Fathers of Confederation

Father of Confederationa Father of ConfederationCanadian Father of Confederationdominant figureFatherFather of Canadian Confederationfathersfathers of the Canadian federationfounding fathers of Canadapatriarchs of 1867
The Fathers of Confederation are the 36 people who attended at least one of the Charlottetown (23 attendees) and Quebec (33) Conferences in 1864 and the London Conference of 1866 (16) in England, preceding Canadian Confederation.wikipedia
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Canadian Confederation

ConfederationConfederation of CanadaFather of Confederation
The Fathers of Confederation are the 36 people who attended at least one of the Charlottetown (23 attendees) and Quebec (33) Conferences in 1864 and the London Conference of 1866 (16) in England, preceding Canadian Confederation.
The term is now often used to describe Canada in an abstract way, such as in "the Fathers of Confederation".

Freemasonry in Canada

FreemasonCanadaGrand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon
Of the 36 Fathers, 11 were Freemasons, notably Macdonald, but including Bernard, Campbell, Carter, Chandler, Galt, Gray, Haviland, Henry, Pope, and Tilley.
At the time of confederation in 1867, eleven men of the 37 Fathers of Confederation were Freemasons.

John Hamilton Gray (New Brunswick politician)

John Hamilton GrayJohn H. Gray
John Hamilton Gray, (1814 – June 5, 1889) was a politician in the Province of New Brunswick, Canada, a jurist, and one of the Fathers of Confederation.

John Hamilton Gray (Prince Edward Island politician)

John Hamilton GrayCol. John Hamilton GrayColonel John Hamilton Gray
John Hamilton Gray (14 June 1811 – 13 August 1887) was Premier of Prince Edward Island from 1863 – 1865 and one of the Fathers of Confederation.

Amor De Cosmos

The leadership of Amor De Cosmos was instrumental both in bringing democracy to British Columbia and in bringing the province into Confederation in 1871.
Through the instrumental role De Cosmos played in realizing these two goals, he earned for himself his reputation as British Columbia's Father of Confederation.

William Alexander Henry

W. A. HenryWilliam A. HenryHenry J
He was one of the Fathers of Confederation and one of the first judges of the Supreme Court of Canada.

William Pearce Howland

William P. HowlandWilliam PearceWilliam Pierce Howland
He was one of the Fathers of Confederation.

John A. Macdonald

Sir John A. MacdonaldJohn Alexander MacdonaldMacdonald
The dominant figure of Canadian Confederation, he had a political career which spanned almost half a century.

Hector-Louis Langevin

Hector LangevinHector Louis LangevinSir Hector-Louis Langevin
Sir Hector-Louis Langevin, (August 25, 1826 – June 11, 1906) was a Canadian lawyer, politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation.

John Mercer Johnson

John M. JohnsonJ. M. JohnsonJohn M. Johnson, Jr.
John Mercer Johnson (October 1, 1818 – November 8, 1868) was a politician in the Province of New Brunswick, Canada and a Father of Confederation.

William McDougall (politician)

William McDougallSir William McDougallWilliam C.B. McDougall
William MacDougall (January 25, 1822 – May 29, 1905) was a Canadian lawyer, politician, and one of the Fathers of Confederation.

Frederick Carter

F.B.T. CarterF. B. T. CarterFrederick B. T. Carter
Even though Newfoundland did not join the confederation until 1949, Carter is considered one of the Fathers of Confederation.

Peter Mitchell (politician)

Peter Mitchell
Peter Mitchell, (January 4, 1824 – October 25, 1899) was a Canadian politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation.

Andrew Archibald Macdonald

A.A. MacdonaldAndrew A. McDonaldAndrew Archibald
Andrew Archibald Macdonald, PC (14 February 1829 – 21 March 1912), served as the [[List of lieutenant governors of Prince Edward Island#Lieutenant Governors of Prince Edward Island, 1873-present|fourth]] Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island from 1 August 1884 to 2 September 1889, and was one of the fathers of Canadian Confederation.

Hewitt Bernard

Hewitt Bernard, who was the recording secretary at the Charlottetown Conference, is considered by some to be a Father of Confederation.
Some historians, such as P. B. Waite, consider Bernard to be a Father of Confederation.

Oliver Mowat

Sir Oliver MowatMowat The Honourable '''Sir Oliver Mowat
He was the eighth Lieutenant Governor of Ontario and one of the Fathers of Confederation.

Charles Fisher (Canadian politician)

Charles FisherMr. Justice Fisher
Charles Fisher became a Father of Confederation, participating in the Quebec Conference of 1864 and the London Conference of 1866 that drafted the British North America Act.

William Henry Pope (Canadian politician)

William Henry PopeWilliamWilliam H. Pope
William Henry Pope (1825–1879) was a Canadian lawyer, politician, journalist, judge and one of the Fathers of Confederation.

Charles Tupper

Sir Charles TupperTupperSir Charles Tupper, 1st Baronet
Sir Charles Tupper, 1st Baronet, (July 2, 1821 – October 30, 1915) was a Canadian father of Confederation: as the premier of Nova Scotia from 1864 to 1867, he led Nova Scotia into Confederation.

Samuel Leonard Tilley

Sir Samuel Leonard TilleySamuel L. TilleySamuel Tilley
Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley (May 8, 1818 – June 25, 1896) was a Canadian politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation.

Étienne-Paschal Taché

Sir Étienne-Paschal TachéÉtienne TachéE.P. Taché
Sir Étienne-Paschal Taché (5 September 1795 – 30 July 1865) was a Canadian doctor, politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation.

John William Ritchie

John William Ritchie (26 March 1808 – 13 or 18 December 1890) was a Canadian lawyer and politician from Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia who is one of the Fathers of Confederation.

Robert Duncan Wilmot

Robert D. WilmotRobert Duncan
Robert Duncan Wilmot, (16 October 1809 – 13 February 1891) was a Canadian politician and a Father of Confederation.

List of national founders

Founding Fathersfounding fatherfounder
The name "Fathers of Confederation" is given to those who attended the Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences in 1864, and the London Conference of 1866, to establish the Canadian Confederation.