Fall of Saigon

Saigon fellfall of South VietnamSaigoncaptured Saigonthe Fall of Saigon1975defeatevacuation of Saigonfellcapture of Saigon
The Fall of Saigon, also known as the Liberation of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Viet Cong on 30 April 1975.wikipedia
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Vietnam War

Vietnamwar in VietnamSecond Indochina War
The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period to the formal reunification of Vietnam into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

Vietnam

Viet NamSocialist Republic of VietnamViệt Nam
The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period to the formal reunification of Vietnam into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Conflicts intensified in the Vietnam War, which saw extensive US intervention in support of South Vietnam and ended with North Vietnamese victory in 1975.

Army of the Republic of Vietnam

ARVNSouth Vietnamese ArmySouth Vietnamese
The PAVN, under the command of General Văn Tiến Dũng, began their final attack on Saigon on April 29, 1975, with the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) forces commanded by General Nguyễn Văn Toàn suffering a heavy artillery bombardment.
The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN; ), were the ground forces of the South Vietnamese military from its inception in 1955 until the Fall of Saigon in April 1975.

South Vietnam

Republic of VietnamSouth VietnameseSouth
The Fall of Saigon, also known as the Liberation of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Viet Cong on 30 April 1975.
Communist forces overran Saigon on 30 April 1975, marking the end of the Republic of Vietnam.

Operation Frequent Wind

Frequent WindAmerican withdrawal from SaigonAmerican evacuation
The capture of the city was preceded by Operation Frequent Wind, the evacuation of almost all the American civilian and military personnel in Saigon, along with tens of thousands of South Vietnamese civilians who had been associated with the southern regime.
Operation Frequent Wind was the final phase in the evacuation of American civilians and "at-risk" Vietnamese from Saigon, South Vietnam prior to the takeover of the city by the North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) in the Fall of Saigon.

People's Army of Vietnam

North Vietnamese ArmyVietnam People's ArmyNVA
The Fall of Saigon, also known as the Liberation of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Viet Cong on 30 April 1975.
Võ Nguyên Giáp went on to become the first full general of the VPA on 28 May 1948, and famous for leading the PAVN in victory over French forces at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 and being in overall command against U.S. backed South Vietnam at the Fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge

Charles McMahonMcMahon and JudgeCorporal Charles McMahon and Lance Corporal Darwin L. Judge
This bombardment at the Tan Son Nhat International Airport killed the last two American servicemen in combat in Vietnam, Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge.
The two men, both U.S. Marines, were killed in a rocket attack one day before the Fall of Saigon.

Independence Palace

Reunification PalacePresidential PalaceUnification Palace
By the afternoon of the next day, the PAVN had occupied the important points of the city and raised their flag over the South Vietnamese presidential palace.
It was the site of the end of the Vietnam War during the Fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975, when a North Vietnamese army tank crashed through its gates.

Tan Son Nhat International Airport

Tan Son Nhut AirportTan Son NhutHo Chi Minh City
This bombardment at the Tan Son Nhat International Airport killed the last two American servicemen in combat in Vietnam, Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge.
On 9 December 2004, United Airlines became the first U.S. airline to fly to Vietnam since Pan Am's last flight during the Fall of Saigon in April 1975.

Overseas Vietnamese

VietnameseVietnamese diasporaViệt Kiều
by many Overseas Vietnamese who were refugees from communism.
Of the about 4.5 million Overseas Vietnamese, a majority left Vietnam as economic and political refugees after the 1975 capture of Saigon and the North Vietnamese takeover of the pro-U.S. South Vietnam.

Nguyễn Văn Thiệu

Nguyen Van ThieuThieuThiệu
Meanwhile, South Vietnam failed to garner any significant increase in military aid from the United States, snuffing out President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu’s hopes for renewed American support.
He established rule over South Vietnam until he resigned and left the nation a few days before the fall of Saigon and the ultimate North Vietnamese victory.

18th Division (South Vietnam)

18th Division18th Infantry DivisionARVN 18th Division
On April 9, PAVN forces reached Xuân Lộc, the last line of defense before Saigon, where the ARVN 18th Division made a last stand and held the city through fierce fighting for 11 days.
In 1975 the 18th was made famous for its tenacious defense of Xuân Lộc, the last major battle before the Fall of Saigon.

Reunification Day

reunification of VietnamSouth Vietnam is annexed by North VietnamVietnamese reunification
The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period to the formal reunification of Vietnam into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Reunification Day (Ngày Thống nhất), Victory Day (Ngày Chiến thắng) or Liberation Day (Ngày Giải phóng or Ngày Giải phóng miền Nam) or the official name of Day of Southern Liberation for National Reunification (Giải phóng miền Nam, thống nhất đất nước) is a public holiday in Vietnam that marks the event when North Vietnamese and Việt Cộng forces captured Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) on April 30, 1975.

Văn Tiến Dũng

Van Tien Dung
The PAVN, under the command of General Văn Tiến Dũng, began their final attack on Saigon on April 29, 1975, with the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) forces commanded by General Nguyễn Văn Toàn suffering a heavy artillery bombardment.
Dũng planned and commanded the 1975 Spring Offensive, the final PAVN offensive that defeated South Vietnamese defenses and captured Saigon in 1975.

