Federal Bureau of Investigation

J. Edgar Hoover, FBI director from 1924 to 1972
The "suicide letter", mailed anonymously to King by the FBI
An FBI surveillance photograph of Joseph D. Pistone (aka Donnie Brasco), Benjamin "Lefty" Ruggiero and Edgar Robb (aka Tony Rossi), 1980s
FBI SWAT agents in a training exercise
An FBI agent tags the cockpit voice recorder from EgyptAir Flight 990 on the deck of the USS Grapple (ARS 53) at the crash site on November 13, 1999.
September 11 attacks at the Pentagon
FBI field divisions map
Organization chart for the FBI as of July 15, 2014
An FBI agent at a crime scene
FBI badge and service pistol, a Glock Model 22, .40 S&W caliber
FBI Director James Comey visiting the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation in North Dakota in June 2016.
The J. Edgar Hoover Building, FBI Headquarters
FBI Mobile Command Center, Washington Field Office
The FBI Academy, located in Quantico, Virginia
The FBI Field Office in Chelsea, Massachusetts
An FBI Evidence Response Team
Agents in training on the FBI Academy firing range
A Glock 22 pistol in .40 S&W caliber
Publication following the 2021 United States Capitol attack
The popular TV series The X-Files depicts the fictional FBI Special Agents Dana Scully (Gillian Anderson) and Fox Mulder (David Duchovny) who investigate paranormal phenomena.

Domestic intelligence and security service of the United States and its principal federal law enforcement agency.

- Federal Bureau of Investigation

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Telephone line control device "Jitka", used in late 1960s by Czechoslovakian StB to signal line occupancy, and connect a recorder

Telephone tapping

Monitoring of telephone and Internet-based conversations by a third party, often by covert means.

Monitoring of telephone and Internet-based conversations by a third party, often by covert means.

Telephone line control device "Jitka", used in late 1960s by Czechoslovakian StB to signal line occupancy, and connect a recorder
A telephone recording adapter (in-line tap). The phone jack connects to the wall socket while the phone being monitored is connected to the adapter's socket. The audio plug connects to the recording device (computer, tape recorder, etc.).
CrimethInc. sticker on a telephone warning users of phone tapping by the U.S. government

On October 19, 1963, U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, who served under John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, authorized the FBI to begin wiretapping the communications of Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. The wiretaps remained in place until April 1965 at his home and June 1966 at his office.

Depiction of the siege of Lisbon, 1147

Ruby Ridge

The site of an eleven-day siege in 1992 in Boundary County, Idaho, near Naples.

The site of an eleven-day siege in 1992 in Boundary County, Idaho, near Naples.

Depiction of the siege of Lisbon, 1147

The Hostage Rescue Team of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI HRT) became involved as the siege developed.

Civilian photo technicians (in back of jeep) working for Counter Intelligence Corps are accounted for at a checkpoint in Potsdam, Germany, July 14, 1945

Counterintelligence

Activity aimed at protecting an agency's intelligence program from an opposition's intelligence service.

Activity aimed at protecting an agency's intelligence program from an opposition's intelligence service.

Civilian photo technicians (in back of jeep) working for Counter Intelligence Corps are accounted for at a checkpoint in Potsdam, Germany, July 14, 1945
Political cartoon depicting the Afghan Emir Sher Ali with his "friends" the Russian Bear and British Lion (1878). The Great Game saw the rise of systematic espionage and surveillance throughout the region by both powers
The Okhrana, founded in 1880, had the task of countering enemy espionage against Imperial Russia. St. Petersburg Okhrana group photo, 1905

Some states will formalise it as part of the police structure, such as the United States' Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Seal of the National Security Branch

FBI National Security Branch

Seal of the National Security Branch

The National Security Branch (NSB) is a service within the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Official portrait, 2017

Donald Trump

American politician, media personality, and businessman who served as the 45th president of the United States from 2017 to 2021.

American politician, media personality, and businessman who served as the 45th president of the United States from 2017 to 2021.

