Fecal impaction

faecal impactionimpactionfecal loadingimpactedimpaction of intestinestool impaction
A fecal impaction is a solid, immobile bulk of feces that can develop in the rectum as a result of chronic constipation.wikipedia
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Constipation

constipatedobstipationchronic constipation
A fecal impaction is a solid, immobile bulk of feces that can develop in the rectum as a result of chronic constipation.
Complications from constipation may include hemorrhoids, anal fissure or fecal impaction.

Fecal incontinence

incontinencebowel controlfaecal incontinence
There can be fecal incontinence and paradoxical or overflow diarrhea (encopresis) as liquid stool passes around the obstruction.
The majority of incontinent persons over the age of 18 fall into one of several groups: those with structural anorectal abnormalities (sphincter trauma, sphincter degeneration, perianal fistula, rectal prolapse), neurological disorders (multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, spina bifida, stroke, etc.), constipation/fecal loading (presence of a large amount of feces in the rectum with stool of any consistency), cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction (dementia, learning disabilities), diarrhea, inflammatory bowel diseases (e.g. ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease), irritable bowel syndrome, disability related (people who are frail, acutely unwell, or have chronic/acute disabilities), and those cases which are idiopathic (of unknown cause).

Rectum

rectalrectallyrectal ampulla
A fecal impaction is a solid, immobile bulk of feces that can develop in the rectum as a result of chronic constipation. Decreased motility of the colon results in dry, hard stools that in the case of fecal impaction become compacted into a large, hard mass of stool that cannot be expelled from the rectum.
These include faecal impaction, prostatic cancer and benign prostatic hypertrophy in men, faecal incontinence, and internal haemorrhoids.

Enema

enemasclysterproctoclysis
Enemas and osmotic laxatives can be used to soften the stool by increasing the water content until it is soft enough to be expelled.
As bowel stimulants, enemas are employed for the same purposes as orally administered laxatives: To relieve constipation; To treat fecal impaction; To empty the colon prior to a medical procedure such as a colonoscopy.

Human feces

stoolfecesstools
Decreased motility of the colon results in dry, hard stools that in the case of fecal impaction become compacted into a large, hard mass of stool that cannot be expelled from the rectum.
Severe constipation includes obstipation (failure to pass stools or gas) and fecal impaction, which can progress to bowel obstruction and become life-threatening.

Anismus

anal sphincter dyssynergia
Retention of stool may result in fecal loading (retention of a mass of stool of any consistency) or fecal impaction (retention of a mass of hard stool).

Urinary incontinence

incontinenceurinaryincontinent
Non-urologic causes may include infection, medication or drugs, psychological factors, polyuria, stool impaction, and restricted mobility.

Clozapine

clonazepamlozapinenorclozapine
Another underrecognized and potentially life-threatening side effect spectrum is gastrointestinal hypomotility, which may manifest as severe constipation, fecal impaction, paralytic ileus, bowel obstruction, acute megacolon, ischemia or necrosis.

Macrogol

PEG
Limited data also support its use for the treatment of fecal impaction.

Gastrointestinal disease

gastrointestinal disordersgastrointestinal disordergastrointestinal symptom
Causes of constipation may include faecal impaction and bowel obstruction, which may in turn be caused by ileus, intussusception, volvulus.

Rectal examination

digital rectal examinationdigital rectal examprostate
for examination of the hardness and color of the feces (i.e. in cases of constipation, and fecal impaction);

Impaction

Fecal impaction, the presence of a solid, immobile bulk of human feces that can develop in the rectum

Obstructed defecation

obstructed defecation syndrome
Fecal impaction

Bowel obstruction

intestinal obstructionobstructionsmall bowel obstruction
Fecal impaction

Abdominal pain

stomach acheupset stomachstomachache
Large bowel obstruction caused by colorectal cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, volvulus, fecal impaction or hernia

Fecalith

fecolithappendicolith
It can possibly form secondary to fecal impaction.

ICD-10 Chapter XI: Diseases of the digestive system

alimentary tract diseasesChapter XI: Diseases of the digestive systemdigestive disorders
Other impaction of intestine

Equine melanoma

It may also affect the horse’s ability to turn their head from side to side and eat and drink comfortably if the tumor is on the throat latch area, or cause faecal impaction if tumor is on the anal region.

Biliary colic

colickybiliary disordersgallbladder attacks
Rarely, a gallstone can become impacted in the ileocecal valve that joins the caecum and the ileum, causing gallstone ileus (mechanical ileus).

Cyperus esculentus

tigernuttiger nuttiger nuts
Ingestion of 300 g of the fibrous dehydrated nuts, chewed without being rehydrated, has been known to cause fecal impaction.

Alosetron

Lotronex
The cumulative incidence of ischaemic colitis was 2 in 1000, while serious complications arising from constipation (obstruction, perforation, impaction, toxic megacolon, secondary colonic ischaemia, death) was 1 in 1000.

Beet pulp

pulpsugar beet pulp
Another concern expressed by horse owners is that dry beet pulp will absorb water and swell in a horse's stomach, causing digestive problems such as impaction or colic.

Bowel management

bowel
When the impaction is treated and the patient receives enough laxatives to pass stool, he or she becomes continent.