A report on Fear

A girl showing signs of fear and anxiety in an uncertain environment
"The Man Made Mad with Fear", a painting by Gustave Courbet.
A prisoner at Abu Graib shows fear of a US army dog during prisoner abuse.
Painting by Guido Reni c. 1611
A still from the film Carnival of Souls.

Intensely unpleasant emotion in response to perceiving or recognizing a danger or threat.

- Fear
A girl showing signs of fear and anxiety in an uncertain environment

30 related topics with Alpha

Overall

A job applicant exhibiting a facial configuration that in certain cultures is an expression of worry.

Anxiety

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Emotion which is characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil and it includes subjectively unpleasant feelings of dread over anticipated events.

Emotion which is characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil and it includes subjectively unpleasant feelings of dread over anticipated events.

A job applicant exhibiting a facial configuration that in certain cultures is an expression of worry.
Painting entitled Anxiety, 1894, by Edvard Munch
A marble bust of the Roman Emperor Decius from the Capitoline Museum. This portrait "conveys an impression of anxiety and weariness, as of a man shouldering heavy [state] responsibilities".

Anxiety is closely related to fear, which is a response to a real or perceived immediate threat (fight or flight response); anxiety involves the expectation of future threat including dread.

The fear of spiders is one of the most common phobias.

Phobia

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Anxiety disorder defined by a persistent and excessive fear of an object or situation.

Anxiety disorder defined by a persistent and excessive fear of an object or situation.

The fear of spiders is one of the most common phobias.
Regions of the brain associated with phobias
Anatomical components of the limbic system
A soldier stomping his foot to put out the fire rising up his leg during military fire-phobia training

In addition to memory, the amygdala also triggers the secretion of hormones that affect fear and aggression.

Two warthogs preparing to fight

Aggression

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Overt or covert, often harmful, social interaction with the intention of inflicting damage or other harm upon another individual; although it can be channeled into creative and practical outlets for some.

Overt or covert, often harmful, social interaction with the intention of inflicting damage or other harm upon another individual; although it can be channeled into creative and practical outlets for some.

Two warthogs preparing to fight
Male elephant seals fighting
Testosterone to Estradiol conversion

Berkowitz extended this frustration–aggression hypothesis and proposed that it is not so much the frustration as the unpleasant emotion that evokes aggressive tendencies, and that all aversive events produce negative affect and thereby aggressive tendencies, as well as fear tendencies.

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Emotion

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Emotions are mental states brought on by neurophysiological changes, variously associated with thoughts, feelings, behavioural responses, and a degree of pleasure or displeasure.

Emotions are mental states brought on by neurophysiological changes, variously associated with thoughts, feelings, behavioural responses, and a degree of pleasure or displeasure.

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Examples of basic emotions
The emotion wheel.
Two dimensions of emotions. Made accessible for practical use.
Two dimensions of emotion
Illustration from Charles Darwin's The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872)
Simplified graph of James-Lange Theory of Emotion
Timeline of some of the most prominent brain models of emotion in affective neuroscience.

Ekman's facial-expression research examined six basic emotions: anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness and surprise.

The Scream (Norwegian: Skrik) a painting by Norwegian artist Edvard Munch

Anxiety disorder

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The Scream (Norwegian: Skrik) a painting by Norwegian artist Edvard Munch
Facial expression of someone with chronic anxiety

Anxiety disorders are a cluster of mental disorders characterized by significant and uncontrollable feelings of anxiety and fear such that a person's social, occupational, and personal function are significantly impaired.

Social anxiety disorder

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Social anxiety disorder (SAD), also known as social phobia, is an anxiety disorder characterized by sentiments of fear and anxiety in social situations, causing considerable distress and impaired ability to function in at least some aspects of daily life.

Ophidiophobia

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Ophidiophobia (or ophiophobia) is a particular type of specific phobia, the irrational fear of snakes.

Anticipation

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Emotion involving pleasure or anxiety in considering or awaiting an expected event.

Emotion involving pleasure or anxiety in considering or awaiting an expected event.

Anticipatory emotions include fear, anxiety, hope and trust.

Some jobs require working at heights.

Acrophobia

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Some jobs require working at heights.

Acrophobia is an extreme or irrational fear or phobia of heights, especially when one is not particularly high up.

Though most arachnids are harmless, a person with arachnophobia may still panic or feel uneasy around one. Sometimes, even an object resembling a spider can trigger a panic attack in an arachnophobic individual. The above cartoon is a depiction of the nursery rhyme "Little Miss Muffet", in which the title character is "frightened away" by a spider.

Arachnophobia

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Specific phobia brought about by the irrational fear of spiders and other arachnids such as scorpions.

Specific phobia brought about by the irrational fear of spiders and other arachnids such as scorpions.

Though most arachnids are harmless, a person with arachnophobia may still panic or feel uneasy around one. Sometimes, even an object resembling a spider can trigger a panic attack in an arachnophobic individual. The above cartoon is a depiction of the nursery rhyme "Little Miss Muffet", in which the title character is "frightened away" by a spider.

In some extreme cases, even a picture, a toy, or a realistic drawing of a spider can trigger intense fear.