False awakening

Continuum (dream)dream within a dreamdreams within dreamsfalse awakeningsstill dreamingwaking dreams
A false awakening is a vivid and convincing dream about awakening from sleep, while the dreamer in reality continues to sleep.wikipedia
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Lucid dream

lucid dreaminglucid dreamslucid
A false awakening may occur following a dream or following a lucid dream (one in which the dreamer has been aware of dreaming).
Green was also the first to link lucid dreams to the phenomenon of false awakenings.

Dream

dreamsdreamlikedreaming
A false awakening is a vivid and convincing dream about awakening from sleep, while the dreamer in reality continues to sleep.

Charles McCreery

Charles Anthony Selby McCreerymetachoric experience
Charles McCreery drew attention to the similarity between this description and the description by the German psychopathologist Karl Jaspers (1923) of the so-called "primary delusionary experience" (a general feeling that precedes more specific delusory belief).
McCreery later collaborated with Green on a book on lucid dreaming, which discussed further the concept of metachoric experience, and added false awakenings to the category.

Nightmare

nightmaresnightmarishbad dreams
The resulting panic is often strong enough to jar the person awake for real (much like from a nightmare).

Inception

film of the same nameDom KolbDominick Cobb
Cobb accepts the offer and assembles his team: Eames, a conman and identity forger; Yusuf, a chemist who concocts a powerful sedative for a stable "dream within a dream" strategy; and Ariadne, an architecture student tasked with designing the labyrinth of the dream landscapes recruited with the help of Cobb's father-in-law, Professor Stephen Miles.

Waking Life

Gradually, the protagonist begins to realize that he is living out a perpetual dream, broken up only by occasional false awakenings.

Until the Quiet Comes

Kahlil Joseph's short film for Flying Lotus' "Until The Quiet Comes
Andy Beta from Spin likened it to the "dreams within dreams within dreams" concept from the 2010 film Inception.

Wakefulness

awakeawakeningwaking
A false awakening is a vivid and convincing dream about awakening from sleep, while the dreamer in reality continues to sleep.

Sleep

sleepingsleep architectureasleep
A false awakening is a vivid and convincing dream about awakening from sleep, while the dreamer in reality continues to sleep.

Nikolai Gogol

GogolNikolay GogolN. V. Gogol
A classic example is the double false awakening of the protagonist in Gogol's Portrait (1835).

The Portrait (short story)

The PortraitPortraitThe Mysterious Portrait
A classic example is the double false awakening of the protagonist in Gogol's Portrait (1835).

Pre-lucid dream

Particularly, if the false awakening follows a lucid dream, the false awakening may turn into a "pre-lucid dream", that is, one in which the dreamer may start to wonder if they are really awake and may or may not come to the correct conclusion.

Deirdre Barrett

In a study by Harvard psychologist Deirdre Barrett, 2,000 dreams from 200 subjects were examined and it was found that false awakenings and lucidity were significantly more likely to occur within the same dream or within different dreams of the same night.

A Nightmare on Elm Street

Nightmare on Elm Street1984 film of the same name1
The movie A Nightmare on Elm Street popularized this phenomenon.

Bertrand Russell

RussellRussell, BertrandBertrand Russel
The philosopher Bertrand Russell claimed to have experienced "about a hundred" false awakenings in succession while coming around from a general anesthetic.

Celia Green

Celia Green suggested a distinction should be made between two types of false awakening:

Karl Jaspers

JaspersJaspers, KarlJaspersian
Charles McCreery drew attention to the similarity between this description and the description by the German psychopathologist Karl Jaspers (1923) of the so-called "primary delusionary experience" (a general feeling that precedes more specific delusory belief).

Non-rapid eye movement sleep

NREMNREM sleepnon-REM sleep
He suggests that the primary delusionary experience, like other phenomena of psychosis such as hallucinations and secondary or specific delusions, represents an intrusion into waking consciousness of processes associated with stage 1 sleep.

Ian Oswald

Professor Ian Oswald
It is suggested that the reason for these intrusions is that the psychotic subject is in a state of hyper-arousal, a state that can lead to what Ian Oswald called "micro-sleeps" in waking life.

Microsleep

micro-sleepmicro-sleepsMicrosleeps
It is suggested that the reason for these intrusions is that the psychotic subject is in a state of hyper-arousal, a state that can lead to what Ian Oswald called "micro-sleeps" in waking life.

Sleep paralysis

Phi Amold haghag ridden
Subjects may also experience sleep paralysis.