Official portrait, 2017
Trump at the New York Military Academy in 1964
Trump (far right) and wife Ivana in the receiving line of a state dinner for King Fahd of Saudi Arabia in 1985, with U.S. president Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan
Trump Tower in Midtown Manhattan
Entrance of the Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City
Trump and New Jersey Generals quarterback Doug Flutie at a 1985 press conference in the lobby of Trump Tower
Trump's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Trump at a New York Mets baseball game in 2009
Trump and President Bill Clinton in June 2000
Trump speaking at CPAC 2011
Trump campaigning in Arizona, March 2016.
2016 electoral vote results. Trump won 304–227
Women's March in Washington on January 21, 2017
Trump is sworn in as president by Chief Justice John Roberts
Trump speaks to automobile workers in Michigan, March 2017
Trump and group of officials and advisors on the way from White House complex to St. John's Church
Trump examines border wall prototypes in Otay Mesa, California.
Trump with the other G7 leaders at the 45th summit in France, 2019
Trump and Xi Jinping at 2018 G20 Summit.
Trump, King Salman of Saudi Arabia, and Egyptian president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi at the 2017 Riyadh summit in Saudi Arabia
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo meeting with Taliban delegation in Qatar in September 2020
Trump meets Kim Jong-un at the Singapore summit, June 2018
Putin and Trump shaking hands at the G20 Osaka summit, June 2019
Trump and his third Supreme Court nominee, Amy Coney Barrett.
Trump conducts a COVID-19 press briefing with members of the White House Coronavirus Task Force on March 15, 2020
Poland's president Andrzej Duda visited the White House on June 24, 2020, the first foreign leader to do so since the start of the pandemic.
Trump boards helicopter for COVID-19 treatment on October 2, 2020
Trump discharged on October 5, 2020, from Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
Members of House of Representatives vote on two articles of impeachment, December 18, 2019
Trump displaying the front page of The Washington Post reporting his acquittal by the Senate
Trump at a 2020 campaign rally in Arizona
2020 Electoral College results, Trump lost 232–306
Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi signing the second impeachment of Trump
Trump speaks at the "Rally to Protect Our Elections" in Phoenix, Arizona, July 2021.
Trump talking to the press, March 2017
Fact-checkers from The Washington Post, the Toronto Star, and CNN compiled data on "false or misleading claims" (orange background), and "false claims" (violet foreground), respectively.

In January 2017, American intelligence agencies—the CIA, the FBI, and the NSA, represented by the Director of National Intelligence—jointly stated with "high confidence" that the Russian government interfered in the 2016 presidential election to favor the election of Trump.

Oval Office portrait, 1963

John F. Kennedy

American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from 1961 until his assassination near the end of his third year in office.

American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from 1961 until his assassination near the end of his third year in office.

Oval Office portrait, 1963
Kennedy's birthplace in Brookline, Massachusetts
Kennedy in a football uniform at Dexter School (Massachusetts), 1926
The Kennedy family in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, with JFK at top left in the white shirt, 1931
Lieutenant (junior grade) Kennedy (standing at right) with his PT-109 crew, 1943
Kennedy on his navy patrol boat, the PT-109, 1943
Kennedy endorsing Adlai Stevenson II for the presidential nomination at the 1956 Democratic National Convention in Chicago
Results of the 1958 U.S. Senate election in Massachusetts. Kennedy's margin of victory of 874,608 votes was the largest in Massachusetts political history.
1960 campaign poster
Kennedy and Richard Nixon participate in the nation's second televised presidential debate, Washington, D.C., 1960
Chief Justice Earl Warren administers the presidential oath of office to John F. Kennedy at the Capitol, January 20, 1961.
Kennedy with retired president Dwight D. Eisenhower at Camp David
Foreign trips of John F. Kennedy during his presidency
Kennedy and Vice President Johnson walking on the White House grounds
Kennedy confers with Attorney General Robert Kennedy, October 1962
Kennedy signs the Proclamation for Interdiction of the Delivery of Offensive Weapons to Cuba in the Oval Office, October 23, 1962
News conference, March 23, 1961
Kennedy and Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, 1962
Kennedy delivers the commencement speech at American University, June 10, 1963
Kennedy delivering his speech in West Berlin
Kennedy with Israeli Foreign Minister Golda Meir, December 27, 1962
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran, Kennedy, and U.S. Defense Secretary Robert McNamara in the White House Cabinet Room on April 13, 1962
Kennedy's motorcade through Cork, Ireland on June 28, 1963
Kennedy signs the Partial Test Ban Treaty, a major milestone in early nuclear disarmament
Kennedy signing the Manpower Development and Training Act, March 1962
Thurgood Marshall, appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit by Kennedy in May 1961
Kennedy with Boston Mayor John F. Collins (1960–1968) and his wife. On November 20, 1962, Kennedy issued Executive Order 11063 requiring all federal agencies to prevent racial discrimination in federally-funded subsidized housing in the United States.
Kennedy's Report to the American People on Civil Rights, June 11, 1963
Kennedy meetings with leaders of the March on Washington in the Oval Office, August 28, 1963
Accompanied by astronaut John Glenn, Kennedy inspects the Project Mercury capsule Friendship 7, February 23, 1962
Wernher von Braun and Kennedy
Kennedy proposing a program to Congress that will land men on the Moon, May 1961. Johnson and Sam Rayburn are seated behind him.
John F. Kennedy, and members of his Cabinet
The Kennedys and the Connallys in the presidential limousine moments before the assassination in Dallas
President Kennedy's family leaving his funeral at the U.S. Capitol Building
The Kennedy brothers: Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, Senator Ted Kennedy, and President John F. Kennedy in 1963
The First Family in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, 1962
Kennedy and Jackie leaving the hospital following his spinal surgery, December 1954
Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, Marilyn Monroe, and John Kennedy talk during the president's May 19, 1962, early birthday party, where Monroe publicly serenaded Kennedy with "Happy Birthday, Mr. President"
The Kennedy half dollar was first issued in 1964
John F. Kennedy statue outside the Massachusetts State House in Boston
The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, in Boston
Official White House portrait of John F. Kennedy, by Aaron Shikler
President's and his wife's graves at John F. Kennedy Eternal Flame memorial, Arlington National Cemetery

