False dilemma

false dichotomyblack and white thinkingfalse dichotomiesblack and whitefalse choiceblack-and-whitefalse trilemmatrifurcationall-or-nothingblack-and-white thinking
A false dilemma is a type of informal fallacy in which something is falsely claimed to be an "either/or" situation, when in fact there is at least one additional option.wikipedia
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Dilemma

dilemmasSophie's choicesstuck between a rock and a hard place
A false dilemma can arise intentionally, when a fallacy is used in an attempt to force a choice or outcome.
In the form "you must accept either A, or B" — here A and B are propositions each leading to some further conclusion — and applied incorrectly, the dilemma constitutes a false dichotomy, that is, a fallacy.

Dichotomy

dichotomousdichotomiesdichotomously
false dichotomy (which more often describes the distinguishing of two things which are not necessarily distinct)
A false dichotomy is an informal fallacy consisting of a supposed dichotomy which fails one or both of the conditions: it is not jointly exhaustive and/or not mutually exclusive. In its most common form, two entities are presented as if they are exhaustive, when in fact other alternatives are possible. In some cases, they may be presented as if they are mutually exclusive although there is a broad middle ground (see also undistributed middle).

Euthyphro dilemma

dilemma
Euthyphro dilemma
Ever since Plato's original discussion, this question has presented a problem for some theists, though others have thought it a false dilemma, and it continues to be an object of theological and philosophical discussion today.

John Searle

SearleJohn R. SearleSearle, John
An exception is analytic philosopher John Searle, who called it an incorrect assumption that produces false dichotomies.
Searle argues that philosophy has been trapped by a false dichotomy: that, on the one hand, the world consists of nothing but objective particles in fields of force, but that yet, on the other hand, consciousness is clearly a subjective first-person experience.

Fallacy

informal fallacyfallaciesSophists
A false dilemma is a type of informal fallacy in which something is falsely claimed to be an "either/or" situation, when in fact there is at least one additional option.
7) Creating a "false dilemma" ("either-or fallacy") in which the situation is oversimplified

Fallacy of the single cause

oversimplificationoversimplifyingsingle-cause fallacy
Fallacy of the single cause
Causal oversimplification is a specific kind of false dilemma where conjoint possibilities are ignored.

Morton's fork

both of these outcomes would make Trump miserablethe same name
Morton's fork
A Morton's fork is a type of false dilemma in which contradictory observations lead to the same conclusion.

Half-truth

half-truthsexaggeratedhalf true
Half-truth
"False dichotomy": the formal fallacy of false dilemma, also known as false choice, falsified dilemma, fallacy of the excluded middle, black and white thinking, false correlative, either/or fallacy, and bifurcation—involves a situation in which two alternative statements are held to be the only possible options, when in reality there exist one or more other options which have not been considered or presented to the listeners.

Fuzzy logic

fuzzyfuzzy logicsfuzziness
Similarly, when two options are presented, they often are, although not always, two extreme points on some spectrum of possibilities; this may lend credence to the larger argument by giving the impression that the options are mutually exclusive of each other, even though they need not be. Furthermore, the options in false dichotomies typically are presented as being collectively exhaustive, in which case the fallacy may be overcome, or at least weakened, by considering other possibilities, or perhaps by considering a whole spectrum of possibilities, as in fuzzy logic.
False dilemma

Hobson's choice

take it or leave it
Hobson's choice
False dilemma: only two choices are considered, when in fact there are others.

Correlative-based fallacies

Correlative-based fallacies
False dilemma or false correlative.

Bifurcation

bifurcatedbifurcatebifurcates
bifurcation
False dilemma or bifurcation

Loaded question

Fallacy of many questionsWhen did you stop beating your wife?biased
Loaded question
False dilemma

You're either with us, or against us

does not acknowledge neutral partiesHe who is not with Me is against MeIf you're not with us, you're against us
You're either with us, or against us
Sometimes but not always interpreted as a splitting or a false dilemma, which is an informal fallacy.

Lewis's trilemma

C. S. Lewis's trilemmaLewis trilemmaTrilemma
Lewis' trilemma
Another criticism raised is that Lewis is creating a false trilemma by insisting that only three options are possible.

Many-valued logic

multi-valued logicmultivalued logic9-valued logic
Many-valued logic
False dilemma

Two-party system

two party systemmajority partytwo-party
Two-party system
False dichotomy

Argument to moderation

middle groundfalse compromisead temperantiam
The opposite of this fallacy is false compromise.

There is no alternative

TINA
For example, what is described as the "TINA factor" in elections is often in reality a false dilemma, as there are about 3 to 25 electoral candidates for most electoral seats.

Philosopher

philosopherssagephilosophical
Some philosophers and scholars believe that "unless a distinction can be made rigorous and precise it isn't really a distinction".

Analytic philosophy

Analyticanalytic philosopheranalytical philosophy
An exception is analytic philosopher John Searle, who called it an incorrect assumption that produces false dichotomies.

Mutual exclusivity

mutually exclusivemutually exclusive eventsexclusion
Similarly, when two options are presented, they often are, although not always, two extreme points on some spectrum of possibilities; this may lend credence to the larger argument by giving the impression that the options are mutually exclusive of each other, even though they need not be. Furthermore, the options in false dichotomies typically are presented as being collectively exhaustive, in which case the fallacy may be overcome, or at least weakened, by considering other possibilities, or perhaps by considering a whole spectrum of possibilities, as in fuzzy logic.

Collectively exhaustive events

collectively exhaustiveexhaustiveJointly Exhaustive
Similarly, when two options are presented, they often are, although not always, two extreme points on some spectrum of possibilities; this may lend credence to the larger argument by giving the impression that the options are mutually exclusive of each other, even though they need not be. Furthermore, the options in false dichotomies typically are presented as being collectively exhaustive, in which case the fallacy may be overcome, or at least weakened, by considering other possibilities, or perhaps by considering a whole spectrum of possibilities, as in fuzzy logic.

Conjunct

conjunct symbols
"denying a conjunct" (similar to a false dichotomy)