Federal government of the United States

Coat of arms
Political system of the United States
Seal of the U.S. Congress
The 435 seats of the House grouped by state
The United States Capitol is the seat of government for Congress.
Seal of the president of the United States
Uncle Sam, a common personification of the United States Federal Government
Seal of the vice president of the United States
Seal of the U.S. Supreme Court
Federal Revenue and Spending
Diagram of the Federal Government and American Union, 1862
The states of the United States as divided into counties (or, in Louisiana and Alaska, parishes and boroughs, respectively). Alaska and Hawaii are not to scale and the Aleutian and uninhabited Northwestern Hawaiian Islands have been omitted.

National government of the United States, a federal republic in North America, composed of 50 states, a city within a federal district (the city of Washington in the District of Columbia, where the entire federal government is based), five major self-governing territories and several island possessions.

- Federal government of the United States

500 related topics


National Park Service

In 1916, a portfolio of nine major parks was published to generate interest. Printed on each brochure was a map showing the parks and principal railroad connections.
In 1934, a series of ten postage stamps were issued to commemorate the reorganization and expansion of the National Park Service.
NPS Preliminary Survey party, Great Smoky Mountains, 1931
Grand Canyon National Park, south rim of canyon.
Customs House at the Salem Maritime National Historic Site in Salem, Massachusetts
Winter at the Gettysburg Battlefield
NPS Operations of the National Parks budget from FY 2001-FY 2006
Depicts twelve figures, most in NPS uniforms, shown in occupations from left to right: a lifeguard, a Civil War reenactor, fire management, mounted patrol, researcher and/or natural resources with fish, a female ranger with two visitors, a laborer, a climber/rescuer, and a youth with a male ranger.
Stephen Mather (center) and his staff, 1927 or 1928
Jon Jarvis, former NPS Director
National Park Service employment levels. Executives: abt 27; Gen Sch: 16–17,000; Others: 6–7,000
Historic Preservation Training Center
Photograph of El Santuario Del Señor Esquipula, Chimayo, New Mexico
LaSalle Street Bridge, Chicago, Illinois
"The national parks preserve all life", poster for National Park Service, 1940

The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government headquartered at the Main Interior Building in Washington, D.C. that manages all national parks, most national monuments, and other natural, historical, and recreational properties with various title designations.

State governments of the United States

State debt to GDP (2017)

State governments of the United States are institutional units exercising functions of government at a level below that of the federal government.

United States federal executive departments

Coat of arms

The United States federal executive departments are the principal units of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States.

American Civil War

Clockwise from top: Battle of Gettysburg

Union Captain John Tidball's artillery

Confederate prisoners

ironclad USS Atlanta (1861)

Ruins of Richmond, Virginia

Battle of Franklin
Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe, aroused public opinion about the evils of slavery. According to legend, when Lincoln was introduced to her at the White House, his first words were, "So this is the little lady who started this Great War."
Frederick Douglass, a former slave, was a leading abolitionist
Marais des Cygnes massacre of anti-slavery Kansans, May 19, 1858
Mathew Brady, Portrait of Abraham Lincoln, 1860
The first published imprint of secession, a broadside issued by the Charleston Mercury, December 20, 1860
Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America (1861–1865)
Bombardment of the Fort by the Confederates
Rioters attacking a building during the New York anti-draft riots of 1863
Clashes on the rivers were melees of ironclads, cottonclads, gunboats and rams, complicated by naval mines and fire rafts.
Battle between the USS Monitor and USS Merrimack (1855)
General Scott's "Anaconda Plan" 1861. Tightening naval blockade, forcing rebels out of Missouri along the Mississippi River, Kentucky Unionists sit on the fence, idled cotton industry illustrated in Georgia.
Gunline of nine Union ironclads. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron off Charleston. Continuous blockade of all major ports was sustained by North's overwhelming war production.
A December 1861 cartoon in Punch magazine in London ridicules American aggressiveness in the Trent Affair. John Bull, at right, warns Uncle Sam, "You do what's right, my son, or I'll blow you out of the water."
County map of Civil War battles by theater and year
Robert E. Lee
"Stonewall" Jackson got his nickname at Bull Run.
George B. McClellan
The Battle of Antietam, the Civil War's deadliest one-day fight.
Confederate dead overrun at Marye's Heights, reoccupied next day May 4, 1863
Pickett's Charge
Ulysses S. Grant
Albert Sidney Johnston died at Shiloh
By 1863, the Union controlled large portions of the Western Theater, especially areas surrounding the Mississippi River
The Battle of Chickamauga, the highest two-day losses
Nathaniel Lyon secured St. Louis docks and arsenal, led Union forces to expel Missouri Confederate forces and government.
New Orleans captured
William Tecumseh Sherman
These dead soldiers—from Ewell's May 1864 attack at Spotsylvania—delayed Grant's advance on Richmond in the Overland Campaign.
Philip Sheridan
Map of Confederate territory losses year by year
Burying Union dead on the Antietam battlefield, 1862
Through the supervision of the Freedmen's Bureau, northern teachers traveled into the South to provide education and training for the newly freed population.
Beginning in 1961 the U.S. Post Office released commemorative stamps for five famous battles, each issued on the 100th anniversary of the respective battle.
The Battle of Fort Sumter, as depicted by Currier and Ives.