The FBI and the Warren Commission both concluded Oswald had acted alone.

Official campaign portrait, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt

American politician and attorney who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.

American politician and attorney who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.

Official campaign portrait, 1944
Eleanor and Franklin with their first two children, 1908
Roosevelt in 1944
Roosevelt supported Governor Woodrow Wilson in the 1912 presidential election.
Theodore Roosevelt was Franklin Roosevelt's distant cousin and an important influence on his career.
Roosevelt as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, 1913
Cox and Roosevelt in Ohio, 1920
Rare photograph of Roosevelt in a wheelchair, with Fala and Ruthie Bie, the daughter of caretakers at his Hyde Park estate. Photo taken by his cousin Margaret Suckley (February 1941).
Gov. Roosevelt with his predecessor Al Smith, 1930
Results of the 1930 gubernatorial election in New York
Roosevelt in the early 1930s
1932 electoral vote results
Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act into law, August 14, 1935
1936 re-election handbill for Roosevelt promoting his economic policy
1936 electoral vote results
Roosevelt with Brazilian President Getúlio Vargas and other dignitaries in Brazil, 1936
The Roosevelts with King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, sailing from Washington, D.C., to Mount Vernon, Virginia, on the USS Potomac during the first U.S. visit of a reigning British monarch (June 9, 1939)
Foreign trips of Roosevelt during his presidency
1940 electoral vote results
Roosevelt and Winston Churchill aboard HMS Prince of Wales for 1941 Atlantic Charter meeting
Territory controlled by the Allies (blue and red) and the Axis Powers (black) in June 1942
The Allies (blue and red) and the Axis Powers (black) in December 1944
1944 electoral vote results
Official portrait of President Roosevelt by Frank O. Salisbury, c. 1947
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When the economy began to deteriorate again in mid-1937, during the onset of the recession of 1937–1938, Roosevelt launched a rhetorical campaign against big business and monopoly power in the United States, alleging that the recession was the result of a capital strike and even ordering the Federal Bureau of Investigation to look for a criminal conspiracy (of which they found none).

Depiction of Ku Klux Klan in North Carolina in 1870, based on a photograph taken under the supervision of a federal officer who seized Klan costumes

Ku Klux Klan

American white supremacist terrorist and hate group whose primary targets are African Americans, Jews, Latinos, Asian Americans, Catholics, Native Americans as well as immigrants, leftists, homosexuals, Muslims, and atheists.

American white supremacist terrorist and hate group whose primary targets are African Americans, Jews, Latinos, Asian Americans, Catholics, Native Americans as well as immigrants, leftists, homosexuals, Muslims, and atheists.

