Fellow of the Royal Society

FRSForMemRSFellows of the Royal SocietyForeign Member of the Royal SocietyF.R.S.FellowFellow of the Royal Society of LondonFellowship of the Royal SocietyFellow of the Royal Society (FRS)Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS)
Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of London judges to have made a 'substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science, and medical science'.wikipedia
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Royal Society

FRSRoyal Society of LondonThe Royal Society
Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of London judges to have made a 'substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science, and medical science'.
As of 2016, there are about 1,600 fellows, allowed to use the postnominal title FRS (Fellow of the Royal Society), with up to 52 new fellows appointed each year.

Michael Faraday

FaradayFaraday, MichaelM. Faraday
Fellowship of the Society, the oldest scientific academy in continuous existence, is a significant honour which has been awarded to many eminent scientists from history including Isaac Newton (1672), Charles Darwin (1839), Michael Faraday (1824), Ernest Rutherford (1903), Srinivasa Ramanujan (1918), Albert Einstein (1921), Winston Churchill (1941), Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1944), Dorothy Hodgkin (1947), Alan Turing (1951) and Francis Crick (1959).
Michael Faraday FRS (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.

Srinivasa Ramanujan

RamanujanSrinivas RamanujanSrinivasa Aaiyangar Ramanujan
Fellowship of the Society, the oldest scientific academy in continuous existence, is a significant honour which has been awarded to many eminent scientists from history including Isaac Newton (1672), Charles Darwin (1839), Michael Faraday (1824), Ernest Rutherford (1903), Srinivasa Ramanujan (1918), Albert Einstein (1921), Winston Churchill (1941), Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1944), Dorothy Hodgkin (1947), Alan Turing (1951) and Francis Crick (1959).
He became one of the youngest Fellows of the Royal Society and only the second Indian member, and the first Indian to be elected a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.

Stephen Hawking

HawkingProfessor Stephen HawkingStephen William Hawking
More recently, fellowship has been awarded to Stephen Hawking (1974), Tim Hunt (1991), Elizabeth Blackburn (1992), Tim Berners-Lee (2001), Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (2003), Atta-ur Rahman (2006), Andre Geim (2007), James Dyson (2015), Ajay Kumar Sood (2015), Subhash Khot (2017), Elon Musk (2018), and in total, including over 280 Nobel Laureates since 1900.
Hawking was a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS), a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, and a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States.

Atta-ur-Rahman (chemist)

Atta ur RahmanAtta-ur-RahmanAtta ur Rahman (scientist)
More recently, fellowship has been awarded to Stephen Hawking (1974), Tim Hunt (1991), Elizabeth Blackburn (1992), Tim Berners-Lee (2001), Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (2003), Atta-ur Rahman (2006), Andre Geim (2007), James Dyson (2015), Ajay Kumar Sood (2015), Subhash Khot (2017), Elon Musk (2018), and in total, including over 280 Nobel Laureates since 1900.
Atta-ur-Rahman (undefined; born 22 September 1942), FRS, FPAS, is a Pakistani scientist specialising in organic chemistry who served as the chairman of the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan between October 2002 until September 2008 and the Minister for Science and Technology between March 2000 and September 2002.

Subhash Khot

Khot, Subhash
More recently, fellowship has been awarded to Stephen Hawking (1974), Tim Hunt (1991), Elizabeth Blackburn (1992), Tim Berners-Lee (2001), Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (2003), Atta-ur Rahman (2006), Andre Geim (2007), James Dyson (2015), Ajay Kumar Sood (2015), Subhash Khot (2017), Elon Musk (2018), and in total, including over 280 Nobel Laureates since 1900.
Subhash Khot FRS (born June 10, 1978 in Ichalkaranji) is an Indian-American mathematician and theoretical computer scientist who is the Julius Silver Professor of Computer Science in the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences at New York University.

