Federal Emergency Management Agency

FEMAFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)ChairmanDeputy Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management AgencyFederalFederal Disaster Assistance AdministrationFederal Emergency AgencyFederal Emergency Management AdministrationFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)lFederal Emergency Management Agency’s
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security, initially created by Presidential Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978 and implemented by two Executive Orders on April 1, 1979.wikipedia
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Oklahoma City bombing

bombingOklahoma City bomber1995 Oklahoma City bombing
The only exception to the state's gubernatorial declaration requirement occurs when an emergency or disaster takes place on federal property or to a federal asset—for example, the 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, or the Space Shuttle Columbia in the 2003 return-flight disaster.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) activated 11 of its Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces, consisting of 665 rescue workers who assisted in rescue and recovery operations.

United States Fire Administration

National Fire Prevention and Control AdministrationU.S. Fire AdministrationUS Fire Administration
FEMA absorbed the Federal Insurance Administration, the National Fire Prevention and Control Administration, the National Weather Service Community Preparedness Program, the Federal Preparedness Agency of the General Services Administration and the Federal Disaster Assistance Administration activities from HUD.
The United States Fire Administration (USFA) is a division of the Federal Emergency Management Agency which in turn is managed by the Department of Homeland Security located in unincorporated Frederick County, Maryland, near Emmitsburg.

Emergency management

disaster reliefdisaster managementdisaster preparedness
Federal emergency management in the U.S. has existed in one form or another for over 200 years.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) advises those who desire to assist go through organized volunteer organizations and not to self-deploy to affected locations.

James Lee Witt

In 1993, President Bill Clinton appointed James Lee Witt as FEMA Director.
James Lee Witt (born January 6, 1944) is a former director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), during the tenure of U.S. President Bill Clinton and is often credited with raising the agency's level of professionalism and ability to respond to disasters.

Michael D. Brown

Michael BrownMike BrownBrown
President Bush appointed Michael D. Brown as FEMA's director in January 2003.
This position is generally referred to as the director or administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

General Services Administration

GSAU.S. General Services AdministrationAdministrator of General Services
Then, the new Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization, managed by the EOP; after that, the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization, which renamed the former agency; then, the Office of Civil Defense, under the Department of Defense (DoD); the Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW); the Department of Agriculture; the Office of Emergency Planning (OEmP); the Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (replacing the OCD in the DoD); the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the General Services Administration (GSA) (upon termination of the OEmP).
GSA was initially responsible for emergency preparedness and stockpiling strategic materials to be used in wartime until these functions were transferred to the newly-created Federal Emergency Management Agency in 1979.

Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act

Stafford ActRobert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Actfederal emergency/major disaster designation
After FEMA's creation through reorganization and executive orders, Congress continued to expand FEMA's authority by assigning responsibilities to it. Those responsibilities include dam safety under the National Dam Safety Program Act; disaster assistance under the Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act; earthquake hazards reduction under the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977 and further expanded by Executive Order 12699, regarding safety requirements for federal buildings and Executive Order 12941, concerning the need for cost estimates to seismically retrofit federal buildings; emergency food and shelter under the Stewart B.
It created the system in place today by which a presidential disaster declaration or an emergency declaration triggers financial and physical assistance through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

Hurricane Katrina

KatrinaHurricanes Katrinahurricane
Hurricane Katrina in 2005 demonstrated that the vision of further unification of functions and another reorganization could not address the problems FEMA had previously faced.
There were also widespread criticisms and investigations of the emergency responses from federal, state and local governments, which resulted in the resignations of Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) director Michael D. Brown and New Orleans Police Department (NOPD) Superintendent Eddie Compass.

United States federal government continuity of operations

continuity of operationsCOOPfederal government structures and operations
ONSC was responsible for developing, exercising, and validating agency-wide continuity of operations and continuity of government plans as well as overseeing and maintaining continuity readiness including the Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center.
FEMA provides guidance to the private sector for business continuity planning purposes.

Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center

Mount Weathera secret facilityfacility
ONSC was responsible for developing, exercising, and validating agency-wide continuity of operations and continuity of government plans as well as overseeing and maintaining continuity readiness including the Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center.
The Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center is a civilian command facility in the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia, used as the center of operations for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

State of emergency

state of siegenational emergencyemergency powers
The governor of the state in which the disaster occurs must declare a state of emergency and formally request from the president that FEMA and the federal government respond to the disaster.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency maintains a system of assets, personnel and training to respond to such incidents.

