The military situation, during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

 For a more detailed map, see the Russo-Ukrainian War detailed map
and OECD
The blockade of military units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine during the capture of Crimea by Russia in February–March 2014
Russian troops blocking the Ukrainian military base in Perevalne
Economical integration blocs in Post-Soviet area: EU, EFTA, CEFTA and Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia
Meeting of the leaders of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in Bishkek, 2008. The CIS initiated the lengthy process of Eurasian integration.
The Russian military buildup along Ukraine's eastern border in February–March 2014
The Donbas status referendums in May 2014 were not officially recognised by the Ukrainian government or any UN member state.
Current decision-making process of the Eurasian Customs Union and the Single Economic Space
June–August 2014 progression map
Selection of GDP PPP data (top 10 countries and blocs) in no particular order
Residents of Kyiv with Sich Battalion volunteers on 26 August 2014
The Moscow International Business Center is a commercial district in Moscow that is currently under construction. The complex includes some of Europe's tallest skyscrapers.
A map of the line of control and buffer zone established by the Minsk Protocol on 5 September 2014
Nizhnehopersky Nature Park
A silver altyn minted in 1711 during the reign of Peter the Great
Pro-Russian rebels in Donetsk in May 2015. Ukraine declared the Russia-backed separatist republics from eastern Ukraine to be terrorist organizations.
People in Donetsk celebrate the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany on 9 May 2018
The Trans-Siberian Railway is a vital link between the Russian Far East and the rest of Eurasia.
Casualties of the War in Donbas
{{flagicon|ARM}} Armenia
The Turkestan–Siberia Railway connects the Central Asian republics to Siberia.
Russian-backed separatists in May 2016
{{flagicon|AZE}} Azerbaijan
A Rye Field by Ivan Shishkin
The Kerch Strait incident over the passage between the Black and Azov seas
{{flagicon|BLR}} Belarus
Past and projected GDP (nominal) per capita in EAEU countries.
From left, Russian President Vladimir Putin, French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy in Paris, France, December 2019
{{flagicon|EST}} Estonia
Free trade agreements of EEU. Red - EEU. Green - Countries that have FTA with EEU.
US paratroopers of 2nd Battalion, 503rd Infantry Regiment depart Italy's Aviano Air Base for Latvia, 23 February 2022. Thousands of US troops were deployed to Eastern Europe amid Russia's military build-up.
{{flagicon|GEO}} Georgia
On 21 May 2014, Russia and China signed a $400 billion gas deal. Starting 2019, Russia plans to provide natural gas to China for the next 30 years.
Ukrainian deputy prime minister Olha Stefanishyna with NATO secretary-general Jens Stoltenberg at a conference on 10 January 2022 regarding a potential Russian invasion
{{flagicon|KAZ}} Kazakhstan
A U.S. intelligence assessment map and imagery on Russian military movement nearby the Ukrainian border, as on 3 December 2021. It assessed that Russia had deployed about 70,000 military personnel mostly about 100 - 200 km from the Ukrainian border, with an assessment this could be increased to 175,000 personnel. Published by The Washington Post.
{{flagicon|KGZ}} Kyrgyzstan
Ilham Aliyev, Dmitry Medvedev and Serzh Sarkisian hold peace talks in Moscow on 2 November 2008.
An animated map of Russia's invasion of Ukraine
{{flagicon|LAT}} Latvia
Mount Elbrus – Russia
Major Russian natural gas pipelines to Europe
{{flagicon|LTU}} Lithuania
Mountain range – Armenia
Pro-Kremlin TV and radio host Vladimir Solovyov voiced support for his country's invasion of Ukraine.
{{flagicon|MDA}} Moldova
Lama River – in the Moscow region of Russia
Following Russia's annexation of Crimea, Ukraine blocked the North Crimean Canal, which provided 85% of Crimea's drinking and irrigation water.
{{flagicon|RUS}} Russia
Sharyn Canyon – Kazakhstan
US officials Assistant Secretary Victoria Nuland and Ambassador to Ukraine Geoffrey R. Pyatt greet Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko in Warsaw on 4 June 2014
{{flagicon|TJK}} Tajikistan
On the southern shore of Issyk-Kul lake, Issyk-Kul Region – Kyrgyzstan
A U.S. Army convoy in Vilseck, Germany during Operation Atlantic Resolve, NATO's efforts to reassert its military presence in central and eastern Europe that began in April 2014.
{{flagicon|TKM}} Turkmenistan
Winter – Belarus
U.S. Paratroopers and Ukrainian National Guard during the Fearless Guardian exercise near Yavoriv, Ukraine, 6 June 2015
{{flagicon|UKR}} Ukraine
A view of Mount Aragats from Aragatsotn – Armenia
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry meets with Ukrainian members of parliament, 4 March 2014
{{flagicon|UZB}} Uzbekistan
A view of Mount Mönkh Saridag – Okinsky District, Russia
Protests in Moscow, 21 September 2014
{{flagicon|ARM}} Armenia
Lake Ayger – Armenia
Pro-Russian supporters in Donetsk, 20 December 2014
{{flagicon|AZE}} Azerbaijan
Lake Servech – Belarus
Ukrainian refugees in Kraków protest against the war, 6 March 2022
{{flagicon|BLR}} Belarus
Winter in the Altai Krai – Russia
{{flagicon|EST}} Estonia
Tian Shan mountain range – Kyrgyzstan
{{flagicon|GEO}} Georgia
Saint Petersburg, the second-largest city and cultural capital of Russia
{{flagicon|KAZ}} Kazakhstan
Yerevan, the capital and financial hub of Armenia
{{flagicon|KGZ}} Kyrgyzstan
Business centre in central downtown Nur-Sultan
{{flagicon|LAT}} Latvia
Almaty, the major commercial and cultural centre of Kazakhstan
{{flagicon|LTU}} Lithuania
Bishkek, the capital and financial hub of Kyrgyzstan
{{flagicon|MDA}} Moldova
Member States of the Eurasian Economic Union
Observer states
Candidate states
{{flagicon|RUS}} Russia
{{flagicon|TJK}} Tajikistan
{{flagicon|TKM}} Turkmenistan
{{flagicon|UKR}} Ukraine
{{flagicon|UZB}} Uzbekistan
Community of Democratic Choice
Economic Cooperation Organization
{{flagicon|TKM}} Turkmenistan

The Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU or EEU) is an economic union of some post-Soviet states located in Eurasia.

- Eurasian Economic Union

The Orange Revolution is often grouped together with other early-21st century protest movements, particularly within the former USSR, known as colour revolutions.

- Russo-Ukrainian War

In November 2013, a wave of large, pro-European Union (EU) protests erupted in response to Yanukovych's sudden decision not to sign the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement, instead choosing closer ties to Russia and the Eurasian Economic Union.

- Russo-Ukrainian War

The Central Asian states of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan (as well as Belarus) are members of the CIS and participate in several regional organizations that have Russia as a primary mover. Such organizations are the Eurasian Economic Community (later merged with Eurasian Economic Union, which Tajikistan and Uzbekistan are not members of), Collective Security Treaty Organization, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. The last two groups only became distinct once Uzbekistan withdrew from GUAM and sought membership in EurAsEc and CSTO (which it subsequently withdrew from in 2008 and 2012, respectively).

- Post-Soviet states

Republic of Crimea (country). The entire Crimean Peninsula has been outside the control of Ukrainian authorities since late February 2014, when Russian special forces and pro-Russian militias occupied the region. In March 2014, a popular referendum in favor of accession to Russia was held in Crimea and Sevastopol, although Ukraine and most of the international community refused to recognize the vote. The next day, the Republic of Crimea declared independence, and within days Russia absorbed the peninsula. Ukraine continues to claim Crimea as an integral part of its territory.

- Post-Soviet states

However, he warned that the Russo-Ukrainian War is a major obstacle to good cooperation between the EU and the Eurasian Union.

- Eurasian Economic Union

3 related topics with Alpha



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Transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia.

Transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia.

