Family Tree DNA

FamilyTreeDNAFTDNAFamilyTree DNA
FamilyTreeDNA is a division of Gene by Gene, a commercial genetic testing company based in Houston, Texas.wikipedia
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Gene by Gene

FamilyTreeDNAGene by Gene, Ltd.
FamilyTreeDNA is a division of Gene by Gene, a commercial genetic testing company based in Houston, Texas.
The company is owned by Bennett Greenspan and Max Blankfeld, and is the parent company of Family Tree DNA.

Bennett Greenspan

FamilyTreeDNA was founded based on an idea conceived by Bennett Greenspan, a lifelong entrepreneur and genealogy enthusiast.
Greenspan founded Family Tree DNA which was the first American company to offer genealogical DNA testing directly to the general public.

Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup

human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroupsY-DNAY-chromosome DNA haplogroup
The company markets a range of Y-DNA tests.
In September 2012, Family Tree DNA provided the following explanation of its changing Y-DNA haplogroup nomenclature to individual customers on their Y-DNA results pages (note that the haplogroup mentioned below relates to a specific individual):

Genographic Project

The Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Next GenerationGenographic
FamilyTreeDNA staff were instrumental in developing the Geno 2.0 Next Generation product for the second phase of the Genographic Project.
The design of the new chip was a collaborative effort between Wells of National Geographic, Eran Elhaik of Johns Hopkins, Family Tree DNA, and Illumina.

Genetic genealogy

genetic ancestryGeneticgenetic genealogist
In 2000, Family Tree DNA, founded by Bennett Greenspan and Max Blankfeld, was the first company dedicated to direct-to-consumer testing for genealogy research.

Genealogical DNA test

DNA testautosomal DNADNA testing
In 2000, Family Tree DNA, founded by Bennett Greenspan and Max Blankfeld, was the first company dedicated to direct-to-consumer testing for genealogy research.

Y-chromosomal Aaron

Cohen Modal HaplotypeCohanim markerCMH
FamilyTreeDNA includes among its scientific staff, Dr. Michael Hammer (PhD), one of a team of scientists that first published on the Cohen Modal Haplotype in 1997 in the journal Nature.

GEDmatch

genetic databasegenetic genealogy
Also in December 2018, Family Tree DNA allowed law enforcement agencies, including the FBI, to upload DNA profiles from crime scenes to help solve cold crimes.

Genetic testing

DNA testingDNA analysisDNA test
FamilyTreeDNA is a division of Gene by Gene, a commercial genetic testing company based in Houston, Texas.

Texas

TXTexanState of Texas
FamilyTreeDNA is a division of Gene by Gene, a commercial genetic testing company based in Houston, Texas.

Autosome

autosomalautosomal DNAautosomes
FamilyTreeDNA offers analysis of autosomal DNA, Y-DNA, and mitochondrial DNA to individuals for genealogical purpose.

Y chromosome

Y-chromosomeY-DNAY
FamilyTreeDNA offers analysis of autosomal DNA, Y-DNA, and mitochondrial DNA to individuals for genealogical purpose.

Thomas Jefferson

JeffersonPresident JeffersonJeffersonian
These were a study by University of Arizona researchers showing that many Cohen men from both Ashkenazic and Sephardic groups share the same Y-chromosome and a study that showed that male descendants of a paternal uncle of US President Thomas Jefferson (who presumably shared his Y-chromosome) and male-line descendants of his freed slave Sally Hemings shared the same Y-chromosome and a recent common ancestry.

Mitochondrial DNA

mtDNAmitochondrialmitochondrial genome
FamilyTreeDNA offers analysis of autosomal DNA, Y-DNA, and mitochondrial DNA to individuals for genealogical purpose.

Henry Louis Gates Jr.

Henry Louis Gates, Jr.Henry Louis GatesHenry Louis Gates, Jr
In late 2007, Henry Louis Gates, PhD created African DNA in partnership with FamilyTreeDNA to help promote genetic testing for personal ancestry among African Americans.

MyHeritage

Family Tree Builder
In November 2008, a dynamic partnership with MyHeritage was launched, allowing users to incorporate DNA testing and advanced family tree technologies into their family history research.

DNA microarray

DNA microarraysmicroarraymicroarrays
In May 2010, FamilyTreeDNA launched an autosomal microarray chip based DNA test.

Affymetrix

Affymetrix GeneChip Operating SoftwareAffyAffymetrix, Inc
The initial product used an Affymetrix microarray chip, but FamilyTreeDNA changed to the Illumina OmniExpress chip and retested all customers who had results from the Affymetrix chip for forward compatibility.

Hypervariable region

HVR1hypervariable regionshypervariable control region
FamilyTreeDNA's first mtDNA tests were for HVR1 (hypervariable region 1) of the mtDNA.

Helix (genomics company)

Helix
Geno 2.0 samples for both public and scientific study were run at the Genomics Research Center in Houston, Texas (operated by FamilyTreeDNA's parent company, Gene by Gene, Ltd.) until 2016, when Geno 2.0 began utilizing Helix for DNA sequencing.