Ethnohistory

ethnohistorianethnohistoricalethno-historyethno-historianethnohistoricethnohistoricallyHistorical anthropologyethno-historian.ethnohistoric sourcesethnohistorical method
Ethnohistory is the study of cultures and indigenous peoples' customs by examining historical records as well as other sources of information on their lives and history.wikipedia
137 Related Articles

New Philology

alphabetic texts in Nahuatlindigenous languagestexts in indigenous languages
In the mid to late 20th century, a number of ethnohistorians of Mexico began to systematically publish many colonial alphabetic texts in indigenous Mexican languages, in a branch of ethnohistory currently known as the New Philology.
New Philology generally refers to a branch of Mexican ethnohistory and philology that uses colonial-era native language texts written by Indians to construct history from the indigenous point of view.

Michael E. Harkin

Michael Harkin
Michael Harkin argues that ethnohistory was part of the general rapprochement between history and anthropology in the late 20th century.
Michael Eugene Harkin is one of the leading anthropologists in the United States specializing in the ethnohistory of indigenous people of the western U.S. and Canada.

History of Mexico

Mexican historyMexicoMexican
That built on an earlier tradition of practitioners writing the history of Mexico that fully integrated the history of its indigenous peoples.
The New Philology is the current name for this particular branch of colonial-era Mesoamerican ethnohistory.

Indian Claims Commission

Indian Claims Commission ActIndian Claims Commission Act of 1946Indian Claims Commissioner
In the United States, the field arose out of the study of American Indian communities required by the Indian Claims Commission.
The methodology and theory of ethnohistorical research in general traces back to the work done by anthropologists and other scholars on claims before the Commission.

Robert Wauchope (archaeologist)

Robert WauchopeWauchope, Robert
The Handbook of Middle American Indians, edited by archeologist Robert Wauchope was involved with creating a multiple volumes on Mesoamerican ethnohistory, published as Guide to Ethnohistorical Sources, appearing in 1973.
The last four of which were guides to sources on Middle American (more currently called Mesoamerican) ethnohistory.

Howard F. Cline

Cline, Howard F.
Among the scholars working on the cases was Latin Americanist Howard F. Cline, who was commissioned to work on Florida Indians and Jicarilla Apache.
After 1960 Cline devoted time to volumes on ethnohistory for the Handbook of Middle American Indians.

Charles Gibson (historian)

Charles GibsonGibson, Charles
Charles Gibson (12 August 1920 – 22 August 1985, Keeseville, N.Y.) was an American ethnohistorian who wrote foundational works on the Nahua peoples of colonial Mexico and was elected President of the American Historical Association in 1977.

James Lockhart (historian)

James LockhartLockhart, JamesLockhart
He was a major contributor to a field of ethnohistory built on the study of indigenous-language sources from colonial Mexico, which he called New Philology.

Indigenous peoples

indigenousindigenous peopleaboriginal
Ethnohistory is the study of cultures and indigenous peoples' customs by examining historical records as well as other sources of information on their lives and history.

Ethnic group

ethnicityethnicethnic groups
It is also the study of the history of various ethnic groups that may or may not still exist.

History of the Americas

AmericasDiscoverer of the AmericasEuropean discovery of the Americas
The term is most commonly used in writing about the history of the Americas.

Mexico

MexicanMéxicoMEX
Scholars studying the history of Mexico's indigenous have a long tradition, dating back to the colonial era; they used alphabetic texts and other sources to write the history of Mexico's indigenous peoples.

Handbook of Middle American Indians

The Handbook of Middle American Indians, edited by archeologist Robert Wauchope was involved with creating a multiple volumes on Mesoamerican ethnohistory, published as Guide to Ethnohistorical Sources, appearing in 1973.

Mesoamerica

MesoamericanMeso-AmericanMeso-America
The Handbook of Middle American Indians, edited by archeologist Robert Wauchope was involved with creating a multiple volumes on Mesoamerican ethnohistory, published as Guide to Ethnohistorical Sources, appearing in 1973.

Jicarilla Apache

JicarillaJicarilla Apache NationJicarilla Apache Indian Reservation
Among the scholars working on the cases was Latin Americanist Howard F. Cline, who was commissioned to work on Florida Indians and Jicarilla Apache.

Melanesia

Geography of MelanesiaHistory of MelanesiaMelanesian
The field has also reached into Melanesia, where recent European contact allowed researchers to observe the early postcontact period directly and to address important theoretical questions.

Methodology

methodologicalmethodologiesresearch methodology
Ethnohistory differs from other historically-related methodologies in that it embraces emic perspectives as tools of analysis.

Indigenous peoples of the Americas

Native AmericanNative Americansindigenous
The field and its techniques are well suited for writing histories of Native American peoples because of its holistic and inclusive framework.

William N. Fenton

Dr. William FentonFenton, William N
Early on, ethnohistory differed from history proper in that it added a new dimension, specifically "the critical use of ethnological concepts and materials in the examination and use of historical source material," as described by William N. Fenton.

James Axtell

Axtell, JamesJames L. Axtell
Later, James Axtell described ethnohistory as "the use of historical and ethnological methods to gain knowledge of the nature and causes of change in a culture defined by ethnological concepts and categories."

Ed Schieffelin

Edward L. Schieffelin
Ed Schieffelin asserted, for example, that ethnohistory must fundamentally take into account the people's own sense of how events are constituted, and their ways of culturally constructing the past.

Holism

holisticholisticallygestalt
He described ethnohistory as an endeavor based on a holistic, diachronic approach that is most rewarding when it can be "joined to the memories and voices of living people."

Diachronic

diachronicallydiachrony
He described ethnohistory as an endeavor based on a holistic, diachronic approach that is most rewarding when it can be "joined to the memories and voices of living people."

Aztec codices

Aztec codexCodex Ixtlilxochitlcodices