Exchange (organized market)

exchangeexchangestrading venueboursefinancial exchangeboursesexchange marketsecurities exchangeexchange tradingFinancial trading venue
An exchange, or bourse also known as a trading exchange or trading venue, is an organized market where (especially) tradable securities, commodities, foreign exchange, futures, and options contracts are sold and bought.wikipedia
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Option (finance)

optionsoptionstock options
An exchange, or bourse also known as a trading exchange or trading venue, is an organized market where (especially) tradable securities, commodities, foreign exchange, futures, and options contracts are sold and bought. These "commodity exchanges" later started offering future contracts on other products, such as interest rates and shares, as well as options contracts; now they are generally known as futures exchanges.
The owner of an option may on-sell the option to a third party in a secondary market, in either an over-the-counter transaction or on an options exchange, depending on the option.

Multilateral trading facility

multilateral trading facilitiesMTFMTFs
This led to new definitions in financial regulations that recognized these new exchanges, such as the Multilateral trading facility in Europe and Alternative trading system in the United States.
A multilateral trading facility (MTF) is a European regulatory term for a self-regulated financial trading venue.

Alternative trading system

This led to new definitions in financial regulations that recognized these new exchanges, such as the Multilateral trading facility in Europe and Alternative trading system in the United States.
Alternative trading system (ATS) is a US and Canadian regulatory term for a non-exchange trading venue that matches buyers and sellers to find counterparties for transactions.

List of commodities exchanges

commodities exchangecommodity exchangecommodity exchanges
These "commodity exchanges" later started offering future contracts on other products, such as interest rates and shares, as well as options contracts; now they are generally known as futures exchanges.
A commodities exchange is an exchange, or market, where various commodities are traded.

Futures exchange

futures marketfuturesfutures markets
These "commodity exchanges" later started offering future contracts on other products, such as interest rates and shares, as well as options contracts; now they are generally known as futures exchanges.
A futures exchange or futures market is a central financial exchange where people can trade standardized futures contracts; that is, a contract to buy specific quantities of a commodity or financial instrument at a specified price with delivery set at a specified time in the future.

Stock exchange

stock exchangesexchangebourse
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse is a facility where stockbrokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.

Clearing house (finance)

clearing houseclearing housesclearinghouse
These various financial instruments can typically be sold either through the exchange, typically with the benefit of a clearing house to reduce settlement risk.
Financial exchanges, such as commodities futures markets and stock exchanges, began to use clearing houses in the latter part of the 19th century.

Over-the-counter (finance)

over-the-counterOTCover the counter
Over-the-counter (OTC) or off-exchange trading is done directly between two parties, without the supervision of an exchange.

Stock market

equity marketstock marketsstock
A stock exchange is an exchange (or bourse) where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell shares of stock, bonds, and other securities.

Private electronic market

PEMs are a hybrid between perfectly open markets (e.g. exchanges where there is no pre-existing relationship between buyer and seller - similar to eBay) and closed contract negotiations (such as a sealed bid tender, where there is no visibility between competitors and hence no response to competition).

Spot market

spotspot conversionscash market
A spot market can be through an exchange or over-the-counter (OTC).

Derivative (finance)

derivativesderivativefinancial derivatives
In practice, futures exchanges are usually commodity exchanges, i.e., all derivatives, including financial derivatives, are usually traded at commodity exchanges.
Today, many options are created in a standardized form and traded through clearing houses on regulated options exchanges, while other over-the-counter options are written as bilateral, customized contracts between a single buyer and seller, one or both of which may be a dealer or market-maker.

Commodity market

commodity tradingcommoditiescommodity markets
Over-the-counter (OTC) commodities derivatives trading originally involved two parties, without an exchange.

Market (economics)

marketmarketsmarket forces
An exchange, or bourse also known as a trading exchange or trading venue, is an organized market where (especially) tradable securities, commodities, foreign exchange, futures, and options contracts are sold and bought.

Security (finance)

securitiessecuritydebt securities
An exchange, or bourse also known as a trading exchange or trading venue, is an organized market where (especially) tradable securities, commodities, foreign exchange, futures, and options contracts are sold and bought.

Foreign exchange market

foreign exchangeForexcurrency exchange
An exchange, or bourse also known as a trading exchange or trading venue, is an organized market where (especially) tradable securities, commodities, foreign exchange, futures, and options contracts are sold and bought.

Futures contract

futuresfutures contractsfutures trading
An exchange, or bourse also known as a trading exchange or trading venue, is an organized market where (especially) tradable securities, commodities, foreign exchange, futures, and options contracts are sold and bought.

Bruges

BruggeBruges, BelgiumBruge
The term bourse is related to the 13th-century inn named "Huis ter Beurze" owned by Van der Beurze family in Bruges, Belgium, where traders and foreign merchants from across Europe, especially the Italian Republics of Genoa, Florence and Venice, conducted business in the late medieval period.

Belgium

BelgianBELKingdom of Belgium
The term bourse is related to the 13th-century inn named "Huis ter Beurze" owned by Van der Beurze family in Bruges, Belgium, where traders and foreign merchants from across Europe, especially the Italian Republics of Genoa, Florence and Venice, conducted business in the late medieval period.

Republic of Genoa

GenoeseGenoaGenoan
The term bourse is related to the 13th-century inn named "Huis ter Beurze" owned by Van der Beurze family in Bruges, Belgium, where traders and foreign merchants from across Europe, especially the Italian Republics of Genoa, Florence and Venice, conducted business in the late medieval period.

Republic of Florence

FlorenceFlorentineFlorentine Republic
The term bourse is related to the 13th-century inn named "Huis ter Beurze" owned by Van der Beurze family in Bruges, Belgium, where traders and foreign merchants from across Europe, especially the Italian Republics of Genoa, Florence and Venice, conducted business in the late medieval period.

Republic of Venice

VenetianVeniceVenetian Republic
The term bourse is related to the 13th-century inn named "Huis ter Beurze" owned by Van der Beurze family in Bruges, Belgium, where traders and foreign merchants from across Europe, especially the Italian Republics of Genoa, Florence and Venice, conducted business in the late medieval period.

Pilaster

pilastersfluted pilastersCanton (building)
During the 18th century, the façade of the Huis ter Beurze was rebuilt with a wide frontage of pilasters.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
In the twelfth century, foreign exchange dealers in France were responsible for controlling and regulating the debts of agricultural communities on behalf of banks.

Pont au Change

Pont-au-Change
They met on the Grand Bridge in Paris, the current Pont au Change.