A report on Eugene Onegin (opera)

Leonid Sobinov as Vladimir Lensky, 1898
Alexander Pushkin

Eugene Onegin, Op.

- Eugene Onegin (opera)
Leonid Sobinov as Vladimir Lensky, 1898

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Metropolitan Opera and Lincoln Center

Metropolitan Opera

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American opera company based in New York City, resident at the Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center, currently situated on the Upper West Side of Manhattan.

American opera company based in New York City, resident at the Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center, currently situated on the Upper West Side of Manhattan.

Metropolitan Opera and Lincoln Center
Giulio Gatti-Casazza
Gatti-Casazza's last week at the Met (March 22–29, 1935)
Artur Bodanzky at the Metropolitan Opera in 1915
Otto Hermann Kahn in Berlin, 1931
Metropolitan Opera House in 1905
The new Met Opera House
Staircase

During the 2006–07 season, the series included live HD transmissions of I puritani, The First Emperor, Eugene Onegin, The Barber of Seville, and Il trittico.

Modern view of the Imperial School of Jurisprudence, Saint Petersburg

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

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Russian composer of the Romantic period.

Russian composer of the Romantic period.

Modern view of the Imperial School of Jurisprudence, Saint Petersburg
Tchaikovsky as a student at the Moscow Conservatory. Photo, 1863
Postcard collage (1862) of photos of Anton (right) and Nikolai Rubinstein
The young Mily Balakirev, c. 1866
The conductor Hans von Bülow
Tchaikovsky (left) and Antonina (right) on their honeymoon, 1877
Iosif Kotek (left) and Tchaikovsky (right), 1877
Nadezhda von Meck, Tchaikovsky's patroness and confidante from 1877 to 1890
Emperor Alexander III by Nadar
Tchaikovsky's last home, in Klin, now the Tchaikovsky State House-Museum
Tchaikovsky in Odessa, where he conducted five concerts in January 1893
Original cast of Tchaikovsky's ballet, The Sleeping Beauty, Saint Petersburg, 1890
Sequence ascending by step . Note that there are only four segments, continuously higher, and that the segments continue by the same distance (seconds: C–D, D–E, etc.).
Robert Schumann, lithograph by Josef Kriehuber, in 1839
Marius Petipa in 1890–1895
Eduard Hanslick
Statue of Tchaikovsky in Simferopol, Crimea
Stamp of Russia, Swan Lake, 1993

He wrote some of the most popular concert and theatrical music in the current classical repertoire, including the ballets Swan Lake and The Nutcracker, the 1812 Overture, his First Piano Concerto, Violin Concerto, the Romeo and Juliet Overture-Fantasy, several symphonies, and the opera Eugene Onegin.

Henry Wood, c. 1906 by Ernest Walter Histed

Henry Wood

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English conductor best known for his association with London's annual series of promenade concerts, known as the Proms.

English conductor best known for his association with London's annual series of promenade concerts, known as the Proms.

Henry Wood, c. 1906 by Ernest Walter Histed
Two of Wood's mentors: Ebenezer Prout (l) and Manuel Garcia
1891 production of Messager's La Basoche, for which Wood was répétiteur
Robert Newman, co-founder with Wood of the Queen's Hall promenade concerts
Wood's first wife, Olga
Wood in 1908 – painting by Cyrus Cuneo
The London Symphony Orchestra at the Queen's Hall in 1911
Schoenberg's music was hissed at the Proms in 1912.
Wood in 1922
Wood caricatured in 1922
Bust of Wood at the Duke's Hall, Royal Academy of Music, London. During the Proms, it is placed in front of the organ at the Royal Albert Hall.
Memorial to Henry Wood in St Sepulchre-without-Newgate, close to where his ashes are buried
Wood caricatured by Spy for Vanity Fair, 1907
Henry Wood Hall in Southwark, south London

One notable event in his operatic career was conducting the British premiere of Tchaikovsky's Eugene Onegin in 1892.

Gustav Mahler, photographed in 1907 by Moritz Nähr at the end of his period as director of the Vienna Hofoper

Gustav Mahler

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Austro-Bohemian Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.

Austro-Bohemian Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.

Gustav Mahler, photographed in 1907 by Moritz Nähr at the end of his period as director of the Vienna Hofoper
Jihlava where Mahler grew up
Mahler was influenced by Richard Wagner during his student days, and later became a leading interpreter of Wagner's operas.
Mahler's home in Leipzig, where he composed his First Symphony
Mahler in 1892
The Komponierhäuschen in Steinbach am Attersee, where Mahler composed in the summer from 1893
Hans von Bülow, an admirer of Mahler's conducting
The Vienna Hofoper (now Staatsoper), pictured in 1898 during Mahler's conductorship
Mahler's conducting style, 1901, caricatured in the humour magazine Fliegende Blätter
Plaque on Mahler's Vienna apartment, 2 Auenbruggergasse: "Gustav Mahler lived and composed in this house from 1898 to 1909".
Silhouette by Otto Böhler
Mahler's second composing hut, at Maiernigg (near Klagenfurt), on the shores of the Wörthersee in Carinthia
Alma Schindler, who married Mahler in 1902 (from 1902, possibly earlier)
1902 portrait by Emil Orlík
The Metropolitan Opera House (39th Street) in New York, at around the time of Mahler's conductorship (1908–09)
Bronze bust of Mahler by Auguste Rodin, 1909
Mahler's grave in the Grinzing cemetery, Vienna
The opening of Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen, published 1897 in a version for voice and piano
A satirical comment on Mahler's Sixth Symphony. The caption translates: "My God, I've forgotten the motor horn! Now I shall have to write another symphony."