The American Civil War (April 12, 1861 – May 9, 1865; also known by other names) was a civil war in the United States between the Union (states that remained loyal to the federal union, or "the North") and the Confederacy (states that voted to secede, or "the South").

States' rights

In American political discourse, states' rights are political powers held for the state governments rather than the federal government according to the United States Constitution, reflecting especially the enumerated powers of Congress and the Tenth Amendment.

Federalism in the United States


Federalism in the United States is the constitutional division of power between U.S. state governments and the federal government of the United States.

United States

Country primarily located in North America.

Cliff Palace in Colorado, built by the Native American Puebloans between AD 1190 and 1260
The original Thirteen Colonies (shown in red) in 1775
Declaration of Independence, a painting by John Trumbull, depicts the Committee of Five presenting the draft of the Declaration to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia, July 4, 1776.
Territorial acquisitions of the United States between 1783 and 1917
The Battle of Gettysburg, fought between Union and Confederate forces on July 1–3, 1863 around Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, was the deadliest of all Civil War battles. With more than 51,000 casualties, it marked a turning point in the Union's ultimate victory in the war.
U.S. Marines raising the American flag on Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima in one of the most iconic images of World War II
Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his famous "I Have a Dream" speech at the Lincoln Memorial during the March on Washington, August 1963.
U.S. president Ronald Reagan (left) and Soviet general secretary Mikhail Gorbachev at the Geneva Summit, February 1985
The World Trade Center in New York City burning from the September 11 terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda in 2001
Topographic map of the United States.
A map showing climate regions in the United States
The bald eagle has been the national bird of the United States since 1782.
Map of the United States showing the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the five major U.S. territories
The headquarters of the United Nations, of which the U.S. is a founding member, has been situated in Midtown Manhattan since 1952.
U.S. Government spending and revenue from 1792 to 2018
The Pentagon, located in Arlington, Virginia across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., is home to the U.S. Department of Defense.
Total incarceration in the United States by year (1920–2014)
A proportional representation of United States exports, 2019
Buzz Aldrin on the Moon, July 1969
Wealth inequality in the U.S. increased between 1989 and 2013.
The Interstate Highway System in the contiguous United States, which extends 46876 mi
Most prominent religion by state according to a 2014 Pew Research study
Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami, the primary teaching hospital of the University of Miami's Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine and the largest hospital in the United States with 1,547 beds
The University of Virginia, founded by Thomas Jefferson, is one of the many public colleges and universities in the United States. Some 80% of U.S. college students attend these types of institutions.
The Statue of Liberty, a gift from France, has become an iconic symbol of the American Dream.
Mark Twain, American author and humorist
Roast turkey, a traditional menu item of an American Thanksgiving dinner, November 2021
Grammy Museum at L.A. Live in Los Angeles, April 2009
The Hollywood Sign in Los Angeles, California, September 2015
The headquarters of the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) at Rockefeller Plaza in New York City
"the united states of America", April 6, 1776
The Empire State Building was the tallest building in the world when completed in 1931, during the Great Depression.
Rock formations in the Grand Canyon, northern Arizona
The bald eagle has been the national bird of the United States since 1782.
The amount of US debt, measured as a percentage of GDP from 1790 to 2018
The nuclear-powered aircraft carrier USS George Washington (CVN 73)
The New York City Police Department is the nation's largest municipal law enforcement agency.
The New York Stock Exchange on Wall Street in New York City
Percentage of respondents in the United States saying that religion is "very important" or "somewhat important" in their lives (2014)
The Texas Medical Center in downtown Houston is the largest medical complex in the world.

