Fall of the Berlin Wall

fallBerlin Wall fellfall of the wallfellOpening of the Berlin Wallthe fallannouncedBerlin WallBerlin Wall came downcollapse of the Berlin Wall
The fall of the Berlin Wall (Mauerfall), on 9 November 1989, was a pivotal event in world history which marked the falling of the Iron Curtain.wikipedia
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Fall of the inner German border

opening of borderswas not completely abandoned
The fall of the inner German border took place shortly afterwards.
The inner German border rapidly and unexpectedly fell in November 1989, along with the fall of the Berlin Wall.

Berlin Wall

fall of the Berlin WallWallthe wall
The fall of the Berlin Wall (Mauerfall), on 9 November 1989, was a pivotal event in world history which marked the falling of the Iron Curtain.
After several weeks of civil unrest, the East German government announced on 9 November 1989 that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin.

Erich Honecker

HoneckerErich Honneckerthe leadership
On 18 October 1989, longtime Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) leader Erich Honecker stepped down in favor of Krenz.
He controlled the government of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) from 1971 until he was forced out in the weeks preceding the fall of the Berlin Wall in October 1989.

Günter Schabowski

government spokesman
The announcement of the regulations which brought down the wall took place at an hour-long press conference led by Günter Schabowski, the party boss in East Berlin and the spokesman for the SED Politburo, beginning at 18:00 CET on 9 November and broadcast live on East German television and radio.
Schabowski gained worldwide fame in November 1989 when he improvised a slightly mistaken answer to a press conference question, raising popular expectations much more rapidly than the government planned, so that massive crowds gathered the same night at the Berlin Wall, forcing its opening after 28 years; soon after, the entire inner German border was opened.

German reunification

reunification of Germanyreunificationreunified
An end to the Cold War was declared at the Malta Summit three weeks later, and the reunification of Germany took place during the following year.
The turning point in Germany, called "Die Wende", was marked by the "Peaceful Revolution" leading to the removal of the Berlin Wall, with East and West Germany subsequently entering into negotiations toward eliminating the division that had been imposed upon Germans more than four decades earlier.

West Berlin

West-BerlinWestBerlin
Crucially, a journalist then asked if the regulation also applied to the crossings to West Berlin.
The Berlin Wall, built in 1961, physically separated West Berlin from its East Berlin and East German surroundings until it fell in 1989.

Tom Brokaw

BrokawBrokaw familyBrokaw, Tom
After the press conference, Schabowski sat for an interview with NBC reporter Tom Brokaw in which he repeated that East Germans would be able to emigrate through the border and the regulations would go into effect immediately.
Brokaw scored a major coup when, on November 9, 1989, he was the first English-language broadcast journalist to report the Fall of the Berlin Wall.

Stasi

Ministry for State SecurityMinistry for State Security (Stasi)Ministry of State Security
The Interior and Stasi bureaucrats charged with crafting the new text, however, concluded this was not feasible, and crafted a new text relating to both emigration and temporary travel.
When the parliament of Germany investigated public funds that disappeared after the Fall of the Berlin Wall, it found out that East Germany had transferred large amounts of money to Martin Schlaff through accounts in Vaduz, the capital of Liechtenstein, in return for goods "under Western embargo".

Berlin

Berlin, GermanyState of BerlinGerman capital
Painted wall segments with artistically valuable motifs were put up for auction in 1990 in Berlin and Monte Carlo.
In 1989, with the end of the Cold War and pressure from the East German population, the Berlin Wall fell on 9 November and was subsequently mostly demolished.

The Wall – Live in Berlin

The Wall Concert in BerlinThe WallThe Wall Live in Berlin
Roger Waters performed the Pink Floyd album The Wall just north of Potsdamer Platz on 21 July 1990, with guests including Bon Jovi, Scorpions, Bryan Adams, Sinéad O'Connor, Cyndi Lauper, Thomas Dolby, Joni Mitchell, Marianne Faithfull, Levon Helm, Rick Danko and Van Morrison.
The show was held in Berlin on 21 July 1990, to commemorate the fall of the Berlin Wall eight months earlier.

Cold War

The Cold WarCold War eraCold-War
An end to the Cold War was declared at the Malta Summit three weeks later, and the reunification of Germany took place during the following year.
The tidal wave of change culminated with the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, which symbolized the collapse of European communist governments and graphically ended the Iron Curtain divide of Europe.

