Fecal impaction

faecal impactionimpactionfecal loadingimpactedimpaction of intestinestool impaction
A fecal impaction is a solid, immobile bulk of feces that can develop in the rectum as a result of chronic constipation.wikipedia
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Constipation

constipatedobstipationchronic constipation
A fecal impaction is a solid, immobile bulk of feces that can develop in the rectum as a result of chronic constipation.
Complications from constipation may include hemorrhoids, anal fissure or fecal impaction.

Fecal incontinence

incontinencebowel controlfaecal incontinence
There can be fecal incontinence and paradoxical or overflow diarrhea (encopresis) as liquid stool passes around the obstruction.
The majority of incontinent persons over the age of 18 fall into one of several groups: those with structural anorectal abnormalities (sphincter trauma, sphincter degeneration, perianal fistula, rectal prolapse), neurological disorders (multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, spina bifida, stroke, etc.), constipation/fecal loading (presence of a large amount of feces in the rectum with stool of any consistency), cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction (dementia, learning disabilities), diarrhea, inflammatory bowel diseases (e.g. ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease), irritable bowel syndrome, disability related (people who are frail, acutely unwell, or have chronic/acute disabilities), and those cases which are idiopathic (of unknown cause).

Rectum

rectalrectallyrectal ampulla
A fecal impaction is a solid, immobile bulk of feces that can develop in the rectum as a result of chronic constipation. Decreased motility of the colon results in dry, hard stools that in the case of fecal impaction become compacted into a large, hard mass of stool that cannot be expelled from the rectum.
These include faecal impaction, prostatic cancer and benign prostatic hypertrophy in men, faecal incontinence, and internal haemorrhoids.

Enema

enemasclysterproctoclysis
Enemas and osmotic laxatives can be used to soften the stool by increasing the water content until it is soft enough to be expelled.
As bowel stimulants, enemas are employed for the same purposes as orally administered laxatives: To relieve constipation; To treat fecal impaction; To empty the colon prior to a medical procedure such as a colonoscopy.

Human feces

stoolfecesstools
Decreased motility of the colon results in dry, hard stools that in the case of fecal impaction become compacted into a large, hard mass of stool that cannot be expelled from the rectum.
Severe constipation includes obstipation (failure to pass stools or gas) and fecal impaction, which can progress to bowel obstruction and become life-threatening.

Feces

faecesdungexcrement
A fecal impaction is a solid, immobile bulk of feces that can develop in the rectum as a result of chronic constipation.

Encopresis

There can be fecal incontinence and paradoxical or overflow diarrhea (encopresis) as liquid stool passes around the obstruction.

Necrosis

necroticnecrotizingnecrotic tissue
Complications may include necrosis and ulcers of the rectal tissue.

Peptic ulcer disease

peptic ulcerstomach ulcerulcer
Complications may include necrosis and ulcers of the rectal tissue.

Bloating

bloatedabdominal bloatinggas
Abdominal pain and bloating could also be present depending on the severity of the condition.

Dietary fiber

fiberdietary fibresoluble fiber
There are many possible causes; for example, physical inactivity, not eating enough (particularly of fiber), and not drinking enough water.

Opioid

opioidsopioid analgesicendogenous opioids
Medications such as opioid pain relievers (suboxone, methadone, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, etc.) and certain sedatives that reduce intestinal movement may cause fecal matter to become too large, hard and/or dry to expel.

Buprenorphine/naloxone

suboxoneBuprenorphine + Naloxone
Medications such as opioid pain relievers (suboxone, methadone, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, etc.) and certain sedatives that reduce intestinal movement may cause fecal matter to become too large, hard and/or dry to expel.

Methadone

Methadone treatmentAmidonesFizzies
Medications such as opioid pain relievers (suboxone, methadone, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, etc.) and certain sedatives that reduce intestinal movement may cause fecal matter to become too large, hard and/or dry to expel.

Codeine

codeine phosphatecodeine hydrochlorideCod'ine
Medications such as opioid pain relievers (suboxone, methadone, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, etc.) and certain sedatives that reduce intestinal movement may cause fecal matter to become too large, hard and/or dry to expel.

Oxycodone

OxyContinEukodolpain killers
Medications such as opioid pain relievers (suboxone, methadone, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, etc.) and certain sedatives that reduce intestinal movement may cause fecal matter to become too large, hard and/or dry to expel.

Hydrocodone

dihydrocodeinoneVicodin
Medications such as opioid pain relievers (suboxone, methadone, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, etc.) and certain sedatives that reduce intestinal movement may cause fecal matter to become too large, hard and/or dry to expel.

Sedative

sedativessedative-hypnoticsedating
Medications such as opioid pain relievers (suboxone, methadone, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, etc.) and certain sedatives that reduce intestinal movement may cause fecal matter to become too large, hard and/or dry to expel.

Irritable bowel syndrome

IBSbowelirritable bowel
Specific diseases or conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome, neurological disorders, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases such as amyloidosis, celiac disease, lupus, and scleroderma can cause constipation.

Neurological disorder

neurological disordersneurological diseaseneurological
Specific diseases or conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome, neurological disorders, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases such as amyloidosis, celiac disease, lupus, and scleroderma can cause constipation.

Diabetes mellitus

diabetesdiabeticdiabetics
Specific diseases or conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome, neurological disorders, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases such as amyloidosis, celiac disease, lupus, and scleroderma can cause constipation.

Autoimmunity

autoimmuneautoantigenauto-immune
Specific diseases or conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome, neurological disorders, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases such as amyloidosis, celiac disease, lupus, and scleroderma can cause constipation.

Amyloidosis

amyloidosesamyloid degenerationfamilial amyloidosis
Specific diseases or conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome, neurological disorders, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases such as amyloidosis, celiac disease, lupus, and scleroderma can cause constipation.

Coeliac disease

celiac diseasecoeliacceliac
Specific diseases or conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome, neurological disorders, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases such as amyloidosis, celiac disease, lupus, and scleroderma can cause constipation.

Systemic lupus erythematosus

lupusSLEsystemic lupus
Specific diseases or conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome, neurological disorders, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases such as amyloidosis, celiac disease, lupus, and scleroderma can cause constipation.