Euphorbia

spurgeeuphorbspurgesspurge familyeuphorbiasa genus in the familyCrown of ThornsE.Elaeophorbia grandifoliaEuphorbia antiquorum
Euphorbia is a very large and diverse genus of flowering plants, commonly called spurge, in the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae).wikipedia
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Euphorbiaceae

spurge familyeuphorb familyspurge
Euphorbia is a very large and diverse genus of flowering plants, commonly called spurge, in the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae).
The Euphorbiaceae, the spurge family, is a large family of flowering plants.

List of the largest genera of flowering plants

largest genera of flowering plantslargest genus of plants in terms of described specieslargest plant genera
The genus has over or about 2,000 members, making it one of the largest genera of flowering plants.
The largest genus in Carl Linnaeus' seminal Species Plantarum was Euphorbia, with 56 species; Linnaeus believed that no genus should contain more than 100 species.

Cyathium

cyathia
It has a unique kind of pseudanthium, called a cyathium, where each flower in the head is reduced to its barest essential part needed for sexual reproduction.
A cyathium (plural: cyathia) is one of the specialised pseudanthia ("false flowers") forming the inflorescence of plants in the genus Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae).

Stem succulent

Among laypeople, Euphorbia species are among the plant taxa most commonly confused with cacti, especially the stem succulents.
Examples are tall thin Euphorbias from deserts and arid regions southern African and Madagascar, similarly shaped cacti from North America and South America, which occupy a similar evolutionary niche, and members of two genera of the family Asclepiadaceae (Hoodia and Stapelia). Shared features are a succulent stem that stores water and conducts photosynthesis, protective spines or thorns, no leaves (or highly reduced leaves), and use of CAM photosynthesis (an opening of stomata and fixing CO2 almost exclusively at night).

Flowering plant

Angiospermsflowering plantsangiosperm
Euphorbia is a very large and diverse genus of flowering plants, commonly called spurge, in the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae).
7) Euphorbiaceae (spurge family): 5,735;

Thorns, spines, and prickles

spinesthornthorns
Euphorbias from desert habitats with growth forms similar to cacti have thorns, which are different from the spines of cacti.
Spines are variously described as petiolar spines (as in Fouquieria), leaflet spines (as in Phoenix), or stipular spines (as in Euphorbia), all of which are examples of spines developing from a part of a leaf containing the petiole, midrib, or a secondary vein.

Crassulacean acid metabolism

CAMCAM photosynthesisCAM plants
It is the only genus of plants that has all three kinds of photosynthesis, CAM, C3, and C4.

Euphorbia peplus

petty spurge
Ingenol mebutate, a drug used to treat actinic keratosis, is a diterpenoid found in Euphorbia peplus.
Euphorbia peplus (petty spurge, radium weed, cancer weed, or milkweed ) is a species of Euphorbia, native to most of Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia, where it typically grows in cultivated arable land, gardens, and other disturbed land.

Euphorbia antiquorum

Euphorbia antiquorum is the type species for the genus Euphorbia.
* Euphorbia

Euphorbia albomarginata

white-margin sandmatwhitemargin sandmat
Euphorbia albomarginata – rattlesnake weed, white-margined sandmat
Euphorbia albomarginata (formerly Chamaesyce albomarginata), whitemargin sandmat or rattlesnake weed, is a small low-growing annual, in the spurge family (Euphorbia, Euphorbiaceae) native to desert, chaparral, and grassland habitats of southwestern North America, from southern and central California to Northern Mexico and Louisiana.

Antonius Musa

MusaPs.-Antonius Musa
In 12 BC, Juba named this plant after his physician Euphorbos, as Augustus Caesar had dedicated a statue to the brother of Euphorbos, Antonius Musa, who was the personal physician of Augustus.
Musa's brother was Euphorbus, physician to king Juba II of Numidia, after whom the plant Euphorbia, which has given its name to a scientific genus, was originally named.

Bract

phyllariesspathebracts
The involucre is above and supported by bract-like modified leaf structures (usually in pairs) called cyathophylls', or cyathial leaves.
The frequently showy pair of bracts of Euphorbia species in subgenus Lacanthis are the cyathophylls.

Euphorbia antisyphilitica

candelilla
Euphorbia antisyphilitica – candelilla
Euphorbia antisyphilitica is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family Euphorbiaceae.

List of Euphorbia species

EuphorbiaList of ''Euphorbia'' speciesEuphorbia amygdaloides robbiae
See List of Euphorbia species for complete list.
Euphorbia is a highly diverse plant genus, comprising some 5,000 currently accepted taxa.

Euphorbus (physician)

EuphorbusEuphorbos
The botanical name Euphorbia derives from Euphorbos, the Greek physician of king Juba II of Numidia (52–50 BC – 23 AD), who married the daughter of Anthony and Cleopatra.
In 12 BC, Juba named this plant Euphorbia, after his physician Euphorbus.

Euphorbia cyparissias

cypress spurge
Euphorbia cyparissias – Cypress spurge
Euphorbia cyparissias, the cypress spurge, is a species of plant in the genus Euphorbia.

Euphorbia esula

leafy spurgeEuphorbia esula'' var. ''esulaleafy spurge (''Euphorbia esula'')
Euphorbia esula – leafy spurge
Euphorbia esula, commonly known as green spurge or leafy spurge, is a species of spurge native to central and southern Europe (north to England, the Netherlands, and Germany), and eastward through most of Asia north of the Himalaya to Korea and eastern Siberia.

Euphorbia caput-medusae

Euphorbia caput-medusae – Medusa's head (South Africa)
Euphorbia caput-medusae ("Medusa's Head") is a plant of the genus Euphorbia that occurs in and around Cape Town, South Africa.

Euphorbia trigona

E. trigona
Several spurges are grown as garden plants, among them poinsettia (E. pulcherrima) and the succulent E. trigona.
As with many other Euphorbia species, the latex from the plant is poisonous and can cause skin irritations.

Euphorbia canariensis

Euphorbia canariensis – Canary Island spurge, Hercules club (Canary Islands)
Euphorbia canariensis, commonly known as the Canary Island spurge, Hercules club or in Spanish cardón, is a succulent member of the genus Euphorbia and family Euphorbiaceae endemic to the Canary Islands.

Succulent plant

succulentsucculentssucculent plants
Succulent species originate mostly from Africa, the Americas, and Madagascar.
Euphorbiaceae: Cnidoscolus, Euphorbia, Jatropha, Monadenium, Pedilanthus, Phyllanthus, Synadenium

Juba II

JubaJuba II&I, King of Numidia and Mauretania
The botanical name Euphorbia derives from Euphorbos, the Greek physician of king Juba II of Numidia (52–50 BC – 23 AD), who married the daughter of Anthony and Cleopatra.
Juba's Greek physician Euphorbus wrote that a succulent spurge found in the High Atlas was a powerful laxative.

Euphorbia lathyris

caper spurgepetroleum plant
Euphorbia lathyris – caper spurge, paper spurge, gopher spurge, gopher plant, mole plant
Euphorbia lathyris, the caper spurge or paper spurge, is a species of spurge native to southern Europe (France, Italy, Greece, northwest Africa, and eastward through southwest Asia to western China.

Euphorbia franckiana

Euphorbia franckiana
Euphorbia franckiana is a species of spurge native to southern Africa.

Euphorbia ingens

Euphorbia ingens – candelabra tree
Euphorbia ingens is a species of plant in the genus Euphorbia and the family Euphorbiaceae.