The Kurgan hypothesis places the Volga-Dnieper region of southern Russia and Ukraine as the urheimat of the Proto-Indo-Europeans.
Kievan Rus' in the 11th century
Sergius of Radonezh blessing Dmitry Donskoy in Trinity Sergius Lavra, before the Battle of Kulikovo, depicted in a painting by Ernst Lissner
Tsar Ivan the Terrible, in an evocation by Viktor Vasnetsov, 1897.
Russian expansion and territorial evolution between the 14th and 20th centuries.
Napoleon's retreat from Moscow by Albrecht Adam (1851).
Emperor Nicholas II of Russia and the Romanovs were executed by the Bolsheviks in 1918.
Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky during a 1920 speech in Moscow
Location of the Russian SFSR (red) within the Soviet Union in 1936
The Battle of Stalingrad, the largest and bloodiest battle in the history of warfare, ended in 1943 with a decisive Soviet victory against the German Army.
The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference in February 1945, Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin.
Mikhail Gorbachev in one-to-one discussions with Ronald Reagan in the Reykjavík Summit, 1986.
Vladimir Putin takes the oath of office as president on his first inauguration, with Boris Yeltsin looking over, 2000.
Vladimir Putin (third, left), Sergey Aksyonov (first, left), Vladimir Konstantinov (second, left) and Aleksei Chalyi (right) sign the Treaty on Accession of the Republic of Crimea to Russia in 2014
Topographic map of Russia
Köppen climate classification of Russia.
Yugyd Va National Park in the Komi Republic is the largest national park in Europe.
Chart for the political system of Russia
Putin with G20 counterparts in Osaka, 2019.
Sukhoi Su-57, a fifth-generation fighter of the Russian Air Force.
Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022, anti-war protests broke out across Russia. The protests have been met with widespread repression, leading to roughly 15,000 being arrested.
The Moscow International Business Center in Moscow. The city has one of the world's largest urban economies.
The Trans-Siberian Railway is the longest railway line in the world, connecting Moscow to Vladivostok.
Mikhail Lomonosov (1711–1765), polymath scientist, inventor, poet and artist
Mir, Soviet and Russian space station that operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001.
Peterhof Palace in Saint Petersburg, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Saint Basil's Cathedral in Moscow is the most iconic religious architecture of Russia.
Moscow State University, the most prestigious educational institution in Russia.
Metallurg, a Soviet-era sanatorium in Sochi.
The Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow, at night.
The Scarlet Sails being celebrated along the Neva in Saint Petersburg
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840–1893), in a 1893 painting by Nikolai Dmitriyevich Kuznetsov
Kvass is an ancient and traditional Russian beverage.
Ostankino Tower in Moscow, the tallest freestanding structure in Europe.
Maria Sharapova, former world No. 1 tennis player, was the world's highest-paid female athlete for 11 consecutive years.
Wheat in Tomsk Oblast, Siberia

It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, a member of the G20, the SCO, BRICS, the APEC, the OSCE and the WTO, as well as the leading member of the CIS, the CSTO, and the EAEU, Russia is also home of 30 UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

On 25 December 1991, following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, along with contemporary Russia, fourteen other post-Soviet states emerged.

Russia steeply escalated the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War by launching a full-scale invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022.

Mikhail Gorbachev in 1987

Dissolution of the Soviet Union

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The process of internal disintegration within the Soviet Union (USSR) which resulted in the end of the country's and its federal government's existence as a sovereign state, thereby resulting in its constituent republics gaining full sovereignty.

The process of internal disintegration within the Soviet Union (USSR) which resulted in the end of the country's and its federal government's existence as a sovereign state, thereby resulting in its constituent republics gaining full sovereignty.

Mikhail Gorbachev in 1987
The first exhibition on the crimes of Stalinism, called "Week of Conscience", was held in Moscow on November 19, 1988
Environmental concerns over the Metsamor nuclear power plant drove initial demonstrations in Yerevan.
Figure of Liberty on the Freedom Monument in Riga, focus of the 1986 Latvian demonstrations
Anti-Soviet rally in Vingis Park of about 250,000 people. Sąjūdis was a movement which led to the restoration of an Independent State of Lithuania.
Andrei Sakharov, formerly exiled to Gorky, was elected to the Congress of People's Deputies in March 1989.
The Eastern Bloc
Baltic Way 1989 demonstration in Šiauliai, Lithuania showing coffins decorated with national flags of the three Baltic republics placed symbolically beneath Soviet and Nazi flags
Photos of victims (mostly young women) of an April 1989 massacre in Tbilisi, Georgia
Meeting in Kurapaty, Belarus, 1989
Nursultan Nazarbayev became leader of the Kazakh SSR in 1989 and later led Kazakhstan to independence.
Lithuania's Vytautas Landsbergis
Estonia's Edgar Savisaar
Latvia's Ivars Godmanis
Azerbaijani stamp with photos of Black January
Viacheslav Chornovil, a prominent Ukrainian dissident and a lead figure of Rukh
Leonid Kravchuk became Ukraine's leader in 1990.
Saparmurat Niyazov, last head of the Turkmen SSR and first president of Turkmenistan
Following Georgia's declaration of independence in 1991, South Ossetia and Abkhazia declared their desire to leave Georgia and remain part of the Soviet Union/Russia.
Boris Yeltsin, Russia's first democratically elected president
Barricade erected in Riga to prevent the Soviet Army from reaching the Latvian Parliament, July 1991
Tanks in Red Square during the 1991 August coup attempt
Signing of the agreement to establish the Commonwealth of Independent States, 8 December
The state emblem of the Soviet Union and the СССР letters (top) in the façade of the Grand Kremlin Palace were replaced by five double-headed Russian eagles (bottom) after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the eagles having been removed by the Bolsheviks after the revolution.
The upper chamber of the Supreme Soviet in its ultimate session, voting the USSR out of existence, December 26
Russian GDP since the end of the Soviet Union (from 2014 are forecasts)
Russian male life expectancy, 1980–2007
Animated map showing independent states and territorial changes to the Soviet Union in chronological order
Pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk celebrate the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany, May 9, 2018
Changes in national boundaries after the end of the Cold War

In the aftermath of the Cold War, several of the former Soviet republics have retained close links with Russia and formed multilateral organizations such as the CIS, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), and the Union State, for economic and military cooperation.

Russia under Vladimir Putin, who has termed the dissolution of the USSR as “the greatest geopolitical catastrophe of the 20th century” begin to revive Russian nationalism and irredentism, leading them to invade Georgia in 2008, Ukraine in 2014 and Ukraine again in 2022.

Putin in 2021

Vladimir Putin

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Russian politician and former intelligence officer who has been serving as the president of Russia since 2012, and previously between 2000 and 2008.

Russian politician and former intelligence officer who has been serving as the president of Russia since 2012, and previously between 2000 and 2008.

Putin in 2021
Five-year-old Vladimir Putin with his mother, Maria, in July 1958
Putin in the KGB, c. undefined 1980
Putin's Stasi "Ausweis" (identification card). He was assigned as a KGB agent in Dresden, as a mid-level liaison to the "Stasi" (East German intelligence agency) in 1985. He held a job as a translator as a "cover" for his KGB work.
Putin, Lyudmila Narusova and Ksenia Sobchak at the funeral of Putin's former mentor Anatoly Sobchak, Mayor of Saint Petersburg (1991–1996)
Putin as FSB director, 1998
Putin with President Boris Yeltsin on 31 December 1999, when Yeltsin announced his resignation
Vladimir Putin as acting president on 31 December 1999
Putin taking the presidential oath beside Boris Yeltsin, May 2000
Putin with Tom Brokaw before an interview on 2 June 2000
Putin with Junichiro Koizumi, Jacques Chirac, Gerhard Schröder, George W. Bush and other state leaders in Moscow during the Victory Day parade, 9 May 2005.
Putin, Bill Clinton, George H. W. Bush and Lyudmila Putina at the state funeral of Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, April 2007
Putin with Dmitry Medvedev, March 2008
Nikolai Patrushev is believed to be one of the closest advisors to Putin
Putin at a bilateral meeting with U.S. president Barack Obama during the G8 summit in Ireland, 17 June 2013
Putin in talks with Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko, German chancellor Angela Merkel and French president François Hollande, 17 October 2014
Putin meets with U.S. president Barack Obama in New York City to discuss Syria and ISIL, 29 September 2015
Putin and the newly appointed Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin meeting with members of Mishustin's Cabinet, 21 January 2020
Putin (dressed in the yellow hazmat suit) visits coronavirus patients at a Moscow hospital, 24 March 2020
Putin's first deputy chief of staff Sergey Kiriyenko (left) is in charge of Russia's domestic politics.
Putin holds a video call with U.S. president Joe Biden on 7 December 2021
Putin visited China and met with Chinese leader Xi Jinping on 4 February 2022. China had allegedly requested that Russia delay the invasion until after the completion of the Beijing Winter Olympics.
Pakistan's Prime Minister Imran Khan met with Putin in Moscow just hours after Russia's invasion of Ukraine began.
Protest against the Russian invasion of Ukraine in Nice, France, 27 February 2022
Putin hosted a meeting of the Russian-led military alliance, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), in Moscow, Russia, 16 May 2022
In May 2000, Putin introduced seven federal districts for administrative purposes. In January 2010, the 8th North Caucasus Federal District (shown here in purple) was split from the Southern Federal District. In March 2014, the new 9th Crimean Federal District was formed after the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation. In July 2016, it was incorporated into the Southern Federal District.
Russian GDP since the end of the Soviet Union (beyond 2014 are forecasts)
Putin with religious leaders of Russia, February 2001
Putin with Russia's long-serving minister of defense, Army General Sergey Shoygu, in the Eastern Military District, 2013
Russian opposition protest in Moscow, 26 February 2017
Putin attends the Orthodox Christmas service in the village Turginovo in Kalininsky District, Tver Oblast, 7 January 2016
Putin's visit to the United States, November 2001
Putin with Indian prime minister Modi in New Delhi
Putin with Xi Jinping during a state visit to Moscow, May 2015
Putin and Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, President of Turkmenistan, in October 2017
Ukrainian president Zelenskyy, German chancellor Merkel, French president Macron and Putin met in Paris on 9 December 2019 in the "Normandy Format" aimed at ending the War in Donbass.
Putin with Pope John Paul II and Holy See's Secretary of State Angelo Sodano on 5 June 2000.
Putin with Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi and U.S. president George W. Bush at the NATO-Russia Council meeting in Rome on 28 May 2002.
Putin with U.S. president Donald Trump at the summit meeting in Helsinki, Finland, 16 July 2018
Putin held a meeting in Sochi with German chancellor Angela Merkel to discuss Nord Stream 2 natural gas pipeline in May 2018
According to Putin, he and Russia have a particularly good relationship to neighboring country Finland. Picture of Putin handshaking with Sauli Niinistö, the president of Finland, in August 2019.
Putin and his wife Lyudmila meeting with Queen Elizabeth II, her husband Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and Prime Minister Tony Blair in 2005
Putin and Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro on 22 May 2015
Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro and Putin in Moscow, on 16 February 2022, few days before the war in Ukraine. The meeting was urgently scheduled by Putin to discuss and detail important points about the two countries and the world. Brazil and Russia are members of BRICS
Putin with Iranian president Hassan Rouhani and Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, September 2018
Putin opens the Wall of Grief, a monument to victims of Stalinist repression, October 2017
Vladimir Putin's public approval 1999–2020 (Levada, 2020)
The Levada Center survey showed that 58% of surveyed Russians supported the 2017 Russian protests against high-level corruption.
Putin driving a Formula One car, 2010 ([[:File:Vladimir Putin driving a Formula 1.ogv|video]])
Putin and Lyudmila Putina at their wedding, 28 July 1983
Putin's close associate Arkady Rotenberg is mentioned in the Panama Papers, pictured 2018
Putin receives Barack Obama at his residence in Novo-Ogaryovo, 2009
Putin and wife Lyudmila in New York at a service for victims of the 11 September attacks, 16 November 2001
Normandy Format talks in October 2016 where Lavrov is the right-hand man of Putin while to his left is Vladislav Surkov; Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Angela Merkel and Petro Poroshenko are identifiable participants to this round table of twelve
Putin and Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro at the virtual 14th BRICS Summit on 23 June 2022. Brazil and Russia are members of BRICS.
Putin with the chairman of the African Union and Senegalese President Macky Sall in Sochi, Russia, 3 June 2022
In March 2022, Putin was removed from all positions in the International Judo Federation (IJF)

Subsequently, demonstrations against Ukrainian Rada legislative actions by pro-Russian groups in the Donbas area of Ukraine escalated into an Russo-Ukrainian War between the Ukrainian government and the Russia-backed separatist forces of the self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics.

Under Putin, the Kremlin has consistently stated that Russia has a sphere of influence and "privileged interests" over other Post-Soviet states, which are referred to as the "near abroad" in Russia.

Putin endorsed the idea of a Eurasian Union in 2011; the concept was proposed by the president of Kazakhstan in 1994.