Ammunition rigged for an IED discovered by Iraqi police in Baghdad in November 2005
Formation of an EFP warhead. USAF Research Laboratory.
This Cougar in Al Anbar, Iraq, was hit by a directed charge IED, approximately 90 –.
Formation of an EFP
X-ray of a suitcase showing a pipe bomb and a laptop.
MPB mine showing the face of its explosively formed penetrator
Improvised explosive device in Iraq. The concave copper shape on top defines an explosively formed penetrator/projectile
Improvised Explosive Device in Iraq. When activated, the concave copper shape on top becomes an explosively formed penetrator.
Artillery shells and gasoline cans discovered in the back of a pick-up truck in Iraq
A U.S. Marine in Iraq shown with a robot used for disposal of buried devices
Israeli IDF Caterpillar D9 armored bulldozer, which is used by the IDF Combat Engineering Corps for clearing heavy belly charges and booby-trapped buildings.
U.S. Marines with Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) destroy an improvised explosive device cache in southern Afghanistan in June 2010.
A Stryker lies on its side following a buried IED blast in Iraq. (2007)
Oil-drum roadside IED removed from culvert in 1984
Wheelbarrow counter-IED robot on streets of Northern Ireland in 1978
Captured IEDs from a cache left behind by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Syria, 26 January 2019

An IED designed for use against armoured targets such as personnel carriers or tanks will be designed for armour penetration, by using a shaped charge that creates an explosively formed penetrator.

- Improvised explosive device

EFPs have been used in improvised explosive devices against armoured cars, for example in the 1989 assassination of the German banker Alfred Herrhausen (attributed to the Red Army Faction), and by Hezbollah in the 1990s.

- Explosively formed penetrator
Ammunition rigged for an IED discovered by Iraqi police in Baghdad in November 2005

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A Russian TM-46 anti-tank blast mine.

Anti-tank mine

Type of land mine designed to damage or destroy vehicles including tanks and armored fighting vehicles.

Type of land mine designed to damage or destroy vehicles including tanks and armored fighting vehicles.

A Russian TM-46 anti-tank blast mine.
Soviet TM-35 mine at the Museum of Heroic Defense and Liberation of Sevastopol on Sapun Mountain, Sevastopol
German Riegel mine 43
Anti Tank Mine used by Indian Army
Polish MPB mine.
How to use an American M-24 antitank mine
Casspir Personnel Carrier
RG-31 Mine Protected Armored Personnel Carrier (MP APC) in service with the US Army in Iraq in 2006

This self forging projectile principle has been used for some French and Soviet off route mines and has earned infamy as an improvised explosive devices (IED) technique in Israel and especially Iraq.