Executive Order 12148

In July, Carter signed Executive Order 12148 shifting disaster relief efforts to the new federal-level agency.
Executive Order 12148 was an executive order enacted by President Jimmy Carter on July 20, 1979 to transfer and reassign duties to the newly formed agency, known as the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), created by Executive Order 12127.

Center for Domestic Preparedness

FEMA began administering the Center for Domestic Preparedness in 2007.
In 2007, the CDP became part of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

Civil defense

civil defencecivil protectiondefense
Then, in 1978 an effort was made to consolidate the several singular functions; FEMA was created to house civil defense and disaster preparedness under one roof.
In the United States, the various civil defense agencies were replaced with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in 1979.

United States Secretary of Homeland Security

Secretary of Homeland SecurityHomeland Security SecretaryU.S. Secretary of Homeland Security
The Administrator for Federal Emergency Management reports directly to the Secretary of Homeland Security.
The new department consisted primarily of components transferred from other cabinet departments because of their role in homeland security, such as the Coast Guard, the Federal Protective Service, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (which includes the Border Patrol), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (which includes Homeland Security Investigations), the Secret Service, and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Task Force

Urban Search and Rescue Task ForcesUrban Search & Rescue Task ForcesFEMA Search and Rescue
The Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces perform rescue of victims from structural collapses, confined spaces, and other disasters, for example, mine collapses and earthquakes.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) created the Task Force concept to provide support for large scale disasters in the United States.

Emergency Management Institute

Emergency managers and other interested members of the public can take independent study courses for certification at FEMA's online Emergency Management Institute.
The Emergency Management Institute (EMI) of the United States Federal Emergency Management Agency serves as the national focal point for the development and delivery of emergency management training to enhance the capabilities of state, territorial, local, and tribal government officials; volunteer organizations; FEMA's disaster workforce; other Federal agencies; and the public and private sectors to minimize the impact of disasters and emergencies on the American public.

United States Army Corps of Engineers

Army Corps of EngineersCorps of EngineersU.S. Army Corps of Engineers
The Flood Control Act of 1944 also gave the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers authority over flood control and irrigation projects and thus played a major role in disaster recovery from flooding.
USACE supports the United States' Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) through its security planning, force protection, research and development, disaster preparedness efforts, and quick response to emergencies and disasters.

Office of Civil Defense

Defense Civil Preparedness AgencyOffice of Civil Defense and Mobilization
Then, the new Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization, managed by the EOP; after that, the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization, which renamed the former agency; then, the Office of Civil Defense, under the Department of Defense (DoD); the Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW); the Department of Agriculture; the Office of Emergency Planning (OEmP); the Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (replacing the OCD in the DoD); the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the General Services Administration (GSA) (upon termination of the OEmP).
Its duties were given to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

Frederick Community College

Frederick
EMI maintains a strategic partnerships with Frederick Community College.
FCC is the only college in the country contracted with FEMA's Emergency Management Institute to provide college credit for the Independent Study Program (ISP).

Flood

floodingfloodsflood control
The agency has major analysis programs for floods, hurricanes and tropical storms, dams, and earthquakes.
According to the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), almost 40 percent of small businesses never reopen their doors following a flooding disaster.

CRP-2B

Crisis Relocation Programcrisis relocation programs
FEMA also prepared plans for evacuating major U.S. cities in response to a nuclear war, dubbed CRP-2B.
CRP-2B (Crisis Relocation Program 2B) is a hypothetical scenario of nuclear war between the United States and the Soviet Union that was created in 1976 by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

National Flood Insurance Program

NFIP2012 Biggert-Waters Actfederal flood insurance program
FEMA manages the National Flood Insurance Program.
The Mitigation Division within the Federal Emergency Management Agency manages the NFIP and oversees the floodplain management and mapping components of the Program.

FEMA trailer

trailersFEMA-provided trailerstrailer parks set up by FEMA
There were many Katrina evacuees living in temporary shelters or trailer parks set up by FEMA and other relief organizations in the first months after the disaster hit, but much more were still unable to find housing.
or FEMA travel trailer, is the name commonly given by the United States Government to forms of temporary manufactured housing assigned to the victims of natural disaster by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

United States Department of Homeland Security

Department of Homeland SecurityHomeland SecurityU.S. Department of Homeland Security
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security, initially created by Presidential Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978 and implemented by two Executive Orders on April 1, 1979.
Federal Emergency Management Agency: agency that oversees the federal government's response to natural disasters like earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, forest fires.