Euro

EUReurosEUR €single currencyeuro (€)European single currencysingle European currencyEUR€EU€
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of 19 of the member states of the European Union.wikipedia
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Currency symbol

signcurrency signsymbol
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of 19 of the member states of the European Union.
Although several former currency symbols were rendered obsolete by the adoption of the euro, having a new and unique currency symbol implementation of which requires the adoption of new Unicode and type formats has now become a status symbol for international currencies.

Eurozone

euro areaeuro zoneeurozone Member States
This group of states is known as the eurozone or euro area, and counts about 343 million citizens.
The eurozone, officially called the euro area, is a monetary union of 19 of the 28 European Union (EU) member states which have adopted the euro as their common currency and sole legal tender.

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of 19 of the member states of the European Union.
currency = Euro (EUR; €; in eurozone) and 10 others

ISO 4217

codecurrency codeISO 4217 currency code
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of 19 of the member states of the European Union.
The inclusion of EU (denoting the European Union) in the ISO 3166-1 reserved codes list, allows the euro to be coded as EUR rather than assigned a code beginning with X, even though it is a supranational currency.

International status and usage of the euro

Currencies related to the euroadopteddependent territories of EU member states not part of the EU
The currency is also used officially by the institutions of the European Union, by four European microstates that are not EU members, as well as unilaterally by Montenegro and Kosovo.
When the euro formally replaced 12 currencies on 1 January 2002, it inherited their use in territories such as Montenegro and replaced minor currencies tied to the pre-euro currencies, such as in Monaco.

Foreign exchange market

foreign exchangeforexcurrency exchange
The euro is the second largest and second most traded currency in the foreign exchange market after the United States dollar.
For example, it permits a business in the United States to import goods from European Union member states, especially Eurozone members, and pay Euros, even though its income is in United States dollars.

History of the euro

introduction of the eurobirth of the euroEuro Day
In late 2009, the euro became immersed in the European sovereign-debt crisis, which led to the creation of the European Financial Stability Facility as well as other reforms aimed at stabilising and strengthing the currency.
The euro came into existence on 1 January 1999, although it had been a goal of the European Union (EU) and its predecessors since the 1960s.

European Central Bank

ECBThe European Central Bankmonetary policy
The euro is managed and administered by the Frankfurt-based European Central Bank (ECB) and the Eurosystem (composed of the central banks of the eurozone countries).
The European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank for the euro and administers monetary policy of the Eurozone, which consists of 19 EU member states and is one of the largest currency areas in the world.

European Currency Unit

ECUECUscurrencies that tracked it
The euro was introduced to world financial markets as an accounting currency on 1 January 1999, replacing the former European Currency Unit (ECU) at a ratio of 1:1 (US$1.1743).
The European Currency Unit (₠ or ECU) was a basket of the currencies of the European Community member states, used as the unit of account of the European Community before being replaced by the euro on 1 January 1999, at parity.

Euro banknotes

banknotesnoteseuro banknote
The Eurosystem participates in the printing, minting and distribution of notes and coins in all member states, and the operation of the eurozone payment systems.
Banknotes of the euro, the currency of the euro area and institutions, have been in circulation since the first series was issued in 2002.

Euro coins

images of the common sidecoinseuro coin
The Eurosystem participates in the printing, minting and distribution of notes and coins in all member states, and the operation of the eurozone payment systems.
There are eight euro coin denominations, ranging from one cent to two euros (the euro is divided into a hundred cents).

Special member state territories and the European Union

outermost regionoverseas countries and territoriesEU member state special territories
Outside Europe, a number of special territories of EU members also use the euro as their currency.
The euro is legal tender; however, they are outside the Schengen Area and the EU VAT Area.

Fixed exchange-rate system

fixed exchange ratepeggedfixed
Additionally, 240 million people worldwide use currencies pegged to the euro.
The European Exchange Rate Mechanism is also used on a temporary basis to establish a final conversion rate against the euro from the local currencies of countries joining the Eurozone.

