Executive (government)

executiveexecutive branchExecutive powerexecutive authorityexecutive bodyexecutive branch of governmentexecutive powersExecutive Ordergovernmentexecutive government
The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.wikipedia
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Separation of powers

checks and balancesbranches of governmentdivision of powers
In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial)—an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a single group of people.
The typical division is into three branches: a legislature, an executive, and a judiciary, which is the trias politica model.

Judiciary

judicialjudicial branchjudicial system
In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial)—an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a single group of people.
Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the judiciary generally does not make statutory law (which is the responsibility of the legislature) or enforce law (which is the responsibility of the executive), but rather interprets law and applies it to the facts of each case.

Legislature

legislativeLegislative powerlegislative branch
In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial)—an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a single group of people. In a parliamentary system, a cabinet minister responsible to the legislature is the head of government, while the head of state is usually a largely ceremonial monarch or president.
Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government.

Law

legallawslegal theory
The executive executes and enforces law.
In common law legal systems, decisions by courts are explicitly acknowledged as "law" on equal footing with statutes adopted through the legislative process and with regulations issued by the executive branch.

Head of state

heads of stateChief of Stateheads of states
In parliamentary systems the head of state may be merely the nominal chief executive officer, heading the executive branch of the state, and possessing limited executive power.

Westminster system

WestminsterWestminster-styleWestminster parliamentary system
In the Westminster political system, the principle of separation of powers is not as entrenched as in some others.

Prime minister

prime ministersPMchief minister
A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.

President (government title)

PresidentpresidentialPresidents
After the abolition of the monarchy the English Council of State, whose members were elected by the House of Commons, became the executive government of the Commonwealth.

Presidential system

presidentialpresidential republicpresidentialism
In a presidential system, the leader of the executive is both the head of state and head of government.
A presidential system is a democratic and republican government in which a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.

Parliamentary system

parliamentaryparliamentarismparliamentary democracy
In a parliamentary system, a cabinet minister responsible to the legislature is the head of government, while the head of state is usually a largely ceremonial monarch or president.
A parliamentary system or parliamentary democracy is a system of democratic governance of a state (or subordinate entity) where the executive derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislature, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.

Cabinet (government)

cabinetcouncil of ministerscabinets
In a parliamentary system, a cabinet minister responsible to the legislature is the head of government, while the head of state is usually a largely ceremonial monarch or president.
A cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch.

Motion of no confidence

vote of no confidencevote of confidenceconfidence vote
In a parliamentary system, a cabinet minister responsible to the legislature is the head of government, while the head of state is usually a largely ceremonial monarch or president.
As a parliamentary motion, it demonstrates to the head of state that the elected parliament no longer has confidence in (one or more members of) the appointed government.

Foreign minister

Minister of Foreign AffairsForeign MinistryMinister for Foreign Affairs
Similarly, the political powers invested in the foreign minister are often more limited in presidential governments with a strong executive branch.

Law reform

legal reformreformCivil Justice Reform
The official public presentation and implementation of such legal reform should become the prime responsibility of executive and legislative authorities.

Constitution

constitutionalconstitutionsconstitutional government
The standard model, described by the Baron de Montesquieu, involves three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial.

Authority

authority figureauthoritiesauthoritative
In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial)—an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a single group of people. The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.

Moral responsibility

responsibilitypersonal responsibilityresponsibilities
The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.

Governance

governedSeat of Governmentgoverning
The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.

State (polity)

statestatesthe state
The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.

Political system

political systemspolitical institutionpolitical
In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial)—an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a single group of people.

Decree

royal decreePresidential Decreedecrees
The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order.

Executive order

executive ordersExecutive order (United States)Presidential Executive Order
The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order.

Regulation

regulationsregulatorygovernment regulation
Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations.

Minister (government)

Ministercabinet ministerministers
In a parliamentary system, a cabinet minister responsible to the legislature is the head of government, while the head of state is usually a largely ceremonial monarch or president. Members of the executive, called ministers, are also members of the legislature, and hence play an important part in both the writing and enforcing of law.

Supreme leader

leaderactual leaderhighest ranking political and religious authority