Falklands War

Falklands ConflictOperation CorporateFalklandsFalkland WarFalkland IslandsFalklands campaignSouth AtlanticwarFalkland Islands War1982 Falklands War
The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas) was a 10-week undeclared war between Argentina and the United Kingdom in 1982 over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands and its territorial dependency, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.wikipedia
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British naval forces in the Falklands War

naval task forceRoyal Navy Task ForceBritish Task Force
On 5 April, the British government dispatched a naval task force to engage the Argentine Navy and Air Force before making an amphibious assault on the islands.
This is a list of the naval forces from the United Kingdom that took part in the Falklands War.

Falkland Islands

FalklandsFalklands IslandsFalkland Island
The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas) was a 10-week undeclared war between Argentina and the United Kingdom in 1982 over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands and its territorial dependency, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
British administration was restored two months later at the end of the Falklands War.

1982 invasion of the Falkland Islands

Argentine invasionOperation Rosarioinvasion of the Falkland Islands
The conflict began on 2 April, when Argentina invaded and occupied the Falkland Islands, followed by the invasion of South Georgia the next day, in an attempt to establish the sovereignty it had claimed over them.
The Invasion of the Falkland Islands (invasión de las Islas Malvinas), code-named Operation Rosario, was a military operation launched by Argentine forces on 2 April 1982, to capture the Falkland Islands, and served as a catalyst for the subsequent Falklands War.

Falkland Islands sovereignty dispute

Sovereignty of the Falkland IslandssovereigntyFalkland Islands
The conflict began on 2 April, when Argentina invaded and occupied the Falkland Islands, followed by the invasion of South Georgia the next day, in an attempt to establish the sovereignty it had claimed over them.
The dispute escalated in 1982, when Argentina invaded the islands, precipitating the Falklands War.

Cultural impact of the Falklands War

Margaret Thatcher Daybooks, articles, films, and songs
The conflict has had a strong effect in both countries and has been the subject of various books, articles, films, and songs.
The cultural impact of the Falklands War spanned several media in both Britain and Argentina.

1983 United Kingdom general election

1983 general election19831983 election
In the United Kingdom, the Conservative government, bolstered by the successful outcome, was re-elected with an increased majority the following year.
However, the British victory in the Falklands War led to a recovery of her personal popularity; the economy had also returned to growth.

National Reorganization Process

military dictatorshipdictatorshiplast dictatorship
Patriotic sentiment ran high in Argentina, but the outcome prompted large protests against the ruling military government, hastening its downfall.
After losing the Falklands War to the United Kingdom in 1982, the military junta faced mounting public opposition and finally relinquished power in 1983.

Occupation of the Falkland Islands

occupiedArgentine military occupationArgentine occupation
The conflict began on 2 April, when Argentina invaded and occupied the Falkland Islands, followed by the invasion of South Georgia the next day, in an attempt to establish the sovereignty it had claimed over them.
The invasion and subsequent occupation signalled the start of the Falklands War, which resulted in the islands returning to British control on 14 June 1982.

Argentina

ArgentineARGArgentinian
The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas) was a 10-week undeclared war between Argentina and the United Kingdom in 1982 over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands and its territorial dependency, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
This led to the Falklands War with the United Kingdom and an Argentinian surrender on 14 June.

John Nott

Sir John NottNottSir John William Frederic Nott
Barker believed that Defence Secretary John Nott's 1981 review (in which Nott described plans to withdraw the Endurance, the UK's only naval presence in the South Atlantic) had sent a signal to the Argentines that the UK was unwilling, and would soon be unable, to defend its territories and subjects in the Falklands.
He featured heavily in the public eye as Secretary of State for Defence during the Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands and the subsequent Falklands War.

Dirty War

Argentine Dirty WarMaria Eugenia Sampallohuman rights abuses
By opting for military action, the Galtieri government hoped to mobilise the long-standing patriotic feelings of Argentines towards the islands, and thus divert public attention from the country's chronic economic problems and the regime's ongoing human rights violations of the Dirty War.
During the resulting Falklands War, the military government lost any remaining favour after the Argentina's defeat by Britain, forcing it to step aside in disgrace and allow for free elections to be held in late 1983.

Royal Marines

Royal MarinemarinesMarine
The invasion was met with a nominal defence organised by the Falkland Islands' Governor Sir Rex Hunt, giving command to Major Mike Norman of the Royal Marines.
In recent times the Corps has been largely deployed in expeditionary warfare roles such as the Falklands War, the Gulf War, the Bosnian War, the Kosovo War, the Sierra Leone Civil War, the Iraq War and the War in Afghanistan.

Rex Hunt (governor)

Rex HuntSir Rex HuntRex Masterman Hunt
The invasion was met with a nominal defence organised by the Falkland Islands' Governor Sir Rex Hunt, giving command to Major Mike Norman of the Royal Marines.
He became a household name in the United Kingdom during the Falklands War, after the Argentine invasion of the islands in 1982, when he was taken prisoner and temporarily removed from his position.

