Ethiopiawikipedia

Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā, ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk ), is a country in the Horn of Africa.
🇪🇹AbyssiniaEthiopianAbyssinianETHFederal Democratic Republic of EthiopiaETAbyssiniansEthiopiansEthiopian government
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Somalia

Somali🇸🇴Federal Republic of Somalia
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest.

Eritrea

🇪🇷EritreanERI
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. Ethiopia and Eritrea use the ancient Ge'ez script, which is one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world.
It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast.

Djibouti

🇩🇯Republic of DjiboutiDJ
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast.

Sudan

🇸🇩SudaneseRepublic of the Sudan
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea to the east, Ethiopia to the southeast, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest.

South Sudan

🇸🇸southern SudanRepublic of South Sudan
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest and the Central African Republic to the west.

Horn of Africa

Hornnortheast AfricaNortheast African
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā, ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk ), is a country in the Horn of Africa.
The Horn of Africa denotes the region containing the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.

History of Ethiopia

EthiopiaAbyssiniahistory
Tracing its roots to the 2nd millennium BC, Ethiopia's governmental system was a monarchy for most of its history.
This article covers the prehistory and history of Ethiopia from its emergence as an empire under the Aksumites to its current form as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia as well as the history of other areas in what is now Ethiopia such as the Afar Triangle.

Kenya

🇰🇪KenyanKEN
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
It is bordered by Tanzania to the south and south-west, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east.

Ethiopian Empire

AbyssiniaEthiopiaEthiopian
In the first centuries AD, the Kingdom of Aksum maintained a unified civilization in the region, followed by the Ethiopian Empire circa 1137.
The Ethiopian Empire, also known as Abyssinia' (derived from the Arabic al-Habash''), was a kingdom that spanned a geographical area in the current states of Eritrea and Ethiopia.

People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

EthiopiaPDREdictatorship
In 1987, the Derg established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, but it was overthrown in 1991 by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which has been the ruling political coalition since.
The People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (PDRE) was the official name of Ethiopia from 1987 to 1991, as established by the communist government of Mengistu Haile Mariam and the Workers' Party of Ethiopia (WPE).

Derg

EthiopiaEthiopian RevolutionProvisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia
In 1974, the Ethiopian monarchy under Haile Selassie was overthrown by the Derg, a communist military government backed by the Soviet Union.
The Derg, Common Derg or Dergue (Ge'ez: ደርግ, meaning "committee" or "council") is the short name of the Coordinating Committee of the Armed Forces, Police and Territorial Army that ruled Ethiopia from 1974 to 1987.

Scramble for Africa

Partition of Africain AfricaEuropean colonization
During the late 19th-century Scramble for Africa, Ethiopia was one of two nations to retain its sovereignty from long-term colonialism by a European colonial power.
By 1914, only Ethiopia and Liberia remained independent of European control.

Ethiopian calendar

E.C.ECE.C
The Ethiopian calendar, which is approximately seven years and three months behind the Gregorian calendar, co-exists alongside the Borana calendar.
The Ethiopian calendar (የኢትዮጵያ ዘመን አቆጣጠር; yä'Ityoṗṗya zëmän aḳoṭaṭär) is the principal calendar used in Ethiopia and also serves as the liturgical year for Christians in Eritrea and Ethiopia belonging to the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Eastern Catholic Churches and Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.

Oromo people

OromoGallaOromos
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
The Oromo people (Oromoo;, ’Oromo) are an ethnic group inhabiting Ethiopia.

Languages of Ethiopia

EthiopianEthiopian languagesmultilingual nation
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
The languages of Ethiopia refers to the various spoken forms of communication in Ethiopia.

Somalis

SomaliSomalianethnic Somali
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
Ethnic Somalis number around 28-30 million and are principally concentrated in Somalia (around 15 million), Ethiopia (8.5 million), Kenya (2.4 million), and Djibouti (534,000).

Tigrayans

TigrayanTigrayTigrinya
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
Tigrayans (ተጋሩ; tägaru), also known as Aksumites, are an ethnic group in Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Amhara people

AmharaAmharasAmharic
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
Amharas (አማራ, Āmara;, ʾÄməḥära), are an ethnic group traditionally inhabiting the northern and central highlands of Ethiopia, particularly the Amhara Region.

List of World Heritage sites in Africa

AfricaǂKhomani Cultural LandscapeUNESCO World Heritage Site
Ethiopia also has the most UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Africa.
Ethiopia, Morocco, and South Africa are home to the most with nine sites; followed by Tunisia at eight sites; and Algeria, Egypt, Senegal, and Tanzania at seven.

Ethiopian Highlands

highlandsEthiopianEthiopia
The Ethiopian Highlands are the largest continuous mountain ranges in Africa, and the Sof Omar Caves contains the largest cave on the continent.
The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in the Horn region in northeast Africa.

Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front

EPRDFEPRDF (Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front)post-communist government
In 1987, the Derg established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, but it was overthrown in 1991 by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which has been the ruling political coalition since.
The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF; የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች አብዮታዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ግንባር) is a leftist political coalition in Ethiopia.

Omotic languages

OmoticOmotic familyOmotic language
Additionally, Omotic languages are spoken by ethnic minority groups inhabiting the southern regions.
The Omotic languages are group of languages spoken in southwestern Ethiopia.

Organisation of African Unity

OAUOrganization of African UnityOrganization for African Unity
Additionally, the sovereign state is a founding members of the UN, the Group of 24 (G-24), the Non-Aligned Movement, G-77 and the Organisation of African Unity.
The Organisation of African Unity (OAU; Organisation de l'unité africaine (OUA)) was established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with 32 signatory governments.

Ge'ez script

Ge'ezEthiopicAmharic
Ethiopia and Eritrea use the ancient Ge'ez script, which is one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world.
Ge'ez (Ge'ez: ግዕዝ, '), also known as Ethiopic''', is a script used as an abugida (alphasyllabary) for several languages of Eritrea and Ethiopia.

African Union

AUAfrican Union (AU)Union
Its capital city Addis Ababa serves as the headquarters of the African Union, the Pan African Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, the African Standby Force, and many of the global NGOs focused on Africa.
The bloc was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and launched on 9 July 2002 in South Africa.