The United States is a federal republic with three separate branches of government, including a bicameral legislature.

Territories of the United States

The American Samoa Fono
Building where the Supreme Court of Guam is located
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Protestant Cay in Christiansted, U.S. Virgin Islands
Tumon Beach in Guam
Mount Tapochau in the Northern Mariana Islands
Ofu Beach on Ofu Island in American Samoa
Wake Island lagoon
Red-footed booby at Palmyra Atoll
Navy memorial and albatross monument with Laysan albatross chicks at Midway Atoll
The United States from 1868 to 1876, including nine organized and two unorganized (at the time) territories
View of El Yunque National Forest in Puerto Rico
Hand-drawn map, 2018
alt=Official photo, with American flag|Amata Coleman Radewagen (R), (American Samoa)
alt=Official photo|Michael San Nicolas (D), (Guam)
alt=Official photo|Gregorio Sablan (D), (Northern Mariana Islands)
alt=Official photo|Jenniffer González (R), (Puerto Rico)
alt=Official photo|Stacey Plaskett (D), (U.S. Virgin Islands)
alt=Lemanu Peleti Mauga|Lemanu Peleti Mauga (NP-D), (American Samoa)
alt=Lou Leon Guerrero|Lou Leon Guerrero (D), (Guam)
alt=A smiling Ralph Torres|Ralph Torres (R), (Northern Mariana Islands)
alt=Pedro Pierluisi|Pedro Pierluisi (PNP-D), (Puerto Rico)
alt=Albert Bryan|Albert Bryan (D), (U.S. Virgin Islands)
Tutuila and Aunu'u (American Samoa)
Saipan (Northern Mariana Islands)
Puerto Rico
U.S. Virgin Islands
alt=Satellite photo|Baker Island
alt=Satellite photo|Howland Island
alt=Satellite photo|Jarvis Island
alt=Satellite photo|Johnston Atoll
alt=Satellite photo|Kingman Reef
alt=Satellite photo|Midway Atoll
alt=Satellite photo|Navassa Island
alt=Satellite photo|Palmyra Atoll
alt=Satellite photo|Wake Island
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
U.S. Virgin Islands
U.S. exclusive economic zone

Territories of the United States are sub-national administrative divisions overseen by the U.S. federal government.

Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico

Non-voting member of the United States House of Representatives elected by the voters of the U.S. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico every four years, the only member of the House of Representatives who serves a four-year term.

American Resident Commissioner always refers to a representative of a territory to the national government.

Library of Congress

Research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.

Main reading room
Thomas Jefferson Building being constructed from 1888 to 1894
Library of Congress in the Capitol Building in 1853
Library of Congress in the Capitol Building in the 1890s
Library of Congress in its new building in 1902, since renamed for Thomas Jefferson
Gutenberg Bible on display at the Library of Congress
What is now the library's Adams Building opened in 1939
Adams Building – South Reading Room, with murals by Ezra Winter
James Madison Memorial Building opened in 1980
Erotica, mural painting by George Randolph Barse in the library's main building
Minerva of Peace, mosaic by Elihu Vedder in the library's main building
Thomas Jefferson Building the library's main building
The Great Hall interior
Ceiling of the Great Hall
Thomas Jefferson Building and part of the Adams Building (upper-right) next to the Supreme Court Building (upper-left) on Capitol Hill
Adams Building
Madison Building
Packard Campus

It is the oldest federal cultural institution in the country.