Fall of Saigon

Saigon fellfall of South VietnamSaigondefeat1975captured Saigonevacuation of Saigonfellcapture of Saigonend of the Vietnam War
The Fall of Saigon, or the Liberation of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (also known as the Việt Cộng) on 30 April 1975.wikipedia
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Vietnam War

Vietnamwar in Vietnamwar
The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period to the formal reunification of Vietnam into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975, with U.S. involvement ending in 1973.

Vietnam

🇻🇳Viet NamSocialist Republic of Vietnam
The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period to the formal reunification of Vietnam into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The war ended with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975.

Army of the Republic of Vietnam

South Vietnamese ArmyARVNSouth Vietnamese
The PAVN, under the command of General Văn Tiến Dũng, began their final attack on Saigon on April 29, 1975, with the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) forces commanded by General Nguyễn Văn Toàn suffering a heavy artillery bombardment.
The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN; ), also known as the South Vietnamese army (SVA), were the ground forces of the South Vietnamese military from its inception in 1955 until the Fall of Saigon in 1975.

People's Army of Vietnam

North Vietnamese ArmyNVANorth Vietnamese
The Fall of Saigon, or the Liberation of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (also known as the Việt Cộng) on 30 April 1975.
Võ Nguyên Giáp went on to become the first full general of the VPA on 28 May 1948, and famous for leading the PAVN in victory over French forces at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 and being in overall command against U.S. backed South Vietnam at the Fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

Operation Frequent Wind

Frequent WindAmerican withdrawal from SaigonFall of Saigon
The capture of the city was preceded by Operation Frequent Wind, the evacuation of almost all the American civilian and military personnel in Saigon, along with tens of thousands of South Vietnamese civilians who had been associated with the southern regime.
Operation Frequent Wind was the final phase in the evacuation of American civilians and "at-risk" Vietnamese from Saigon, South Vietnam prior to the takeover of the city by the North Vietnamese Army (PAVN) in the Fall of Saigon.

Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge

Charles McMahonCorporal Charles McMahon and Lance Corporal Darwin L. JudgeLance Corporal Darwin Judge
This bombardment at the Tân Sơn Nhất Airport killed the last two American servicemen known to have died in combat in Vietnam, Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge.
The two men, both U.S. Marines, were killed in a rocket attack one day before the Fall of Saigon.

South Vietnam

Republic of VietnamSouthVietnam
The Fall of Saigon, or the Liberation of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (also known as the Việt Cộng) on 30 April 1975.
Communist forces overran Saigon on 30 April 1975, marking the de facto end of the South Vietnamese state, although the de jure end of South Vietnam occurred on 2 July 1976 with the reunification of Vietnam.

Independence Palace

Presidential PalaceDiệm's official residenceGovernor-General Palace
By the afternoon of the next day, the PAVN had occupied the important points of the city and raised their flag over the South Vietnamese presidential palace.
It was the site of the end of the Vietnam War during the Fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975, when a North Vietnamese Army tank crashed through its gates.

Overseas Vietnamese

VietnameseVietnamese diasporaethnic Vietnamese
by many Overseas Vietnamese who were refugees from communism.
Of the about 4.5 million Overseas Vietnamese, a majority left Vietnam as economic and political refugees after the 1975 capture of Saigon and the North Vietnamese takeover of the pro-U.S. South Vietnam.

Nguyễn Văn Thiệu

ThieuThiệuPresident Thiệu
On April 14, they renamed the campaign the "Hồ Chí Minh campaign", after revolutionary leader Hồ Chí Minh, in hopes of wrapping it up before his birthday on May 19. Meanwhile, South Vietnam failed to garner any significant increase in military aid from the United States, snuffing out President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu’s hopes for renewed American support.
He established rule over South Vietnam until he resigned and left the nation a few days before the fall of Saigon and the ultimate North Vietnamese victory.

Reunification Day

reunification of VietnamSouth Vietnam is annexed by North Vietnamreunification
The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period to the formal reunification of Vietnam into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Reunification Day (Ngày Thống nhất), Victory Day (Ngày Chiến thắng) or Liberation Day (Ngày Giải phóng or Ngày Giải phóng miền Nam) or the official name of Day of liberating the South for national reunification (Giải phóng miền Nam, thống nhất đất nước) is a public holiday in Vietnam that marks the event when Việt Cộng and North Vietnamese troops captured Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) on April 30, 1975.

Văn Tiến Dũng

The PAVN, under the command of General Văn Tiến Dũng, began their final attack on Saigon on April 29, 1975, with the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) forces commanded by General Nguyễn Văn Toàn suffering a heavy artillery bombardment.
Dũng planned and commanded the 1975 Spring Offensive, the final PAVN offensive that defeated South Vietnamese defenses and captured Saigon in 1975.

Battle of Xuân Lộc

Xuân Lộc4th Corps attacked the ARVN 18th Divisionattack on Xuân Lộc
On April 9, PAVN forces reached Xuân Lộc, the last line of defense before Saigon, where the ARVN 18th Division made a last stand and held the city through fierce fighting for several days.
Once Xuân Lộc fell on 21 April 1975, the PAVN battled with the last remaining elements of III Corps Armored Task Force, remnants of the 18th Infantry Division, and depleted ARVN Marine, Airborne and Ranger Battalions in a fighting retreat that lasted nine days, until they reached Saigon and PAVN armored columns crashed throughout the gates of South Vietnam's Presidential Palace on 30 April 1975, effectively ending the war.

