Exaggeration

exaggeratedexaggerateexaggerationscatastrophizingexaggeratesexaggeratingoverreactionCatastrophisationCatastrophizationMagnification
Exaggeration is a representation of something in an excessive manner.wikipedia
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Minimisation (psychology)

minimizationminimisationminimize
It is the opposite of minimisation. Cognitive behavioral therapy views magnification (as opposed to minimization) as unconscious, unrealistic mental processing or cognitive distortion, which can take the form of probability overestimation or of catastrophizing.
It is the opposite of exaggeration.

Puffery

puff piecemere puffChamber of commerce
Inflated praise in the form of flattery and puffery has a similarly lengthy history.
Puffery serves to "puff up" an exaggerated image of what is being described and is especially featured in testimonials.

Anxiety

anxiousnervousnessanxieties
Reaction formation (Reaktionsbildung) is believed to be a defense mechanism in which emotions and impulses which are anxiety-producing or perceived to be unacceptable are mastered by exaggeration of the directly opposing tendency.
Anxiety is a feeling of uneasiness and worry, usually generalized and unfocused as an overreaction to a situation that is only subjectively seen as menacing.

Deception

deceitruseBluffing
Exaggerating is also a type of deception, as well as a means of malingering – magnifying small injuries or discomforts as an excuse to avoid responsibilities.

Histrionic personality disorder

histrionichistrionic personalityhistrionics
"Self-dramatization, theatricality, and exaggerated expression of emotion" can be observed in those with histrionic personality disorder and other Cluster B personality disorders; while "catastrophizing" is associated with depressive, neurotic or paranoid behavior – focusing on the worst possible outcome, however unlikely, or thinking that a situation is unbearable or impossible when it is really just uncomfortable.
People with HPD have a high need for attention, make loud and inappropriate appearances, exaggerate their behaviors and emotions, and crave stimulation.

Reaction formation

overcompensate
Reaction formation (Reaktionsbildung) is believed to be a defense mechanism in which emotions and impulses which are anxiety-producing or perceived to be unacceptable are mastered by exaggeration of the directly opposing tendency.
In a diagnostic setting, the existence of a reaction-formation rather than a 'simple' emotion would be suspected where exaggeration, compulsiveness and inflexibility were observed.

Self-esteem

self-worthself-respectself esteem
Another form of cognitive exaggeration is inflation of the difficulty of achieving a goal after attaining it, possibly to improve self-esteem.

Alazon

Miles GloriosusSenex iratusalazôn
The exaggerator has been a familiar figure in Western culture since at least Aristotle's discussion of the alazon: 'the boaster is regarded as one who pretends to have distinguished qualities which he possesses either not at all or to a lesser degree than he pretends...exaggerating'.

Yellow journalism

yellow pressyellow journalistSensationalist journalism
He may have exaggerated the case slightly, but yellow journalism thrived on exaggeration,
Techniques may include exaggerations of news events, scandal-mongering, or sensationalism.

Grandiosity

grandiosegrandiose selfaggrandising
The grandiose sense of self-importance observed in narcissists also uses exaggeration to thwart any recognition of a moderate fallibility, seeing any departure from complete success as total and hopeless failure.

Cognitive distortion

cognitive distortionsdistortionpsychopathic fiction
The alarmist person is subject to the cognitive distortion of catastrophizing – of always expecting the worst of possible futures.
* Catastrophizing – Giving greater weight to the worst possible outcome, however unlikely, or experiencing a situation as unbearable or impossible when it is just uncomfortable

Clickbait

click baitclick-baitlinkbait
and fact-checking and independent verification have not succeeded in suppressing clickbait or hyperbolic headlines.
From a historical perspective, the techniques employed by clickbait authors can be considered derivative of yellow journalism, which presented little or no legitimate well-researched news and instead used eye-catching headlines that included exaggerations of news events, scandal-mongering, or sensationalism.

Make a mountain out of a molehill

making a mountain out of a molehillMagnificationa mountain out of a mustard seed
In cognitive psychology, this form of distortion is called magnification or overreacting.

Factitious disorder imposed on another

Munchausen syndrome by proxyMünchausen syndrome by proxyMunchausen by proxy
"Munchausen syndrome" was first described by R. Asher in 1951 as when someone invents or exaggerates medical symptoms, sometimes engaging in self-harm, to gain attention or sympathy.

Aristotle

AristotelianAristotelesAristote
The exaggerator has been a familiar figure in Western culture since at least Aristotle's discussion of the alazon: 'the boaster is regarded as one who pretends to have distinguished qualities which he possesses either not at all or to a lesser degree than he pretends...exaggerating'.

Boasting

braggartbragging rightsboast
The exaggerator has been a familiar figure in Western culture since at least Aristotle's discussion of the alazon: 'the boaster is regarded as one who pretends to have distinguished qualities which he possesses either not at all or to a lesser degree than he pretends...exaggerating'. The boasting and bragging by arrogant or manipulative people has been sent up on stage since the first appearance of the alazon – 'a stock character in Greek comedy'.

Hubris

arrogancearroganthybris
The boasting and bragging by arrogant or manipulative people has been sent up on stage since the first appearance of the alazon – 'a stock character in Greek comedy'.

Comedy

comediescomediccomedy writer
The boasting and bragging by arrogant or manipulative people has been sent up on stage since the first appearance of the alazon – 'a stock character in Greek comedy'.

Praise

accoladeacclaimaccolades
Inflated praise in the form of flattery and puffery has a similarly lengthy history.

Flattery

Flattererflatterflattering
Inflated praise in the form of flattery and puffery has a similarly lengthy history.

Attention seeking

attention-seekingattention seekerseeking attention
Amplifying achievements, obstacles and problems to seek attention is an everyday occurrence, as 'in exaggerating what one feels by magnifying the emotional expression: this is the ploy used by the six-year-old who dramatically twists her face into a pathetic frown, lips quivering, as she runs to complain to her mother about being teased'.

Malingering

malingerermalingerersmalinger
Exaggerating is also a type of deception, as well as a means of malingering – magnifying small injuries or discomforts as an excuse to avoid responsibilities.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

cognitive behavioural therapycognitive-behavioral therapyCBT
Cognitive behavioral therapy views magnification (as opposed to minimization) as unconscious, unrealistic mental processing or cognitive distortion, which can take the form of probability overestimation or of catastrophizing.

Defence mechanism

defense mechanismdefense mechanismsdefence mechanisms
Reaction formation (Reaktionsbildung) is believed to be a defense mechanism in which emotions and impulses which are anxiety-producing or perceived to be unacceptable are mastered by exaggeration of the directly opposing tendency.