Ajay K. Sood

Ajay Kumar SoodDr Ajay K SoodAjay Sood
More recently, fellowship has been awarded to Stephen Hawking (1974), Tim Hunt (1991), Elizabeth Blackburn (1992), Tim Berners-Lee (2001), Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (2003), Atta-ur Rahman (2006), Andre Geim (2007), James Dyson (2015), Ajay Kumar Sood (2015), Subhash Khot (2017), Elon Musk (2018), and in total, including over 280 Nobel Laureates since 1900.
Ajay Kumar Sood FNA, FASc, FNASc, FRS, FTWAS (born 26 June 1951) is an Indian physicist, researcher and holder of 2 US and 5 Indian patents, known for his pioneering research findings on graphene and nanotechnology.

David Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury of Turville

Lord SainsburyDavid SainsburyLord Sainsbury of Turville
Honorary Fellows include Bill Bryson (2013), Melvyn Bragg (2010), Robin Saxby (2015), David Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury of Turville (2008) and Onora O'Neill (2007).
David John Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury of Turville, HonFRS, HonFREng (born 24 October 1940) is an English politician, businessman and philanthropist.

Robin Saxby

Robin Keith Saxby
Honorary Fellows include Bill Bryson (2013), Melvyn Bragg (2010), Robin Saxby (2015), David Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury of Turville (2008) and Onora O'Neill (2007).
Sir Robin Keith Saxby FREng FRS (born 4 February 1947) is an English engineer who was chief executive and then chairman of ARM Holdings, which he built to become a dominant supplier of embedded systems.

Dorothy Hodgkin

Dorothy Crowfoot HodgkinDorothy CrowfootDorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin
Fellowship of the Society, the oldest scientific academy in continuous existence, is a significant honour which has been awarded to many eminent scientists from history including Isaac Newton (1672), Charles Darwin (1839), Michael Faraday (1824), Ernest Rutherford (1903), Srinivasa Ramanujan (1918), Albert Einstein (1921), Winston Churchill (1941), Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1944), Dorothy Hodgkin (1947), Alan Turing (1951) and Francis Crick (1959).
By then she had been married for 12 years, given birth to three children and been elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS).

Royal Fellow of the Royal Society

Royal Fellows of the Royal Society
A Royal Fellow of the Royal Society is a member of the British Royal Family who has been elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.

Charles Darwin

DarwinDarwinianCharles Robert Darwin
Fellowship of the Society, the oldest scientific academy in continuous existence, is a significant honour which has been awarded to many eminent scientists from history including Isaac Newton (1672), Charles Darwin (1839), Michael Faraday (1824), Ernest Rutherford (1903), Srinivasa Ramanujan (1918), Albert Einstein (1921), Winston Churchill (1941), Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1944), Dorothy Hodgkin (1947), Alan Turing (1951) and Francis Crick (1959).
Of his surviving children, George, Francis and Horace became Fellows of the Royal Society, distinguished as astronomer, botanist and civil engineer, respectively.

Fellow

fellowshipSenior Fellowfellows
New Fellows can only be nominated by existing Fellows for one of the fellowships described below:
Fellowships of this type can be awarded as a title of honor in their own right, e.g. the Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS).

Onora O'Neill

Onora O'Neill, Baroness O'Neill of BengarveOnora O’NeillThe Baroness O'Neill of Bengarve
Honorary Fellows include Bill Bryson (2013), Melvyn Bragg (2010), Robin Saxby (2015), David Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury of Turville (2008) and Onora O'Neill (2007).
In 1999, she was created a life peer as Baroness O'Neill of Bengarve, of The Braid in the County of Antrim, and in 2007 was elected an Honorary FRS.

Post-nominal letters

post-nominalpostnominalpost-nominals
Fellows are elected for life on the basis of excellence in science and are entitled to use the post-nominal letters FRS.
Only postnominals indicating honorific fellowships (e.g., FRS, FBA) are normally used socially.

David Attenborough

Sir David AttenboroughDavid Frederick AttenboroughAttenborough
Fellows elected under statute 12 include David Attenborough (1983) and John Palmer, 4th Earl of Selborne (1991).

