Exercise

physical exerciseexercisingphysical activityworkoutexercisesconditioningfitness trainingworking outphysicaltraining
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.wikipedia
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Physical fitness

fitnessphysical trainingphysical
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Physical fitness is generally achieved through proper nutrition, moderate-vigorous physical exercise, and sufficient rest.

Outdoor fitness

exercise outdoorsoutdoor exerciseOutdoor fitness § History
Many individuals choose to exercise outdoors where they can congregate in groups, socialize, and enhance well-being.
Outdoor fitness consists of exercise undertaken outside a building for the purpose of improving physical fitness.

Aerobic exercise

aerobiccardiocardiovascular exercise
Aerobic exercise (also known as cardio) is physical exercise of low to high intensity that depends primarily on the aerobic energy-generating process.

Health

human healthphysical healthwellness
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Focusing more on lifestyle issues and their relationships with functional health, data from the Alameda County Study suggested that people can improve their health via exercise, enough sleep, spending time in nature, maintaining a healthy body weight, limiting alcohol use, and avoiding smoking.

Cycling

cyclistbikingbicycling
Cycling, also called biking or bicycling, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, exercise or sport.

Weight loss

weight-losslose weightlosing weight
It is performed for various reasons, to aid growth and improve strength, preventing aging, developing muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, improving health and also for enjoyment.
According to the UK National Health Service this is best achieved by monitoring calories eaten and supplementing this with physical exercise.

Strength training

resistance trainingstrengthresistance exercise
Strength training is a type of physical exercise specializing in the use of resistance to induce muscular contraction, which builds the strength, anaerobic endurance, size of skeletal muscles and bone density.

Physical activity

physical activitiesActivitiesinadequate physical activity
A lack of physical activity causes approximately 6% of the burden of disease from coronary heart disease, 7% of type 2 diabetes, 10% of breast cancer and 10% of colon cancer worldwide.
It includes exercise and incidental activity integrated into daily activity.

Anaerobic exercise

anaerobicAnaerobic traininganaerobic energy
Anaerobic exercise is a physical exercise intense enough to cause lactate to form.

Push-up

push-upspush uppushups
A push-up (or press-up if the hands are wider than shoulders placing more emphasis on the pectoral muscles) is a common calisthenics exercise beginning from the prone position.

Functional training

functional strengthfunctional
Functional training is a classification of exercise which involves training the body for the activities performed in daily life.

Stretching

stretchproprioceptive neuromuscular facilitationPassive stretching
Stretching is a form of physical exercise in which a specific muscle or tendon (or muscle group) is deliberately flexed or stretched in order to improve the muscle's felt elasticity and achieve comfortable muscle tone.

High-intensity interval training

Interval TrainingHIIThigh intensity interval training
A 2015 meta-analysis demonstrated that high-intensity interval training improved one's VO2 max more than lower intensity endurance training.
HIIT workouts provide improved athletic capacity and condition as well as improved glucose metabolism.

Lactate threshold

anaerobic thresholdaerobic thresholdaerobic
Lactate inflection point (LIP), is the exercise intensity at which the blood concentration of lactate and/or lactic acid begins to increase exponentially.

Heart rate

heartbeatresting heart ratemaximum heart rate
Activities that can provoke change include physical exercise, sleep, anxiety, stress, illness, and ingestion of drugs.

Walking

walkambulantwalkers
Many people enjoy walking as a recreation in the mainly urban modern world, and it is one of the best forms of exercise.

VO2 max

VO 2 maxaerobic capacityVO2max
A 2015 meta-analysis demonstrated that high-intensity interval training improved one's VO2 max more than lower intensity endurance training.
In addition to risk assessment, the AHA recommendation cited the value measuring fitness for validating exercise prescription, physical activity counseling, and improving both patient management and patient health.

Long-distance running

long-distance runnerlong distance runnerlong-distance
Continuous aerobic exercise can induce a transient state of euphoria, colloquially known as a "runner's high" in distance running or a "rower's high" in crew, through the increased biosynthesis of at least three euphoriant neurochemicals: anandamide (an endocannabinoid), β-endorphin (an endogenous opioid), and phenethylamine (a trace amine and amphetamine analog).
In modern human society, long-distance running has multiple purposes: people may engage in it for physical exercise, for recreation, as a means of travel, for economic reasons, or for cultural reasons.

Rowing (sport)

rowerrowingside-by-side rowing
Continuous aerobic exercise can induce a transient state of euphoria, colloquially known as a "runner's high" in distance running or a "rower's high" in crew, through the increased biosynthesis of at least three euphoriant neurochemicals: anandamide (an endocannabinoid), β-endorphin (an endogenous opioid), and phenethylamine (a trace amine and amphetamine analog).
Rowing is one of the few non-weight bearing sports that exercises all the major muscle groups, including quads, biceps, triceps, lats, glutes and abdominal muscles.

Muscle

musclesmuscularmusculature
It is performed for various reasons, to aid growth and improve strength, preventing aging, developing muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, improving health and also for enjoyment.
Contrary to popular belief, the number of muscle fibres cannot be increased through exercise.

Myokine

myokines
That is, contracting muscles release multiple substances known as myokines which promote the growth of new tissue, tissue repair, and multiple anti-inflammatory functions, which in turn reduce the risk of developing various inflammatory diseases.
There is an emerging understanding of skeletal muscle as a secretory organ, and of myokines as mediators of physical fitness through the practice of regular physical exercise (aerobic exercise and strength training), as well as new awareness of the anti-inflammatory and thus disease prevention aspects of exercise.

Exercise trends

Personal lifestyle changes
Personal lifestyle changes however can correct the lack of physical exercise.
At least 31% of the world's population does not get sufficient physical exercise.

Nutrition

nutrition sciencenutritionalnutritional science
Proper nutrition is as important to health as exercise.
The works that are still attributed to him, Corpus Hippocraticum, called for moderation and emphasized exercise.

Insomnia

trouble sleepingsleeplessnessdifficulty sleeping
A 2010 review suggested that exercise generally improved sleep for most people, and may help with insomnia, but there is insufficient evidence to draw detailed conclusions about the relationship between exercise and sleep.
Avoidance of vigorous exercise and caffeinated drinks a few hours before going to sleep is recommended, while exercise earlier in the day may be beneficial.