Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continentContinentEuropeaEuropean countriesEurope Perúthe ContinentEURContinental
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.wikipedia
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Atlantic Ocean

AtlanticNorth AtlanticNorth Atlantic Ocean
It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
The Atlantic Ocean occupies an elongated, S-shaped basin extending longitudinally between Europe and Africa to the east, and the Americas to the west.

Asia

AsianAsian continentAsian countries
It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, almost all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and Africa.

Eurasia

EurasianEurasian continentWestern Eurasia
It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Eurasia is the largest continent on Earth, comprising all of Europe and Asia.

Caspian Sea

CaspianCaspian regionCaspian Sea basin
Europe is commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits.
It is an endorheic basin (a basin without outflows) located between Europe and Asia, to the east of the Caucasus Mountains and to the west of the broad steppe of Central Asia.

Ural Mountains

UralsUralthe Urals
Europe is commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits.
The mountain range forms part of the conventional boundary between the continents of Europe and Asia.

Kazakhstan

KAZKazakhRepublic of Kazakhstan
The geographic border between Europe and Asia does not follow any state boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries.
It is a transcontinental country largely located in Asia; the most western parts are in Europe.

Classical antiquity

antiquityclassicalancient
Although the term "continent" implies physical geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times since its first conception in classical antiquity.
It is the period in which Greek and Roman society flourished and wielded great influence throughout Europe, North Africa and Western Asia.

Demographics of Europe

EuropeanEuropeEuropeans
Europe had a total population of about 741 million (about 11% of the world population).
Figures for the population of Europe vary according to how one defines the boundaries of Europe.

Ural River

UralYaikYaik River
Europe is commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits.
At 2428 km, it is the third-longest river in Europe after the Volga and the Danube, and the 18th-longest river in Asia.

Western culture

WesternWestern civilizationWest
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization.
Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, and European civilization, is the heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, artifacts and technologies that originated in or are associated with Europe.

Russia

Russian FederationRUSRussian
The geographic border between Europe and Asia does not follow any state boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries.
The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD.

Continent

continentssubcontinentcontinental
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Ordered from largest in area to smallest, they are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia.

Climate of Europe

European climate
The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe.
]]Most of Western Europe has an Oceanic climate, in the Köppen climate classification.

Age of Discovery

Age of ExplorationAge of Discoveriesexplorer
Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the modern era.
The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the middle of the 17th century), is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and which was the beginning of globalization.

North America

NorthNorth AmericanNA
The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. Islands are generally grouped with the nearest continental landmass, hence Iceland is generally considered to be part of Europe, while the nearby island of Greenland is usually assigned to North America.
North America is the third largest continent by area, following Asia and Africa, and the fourth by population after Asia, Africa, and Europe.

Western Europe

WesternWestern EuropeanWest European
The Industrial Revolution, which began in Great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet Union and the United States took prominence.
At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km 2 ), it is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe.

East–West dichotomy

East-WestEast-West dichotomyEast and West
The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which vary on a spectrum rather than with a sharp dividing line.
Historically, Asia (excluding Siberia) was regarded as the East, and Europe was regarded as the West.

Iron Curtain

the Iron CurtainSinews of PeaceEastern Europe
During the Cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw Pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
The Iron Curtain was initially a non-physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.

Schengen Area

SchengenSchengen zoneSchengen countries
The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU's Schengen Area abolishes border and immigration controls between most of its member states.
The Schengen Area is an area comprising 26 European states that have officially abolished all passport and all other types of border control at their mutual borders.

Ancient Greece

Greekancient Greekancient Greeks
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization.
Classical Greek culture, especially philosophy, had a powerful influence on ancient Rome, which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean Basin and Europe.

Americas

Americathe AmericasAmerican
Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, almost all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
Diseases introduced from Europe and West Africa devastated the indigenous peoples, and the European powers colonized the Americas.

Ancient history

antiquityancientancient world
The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration Period marked the end of ancient history and the beginning of the Middle Ages.
Europe was first reached by modern humans 40,000 years ago.

Iceland

IcelandicISLRepublic of Iceland
Islands are generally grouped with the nearest continental landmass, hence Iceland is generally considered to be part of Europe, while the nearby island of Greenland is usually assigned to North America.
Iceland (Ísland; ) is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of 360,390 and an area of 103000 km2, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.

List of transcontinental countries

transcontinentaltranscontinental countriestranscontinental country
The geographic border between Europe and Asia does not follow any state boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries.
While there are many countries with non-contiguous overseas territories fitting this definition, only a limited number of countries have territory straddling an overland continental boundary, most commonly the line that separates Europe and Asia.