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

S. ChandrasekharChandrasekhar, SubrahmanyanSubramanyan Chandrasekhar
Fellowship of the Society, the oldest scientific academy in continuous existence, is a significant honour which has been awarded to many eminent scientists from history including Isaac Newton (1672), Charles Darwin (1839), Michael Faraday (1824), Ernest Rutherford (1903), Srinivasa Ramanujan (1918), Albert Einstein (1921), Winston Churchill (1941), Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1944), Dorothy Hodgkin (1947), Alan Turing (1951) and Francis Crick (1959).

Francis Crick

CrickFrancis Harry Compton CrickFrancis H.C. Crick
Fellowship of the Society, the oldest scientific academy in continuous existence, is a significant honour which has been awarded to many eminent scientists from history including Isaac Newton (1672), Charles Darwin (1839), Michael Faraday (1824), Ernest Rutherford (1903), Srinivasa Ramanujan (1918), Albert Einstein (1921), Winston Churchill (1941), Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1944), Dorothy Hodgkin (1947), Alan Turing (1951) and Francis Crick (1959).

Venki Ramakrishnan

Venkatraman RamakrishnanRamakrishnan, VenkatramanDr Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
More recently, fellowship has been awarded to Stephen Hawking (1974), Tim Hunt (1991), Elizabeth Blackburn (1992), Tim Berners-Lee (2001), Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (2003), Atta-ur Rahman (2006), Andre Geim (2007), James Dyson (2015), Ajay Kumar Sood (2015), Subhash Khot (2017), Elon Musk (2018), and in total, including over 280 Nobel Laureates since 1900.
While he prefers not to use titles and post-nominals in reference, Ramakrishnan is entitled to use the title of 'Sir' and post-nominals of 'Kt', FRS and PRS in Commonwealth countries, and the title of 'Padma Vibhushan' in India.

Tim Hunt

R. Timothy HuntTimothy HuntRichard Timothy Hunt
More recently, fellowship has been awarded to Stephen Hawking (1974), Tim Hunt (1991), Elizabeth Blackburn (1992), Tim Berners-Lee (2001), Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (2003), Atta-ur Rahman (2006), Andre Geim (2007), James Dyson (2015), Ajay Kumar Sood (2015), Subhash Khot (2017), Elon Musk (2018), and in total, including over 280 Nobel Laureates since 1900.

James Dyson

Sir James DysonDyson ''Air MultiplierJames Dyson Foundation
More recently, fellowship has been awarded to Stephen Hawking (1974), Tim Hunt (1991), Elizabeth Blackburn (1992), Tim Berners-Lee (2001), Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (2003), Atta-ur Rahman (2006), Andre Geim (2007), James Dyson (2015), Ajay Kumar Sood (2015), Subhash Khot (2017), Elon Musk (2018), and in total, including over 280 Nobel Laureates since 1900.

Elon Musk

ElonElon Reeve MuskMusk
More recently, fellowship has been awarded to Stephen Hawking (1974), Tim Hunt (1991), Elizabeth Blackburn (1992), Tim Berners-Lee (2001), Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (2003), Atta-ur Rahman (2006), Andre Geim (2007), James Dyson (2015), Ajay Kumar Sood (2015), Subhash Khot (2017), Elon Musk (2018), and in total, including over 280 Nobel Laureates since 1900.

David J. Wales

David John Wales (born 1963) FRS FRSC is a professor of Chemical Physics, in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Cambridge.

Patrick Moore

Sir Patrick MoorePatrick Alfred Caldwell MooreDr. Patrick Moore
Others including John Maddox (2000), Patrick Moore (2001) and Lisa Jardine (2015) were elected as honorary fellows.
In 2001, he was appointed an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society (HonFRS), the only amateur astronomer ever to achieve the distinction.

Royal Society University Research Fellowship

Royal Society University Research FellowUniversity Research Fellowship of the Royal SocietyUniversity Research Fellowships (URF)
Several previous URFs have been subsequently elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, for example Athene Donald, Richard Borcherds, Frances Ashcroft and David J. Wales.