Military Assistance Command, Vietnam

MACVMilitary Assistance Command VietnamU.S. Military Assistance Command Vietnam
Throughout April the speed of the evacuation increased, as the Defense Attaché Office (DAO) began to fly out nonessential personnel.
MACV was disestablished on 29 March 1973 and replaced by the Defense Attaché Office Saigon which performed many of the same roles of MACV within the restrictions imposed by the Paris Peace Accords until the Fall of Saigon.

Operation Babylift

BabyliftVietnamese orphanstransporting orphans
On April 3, President Gerald Ford announced "Operation Babylift", which would evacuate about 2,000 orphans from the country.
Operation Babylift was the name given to the mass evacuation of children from South Vietnam to the United States and other countries (including Australia, France, West Germany, and Canada) at the end of the Vietnam War (see also the Fall of Saigon), on April 3–26, 1975.

18th Division (South Vietnam)

18th DivisionARVN 18th Division18th Infantry Division
On April 9, PAVN forces reached Xuân Lộc, the last line of defense before Saigon, where the ARVN 18th Division made a last stand and held the city through fierce fighting for several days.
In 1975 the 18th was made famous for its tenacious defense of Xuân Lộc, the last major battle before the Fall of Saigon.

Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam

Provisional Revolutionary GovernmentSouth VietnamRepublic of South Vietnam
The Provisional Revolutionary Government’s foreign minister had, on April 2, indicated that the PRG might negotiate with a Saigon government that did not include Thiệu.
It became the provisional government of South Vietnam following the military defeat of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam on April 30, 1975.

Viet Cong

National Liberation FrontViệt CộngVietcong
The Fall of Saigon, or the Liberation of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (also known as the Việt Cộng) on 30 April 1975.
After the fall of Saigon on April 30, 1975, the PRG moved into government offices there.

Tan Son Nhat International Airport

Ho Chi Minh CityTan Son Nhat AirportSaigon Airport
This bombardment at the Tân Sơn Nhất Airport killed the last two American servicemen known to have died in combat in Vietnam, Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge.
On 9 December 2004, United Airlines became the first U.S. airline to fly to Vietnam since Pan Am's last flight during the Fall of Saigon in April 1975.

Ho Chi Minh

Hồ Chí MinhNguyễn Ái QuốcHo
On April 14, they renamed the campaign the "Hồ Chí Minh campaign", after revolutionary leader Hồ Chí Minh, in hopes of wrapping it up before his birthday on May 19. Meanwhile, South Vietnam failed to garner any significant increase in military aid from the United States, snuffing out President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu’s hopes for renewed American support. The city was renamed Hồ Chí Minh City, after the late North Vietnamese President Hồ Chí Minh.
Six years after his death, several PAVN tanks displayed a poster with those same words on it during the Fall of Saigon.

Trần Thiện Khiêm

KhiệmKhiemKhiêm
In response to this pressure, Thiệu made some changes to his cabinet, and Prime Minister Trần Thiện Khiêm resigned.
Khiêm would return to Vietnam when the political climate among the generals was more favourable and became Prime Minister under President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu, resigning only in the last month before the fall of Saigon.

Embassy of the United States, Saigon

U.S. Embassy in SaigonU.S. EmbassyUS Embassy
The original evacuation plans had not called for a large-scale helicopter operation at the United States Embassy, Saigon.
The embassy was the scene of a number of significant events of the Vietnam War, most notably the Viet Cong attack during the Tet Offensive which helped turn American public opinion against the war, and the helicopter evacuation during the Fall of Saigon after which the embassy closed permanently.

Biên Hòa

Bien HoaBiên Hòa, Đồng Nai Province
The Cu Chi front, to the northwest, was defended by the 25th Division; the Binh Duong front, to the north, was the responsibility of the 5th Division; the Bien Hoa front, to the northeast, was defended by the 18th Division; the Vung Tau and 15 Route front, to the southeast, were held by the 1st Airborne Brigade and one battalion of the 3rd Division; and the Long An front, for which the Capital Military District Command was responsible, was defended by elements of the re-formed 22nd Division.
In part, because of its high concentration of former refugees and their descendants who had fled the Communist government of North Vietnam in the mid-1950s, Biên Hòa was the site of small-scale resistance to the Communist government in the months immediately following the fall of the Republic of Vietnam.

South Vietnam Air Force

South Vietnamese air forceAir ForceVNAF
Republic of Vietnam Air Force (RVNAF) pilots who had access to helicopters flew them offshore to the American fleet, where they were able to land.
It was dissolved in 1975 after the Fall of Saigon; many of its members emigrated to the United States.

Indochina Migration and Refugee Assistance Act

Indochina Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1975
Many Vietnamese nationals who were evacuated were allowed to enter the United States under the Indochina Migration and Refugee Assistance Act.
The Indochina Migration and Refugee Assistance Act, passed on May 23, 1975, under President Gerald Ford, was a response to the Fall of Saigon and the end of the Vietnam War.