European Parliament

EU ParliamentEP constituencyMEPParliamentthe European ParliamentEuropean Parliament constituencyEuropeanEuropean Union ParliamentMember of the European ParliamentCommon Assembly
The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions.wikipedia
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Member of the European Parliament

MEPMEPsMembers of the European Parliament
The Parliament is composed of 751 members (MEPs), intended to become 705 starting from the 2019–2024 legislature because of specific provisions adopted about Brexit.
A Member of the European Parliament (MEP) is a person who has been elected to serve as a popular representative in the European Parliament.

Institutions of the European Union

EU institutionsinstitutionsEuropean institutions
The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions.
The 2009 Lisbon Treaty brought nearly all policy areas (including the budget) under the co-decision procedure (renamed "ordinary legislative procedure"), hence increasing the power of the Parliament.

Council of the European Union

CouncilCouncil of MinistersEU Council
Together with the Council of the European Union, it adopts European legislation, normally on a proposal from the European Commission.
It is one of two legislative bodies and together with the European Parliament serves to amend and approve the proposals of the European Commission.

European Commission

EU CommissionCommissionEC
Together with the Council of the European Union, it adopts European legislation, normally on a proposal from the European Commission. Although the European Parliament has legislative power, as does the Council, it does not formally possess legislative initiative (which is the prerogative of the European Commission), as most national parliaments of European Union member states do.
It is common, although not a formal requirement, that the commissioners have previously held senior political positions, such as being a member of the European Parliament or a government minister.

Apportionment in the European Parliament

number of seats2013 reapportionment of seats in the European ParliamentApportionment
The Parliament is composed of 751 members (MEPs), intended to become 705 starting from the 2019–2024 legislature because of specific provisions adopted about Brexit.
The apportionment of seats within the European Parliament to each member state of the European Union is set out by the EU treaties.

President of the European Parliament

PresidentParliament PresidentEuropean Parliament President
The President of the European Parliament (Parliament's speaker) is David Sassoli (PD), elected in July 2019.
The President of the European Parliament presides over the debates and activities of the European Parliament.

National parliaments of the European Union

national parliamentsList of national parliaments of the member states of the European UnionEU national parliaments
Although the European Parliament has legislative power, as does the Council, it does not formally possess legislative initiative (which is the prerogative of the European Commission), as most national parliaments of European Union member states do.
Originally, national members of Parliament (MPs) were appointed to the European Parliament (EP) as Member of the European Parliament (MEPs).

1979 European Parliament election

first direct elections1979 European election1979 European elections
Voter turnout for parliamentary elections has decreased at each election after 1979 until 2019, when the voter turnout increased by 8 percentage points and went above 50% for the first time since 1994. In 1979, its members were directly elected for the first time.
They were the first European elections to be held, allowing citizens to elect 410 MEPs to the European Parliament, and also the first international election in history.

Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats

S&DPESSOC
He presides over a multi-party chamber, the five largest groups being the European People's Party group (EPP), the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D), Renew Europe (previously ALDE), the Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens–EFA) and Identity and Democracy (ID).
The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats was officially founded as a Socialist Group on 29 June 1953 which makes it the second oldest political group in the European Parliament after the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group (ALDE).

Renew Europe

RERenew Europe GroupRenew Group
He presides over a multi-party chamber, the five largest groups being the European People's Party group (EPP), the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D), Renew Europe (previously ALDE), the Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens–EFA) and Identity and Democracy (ID).
Renew Europe (Renew) is a liberal, pro-European political group in the European Parliament founded for the Ninth European Parliament term.

Citizenship of the European Union

European Union citizensEuropean citizenscitizens of the European Union
Since 1979, it has been directly elected every five years by European Union citizens, using universal suffrage.
The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union provides for citizens to be "directly represented at Union level in the European Parliament" and "to participate in the democratic life of the Union" (Treaty on the European Union, Title II, Article 10).

Greens–European Free Alliance

The Greens–European Free AllianceGreens/EFAG–EFA
He presides over a multi-party chamber, the five largest groups being the European People's Party group (EPP), the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D), Renew Europe (previously ALDE), the Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens–EFA) and Identity and Democracy (ID).
The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) is the political group in the European Parliament composed primarily of green and regionalist political parties.

