Federated state

statefederal statestatesfederal statesfederated statesconstituent countryconstituent republicsconstituent republicstatehoodsubstate
A federated state (which may also be referred to as a state, a province, a region, a canton, a country) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.wikipedia
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Federation

federalfederal governmentfederal state
A federated state (which may also be referred to as a state, a province, a region, a canton, a country) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.
A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, states, or other regions under a central federal government (federalism).

Federal territory

national territorynational territoriesfederal territories
The "federated units" in the table below have inherent governmental authority in the federation's constitutional system, while the "other units" are delegated authority by the federal government or are administered directly by it (see federal district and federal territory).
A federal territory is an area that is part of a federation but not part of any federated state.

States of Austria

statestatesBundesland
Even though English "land" is a cognate, the term (Bundes)land is commonly rendered as "state" or "province" by tradition in English writing.

States of Brazil

stateBrazilian statestates
The Federal District cannot be divided into municipalities, according to the Brazilian Constitution, the Federal District assumes the same constitutional and legal powers, attributions and obligations of the states and municipalities, instead, it is divided by administrative regions.

Dependent territory

dependent territoriesdependencydependencies
In some cases, a federation is created from a union of political entities, which are either independent, or dependent territories of another sovereign entity (most commonly a colonial power).
Although all territories of Australia are considered to be fully integrated in its federative system, and the official status of an external territory does not differ largely from that of a mainland territory (except in regards to immigration law), debate remains as to whether the external territories are integral parts of Australia, due to their not being part of Australia in 1901, when its constituent states federated (with the exception of Coral Sea Islands which was part of Queensland).

States and union territories of India

StateIndian statestates
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.

Municipalities of Brazil

municipalitymunicipalitiesmunicípio
The Federal District cannot be divided into municipalities, according to the Brazilian Constitution, the Federal District assumes the same constitutional and legal powers, attributions and obligations of the states and municipalities, instead, it is divided by administrative regions.

Canton (country subdivision)

cantoncantonscanton seat
A federated state (which may also be referred to as a state, a province, a region, a canton, a country) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.
Cantons of Switzerland: each a semi-sovereign state within Switzerland

States and federal territories of Malaysia

StateMalaysian statestates
Malaysia is a federation comprising 13 states (Negeri) and three federal territories (Wilayah Persekutuan).

Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
Germany was declared a federal republic at the beginning of the German Revolution in November 1918, with 18 substates in 1925.

Brazil

🇧🇷BRABrazilian
Brazil is a federation composed of 26 states, one federal district, and the 5570 municipalities.

Sovereign state

statestatessovereign states
Such states differ from fully sovereign states, in that they do not have full sovereign powers, as the sovereign powers have been divided between the federated states and the central or federal government.
Federated state

Oblasts of Russia

Oblastoblasts46 oblasts
Oblasts are a constituent political entity in a federal union under the Government of Russia with representation in the Federation Council, and serve as a first-level administrative division.

Federal district

DistrictDistrito CentralDistrito Federal
The "federated units" in the table below have inherent governmental authority in the federation's constitutional system, while the "other units" are delegated authority by the federal government or are administered directly by it (see federal district and federal territory).
Federated state

Cantons of Switzerland

cantoncantonscantonal
The 26 cantons of Switzerland (Kanton, canton, cantone, chantun) are the member states of the Swiss Confederation.

List of autonomous areas by country

territorial autonomyautonomousautonomous areas
List of autonomous areas by country
The autonomous areas differ from federal units and independent states in the sense that they, in relation to the majority of other sub-national territories in the same country, enjoy a special status including some legislative powers, within the state (for a detailed list of federated units, see Federated state).

Switzerland

Swiss🇨🇭SWI
The cantons are federated states, have a permanent constitutional status and, in comparison with the situation in other countries, a high degree of independence.