Leopoldo Galtieri

GaltieriGeneral GaltieriGeneral Leopoldo Galtieri
In December 1981 there was a further change in the Argentine military regime, bringing to office a new junta headed by General Leopoldo Galtieri (acting president), Air Brigadier Basilio Lami Dozo and Admiral Jorge Anaya.
He was removed from power soon after the Argentine defeat in the Falklands War, whose invasion he had ordered.

Margaret Thatcher

ThatcherBaroness ThatcherThatcherite
The following day, during a crisis meeting headed by the Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, the Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sir Henry Leach, advised them that "Britain could and should send a task force if the islands are invaded".
Thatcher's popularity in her first years in office waned amid recession and rising unemployment, until victory in the 1982 Falklands War and the recovering economy brought a resurgence of support, resulting in her decisive re-election in 1983.

John Fieldhouse, Baron Fieldhouse

John FieldhouseSir John FieldhouseAdmiral Sir John Fieldhouse
British military operations in the Falklands War were given the codename Operation Corporate, and the commander of the task force was Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse.
Following the invasion of the Falkland Islands by Argentine forces in April 1982, Fieldhouse was appointed Commander of the Task Force (designated Task Force 317) given responsibility for "Operation Corporate", the mission to recover the Falkland Islands.

Henry Leach

Sir Henry LeachHenry C. LeachHenry Conyers Leach
The following day, during a crisis meeting headed by the Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, the Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sir Henry Leach, advised them that "Britain could and should send a task force if the islands are invaded".
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Henry Conyers Leach, (18 November 1923 – 26 April 2011) was a Royal Navy officer who, as First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff during the early 1980s, was instrumental in convincing the British prime minister, Margaret Thatcher, that retaking the Falkland Islands from Argentina was feasible.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
In the United Kingdom, the Conservative government, bolstered by the successful outcome, was re-elected with an increased majority the following year.
She was greatly admired by her supporters for her leadership in the Falklands War of 1982—which coincided with a dramatic boost in her popularity—and for policies such as giving the right to council house tenants to buy their council house at a discount on market value.

RFA Fort Austin (A386)

RFA ''Fort AustinFort AustinRFA Fort Austin
In response to events on South Georgia, the submarines and were ordered to sail south on 29 March, whereas the stores ship Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) Fort Austin was dispatched from the Western Mediterranean to support HMS Endurance.
When the Falklands War began, the ship was deployed in the western Mediterranean for the annual Spring Train exercise, and received orders to head south, taking part in the landings at San Carlos Water as a stores and ammunition ship.

Stanley, Falkland Islands

StanleyPort StanleyPuerto Argentino
The events of the invasion included the landing of Lieutenant Commander Guillermo Sanchez-Sabarots' Amphibious Commandos Group, the attack on Moody Brook barracks, the engagement between the troops of Hugo Santillan and Bill Trollope at Stanley, and the final engagement and surrender at Government House.
A bomb disposal unit in the town is a legacy of the Falklands War.

AIM-9 Sidewinder

SidewinderAIM-9AIM-9X
The U.S. provided the United Kingdom with Sidewinder missiles for use by the Harrier jets.
This led to all-aspect capabilities in the L version which proved to be an extremely effective weapon during combat in the Falklands War and the Operation Mole Cricket 19 ("Bekaa Valley Turkey Shoot") in Lebanon.

Royal Fleet Auxiliary

RFARoyal Fleet Auxiliary ServiceRoyal Fleet Auxiliaries
In response to events on South Georgia, the submarines and were ordered to sail south on 29 March, whereas the stores ship Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) Fort Austin was dispatched from the Western Mediterranean to support HMS Endurance.
The RFA played an important role in the largest naval war since 1945, the Falklands War in 1982 (where one vessel was lost and another badly damaged), and also the Gulf War, Kosovo War, Afghanistan Campaign and the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Jorge Anaya

Jorge Isaac AnayaAdmiral Jorge Isaac Anaya
In December 1981 there was a further change in the Argentine military regime, bringing to office a new junta headed by General Leopoldo Galtieri (acting president), Air Brigadier Basilio Lami Dozo and Admiral Jorge Anaya.
He was the main architect and supporter of a military solution for the long-standing claim over the Falkland Islands that led to the Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas).

Ascension Island

AscensionClarence BayAscension Island relay
The ship left port soon afterwards, bound for Ascencion Island through the Panama Canal and stopping at Curacao en route.
The island was used extensively as a staging point by the British military during the Falklands War.

Alexander Haig

Alexander M. HaigAlexander M. Haig Jr.Haig
However, when Argentina refused the U.S. peace overtures, U.S. Secretary of State Alexander Haig announced that the United States would prohibit arms sales to Argentina and provide material support for British operations.
During the Falklands War, Haig sought to broker peace between the United Kingdom and Argentina.