Another triumph was the German premiere of Tchaikovsky's Eugene Onegin, in the presence of the composer, who called Mahler's conducting "astounding," and later asserted in a letter that he believed Mahler was "positively a genius."

Portrait of Lavrovskaya on stage, 1878, by Ivan Kramskoi

Yelizaveta Lavrovskaya

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Russian mezzo-soprano praised for her dramatic performances of operatic arias and her sensitive interpretations of lieder.

Russian mezzo-soprano praised for her dramatic performances of operatic arias and her sensitive interpretations of lieder.

Portrait of Lavrovskaya on stage, 1878, by Ivan Kramskoi

An acquaintance of composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, she suggested that he compose an opera based on Alexander Pushkin's verse-play Eugene Onegin.

First edition of the novel

Eugene Onegin

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Novel in verse written by Alexander Pushkin.

Novel in verse written by Alexander Pushkin.

First edition of the novel
Eugene Onegin as imagined by Alexander Pushkin, 1830.
Onegin by Dmitry Kardovsky, 1909
Onegin by Elena Samokysh-Sudkovskaya, 1908
A sketch by Pushkin of himself and Onegin lounging in St. Petersburg
Onegin proposes to Tatiana, late 19th-century illustration by Pavel Sokolov
The pistol duel between Onegin and Lensky. Watercolour by Ilya Repin (1899)
Nicholas of Russia and Elisabeth of Hesse as Eugene and Tatiana

The 1879 opera Eugene Onegin, by Tchaikovsky, based on the story, is perhaps the version that most people are familiar with.

Portrait by Orest Kiprensky, 1827

Alexander Pushkin

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Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era.

Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era.

Portrait by Orest Kiprensky, 1827
Pushkin's father, Major S. L. Pushkin
Pushkin's mother, Nadezhda Gannibal
Pushkin recites his poem before Gavrila Derzhavin during an exam in the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum on January 8th, 1815. Painting by Ilya Repin (1911)
Pushkin's married lover Anna Petrovna Kern, for whom he probably wrote the most famous love poem in Russian
Natalia Pushkina, portrait by Alexander Brullov, 1831.
Georges d'Anthès
His widow Natalia Goncharova, 1849
Pushkin's ancestry
1999 stamp of Moldova showing Pushkin and Constantin Stamati
Bust of Pushkin in Odessa, Ukraine, 2016
2008 stamp of Tajikistan
Pushkin Museum, Bolshiye Vyazyomy in Golitsyno, Moskovskaya oblast which Pushkin visited several times in his youth
1800–1802 portrait of Pushkin by Xavier de Maistre
1820s self-portrait
1831 portrait of Pushkin by Pyotr Sokolov
1836 portrait of Pushkin by Pyotr Sokolov
1839 portrait of Pushkin by Carl Peter Mazer
Pushkin's Farewell to the Sea by Ivan Aivazovsky and Ilya Repin, 1877
1899 portrait of Pushkin by Konstantin Somov
1899 portrait of Pushkin by Vasily Mate
Pushkin's room while he was a student at the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum
Pushkin's writing table
Duel of Pushkin and Georges d'Anthès
The vest Pushkin wore during his fatal duel in 1837
Monument to Pushkin in Bakhchysarai, Crimea
Pushkin statue in St. Petersburg, Russia.
thumb|Monument to Aleksandr Pushkin located in Pushkin Park in Mexico City
2010 Pushkin automaton, by Swiss automaton maker François Junod.

Tchaikovsky's operas Eugene Onegin (1879) and The Queen of Spades (Pikovaya Dama, 1890) became perhaps better known outside of Russia than Pushkin's own works of the same name.

Vishnevskaya in 2008

Galina Vishnevskaya

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Russian soprano opera singer and recitalist who was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1966.

Russian soprano opera singer and recitalist who was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1966.

Vishnevskaya in 2008
Galina Vishnevskaya with husband Mstislav Rostropovich

On 24 March 1957, she made her debut in Finnish National Opera as Tatyana in Eugene Onegin.

Nikolai Rubinstein in 1872

Nikolai Rubinstein

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Russian pianist, conductor, and composer.

Russian pianist, conductor, and composer.

Nikolai Rubinstein in 1872
Brothers Rubinstein: Nikolai (left) and Anton, 1862
Grave of Nikolai Rubinstein in Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow.

Rubinstein conducted the premiere of Tchaikovsky's opera Eugene Onegin in 1879.

Dmitry Hvorostovsky singing an aria from The Queen of Spades during the reopening gala of the Bolshoi Theatre, 28 October 2011

Dmitri Hvorostovsky

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Russian operatic baritone.

Russian operatic baritone.

Dmitry Hvorostovsky singing an aria from The Queen of Spades during the reopening gala of the Bolshoi Theatre, 28 October 2011

He was especially renowned for his portrayal of the title character in Tchaikovsky's Eugene Onegin; The New York Times described him as "born to play the role."