Ethiopia

🇪🇹AbyssiniaEthiopianAbyssinianETHFederal Democratic Republic of EthiopiaAbyssiniansETAbyssinia (Ethiopia)Ethiopians
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā, ), Somali: Itoobiya, Oromo: Itiyoophiyaa, Hebrew: אתיופיה -officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk ), is a country in the northeastern part of Africa, popularly known as the Horn of Africa.wikipedia
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Eritrea

🇪🇷EritreanERI
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northwest, to the northeast Somaliland, and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. Ethiopia and Eritrea use the ancient Ge'ez script, which is one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world.
It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast.

Somalia

Somali🇸🇴Federal Republic of Somalia
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northwest, to the northeast Somaliland, and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest.

Djibouti

🇩🇯DjiboutianRepublic of Djibouti
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northwest, to the northeast Somaliland, and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast.

Sudan

🇸🇩SudaneseRepublic of the Sudan
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northwest, to the northeast Somaliland, and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea to the east, Ethiopia to the southeast, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest.

Horn of Africa

Hornnortheast AfricaNortheast African
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā, ), Somali: Itoobiya, Oromo: Itiyoophiyaa, Hebrew: אתיופיה -officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk ), is a country in the northeastern part of Africa, popularly known as the Horn of Africa.
Referred to in ancient and medieval times as the land of the Barbara and Habesha, the Horn of Africa denotes the region containing the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.

South Sudan

🇸🇸southern SudanRepublic of South Sudan
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northwest, to the northeast Somaliland, and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest and the Central African Republic to the west.

Somaliland

RegionDistrictRepublic of Somaliland
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northwest, to the northeast Somaliland, and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
It is bordered by the remainder of Somalia (per international recognition) to the east, Djibouti to the northwest, and Ethiopia to the south and west.

History of Ethiopia

EthiopiaAbyssiniaEthiopian
Tracing its roots to the 2nd millennium BC, Ethiopia's governmental system was a monarchy for most of its history.
The article covers the prehistory and history of Ethiopia from its emergence as an empire under the Aksumites to its current form as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia as well as the history of other areas in what is now Ethiopia such as the Afar Triangle.

Ethiopian Empire

EthiopiaAbyssiniaEthiopian
In the first centuries AD, the Kingdom of Aksum maintained a unified civilization in the region, followed by the Ethiopian Empire circa 1137.
The Ethiopian Empire, also known as Abyssinia' (derived from the Arabic al-Habash''), was a kingdom that spanned a geographical area in the current states of Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Africa

AfricanAfrican continentAfrican countries
With over million inhabitants, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world and the second-most populous nation on the African continent.
Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors as well as later ones that have been dated to around 7 million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster—the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human), found in Ethiopia, date to circa 200,000 years ago.

Somali language

SomalisomStandard Somali
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā, ), Somali: Itoobiya, Oromo: Itiyoophiyaa, Hebrew: אתיופיה -officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk ), is a country in the northeastern part of Africa, popularly known as the Horn of Africa.
Somali is an official language of Somaliland, Somalia, a national language in Djibouti, and a working language in the Somali Region of Ethiopia.

Italian Ethiopia

EthiopiaItalian occupation of EthiopiaItalian occupation
The country was occupied by Italy in 1936 and became Italian Ethiopia (part of the Italian East Africa) until 1947.
Italian Ethiopia was a colony of the Kingdom of Italy located in East Africa, in the territory of present-day Ethiopia.

Scramble for Africa

Partition of AfricaEuropean colonizationin Africa
During the late 19th-century Scramble for Africa, Ethiopia was one of two nations to retain its sovereignty from long-term colonialism by a European colonial power.
By 1914, only Ethiopia and Liberia remained independent of European control.

Ethiopian calendar

ECE.C.5 Hamle, 1969
The Ethiopian calendar, which is approximately seven years and three months behind the Gregorian calendar, co-exists alongside the Borana calendar.
The Ethiopian calendar (የኢትዮጵያ ዘመን አቆጣጠር; yä'Ityoṗṗya zëmän aḳoṭaṭär) or Eritrean calendar is the principal calendar used in Ethiopia and also serves as the liturgical year for Christians in Eritrea and Ethiopia belonging to the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Eastern Catholic Churches, the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, and Ethiopian-Eritrean Evangelicalism (Ethiopian-Eritrean Protestants in the diaspora usually use both the Ethiopian and Gregorian Calendars for liturgical purposes, by celebrating religious holidays twice).

People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

EthiopiaPDRE1987–1991
In 1987, the Derg established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, but it was overthrown in 1991 by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which has been the ruling political coalition since.
The People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (PDRE) was a communist state that existed in Ethiopia from 1987 to 1991.

Oromo language

OromiffaOromoAfaan Oromo
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā, ), Somali: Itoobiya, Oromo: Itiyoophiyaa, Hebrew: אתיופיה -officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk ), is a country in the northeastern part of Africa, popularly known as the Horn of Africa.
Forms of Oromo are spoken as a first language by more than 40 million Oromo people and neighbouring peoples in Ethiopia and by an additional half million in parts of northern and eastern Kenya.

Languages of Ethiopia

EthiopianEthiopian languagesAmharic
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
The languages of Ethiopia refers to the various spoken forms of communication in Ethiopia.

Oromo people

OromoGallaOromos
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
The Oromo people (Oromoo;, ’Oromo) are an ethnic group inhabiting Ethiopia.

Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front

EPRDFEPRDF (Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front)EPDRF
In 1987, the Derg established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, but it was overthrown in 1991 by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which has been the ruling political coalition since.
The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF; የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች አብዮታዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ግንባር) is a leftist political coalition in Ethiopia.

Somalis

SomaliSomalianethnic Somali
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
Ethnic Somalis number around 28-30 million and are principally concentrated in Somalia (around 15 million), Ethiopia (8.5 million), Kenya (2.4–3 million), and Djibouti (534,000).

Amhara people

AmharaAmharasAmharic
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
Amharas (አማራ, Āmara;, ʾÄməḥära), are an ethnic group traditionally inhabiting the northern and central highlands of Ethiopia, particularly the Amhara Region.

Ge'ez script

Ge'ezEthiopicAmharic
Ethiopia and Eritrea use the ancient Ge'ez script, which is one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world.
Ge'ez (Ge'ez: ግዕዝ, '), also known as Ethiopic''', is a script used as an abugida (alphasyllabary) for several languages of Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Tigrayans

TigrayanTigrayTigrinya
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
Tigrayans (ተጋሩ; tägaru) are an ethnic group in Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Ethiopian Highlands

highlandsEthiopianEthiopia
The Ethiopian Highlands are the largest continuous mountain ranges in Africa, and the Sof Omar Caves contains the largest cave on the continent.
The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in the Horn region in northeast Africa.

List of World Heritage Sites in Africa

AfricaUNESCO World Heritage SiteǂKhomani Cultural Landscape
Ethiopia also has the most UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Africa.
Ethiopia, Morocco, and South Africa are home to the most with nine sites; followed by Tunisia at eight sites; and Algeria, Egypt, Senegal, and Tanzania at seven.