Euro convergence criteria

convergence criteriaeconomic criteriaMaastricht criteria
The 1992 Maastricht Treaty obliges most EU member states to adopt the euro upon meeting certain monetary and budgetary convergence criteria, although not all states have done so. The United Kingdom and Denmark negotiated exemptions, while Sweden (which joined the EU in 1995, after the Maastricht Treaty was signed) turned down the euro in a 2003 referendum, and has circumvented the obligation to adopt the euro by not meeting the monetary and budgetary requirements.
The euro convergence criteria (also known as the Maastricht criteria) are the criteria which European Union member states are required to meet to enter the third stage of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and adopt the euro as their currency.

50 euro cent coin

50 cent euro coin50c€0.50
The coins are issued in denominations of €2, €1, 50c, 20c, 10c, 5c, 2c, and 1c.
The 50 euro cent coin (€0.50) has a value of half a euro and are composed of an alloy called nordic gold.

20 euro cent coin

20 cent euro coin20c€0.20
The coins are issued in denominations of €2, €1, 50c, 20c, 10c, 5c, 2c, and 1c.
The 20 euro cent coin (€0.20) has a value of one fifth of a euro and is composed of an alloy called nordic gold in the Spanish flower shape.

10 euro cent coin

10 cent euro coin10c10 cent euro coins
The coins are issued in denominations of €2, €1, 50c, 20c, 10c, 5c, 2c, and 1c.
The 10 euro cent coin (€0.10) has a value of one tenth of a euro and is composed of an alloy called Nordic gold.

5 euro cent coin

5c€0.055 cent euro coin
The coins are issued in denominations of €2, €1, 50c, 20c, 10c, 5c, 2c, and 1c.
The 5 euro cent coin (€0.05) has a value of one twentieth of a euro and is composed of copper-covered steel.

2 euro cent coin

2 cent euro coin2ctwo-cent
The coins are issued in denominations of €2, €1, 50c, 20c, 10c, 5c, 2c, and 1c.
The 2 euro cent coin (€0.02) has a value of one-fiftieth of a euro and is composed of copper-plated steel.

Maastricht Treaty

MaastrichtTreaty of MaastrichtTreaty on European Union
The 1992 Maastricht Treaty obliges most EU member states to adopt the euro upon meeting certain monetary and budgetary convergence criteria, although not all states have done so. The United Kingdom and Denmark negotiated exemptions, while Sweden (which joined the EU in 1995, after the Maastricht Treaty was signed) turned down the euro in a 2003 referendum, and has circumvented the obligation to adopt the euro by not meeting the monetary and budgetary requirements.
The treaty also greatly expanded the competences of the EEC/EU and led to the creation of the single European currency, the euro.

1 euro cent coin

1 cent euro coin1ceurocent
The coins are issued in denominations of €2, €1, 50c, 20c, 10c, 5c, 2c, and 1c.
The 1 euro cent coin (€0.01) has a value of one hundredth of a euro and is composed of copper-covered steel.

200 euro note

€200
Notes are issued in €500, €200, €100, €50, €20, €10, €5.
The two hundred euro note (€200) is the second-highest value euro banknote (and the highest value banknote in production) and has been used since the introduction of the euro (in its cash form) in 2002.

100 euro note

€100
Notes are issued in €500, €200, €100, €50, €20, €10, €5.
The one hundred euro note (€100) is one of the higher value euro banknotes and has been used since the introduction of the euro (in its cash form) in 2002.

50 euro note

€50
Notes are issued in €500, €200, €100, €50, €20, €10, €5.
The fifty euro note (€50) is one of the middle value euro banknotes and has been used since the introduction of the euro (in its cash form) in 2002.

20 euro note

€20
Notes are issued in €500, €200, €100, €50, €20, €10, €5.
The twenty euro note (€20) is the third-lowest value euro banknote and has been used since the introduction of the euro (in its cash form) in 2002.