1994 European Parliament election

1994 European election19941994 European elections
Voter turnout for parliamentary elections has decreased at each election after 1979 until 2019, when the voter turnout increased by 8 percentage points and went above 50% for the first time since 1994.
This election saw the merge of the European People's Party and European Democrats, an increase in the overall number of seats (567 members were elected to the European Parliament) and a fall in overall turnout to 57%.

Strasbourg

StrassburgStraßburgStrasbourg, France
The European Parliament has three places of work – Brussels (Belgium), Luxembourg City (Luxembourg) and Strasbourg (France).
Strasbourg (, ;, ; Straßburg ) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.

Brussels

Brussels, BelgiumBrussels-Capital RegionBruxelles
The European Parliament has three places of work – Brussels (Belgium), Luxembourg City (Luxembourg) and Strasbourg (France).
Brussels is the de facto capital of the European Union, as it hosts a number of principal EU institutions, including its administrative-legislative, executive-political, and legislative branches (though the judicial branch is located in Luxembourg, and the European Parliament meets for a minority of the year in Strasbourg) and its name is sometimes used metonymically to describe the EU and its institutions.

Budget of the European Union

EU budgetEuropean Union BudgetCommunity budget
It likewise has equal control over the EU budget.
In the 1980s and 1990s, Member States and the European Parliament broadened the scope of EU competences through changes in the Union’s founding Treaties.

Treaties of the European Union

Article 21 of the EU TreatyEU treatiestreaties
The Parliament is the "first institution" of the EU (mentioned first in the treaties, having ceremonial precedence over all authority at the European level), and shares equal legislative and budgetary powers with the Council (except in a few areas where the special legislative procedures apply).
Article 13 establishes the institutions in the following order and under the following names: the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Commission, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank and the Court of Auditors.

David Sassoli

David-Maria Sassoli
The President of the European Parliament (Parliament's speaker) is David Sassoli (PD), elected in July 2019.
A member of the European Parliament since 2009, he was elected its President on 3 July 2019.

Secretariat of the European Parliament

Parliament's legal serviceSecretariatSecretary General of the European Parliament
Luxembourg City is home to the administrative offices (the "General Secretariat").
The secretariat of the European Parliament is the administrative body of the European Parliament headed by a Secretary-General.

Dual mandate

double dippingdual servedCumul des mandats
It was a consultative assembly of 78 appointed parliamentarians drawn from the national parliaments of member states, having no legislative powers.
A member of the European Parliament (MEP) may not be a member of the legislature of a member state.

Identity and Democracy

EAPNIDEuropean Alliance of Peoples and Nations
He presides over a multi-party chamber, the five largest groups being the European People's Party group (EPP), the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D), Renew Europe (previously ALDE), the Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens–EFA) and Identity and Democracy (ID).
Identity and Democracy (Identité et démocratie, ID) is a far-right political group in the European Parliament launched on 13 June 2019 for the Ninth European Parliament term.

Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

Parliamentary AssemblyPACECouncil of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
It was assumed or hoped that difficulties with the British would be resolved to allow the Council of Europe's Assembly to perform the task.

Elections to the European Parliament

European electionselectionsEuropean Parliament elections
In 1979, its members were directly elected for the first time.
751 MEPs are elected to the European Parliament, which has been directly elected since 1979.

Institutional seats of the European Union

Location of European Union institutionsoneseat.euthe capitals
Even the Parliament's two seats, which have switched several times, are a result of various agreements or lack of agreements.
Despite this, the seat of the European Parliament remains controversial.

2019 European Parliament election

2019 European elections2019 elections2019
Voter turnout for parliamentary elections has decreased at each election after 1979 until 2019, when the voter turnout increased by 8 percentage points and went above 50% for the first time since 1994.
Despite missing its own goal to create a parliamentary group on its own, approximately half a million votes in total were sufficient to send one of the founders, Damian Boeselager, into the European Parliament via a German Volt list.