Ode to Joy

An die FreudeOde an die FreudeHimno de la alegría (Ode to Joy)
On 25 December 1989, Leonard Bernstein gave a concert in Berlin celebrating the end of the Wall, including Beethoven's 9th symphony (Ode to Joy) with the word "Joy" (Freude) changed to "Freedom" (Freiheit) in the lyrics sung.
From demonstrators in Chile singing during demonstration against the Pinochet dictatorship, Chinese student broadcast at Tiananmen Square, the concert conducted by Leonard Bernstein after the fall of the Berlin Wall and Daiku (Number Nine) concerts in Japan every December and one after the 2011 tsunami.

MTV Europe Music Award

MTV Europe Music AwardsMTV European Music AwardsMTV EMA
The MTV Europe Music Awards, on 5 November, had U2 and Tokio Hotel perform songs dedicated to, and about the Berlin Wall.
1994: The first Europe Music Awards took place in Berlin, Germany, at the Brandenburg Gate and were held on 24 November 1994, five years after the fall of the Berlin Wall.

Bornholmer Straße border crossing

first border crossingWall
Finally, at 10:45 p.m. (alternatively given as 11:30 p.m.) on 9 November, Harald Jäger, the commander of the Bornholmer Straße border crossing yielded, allowing for the guards to open the checkpoints and allowing people through with little or no identity checking.
The Bornholmer Straße border crossing played the historic role of being the first border crossing to be opened during the fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989.

Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven)

Ninth SymphonySymphony No. 9Beethoven's Ninth Symphony
On 25 December 1989, Leonard Bernstein gave a concert in Berlin celebrating the end of the Wall, including Beethoven's 9th symphony (Ode to Joy) with the word "Joy" (Freude) changed to "Freedom" (Freiheit) in the lyrics sung.
Bernstein conducted a version of the Ninth at the Schauspielhaus in East Berlin, with Freiheit (Freedom) replacing Freude (Joy), to celebrate the fall of the Berlin Wall during Christmas 1989.

Trabant

Trabi Trabant P70East German Trabant
The International Spy Museum in Washington D.C., hosted a Trabant car rally where 20 Trabants gathered in recognition of the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
It came to symbolize the country during the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, as images of East Germans crossing the border into West Germany were broadcast around the globe.

Inner German border

borderinner-German borderseparated
The museum held a Special Exhibition entitled "Wall Patrol – The Western Powers and the Berlin Wall 1961–1990" which focused on the daily patrols deployed by the Western powers to observe the situation along the Berlin Wall and the fortifications on the GDR border.
On 9 November 1989, the East German government announced the opening of the Berlin Wall and the inner German border.

Revolutions of 1989

fall of communismthe fall of the Iron Curtaincollapse of communism
This led to mass demonstrations in cities such as Leipzig and subsequently to the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, which served as the symbolic gateway to German reunification in 1990.

Kartarpur Corridor

KartarpurShri Kartarpur Sahib Corridor
Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan deliberately chose this date of November 9, 2019 to announce the long-awaited opening of The Kartarpur Corridor, allowing Sikh devotees from India a visa-free border crossing to visit a site especially holy to their religion in Pakistani territory.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi compared the decision by the two countries to go ahead with the corridor to the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, saying that the project could help in easing tensions between the two countries.

November 9 in German history

9 November9 November 19389 November 2003
Over the years, there has been a repeated controversial debate as to whether 9 November would make a suitable German national holiday, often initiated by former members of political opposition in East Germany, such as Werner Schulz.

Iron Curtain

the Iron CurtainSinews of PeaceEastern Europe
The fall of the Berlin Wall (Mauerfall), on 9 November 1989, was a pivotal event in world history which marked the falling of the Iron Curtain.

Malta Summit

summitSummit Meeting1989 Bush-Gorbachev summit
An end to the Cold War was declared at the Malta Summit three weeks later, and the reunification of Germany took place during the following year.

Removal of Hungary's border fence with Austria

dismantling its border fence with Austriaborder fencecrossing the border from Communist-controlled Hungary into Austria
Following the April 1989 dismantling of an electric fence along the border between Hungary and Austria, by early November refugees were finding their way to Hungary via Czechoslovakia or via the West German embassy in Prague.

Hungarian People's Republic

HungaryPeople's Republic of HungaryCommunist Hungary
Following the April 1989 dismantling of an electric fence along the border between Hungary and Austria, by early November refugees were finding their way to Hungary via Czechoslovakia or via the West German embassy in Prague.

Embassy of Germany, Prague

West German embassy in PragueGerman EmbassyPrague Embassy
Following the April 1989 dismantling of an electric fence along the border between Hungary and Austria, by early November refugees were finding their way to Hungary via Czechoslovakia or via the West German embassy in Prague.