Felidae

wild catfelidfelinecatfelinescatsfelidscat familywildcatwild cats
Felidae is a family of mammals in the order Carnivora, colloquially referred to as cats, and constitutes a clade.wikipedia
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Cat

domestic catcatsFelis catus
The term "cat" refers both to felids in general and specifically to the domestic cat (Felis catus).
It is the only domesticated species in the family Felidae and often referred to as the domestic cat to distinguish it from wild members of the family.

Carnivora

carnivorescarnivorancarnivorans
Felidae is a family of mammals in the order Carnivora, colloquially referred to as cats, and constitutes a clade.
Some carnivorans, such as cats and pinnipeds, depend entirely on meat for their nutrition.

Pantherinae

pantherinepantherinesPanther
Reginald Innes Pocock divided the extant Felidae into three subfamilies: the Pantherinae, the Felinae and the Acinonychinae, differing from each other by the ossification of the hyoid apparatus and by the cutaneous sheaths which protect their claws.
Pantherinae is a subfamily within the family Felidae, which was named and first described by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1917.

Felinae

felinefelinessmall wild cat
Reginald Innes Pocock divided the extant Felidae into three subfamilies: the Pantherinae, the Felinae and the Acinonychinae, differing from each other by the ossification of the hyoid apparatus and by the cutaneous sheaths which protect their claws.
The Felinae is a subfamily of the family Felidae.

Panthera

pantherPanthersbig cat
Pantherinae includes five Panthera and two Neofelis species, while Felinae includes the other 34 species in ten genera.
Panthera is a genus within the family Felidae that was named and described by Lorenz Oken in 1816 who placed all the spotted cats in this group.

Neofelis

clouded leopards
Pantherinae includes five Panthera and two Neofelis species, while Felinae includes the other 34 species in ten genera.
Neofelis is a genus comprising two extant cat species from Southeast Asia: the clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) of mainland Asia, and the Sunda clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi) of Sumatra and Borneo.

Pseudaelurus

The first cats emerged during the Oligocene about 25 million years ago, with the appearance of Proailurus and Pseudaelurus.
Pseudaelurus is a prehistoric cat that lived in Europe, Asia and North America in the Miocene between approximately twenty and eight million years ago.

Smilodon

Smilodon fatalissaber-toothed tigerSmilodon populator
The latter species complex was ancestral to two main lines of felids: the cats in the extant subfamilies and a group of extinct cats of the subfamily Machairodontinae, which include the saber-toothed cats such as the Smilodon.
Smilodon is a genus of the extinct machairodont subfamily of the felids.

Machairodontinae

machairodontmachairodontinesaber-toothed cats
The latter species complex was ancestral to two main lines of felids: the cats in the extant subfamilies and a group of extinct cats of the subfamily Machairodontinae, which include the saber-toothed cats such as the Smilodon.
Machairodontinae is an extinct subfamily of carnivoran mammals of the family Felidae (true cats).

Genus

generageneric namegeneric
Pantherinae includes five Panthera and two Neofelis species, while Felinae includes the other 34 species in ten genera.
Panthera is a genus within the family Felidae.

Feliformia

feliformfeliformsFeloidea
Together with the Felidae, Viverridae, hyaenas and mongooses, they constitute the Feliformia.
Feliformia (also Feloidea) is a suborder within the order Carnivora consisting of "cat-like" carnivorans, including cats (large and small), hyenas, mongooses, civets, and related taxa.

Jaguarundi

Puma yagouaroundiHerpailurusjaguarandi
The jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi) or eyra is a small wild cat native to southern North America and South America.

Asian golden cat

Asiatic golden catgolden catCatopuma temminckii
The Asian golden cat (Catopuma temminckii) is a medium-sized wild cat native to the northeastern Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.

Caracal

Caracal caracalCaracalsArabian caracal
The caracal (Caracal caracal) is a medium-sized wild cat native to Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, and India.

Cougar

mountain lionpumamountain lions
The cougar (Puma concolor) is a large felid of the subfamily Felinae.

Snow leopard

snow leopardsPanthera unciaUncia uncia
The snow leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as the ounce, is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia.

Mongoose

HerpestidaemongoosesHerpestinae
Together with the Felidae, Viverridae, hyaenas and mongooses, they constitute the Feliformia.
Herpestidae is placed within the suborder Feliformia, together with the Felidae, Hyaenidae, and Viverridae families.

Saber-toothed cat

sabre-toothed catsaber-toothed catssabre-tooth cat
The latter species complex was ancestral to two main lines of felids: the cats in the extant subfamilies and a group of extinct cats of the subfamily Machairodontinae, which include the saber-toothed cats such as the Smilodon.
fatalis'', are popularly, but incorrectly referred as a "saber-toothed tiger," a genus within the subfamily Machairodontinae of the carnivoran family Felidae.

Claw

talonsclawstalon
Cats have retractile claws, slender muscular bodies and strong flexible forelimbs.
Many predatory mammals have protractile claws that can partially hide inside the animal's paw, especially the cat family, Felidae, almost all of whose members have fully protractible claws.

Margay

Leopardus wiediiFelis wiediiL. wiedii
The margay (Leopardus wiedii) is a small wild cat native to Central and South America.

Nimravidae

nimravidnimravidsfalse saber-toothed cat
The "false sabre-toothed cats", the Barbourofelidae and Nimravidae, are not true cats, but are closely related.
Not considered to belong to the true cats (family Felidae), the nimravids are generally considered closely related and classified as a distinct family in the suborder Feliformia.

Lynx

lynxesCanadian lynxeponymous feline
A lynx (plural lynx or lynxes ) is any of the four species (Canada lynx, Iberian lynx, Eurasian lynx, bobcat) within the medium-sized wild cat genus Lynx.

Viverridae

viverridviverridscivet
Together with the Felidae, Viverridae, hyaenas and mongooses, they constitute the Feliformia.
Viverrids are the most primitive of all the families of feliform Carnivora and clearly less specialized than the Felidae.

Acinonyx

A. aichaA. intermediusA.intermedius
Acinonyx is a genus within the cat family.

Melanism

melanisticmelanichypermelanic
Adaptive melanism has been shown to occur in a variety of animals, including mammals such as squirrels, many felines and canids, and coral snakes.