Fazlollah Zahedi

General Fazlollah ZahediFazlollah [ZahediGeneral ZahediZahedi
Fazlollah Zahedi (, pronounced ; c. 1892 – 2 September 1963) was an Iranian general and statesman who replaced the democratically elected Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh through a coup d'état, in which he played a major role.wikipedia
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Mohammad Mosaddegh

MosaddeghMossadeghMossadeq
Fazlollah Zahedi (, pronounced ; c. 1892 – 2 September 1963) was an Iranian general and statesman who replaced the democratically elected Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh through a coup d'état, in which he played a major role. Zahedi was appointed Minister of the Interior (1951) in Hossein Ala''s administration, a post he would retain when Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh became Prime Minister.
Following an initial, failed coup attempt by the CIA/MI6-backed General Fazlollah Zahedi, Mosaddegh was successfully deposed four days later on 19 August 1953, with Zahedi succeeding him as prime minister.

Persian Cossack Brigade

Cossack BrigadeCossacksCossak Brigade
During his service at the Imperial Russian-trained Iranian Cossack Brigade, one of his military superiors was Reza Khan, who later became the Iranian monarch.
Fazlollah Zahedi

Hamadan

HamedanHamadhanHamadān
Born in Hamedan in 1892, Fazlollah Zahedi was the son of Abol Hassan "Bassir Diwan" Zahedi, a wealthy land owner at the city of Hamedan.
Fazlollah Zahedi, military general

Sir Fitzroy Maclean, 1st Baronet

Fitzroy MacleanSir Fitzroy MacleanBrigadier Fitzroy Maclean
He was arrested in his own office by Fitzroy Maclean, who details the adventure in his 1949 memoir Eastern Approaches.
He was "allotted a platoon of Seaforth Highlanders and instructed to kidnap" General Fazlollah Zahedi, the commander of the Persian forces in the Isfahan area.

Eastern Approaches

He was arrested in his own office by Fitzroy Maclean, who details the adventure in his 1949 memoir Eastern Approaches.
When it became clear that the North African Campaign was drawing to a close towards the end of 1942 and it became too quiet for his taste, he travelled east to arrest General Fazlollah Zahedi, at the time the head of the Persian armed forces in the south.

1953 Iranian coup d'état

coup d'état1953 coupcoup
Fazlollah Zahedi (, pronounced ; c. 1892 – 2 September 1963) was an Iranian general and statesman who replaced the democratically elected Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh through a coup d'état, in which he played a major role. The newly formed CIA, along with the British intelligence agency MI6, took an active role in the developments, terming their involvement Operation Ajax.
Following the coup in 1953, a government under General Fazlollah Zahedi was formed which allowed Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran (Persian for an Iranian king), to rule more firmly as monarch.

Central Intelligence Agency

CIAC.I.A.Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
The newly formed CIA, along with the British intelligence agency MI6, took an active role in the developments, terming their involvement Operation Ajax.
Their chosen man, former general Fazlollah Zahedi, had no troops to call on. General McClure, commander of the American military assistance advisory group, would get his second star buying the loyalty of the Iranian officers he was training.

Reza Shah

Reza Shah PahlaviReza KhanReza Pahlavi
During his service at the Imperial Russian-trained Iranian Cossack Brigade, one of his military superiors was Reza Khan, who later became the Iranian monarch.
Fazlollah Zahedi

Tudeh Party of Iran

Tudeh PartyTudehthe Tudeh Party
Zahedi actively supported the new government's nationalisation of the oil industry, which had previously been owned by the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, now BP. However, he was at odds with Mossadegh over his increasing tolerance for the outlawed communist party Tudeh, which had boldly demonstrated in favor of nationalisation.
The plotters first attempt involved persuading the shah to issue an edict dismissing Mosaddeq and replacing him with retired General Fazlollah Zahedi, while arresting Mosaddeq and taking over other possible centers of opposition.

Ardeshir Zahedi

ArdeshirZahra Mahnaz Zahedi
They had a son, Ardeshir, and a daughter, Homa.
Born in Tehran on 16 October 1928, he is the son of General Fazlollah Zahedi, who served as prime minister after the fall of Mohammed Mossadegh.

Hossein Ala'

Hossein Ala
Zahedi was appointed Minister of the Interior (1951) in Hossein Ala''s administration, a post he would retain when Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh became Prime Minister.

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

ShahShah of Iranthe Shah
Returned from internment in Palestine in 1945, during the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah (Reza Shah's son and successor), General Zahedi became Inspector of military forces in southern Iran.
Referred to as Operation Ajax, the plot hinged on orders signed by Mohammad Reza to dismiss Mosaddegh as prime minister and replace him with General Fazlollah Zahedi, a choice agreed on by the British and Americans.

Monarchism in Iran

monarchistconstitutional monarchistIranian monarchist organisation
Monarchism in Iran
The Shah, who had gone into exile during the coup, returned to Iran and named General Fazlollah Zahedi as the new prime minister.

General officer

generalgeneralsGen.
Fazlollah Zahedi (, pronounced ; c. 1892 – 2 September 1963) was an Iranian general and statesman who replaced the democratically elected Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh through a coup d'état, in which he played a major role.

Russian Empire

RussiaRussianImperial Russia
During his service at the Imperial Russian-trained Iranian Cossack Brigade, one of his military superiors was Reza Khan, who later became the Iranian monarch.

Gilan Province

GilanGīlānGilite
Zahedi was among the officers dispatched to Gilan to put an end to the Jangal movement of Mirza Kuchak Khan.

Jungle Movement of Gilan

JangalisJangaliJangal movement
Zahedi was among the officers dispatched to Gilan to put an end to the Jangal movement of Mirza Kuchak Khan.

Mirza Kuchik Khan

Mirza Kuchak KhanKuchik KhanMirza
Zahedi was among the officers dispatched to Gilan to put an end to the Jangal movement of Mirza Kuchak Khan.

Brigadier general

brigadier-generalgeneral of brigadeBrig. Gen.
Two years later Reza Shah promoted him to the rank of brigadier general.

Zia'eddin Tabatabaee

Seyed Zia'eddin TabataeiSeyyed Zia'eddin TabatabaeeZ. Tabatabaei
He was also involved in the overthrow of Seyyed Zia'eddin Tabatabaee's government in 1920.

Khaz'al Khan al-Kaabi

Sheik Khaz'alSheikh Khaz'alSheikh Khaz'al Khan
It was Colonel Zahedi who arrested Sheikh Khaz'al Khan and brought him to Tehran.

Tehran

Tehran, IranTeheranTehrān
It was Colonel Zahedi who arrested Sheikh Khaz'al Khan and brought him to Tehran.

Khuzestan Province

KhuzestanArabistanKhuzistan
During Reza Shah's reign, General Zahedi was named (1926) military governor of Khuzestan province, his first important government position, and in 1932 chief of national police, one of the nation's top internal posts.