Face-to-face interaction

face-to-faceface-to-face communicationinteractionF2Fface to face" interactionface-to-face human interactioninteract face to face
Face-to-face interaction (less often, face-to-face communication or face-to-face discourse) is a concept in sociology, linguistics, media and communication studies describing social interaction carried out without any mediating technology.wikipedia
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Mediated communication

mediating
Face-to-face interaction (less often, face-to-face communication or face-to-face discourse) is a concept in sociology, linguistics, media and communication studies describing social interaction carried out without any mediating technology.
Mediated communication or mediated interaction (less often, mediated discourse) refers to communication carried out by the use of information communication technology and can be contrasted to face-to-face communication.

Social relation

social interactionsocial relationssocial interactions
Face-to-face interaction (less often, face-to-face communication or face-to-face discourse) is a concept in sociology, linguistics, media and communication studies describing social interaction carried out without any mediating technology.
They study face-to-face interaction, examining how people make sense out of life, how they determine their relationships.

Media richness theory

media richnessrich media
Nardi and Whittaker (2002) pointed that face-to-face communication is still the golden standard among the mediated technologies based on many theorists, particularly in the context of the media richness theory where face-to-face communication is described as the most efficient and informational one.
For example, a simple message intended to arrange a meeting time and place could be communicated in a short email, but a more detailed message about a person's work performance and expectations would be better communicated through face-to-face interaction.

Interaction hypothesis

negotiation of meaning
What's more, van der Zwaard and Bannink (2014) examined the effect of video call compared with face-to-face communication on the negotiation of meaning between native speakers and non-native speakers of English.
The Interaction hypothesis is a theory of second-language acquisition which states that the development of language proficiency is promoted by face-to-face interaction and communication.

Social system

social systemssocialsocietal system
Face-to-face interaction is one of the basic elements of the social system, forming a significant part of individual socialization and experience gaining throughout one's lifetime.

Georg Simmel

SimmelGeorge SimmelGeorg Simmel’s
One of the earliest social science scholars to analyze this type of interaction was sociologist Georg Simmel, who in his 1908 book observed that sensory organs play an important role in interaction, discussing examples of human behavior such as eye contact.

Eye contact

eye gazeeye-contactavoiding eye contact
One of the earliest social science scholars to analyze this type of interaction was sociologist Georg Simmel, who in his 1908 book observed that sensory organs play an important role in interaction, discussing examples of human behavior such as eye contact.

Charles Cooley

Charles Horton CooleyCharles H. CooleyCooley
His insights were soon developed by others, including Charles Cooley and George Herbert Mead.

George Herbert Mead

George H. MeadGeorge MeadMead
His insights were soon developed by others, including Charles Cooley and George Herbert Mead.

Symbolic interactionism

symbolic interactionistsymbolic interactioninteractionist
Their theories became known as symbolic interactionism.

Eliot Chapple

Works on this topic have been published by scholars such as Erving Goffman and Eliot Chapple.

Telephone

phonetelephonesLocal Telephone Service
For example, in maintaining a long-distance friendship, face-to-face communication was only the fourth most common way of maintaining ties, after telephone, email, and instant messaging.

Email

e-mailelectronic maile-mails
For example, in maintaining a long-distance friendship, face-to-face communication was only the fourth most common way of maintaining ties, after telephone, email, and instant messaging.

Instant messaging

instant messengerIMinstant message
For example, in maintaining a long-distance friendship, face-to-face communication was only the fourth most common way of maintaining ties, after telephone, email, and instant messaging.

Information and communications technology

ICTinformation and communication technologiesinformation and communication technology
Despite the advent of many new information and communication technologies, face-to-face interaction is still widespread and popular and has a better performance in many different areas.

Videotelephony

videoconferencingvideo conferencingvideo chat
What's more, van der Zwaard and Bannink (2014) examined the effect of video call compared with face-to-face communication on the negotiation of meaning between native speakers and non-native speakers of English.

Interpersonal communication

communicationinterpersonalspeech
Interpersonal communication research addresses at least six categories of inquiry: 1) how humans adjust and adapt their verbal communication and nonverbal communication during face-to-face communication; 2) how messages are produced; 3) how uncertainty influences behavior and information-management strategies; 4) deceptive communication; 5) relational dialectics; and 6) social interactions that are mediated by technology.

Randall Collins

He is a leading contemporary social theorist whose areas of expertise include the macro-historical sociology of political and economic change; micro-sociology, including face-to-face interaction; and the sociology of intellectuals and social conflict.

Debate chamber

debating chamberplenary chamberchamber
We confront and communication directly through "face to face" interaction with our facial sensors and projector "tools" aimed at our communication partner, whether friend or foe.

Feminist sociology

feminist sociologistsociology
Feminist sociology is a conflict theory and theoretical perspective which observes gender in its relation to power, both at the level of face-to-face interaction and reflexivity within a social structure at large.

Stance (linguistics)

stancestance taking
In linguistics, stance is the way in which speakers position themselves in relation to the ongoing interaction, in terms of evaluation, intentionality, epistemology or social relations.

Impression management

self-presentationimpressiongood impression
The notion of impression management was first applied to face-to-face communication, but then was expanded to apply to computer-mediated communication.

Social information processing (theory)

Social information processing theorysocial information processingCues-filtered-out theory
In computer-mediated environments, interpersonal relationship development may require more time to develop than traditional face-to-face (FtF) relationships.

Neighbourhood

neighborhoodneighborhoodsneighbourhoods
Neighbourhoods are often social communities with considerable face-to-face interaction among members.

Virtual collaboration

Ideally, virtual collaboration is most effective when it can simulate face-to-face interaction between team members through the transfer of contextual information, but technological limits in sharing certain types of information prevent virtual collaboration from being as effective as face-to-face interaction.