Battle of Xuân Lộc

Xuân LộcBattle of Xuan Loc4th Corps attacked the ARVN 18th Division
On April 9, PAVN forces reached Xuân Lộc, the last line of defense before Saigon, where the ARVN 18th Division made a last stand and held the city through fierce fighting for 11 days.
Once Xuân Lộc fell on 21 April 1975, the PAVN battled with the last remaining elements of III Corps Armored Task Force, remnants of the 18th Infantry Division, and depleted ARVN Marine, Airborne and Ranger Battalions in a fighting retreat that lasted nine days, until they reached Saigon and PAVN armored columns crashed throughout the gates of South Vietnam's Presidential Palace on 30 April 1975, effectively ending the war.

Graham Martin

Graham A. MartinAmbassador Graham Martin
The U.S. Ambassador to South Vietnam, Graham Martin, was technically the field commander for any evacuation since evacuations are part of the purview of the State Department.
He was the ambassador to Thailand and as U.S. representative to SEATO from 1963 to 1967, ambassador to Italy from 1969 to 1973 and the last United States Ambassador to South Vietnam from 1973 until his evacuation during the Fall of Saigon in 1975.

Operation Babylift

BabyliftOperation Baby LiftVietnamese orphans
On April 3, President Gerald Ford announced "Operation Babylift", which would evacuate about 2,000 orphans from the country.
Operation Babylift was the name given to the mass evacuation of children from South Vietnam to the United States and other countries (including Australia, France, West Germany, and Canada) at the end of the Vietnam War (see also the Fall of Saigon), on April 3–26, 1975.

South Vietnam Air Force

Republic of Vietnam Air ForceVNAFSouth Vietnamese air force
At 18:06 on 28 April, as President Minh finished his acceptance speech three A-37 Dragonflies piloted by former Republic of Vietnam Air Force (RVNAF) pilots, who had defected to the Vietnamese People's Air Force at the fall of Da Nang, dropped six Mk81 250 lb bombs on Tan Son Nhut Air Base damaging aircraft.
It was dissolved in 1975 after the Fall of Saigon; many of its members emigrated to the United States.

Bombing of Tan Son Nhut Air Base

Tan Son Nhut Air Basebombed Tan Son Nhut Air Basebombing of the Presidential palace of Nguyễn Văn Thiệu
At 18:06 on 28 April, as President Minh finished his acceptance speech three A-37 Dragonflies piloted by former Republic of Vietnam Air Force (RVNAF) pilots, who had defected to the Vietnamese People's Air Force at the fall of Da Nang, dropped six Mk81 250 lb bombs on Tan Son Nhut Air Base damaging aircraft.
The bombing of Tan Son Nhut Air Base occurred on April 28, 1975, just two days before the Fall of Saigon.

Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam

Provisional Revolutionary GovernmentSouth VietnamRepublic of South Vietnam
The Provisional Revolutionary Government’s foreign minister had, on April 2, indicated that the PRG might negotiate with a Saigon government that did not include Thiệu.
It became the provisional government of South Vietnam following the military defeat of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam on April 30, 1975.

Viet Cong

VietcongViệt CộngNational Liberation Front
The Fall of Saigon, also known as the Liberation of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Viet Cong on 30 April 1975.
After the fall of Saigon on April 30, 1975, the PRG moved into government offices there.

Trần Thiện Khiêm

Tran Thien KhiemKhiệmKhiem
In response to this pressure, Thiệu made some changes to his cabinet, and Prime Minister Trần Thiện Khiêm resigned.
Khiêm would return to Vietnam when the political climate among the generals was more favourable and became Prime Minister under President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu, resigning only in the last month before the fall of Saigon.

Ho Chi Minh

Hồ Chí MinhNguyễn Ái QuốcHô Chi Minh
The city was renamed Hồ Chí Minh City, after the late North Vietnamese President Hồ Chí Minh.
0During the Fall of Saigon in April 1975, several PAVN tanks displayed a poster with those same words on it.

Biên Hòa

Bien HoaBiên HoàBiên Hòa City
The Cu Chi front, to the northwest, was defended by the 25th Division; the Binh Duong front, to the north, was the responsibility of the 5th Division; the Bien Hoa front, to the northeast, was defended by the 18th Division; the Vung Tau and 15 Route front, to the southeast, were held by the 1st Airborne Brigade and one battalion of the 3rd Division; and the Long An front, for which the Capital Military District Command was responsible, was defended by elements of the re-formed 22nd Division.
In part, because of its high concentration of former refugees and their descendants who had fled the Communist government of North Vietnam in the mid-1950s, Biên Hòa was the site of small-scale resistance to the Communist government in the months immediately following the fall of the Republic of Vietnam.

Military Assistance Command, Vietnam

MACVCOMUSMACVMilitary Assistance Command Vietnam
At 08:00 on 29 April Lieutenant General Trần Văn Minh, commander of the RVNAF and 30 of his staff arrived at the DAO Compound demanding evacuation, signifying the complete loss of RVNAF command and control.
The DAO performed many of the same roles of MACV within the restrictions imposed by the Paris Peace Accords until the Fall of Saigon.