Depiction of Ku Klux Klan in North Carolina in 1870, based on a photograph taken under the supervision of a federal officer who seized Klan costumes
KKK rally near Chicago in the 1920s
The "Ku Klux Number" of Judge, August 16, 1924
A cartoon threatening that the KKK will lynch scalawags (left) and carpetbaggers (right) on March 4, 1869, the day President Grant takes office. Tuscaloosa, Alabama, Independent Monitor, September 1, 1868. A full-scale scholarly history analyzes the cartoonː Guy W. Hubbs, Searching for Freedom after the Civil War: Klansman, Carpetbagger, Scalawag, and Freedman (2015).
This Frank Bellew cartoon links the Democratic Party with secession and the Confederate cause.
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Three Ku Klux Klan members arrested in Tishomingo County, Mississippi, September 1871, for the attempted murder of an entire family
George W. Ashburn was assassinated for his pro-black sentiments.
Garb and weapons of the Ku Klux Klan in Southern Illinois, as posed for Joseph A. Dacus of the Missouri Republican, in August 1875
Benjamin Franklin Butler wrote the Civil Rights Act of 1871.
Gov. William Holden of North Carolina
Frontispiece to the first edition of Dixon's The Clansman, by Arthur I. Keller
"The Fiery Cross of old Scotland's hills!" Illustration from the first edition of The Clansman, by Arthur I. Keller. Note figures in background.
Movie poster for The Birth of a Nation, which has been widely credited with inspiring the 20th-century revival of the Ku Klux Klan.
Three Ku Klux Klan members at a 1922 parade
In this 1926 cartoon, the Ku Klux Klan chases the Catholic Church, personified by St. Patrick, from the shores of America. Among the "snakes" are various supposed negative attributes of the Church, including superstition, the union of church and state, control of public schools, and intolerance.
"The End" Referring to the end of Catholic influence in the US. Klansmen: Guardians of Liberty 1926
Cross burning was introduced by William J. Simmons, the founder of the second Klan in 1915.
Sheet music to "We Are All Loyal Klansmen", 1923
Two children wearing Ku Klux Klan robes and hoods stand on either side of Samuel Green, a Ku Klux Klan Grand Dragon, at Stone Mountain, Georgia, on July 24, 1948.
D. C. Stephenson, Grand Dragon of the Indiana Klan. His conviction in 1925 for the murder of Madge Oberholtzer, a white schoolteacher, led to the decline of the Indiana Klan.
Ku Klux Klan members march down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C., in 1928
Ku Klux Klan parade in Washington, D.C., September 13, 1926
Goodman, Chaney, and Schwerner were three civil rights workers abducted and murdered by members of the Ku Klux Klan.
Violence at a Klan march in Mobile, Alabama, 1977
Blood Drop Cross
Triangular Klan symbol
Cross burning in Lumberton, North Carolina (1958)

In April 1997, FBI agents arrested four members of the True Knights of the Ku Klux Klan in Dallas for conspiracy to commit robbery and for conspiring to blow up a natural gas processing plant.

John Dillinger

American gangster during the Great Depression.

American gangster during the Great Depression.

Display of newspaper clippings of the capture of John Dillinger and his gang in the old lobby of the Congress Hotel.
The John Dillinger House in Tucson, Arizona
The crowd at Chicago's Biograph Theater on July 22, 1934, shortly after Dillinger was killed there by FBI agents.
FBI photograph of the Biograph Theater taken July 28, 1934, six days after the shooting, the only night Murder in Trinidad played
A Dillinger death mask made from an original mold, one of four made. A second is on display at the Alcatraz East museum in Pigeon Forge, TN. Note the bullet exit mark below the right eye.
Grave at Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Indiana – at least the fourth marker to be replaced since 1934, due to souvenir seekers chipping away at them.
Homer Van Meter
John Hamilton
Charles Makley
Eddie Green
Lester Joseph Gillis ("Baby Face Nelson")

In response, J. Edgar Hoover, director of the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), used Dillinger as a campaign platform to evolve the BOI into the Federal Bureau of Investigation, developing more sophisticated investigative techniques as weapons against organized crime.

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

African-American civil rights organization based in Atlanta, Georgia.

African-American civil rights organization based in Atlanta, Georgia.

Martin Luther King Jr. at the March on Washington

In August 1967, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) instructed its program "COINTELPRO" to "neutralize" what the FBI called "black nationalist hate groups" and other dissident groups.