Ethiopiawikipedia
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā, ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk ), is a country in the Horn of Africa.
AbyssiniaEthiopiaEthiopianAbyssinianFederal Democratic Republic of EthiopiaETAbyssiniansEthiopiansETH2020

Somalia

SomaliSomaliaFederal Republic of Somalia
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest.

Eritrea

EritreaEritreanState of Eritrea
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. Ethiopia and Eritrea use the ancient Ge'ez script, which is one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world.
It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast.

Djibouti

DjiboutianRepublic of DjiboutiDjibouti
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast.

Sudan

SudaneseSudanRepublic of the Sudan
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest.

South Sudan

southern SudanSouth SudanRepublic of South Sudan
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest and the Central African Republic to the west.

Horn of Africa

Hornhorn of Africanortheast Africa
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā, ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk ), is a country in the Horn of Africa.
The Horn of Africa denotes the region containing the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.

Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa10 subcitiesAddis Ababa, Ethiopia
It occupies a total area of 1,100,000 km2, and its capital and largest city is Addis Ababa.
Addis Ababa (አዲስ አበባ, ', "new flower"; or Addis Abeba''' (the spelling used by the official Ethiopian Mapping Authority); Finfinne "natural spring") is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia.

Kingdom of Aksum

AksumiteAksumAxum
In the first centuries AD, the Kingdom of Aksum maintained a unified civilization in the region, followed by the Ethiopian Empire circa 1137.
The Kingdom of Aksum (also known as the Kingdom of Axum, or the Aksumite Empire) was an ancient kingdom in what is now northern Ethiopia and Eritrea.

History of Ethiopia

Ethiopiahistory of Ethiopiahistory
Tracing its roots to the 2nd millennium BC, Ethiopia's governmental system was a monarchy for most of its history.
This article covers the prehistory & history of Ethiopia, from emergence as an empire under the Aksumites to its current form as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, as well as the history of other areas in what is now Ethiopia such as the Afar Triangle.

Kenya

KenyaKenyanRepublic of Kenya
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
It is bordered by Tanzania to the south and south-west, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east.

Ethiopian Empire

AbyssiniaEthiopiaEthiopian
In the first centuries AD, the Kingdom of Aksum maintained a unified civilization in the region, followed by the Ethiopian Empire circa 1137.
The Ethiopian Empire, also known as Abyssinia' (derived from the Arabic al-Habash''), was a kingdom that spanned a geographical area in the current state of Ethiopia.

People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

EthiopiaPDRE1987-1991
In 1987, the Derg established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, but it was overthrown in 1991 by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which has been the ruling political coalition since.
The People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (PDRE) was the official name of Ethiopia from 1987 to 1991, as established by the Communist government of Mengistu Haile Mariam and the Workers' Party of Ethiopia (WPE).

Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front

EPRDFEPRDF (Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front)post-communist government
In 1987, the Derg established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, but it was overthrown in 1991 by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which has been the ruling political coalition since.
The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች አብዮታዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ግንባር; abbreviated EPRDF but commonly known as Ehadig) is the ruling political coalition in Ethiopia.

Derg

EthiopiaEthiopian RevolutionDerg
In 1974, the Ethiopian monarchy under Haile Selassie was overthrown by the Derg, a communist military government backed by the Soviet Union.
The Derg, Common Derg or Dergue (Ge'ez: ደርግ, meaning "committee" or "council") is the short name of the Coordinating Committee of the Armed Forces, Police and Territorial Army that ruled Ethiopia from 1974 to 1987.

Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church

Ethiopian OrthodoxEthiopianOrthodox Christians
A majority of the population adheres to Christianity (mainly the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and P'ent'ay), whereas around a third follows Islam (primarily Sunni).
One of the few pre-colonial Christian Churches in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church has a membership of between 45 and 50 million people, the majority of whom live in Ethiopia.

Ethiopian calendar

E.C.ECE.C
The Ethiopian calendar, which is approximately seven years and three months behind the Gregorian calendar, co-exists alongside the Borana calendar.
The Ethiopian calendar (የኢትዮጵያ ዘመን አቆጣጠር; yä'Ityoṗṗya zämän aḳoṭaṭär) is the principal calendar used in Ethiopia and also serves as the liturgical year for Christians in Eritrea and Ethiopia belonging to the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Eastern Catholic Churches and Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.

Scramble for Africa

scramble for AfricaPartition of Africain Africa
During the late 19th-century Scramble for Africa, Ethiopia was one of two nations to retain its sovereignty from long-term colonialism by a European colonial power.
By 1914, only Ethiopia and Liberia remained independent of European control.

Languages of Ethiopia

languages of EthiopiaEthiopianEthiopian languages
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
The languages of Ethiopia refers to the various spoken forms of communication in Ethiopia.

Oromo people

OromoGallaOromos
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
The Oromo people (Oromoo;, ’Oromo) are an ethnic group inhabiting Ethiopia.

Somalis

SomaliSomalisSomalian
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
Ethnic Somalis number around 28-30 million and are principally concentrated in Somalia (around 15 million), Ethiopia (8.5 million), Kenya (2.4 million), and Djibouti (534,000).

Amhara people

AmharaAmharasAmharic
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
Amharas (አማራ, Āmara;, ʾÄməḥära), also known as Abyssinians, are an ethnic group traditionally inhabiting the northern and central highlands of Ethiopia, particularly the Amhara Region.

Tigrayans

TigrayanTigrayTigrinya
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
Tigrayans (ተጋሩ; tägaru) are an ethnic group in Eritrea and Ethiopia.

List of World Heritage Sites in Africa

AfricaUNESCO World Heritage siteUNESCO World Heritage Sites
Ethiopia also has the most UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Africa.
Ethiopia, Morocco and South Africa are home to the most with nine sites; followed by Tunisia at eight sites; and Algeria, Egypt, Senegal, and Tanzania at seven.

Ge'ez script

Ge'ezEthiopicEthiopian
Ethiopia and Eritrea use the ancient Ge'ez script, which is one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world.
Ge'ez (Ge'ez: ግዕዝ, '), also known as Ethiopic''', is a script used as an abugida (alphasyllabary) for several languages of Ethiopia and Eritrea.

Ethiopian Highlands

highlandsEthiopianEthiopian highlands
The Ethiopian Highlands are the largest continuous mountain ranges in Africa, and the Sof Omar Caves contains the largest cave on the continent.
The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in the Horn region in northeast Africa.