Viscount Snowden

Philip SnowdenSnowdenLord Snowden
Snowden married the prominent Labour Party politician and future Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden. According to her future husband, the Labour politician Philip Snowden, they had met at a Fabian meeting in Leeds probably in about 1903, although Mary Agnes Hamilton thought they met at the Bradford house of William and Martha Leach.
Snowden married Ethel Annakin, a campaigner for women's suffrage, in 1905.

Suffragette

suffragettessuffragistsuffragette movement
Her strong views seemed to influence her husband, although Snowden was always a 'suffragist' and never endorsed the violent tactics of the suffragettes.
Ethel Snowden

Feminism

feministfeministsemancipation of women
Ethel Snowden, Viscountess Snowden (born Ethel Annakin; 8 September 1881 – 22 February 1951), was a British socialist, human rights activist, and feminist politician.

Christian socialism

Christian socialistChristian socialistsSocial Catholic
From a middle-class background, she became a Christian Socialist through a radical preacher and initially promoted temperance and teetotalism in the slums of Liverpool.

Temperance movement

temperancetemperance societyTemperance Hall
From a middle-class background, she became a Christian Socialist through a radical preacher and initially promoted temperance and teetotalism in the slums of Liverpool.

Teetotalism

teetotalerteetotallerteetotal
From a middle-class background, she became a Christian Socialist through a radical preacher and initially promoted temperance and teetotalism in the slums of Liverpool. she became a socialist and joined with Aked's social work in the slums of Liverpool promoting teetotalism.

Fabian Society

FabianFabian socialistFabians
She aligned to the Fabian Society and later the Independent Labour Party, earning an income by lecturing in Britain and abroad.

Independent Labour Party

ILPIndependent LabourIndependent Labour Party (ILP)
She aligned to the Fabian Society and later the Independent Labour Party, earning an income by lecturing in Britain and abroad. She took her first lecture on behalf of the Yorkshire Independent Labour Party at Keighley Labour Institute in September 1903, possibly arranged by Snowden.

Women's suffrage

suffragistfemale suffragesuffrage movement
Snowden was one of the leading campaigners for women's suffrage before the First World War, then founding The Women's Peace Crusade to oppose the war and call for a negotiated peace.

The Women's Peace Crusade

Women's Peace CrusadeWomen's Peace Crusade (WPC)
Snowden was one of the leading campaigners for women's suffrage before the First World War, then founding The Women's Peace Crusade to oppose the war and call for a negotiated peace.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
After a visit to the Soviet Union she developed a strong criticism of its system, which made her unpopular when relayed to the left-wing in Britain.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
Snowden married the prominent Labour Party politician and future Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden.

Chancellor of the Exchequer

ChancellorChancellors of the ExchequerSpokesperson for the Treasury
Snowden married the prominent Labour Party politician and future Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden.

BBC

British Broadcasting Corporationthe BBCBBC Music
She rose up the social scale in the 1920s, much to her pleasure, and she welcomed appointment as a Governor of the BBC and as a Director of the Royal Opera House.

Harrogate

OatlandsHarlow HillHarrogate Municipal Borough
Her father also became involved in politics and later served as Alderman of Harrogate, becoming Mayor of the town in 1930–31.

Liverpool

LiverpudlianLiverpool, EnglandCity of Liverpool
she became a socialist and joined with Aked's social work in the slums of Liverpool promoting teetotalism.

William Leach (politician)

William LeachLeachWilliam and Martha Leach
According to her future husband, the Labour politician Philip Snowden, they had met at a Fabian meeting in Leeds probably in about 1903, although Mary Agnes Hamilton thought they met at the Bradford house of William and Martha Leach.

Keighley

Keighley MB Keighley GrammarKeighley Municipal Borough
She took her first lecture on behalf of the Yorkshire Independent Labour Party at Keighley Labour Institute in September 1903, possibly arranged by Snowden.

Nelson, Lancashire

NelsonMarsdenNelson-in-Marsden
In 1904 she started working as a schoolteacher at Walverden School in Nelson, Lancashire which was only 9 miles from Snowden's home at Cowling, and became a regular visitor, although Philip Snowden's mother Martha could not abide to meet her, thinking her pretentious and patronising.

Cowling, Craven

CowlingCowling (Craven)Cowling, North Yorkshire
In 1904 she started working as a schoolteacher at Walverden School in Nelson, Lancashire which was only 9 miles from Snowden's home at Cowling, and became a regular visitor, although Philip Snowden's mother Martha could not abide to meet her, thinking her pretentious and patronising.

Otley

Otley MoorOtley town councillorOtley UD
They had a quiet wedding with few guests at the registry office in Otley on 13 March 1905, with Philip Snowden explaining that they had learned that their socialist friends in the West Riding were planning a 'Socialist demonstration' at what they were hoping would be a family celebration.

Telegraphy

telegraphtelegramcable
It is also thought that both families were opposed, and Philip Snowden did not tell his mother until he sent a telegram after the marriage had taken place.

Blackburn (UK Parliament constituency)

Blackburnborough of BlackburnBlackburn BC
She lectured in South Wales on socialism and women's suffrage in autumn 1905, but was ill during the 1906 election campaign and unable to help Philip in his successful election contest in Blackburn.

National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies

suffragistssuffragistfemale suffragists
After 1906 Snowden became increasingly active in supporting women's suffrage, being one of the national speakers for the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies; she decried the concentration on such things as dresses, jewels and cake recipes and wrote a book called "The Woman Socialist" in 1907 which advocated state control of marriage, joint title by women to the housekeeping money, and a state salary for mothers; she also wanted housekeeping organised collectively in each street and declared that under socialism women would have "no need to paint face and tint hair".

Marguerite Martyn

During a 1910 trip to the United States, Ethel Snowden was interviewed and sketched by Marguerite Martyn of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. During the interview, Snowden mocked anti-suffrage parliamentarian Rowland Baring, 2nd Earl of Cromer, by affecting an accent and, as Martyn put it: