A report on Eurasian Economic Union

Meeting of the leaders of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in Bishkek, 2008. The CIS initiated the lengthy process of Eurasian integration.
270px
Current decision-making process of the Eurasian Customs Union and the Single Economic Space
Selection of GDP PPP data (top 10 countries and blocs) in no particular order
The Moscow International Business Center is a commercial district in Moscow that is currently under construction. The complex includes some of Europe's tallest skyscrapers.
A silver altyn minted in 1711 during the reign of Peter the Great
The Trans-Siberian Railway is a vital link between the Russian Far East and the rest of Eurasia.
The Turkestan–Siberia Railway connects the Central Asian republics to Siberia.
A Rye Field by Ivan Shishkin
Past and projected GDP (nominal) per capita in EAEU countries.
Free trade agreements of EEU. Red - EEU. Green - Countries that have FTA with EEU.
On 21 May 2014, Russia and China signed a $400 billion gas deal. Starting 2019, Russia plans to provide natural gas to China for the next 30 years.
250px
Ilham Aliyev, Dmitry Medvedev and Serzh Sarkisian hold peace talks in Moscow on 2 November 2008.
Mount Elbrus – Russia
Mountain range – Armenia
Lama River – in the Moscow region of Russia
Sharyn Canyon – Kazakhstan
On the southern shore of Issyk-Kul lake, Issyk-Kul Region – Kyrgyzstan
Winter – Belarus
A view of Mount Aragats from Aragatsotn – Armenia
A view of Mount Mönkh Saridag – Okinsky District, Russia
Lake Ayger – Armenia
Lake Servech – Belarus
Winter in the Altai Krai – Russia
Tian Shan mountain range – Kyrgyzstan
Saint Petersburg, the second-largest city and cultural capital of Russia
Yerevan, the capital and financial hub of Armenia
Business centre in central downtown Nur-Sultan
Almaty, the major commercial and cultural centre of Kazakhstan
Bishkek, the capital and financial hub of Kyrgyzstan
Member States of the Eurasian Economic Union
Observer states
Candidate states

Economic union of some post-Soviet states located in Eurasia.

- Eurasian Economic Union

31 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Representatives of EAEC and CSTO.

Eurasian Economic Community

3 links

Regional organisation between 2000 and 2014 which aimed for the economic integration of its member states.

Regional organisation between 2000 and 2014 which aimed for the economic integration of its member states.

Representatives of EAEC and CSTO.
228px
Summit of the EurAsEC on 31 May 2001

The Eurasian Economic Community was terminated from 1 January 2015 in connection with the launch of the Eurasian Economic Union.

Minsk

3 links

Capital and the largest city of Belarus, located on the Svislach and the now subterranean Niamiha rivers.

Capital and the largest city of Belarus, located on the Svislach and the now subterranean Niamiha rivers.

Trajeckaje pradmiescie
Independence Square in the centre of Minsk.
The Saviour Church, built under the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1577, is part of an archaeological preservation in Zaslavl, 23 km northwest of Minsk.
Minsk in 1772
Church of Sts. Peter and Paul (Russian Orthodox).
Orthodox church of St. Mary Magdalene (built in 1847)
The Jesuit Collegium in 1912.
Belarusian national flag over the building of the People's Secretariat of the Belarusian People's Republic
Meeting in the Kurapaty woods, 1989, where between 1937 and 1941 from 30,000 to 250,000 Belarusian intelligentsia members were murdered by the NKVD during the Great Purge
Children during the German bombing of Minsk on 24 June 1941.
War memorial in Victory Square, Minsk.
German troops marching through Minsk.
Railway Station Square, an example of Stalinist Minsk architecture.
Janka Kupala National Theatre
Independence Avenue (Initial part of avenue candidates for inclusion in World Heritage Site).
Starascinskaja Slabada Squareon the Svislač River.
Panorama to the center of Minsk.
The Svislač River in autumn.
Apartment buildings in Minsk.
Jewish Holocaust memorial "The Pit" in Minsk.
Chinese signage, Minsk railway station (2018).
New synagogue in Minsk
Police during the 2020–21 Belarusian protests.
2020–21 Belarusian protests — Minsk, 30 August 2020.
Power plant.
House of Representatives of Belarus
Victory Square
600px
The city hall (rebuilt in 2003).
Outside view of the Dinamo National Olympic Stadium, 2019.
Dinamo National Olympic Stadium (after reconstruction).
Minsk Arena
Electrobus AKSM E321 in Minsk.
Vakzalnaja station in the Minsk Metro.
Minsk Central Bus Station Nowadays
Stadler Astra train, Minsk train station.
Bike path in Minsk.
Church of St. Mary Magdalene (Russian Orthodox).
Church of Exaltation of the Holy Cross (Roman Catholic).
Church of Holy Trinity (Saint Rochus) (Roman Catholic).
Church of All Saints (Russian Orthodox).
Church of St.Yevfrosinya of Polotsk (Russian Orthodox).
Church of St. Elisabeth Convent (Russian Orthodox)
The Red Church (Roman Catholic).
Church of St.Joseph (formerly Uniate, used as an archive).
Cathedral of Saint Virgin Mary (Roman Catholic).
Minsk Cathedral of the Holy Spirit (Russian Orthodox).
Minsk State Linguistic University.
Faculty of International Relations, Belarusian State University.
Belarus State University rector's office.
Minsk satellite photo, 2019

Minsk is one of the administrative capitals of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU).

Central Asia

4 links

Subregion of Asia that stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China and Mongolia in the east, and from Afghanistan and Iran in the south to Russia in the north.

Subregion of Asia that stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China and Mongolia in the east, and from Afghanistan and Iran in the south to Russia in the north.

Expanded definition of Central Asia. Core definition that includes the five post-Soviet states in dark green. Afghanistan, the most commonly added country to Central Asia, in green.
Three sets of possible boundaries for the Central Asia region (which overlap with conceptions of South and East Asia).
On the southern shore of Issyk Kul lake, Issyk Kul Region.
Central Asia map of Köppen climate classification.
Iranian-speaking people circa 170 BC. Eastern Iranian languages are in orange, Western Iranian languages are in red.
Uzbek men from Khiva, ca. 1861–1880
The Chinese Tang dynasty at its greatest extension, controlling large parts of Central Asia.
The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 1979
Mosque in Petropavlovsk, Kazakhstan
Saadi Shirazi is welcomed by a youth from Kashgar during a forum in Bukhara.
Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi in Hazrat-e Turkestan, Kazakhstan. Timurid architecture consisted of Persian art.
Kazakh man on a horse with golden eagle
GDP growth trends in Central Asia, 2000–2013. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015), Figure 14.1
GDP in Central Asia by economic sector, 2005 and 2013. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030, Figure 14.2
GDP per capita development in Central Asia, since 1973
Trends in research expenditure in Central Asia, as a percentage of GDP, 2001–2013. Source: UNESCO Science Report: 2030 (2015), Figure 14.3
Central Asian researchers by sector of employment (HC), 2013. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015), Figure 14.5
Central Asian researchers by field of science, 2013. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015), Figure 14.4
Scientific publications from Central Asia catalogued by Thomson Reuters' Web of Science, Science Citation Index Expanded, 2005–2014, UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015), Figure 14.6
Cumulative total of articles by Central Asians between 2008 and 2013, by field of science. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015), Figure 14.6
Ethnic map of Central Asia.
White areas are thinly-populated semi-desert.
The three northwest-tending lines are the Syr Darya and Amu Darya Rivers flowing from the eastern mountains into the Aral Sea and in the south the irrigated north side of the Kopet Dagh mountains.
Uzbek children in Samarkand
Children in Afghanistan
Tartar prostrating before Qianlong Emperor of China (1757).
Political cartoon from the period of the Great Game showing the Afghan Amir Sher Ali with his "friends" Imperial Russia and the United Kingdom (1878)
Islam Karimov (President, Uzbekistan) in the Pentagon, March 2002

Kazakhstan is also one of the three founding members of the Eurasian Economic Union in 2014, along with Belarus and the Russian Federation.

The military situation, during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine




 For a more detailed map, see the Russo-Ukrainian War detailed map

Russo-Ukrainian War

5 links

Ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine.

Ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine.

The military situation, during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine




 For a more detailed map, see the Russo-Ukrainian War detailed map
The blockade of military units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine during the capture of Crimea by Russia in February–March 2014
Russian troops blocking the Ukrainian military base in Perevalne
The Russian military buildup along Ukraine's eastern border in February–March 2014
The Donbas status referendums in May 2014 were not officially recognised by the Ukrainian government or any UN member state.
June–August 2014 progression map
Residents of Kyiv with Sich Battalion volunteers on 26 August 2014
A map of the line of control and buffer zone established by the Minsk Protocol on 5 September 2014
Pro-Russian rebels in Donetsk in May 2015. Ukraine declared the Russia-backed separatist republics from eastern Ukraine to be terrorist organizations.
Casualties of the War in Donbas
Russian-backed separatists in May 2016
The Kerch Strait incident over the passage between the Black and Azov seas
From left, Russian President Vladimir Putin, French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy in Paris, France, December 2019
US paratroopers of 2nd Battalion, 503rd Infantry Regiment depart Italy's Aviano Air Base for Latvia, 23 February 2022. Thousands of US troops were deployed to Eastern Europe amid Russia's military build-up.
Ukrainian deputy prime minister Olha Stefanishyna with NATO secretary-general Jens Stoltenberg at a conference on 10 January 2022 regarding a potential Russian invasion
A U.S. intelligence assessment map and imagery on Russian military movement nearby the Ukrainian border, as on 3 December 2021. It assessed that Russia had deployed about 70,000 military personnel mostly about 100 - 200 km from the Ukrainian border, with an assessment this could be increased to 175,000 personnel. Published by The Washington Post.
An animated map of Russia's invasion of Ukraine
Major Russian natural gas pipelines to Europe
Pro-Kremlin TV and radio host Vladimir Solovyov voiced support for his country's invasion of Ukraine.
Following Russia's annexation of Crimea, Ukraine blocked the North Crimean Canal, which provided 85% of Crimea's drinking and irrigation water.
US officials Assistant Secretary Victoria Nuland and Ambassador to Ukraine Geoffrey R. Pyatt greet Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko in Warsaw on 4 June 2014
A U.S. Army convoy in Vilseck, Germany during Operation Atlantic Resolve, NATO's efforts to reassert its military presence in central and eastern Europe that began in April 2014.
U.S. Paratroopers and Ukrainian National Guard during the Fearless Guardian exercise near Yavoriv, Ukraine, 6 June 2015
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry meets with Ukrainian members of parliament, 4 March 2014
Protests in Moscow, 21 September 2014
Pro-Russian supporters in Donetsk, 20 December 2014
Ukrainian refugees in Kraków protest against the war, 6 March 2022

In November 2013, a wave of large, pro-European Union (EU) protests erupted in response to Yanukovych's sudden decision not to sign the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement, instead choosing closer ties to Russia and the Eurasian Economic Union.

Clockwise from top left: A large EU flag is waved across Maidan on 27 November 2013, opposition activist and popular singer Ruslana addresses the crowds on Maidan on 29 November 2013, Pro EU rally on Maidan, Euromaidan on European Square on 1 December, plinth of the toppled Lenin statue, crowds direct hose at militsiya, tree decorated with flags and posters

Euromaidan

2 links

Wave of demonstrations and civil unrest in Ukraine, which began on 21 November 2013 with large protests in Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square) in Kyiv.

Wave of demonstrations and civil unrest in Ukraine, which began on 21 November 2013 with large protests in Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square) in Kyiv.

Clockwise from top left: A large EU flag is waved across Maidan on 27 November 2013, opposition activist and popular singer Ruslana addresses the crowds on Maidan on 29 November 2013, Pro EU rally on Maidan, Euromaidan on European Square on 1 December, plinth of the toppled Lenin statue, crowds direct hose at militsiya, tree decorated with flags and posters
Pro-EU demonstration in Kyiv, 27 November 2013
Euromaidan protest in Kyiv, 18 February 2014
Opposition leaders Vitali Klitschko, Arseniy Yatsenyuk and Oleh Tyahnybok, addressing demonstrators, 27 November 2013
The largest pro-European Union protests outside Kyiv took place at the Taras Shevchenko monument in Lviv
Pro-European Union protests in Luhansk
Police clash with protesters
Euromaidan in Munich
Self-defense of the Maidan
US Secretary of State John Kerry looks at the photos of those killed at Maidan, at the Verkhovna Rada in Kyiv.
Ukrainian Red Cross Society volunteers administering first aid to a wounded protester, 19 January 2014.
Opposition leaders, 8 December 2013
US Senator John McCain addresses crowds in Kyiv, 15 December.
Petro Poroshenko addresses Euromaidan on 8 December 2013
Kyiv, 2 February 2014
Protester performs on the roof of burned "Berkut" bus. The barricade across Hrushevskoho str. Kyiv, 10 February 2014.
Performance "Artist-fighter". Author image- Iana Zholud
The Ukrainian ribbon. Ribbons are common symbols of non-violent protest
The rally on European Square in Kyiv, 24 November 2013
Headquarters of the Euromaidan. At the front entrance there is a portrait of Stepan Bandera, a twentieth century Ukrainian nationalist.

The protests were sparked by the Ukrainian government's sudden decision not to sign the European Union–Ukraine Association Agreement, instead choosing closer ties to Russia and the Eurasian Economic Union.

Eurasian Economic Space

1 links

The Eurasian Economic Space or Single Economic Space is a single market that provides for the free movement of persons, goods, services and capital within the Eurasian Economic Union.

Eurasian Customs Union

1 links

Customs union consisting of all the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union.

Customs union consisting of all the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union.

Sheremetyevo International Airport, Moscow, Russia. Passengers from Kazakhstan are no longer subject to customs inspections.
Nominal world GDP and GDP of the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia in 2011.
European Union: $17.1 trillion (25%)
United States: $14.8 trillion (22%)
China: $7.2 trillion (10%)
Japan: $5.8 trillion (8%)
Other countries: $22.2 trillion (32%)
Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan
and Russia: $2.1 trillion (3%)

The customs union was a principal task of the Eurasian Economic Community, established in 2000, and succeeded by the Eurasian Economic Union.

Putin in 2021

Vladimir Putin

3 links

Russian politician and former intelligence officer who has been serving as the president of Russia since 2012, and previously between 2000 and 2008.

Russian politician and former intelligence officer who has been serving as the president of Russia since 2012, and previously between 2000 and 2008.

Putin in 2021
Five-year-old Vladimir Putin with his mother, Maria, in July 1958
Putin in the KGB, c. undefined 1980
Putin's Stasi "Ausweis" (identification card). He was assigned as a KGB agent in Dresden, as a mid-level liaison to the "Stasi" (East German intelligence agency) in 1985. He held a job as a translator as a "cover" for his KGB work.
Putin, Lyudmila Narusova and Ksenia Sobchak at the funeral of Putin's former mentor Anatoly Sobchak, Mayor of Saint Petersburg (1991–1996)
Putin as FSB director, 1998
Putin with President Boris Yeltsin on 31 December 1999, when Yeltsin announced his resignation
Vladimir Putin as acting president on 31 December 1999
Putin taking the presidential oath beside Boris Yeltsin, May 2000
Putin with Tom Brokaw before an interview on 2 June 2000
Putin with Junichiro Koizumi, Jacques Chirac, Gerhard Schröder, George W. Bush and other state leaders in Moscow during the Victory Day parade, 9 May 2005.
Putin, Bill Clinton, George H. W. Bush and Lyudmila Putina at the state funeral of Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, April 2007
Putin with Dmitry Medvedev, March 2008
Nikolai Patrushev is believed to be one of the closest advisors to Putin
Putin at a bilateral meeting with U.S. president Barack Obama during the G8 summit in Ireland, 17 June 2013
Putin in talks with Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko, German chancellor Angela Merkel and French president François Hollande, 17 October 2014
Putin meets with U.S. president Barack Obama in New York City to discuss Syria and ISIL, 29 September 2015
Putin and the newly appointed Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin meeting with members of Mishustin's Cabinet, 21 January 2020
Putin (dressed in the yellow hazmat suit) visits coronavirus patients at a Moscow hospital, 24 March 2020
Putin's first deputy chief of staff Sergey Kiriyenko (left) is in charge of Russia's domestic politics.
Putin holds a video call with U.S. president Joe Biden on 7 December 2021
Putin visited China and met with Chinese leader Xi Jinping on 4 February 2022. China had allegedly requested that Russia delay the invasion until after the completion of the Beijing Winter Olympics.
Pakistan's Prime Minister Imran Khan met with Putin in Moscow just hours after Russia's invasion of Ukraine began.
Protest against the Russian invasion of Ukraine in Nice, France, 27 February 2022
Putin hosted a meeting of the Russian-led military alliance, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), in Moscow, Russia, 16 May 2022
In May 2000, Putin introduced seven federal districts for administrative purposes. In January 2010, the 8th North Caucasus Federal District (shown here in purple) was split from the Southern Federal District. In March 2014, the new 9th Crimean Federal District was formed after the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation. In July 2016, it was incorporated into the Southern Federal District.
Russian GDP since the end of the Soviet Union (beyond 2014 are forecasts)
Putin with religious leaders of Russia, February 2001
Putin with Russia's long-serving minister of defense, Army General Sergey Shoygu, in the Eastern Military District, 2013
Russian opposition protest in Moscow, 26 February 2017
Putin attends the Orthodox Christmas service in the village Turginovo in Kalininsky District, Tver Oblast, 7 January 2016
Putin's visit to the United States, November 2001
Putin with Indian prime minister Modi in New Delhi
Putin with Xi Jinping during a state visit to Moscow, May 2015
Putin and Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, President of Turkmenistan, in October 2017
Ukrainian president Zelenskyy, German chancellor Merkel, French president Macron and Putin met in Paris on 9 December 2019 in the "Normandy Format" aimed at ending the War in Donbass.
Putin with Pope John Paul II and Holy See's Secretary of State Angelo Sodano on 5 June 2000.
Putin with Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi and U.S. president George W. Bush at the NATO-Russia Council meeting in Rome on 28 May 2002.
Putin with U.S. president Donald Trump at the summit meeting in Helsinki, Finland, 16 July 2018
Putin held a meeting in Sochi with German chancellor Angela Merkel to discuss Nord Stream 2 natural gas pipeline in May 2018
According to Putin, he and Russia have a particularly good relationship to neighboring country Finland. Picture of Putin handshaking with Sauli Niinistö, the president of Finland, in August 2019.
Putin and his wife Lyudmila meeting with Queen Elizabeth II, her husband Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and Prime Minister Tony Blair in 2005
Putin and Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro on 22 May 2015
Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro and Putin in Moscow, on 16 February 2022, few days before the war in Ukraine. The meeting was urgently scheduled by Putin to discuss and detail important points about the two countries and the world. Brazil and Russia are members of BRICS
Putin with Iranian president Hassan Rouhani and Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, September 2018
Putin opens the Wall of Grief, a monument to victims of Stalinist repression, October 2017
Vladimir Putin's public approval 1999–2020 (Levada, 2020)
The Levada Center survey showed that 58% of surveyed Russians supported the 2017 Russian protests against high-level corruption.
Putin driving a Formula One car, 2010 ([[:File:Vladimir Putin driving a Formula 1.ogv|video]])
Putin and Lyudmila Putina at their wedding, 28 July 1983
Putin's close associate Arkady Rotenberg is mentioned in the Panama Papers, pictured 2018
Putin receives Barack Obama at his residence in Novo-Ogaryovo, 2009
Putin and wife Lyudmila in New York at a service for victims of the 11 September attacks, 16 November 2001
Normandy Format talks in October 2016 where Lavrov is the right-hand man of Putin while to his left is Vladislav Surkov; Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Angela Merkel and Petro Poroshenko are identifiable participants to this round table of twelve
Putin and Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro at the virtual 14th BRICS Summit on 23 June 2022. Brazil and Russia are members of BRICS.
Putin with the chairman of the African Union and Senegalese President Macky Sall in Sochi, Russia, 3 June 2022
In March 2022, Putin was removed from all positions in the International Judo Federation (IJF)

Putin endorsed the idea of a Eurasian Union in 2011; the concept was proposed by the president of Kazakhstan in 1994.

Common market: Mercosur.

Single market

1 links

Type of trade bloc in which most trade barriers have been removed with some common policies on product regulation, and freedom of movement of the factors of production (capital and labour) and of enterprise and services.

Type of trade bloc in which most trade barriers have been removed with some common policies on product regulation, and freedom of movement of the factors of production (capital and labour) and of enterprise and services.

Common market: Mercosur.

The Eurasian Economic Union, the Gulf Cooperation Council, CARICOM and the European Union are current examples of single markets, although the GCC's single market has been described as "malfunctioning" in 2014.

Union State

4 links

Supranational organisation consisting of Russia and Belarus, with the stated aim of deepening the relationship between the two states through integration in economic and defense policy.

Supranational organisation consisting of Russia and Belarus, with the stated aim of deepening the relationship between the two states through integration in economic and defense policy.

Presidents Alexander Lukashenko and Boris Yeltsin signing the founding treaty of the Russian-Belarusian Union at the Grand Kremlin Palace, Moscow, 2 April 1997
Russian postage stamp commemorating the Treaty between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus establishing the Union on 2 April 1996.

Then Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev had put forward a similar proposal in 1994, envisioning the founding of a Eurasian union, but this proposal was not adopted until 29 May 2014 with the formation of the Eurasian Economic Union.