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Lipstick lesbian

lipstick lesbianslipsticklipstick lesbo
During the 1990s and the emergence of the "lipstick lesbian" into the mainstream, femme became a catch-all term to describe a feminine lesbian.
Femme

Lesbian

lesbianismlesbianssapphic
Femme is a lesbian identity that was created in the working class lesbian bar culture of the 1950s.

Working class

working-classlower classworkers
Femme is a lesbian identity that was created in the working class lesbian bar culture of the 1950s.

Femininity

femininef.feminine experience
It is a term used to distinguish feminine lesbian and bisexual women from their butch/masculine lesbian counterparts and partners.

Bisexuality

bisexualbisexualsbi
It is a term used to distinguish feminine lesbian and bisexual women from their butch/masculine lesbian counterparts and partners.

Butch and femme

butchfemmebutch lesbian
It is a term used to distinguish feminine lesbian and bisexual women from their butch/masculine lesbian counterparts and partners. Lesbian feminism saw a rejection of the butch-femme dynamic and therefore femme identity.

Queer

queersQqueer people
In addition, it can be used to self-describe queer femininity for persons of any gender.

Joan Nestle

Femme Lesbian scholar Joan Nestle describes the Femme lesbian identity as being underrepresented in historical records, with femme women having been often attacked for ‘passing’ as straight whilst also being accused of imitating heteronormativity for pairing with a Butch/Stud partner.

Heteronormativity

heteronormativehetero-normativeheterosexual privilege
Femme Lesbian scholar Joan Nestle describes the Femme lesbian identity as being underrepresented in historical records, with femme women having been often attacked for ‘passing’ as straight whilst also being accused of imitating heteronormativity for pairing with a Butch/Stud partner.

Lesbian feminism

lesbian feministlesbianlesbian feminists
Lesbian feminism saw a rejection of the butch-femme dynamic and therefore femme identity.

Patriarchy

patriarchalpatriarchal societymale dominance
During the emergence of lesbian feminism, femme lesbians were accused by prominent lesbian feminist figures of aping patriarchal beauty standards for wearing traditional feminine clothing.

Audre Lorde

Audre LordLorde
Black lesbian feminist poet and activist Audre Lorde wrote in Tar Beach that "butch and femme role playing was the very opposite of what we felt being gay was all about – the love of women".

History of lesbianism in the United States

radical lesbianRadical LesbiansRadicalesbians
During this period, femme lesbians were often shamed for their appearance, whilst androgyny was seen as the favoured way to dismantle the gender binary by radical lesbian feminists.

Kate Bornstein

In 1994 Kate Bornstein chronicled their experience as a trans woman who is a femme lesbian in their book Gender Outlaw.

Trans woman

trans womentransgender womentransgender woman
In 1994 Kate Bornstein chronicled their experience as a trans woman who is a femme lesbian in their book Gender Outlaw.

Ivan Coyote

[6Ivan E. Coyote
Praising the publication of Ivan Coyote’s Persistence: All Ways Butch and Femme in 2011 they said “The butch/femme dynamic is a conscious, loving binary of desire and trust … it’s a dance of love and outlawed romance.

Transgender

transtransgenderismtransgender people
Since the late 2010s, influenced by the emergence of queer and trans culture on sites such as Tumblr, Everyday Feminism and Autostraddle, femme has been expanded to describe feminine people across gender and sexuality categories including heterosexual women, cisgender men and transfeminine people.

Tumblr

tumblr.comTumblr, Inc.Tumblr-meme
Since the late 2010s, influenced by the emergence of queer and trans culture on sites such as Tumblr, Everyday Feminism and Autostraddle, femme has been expanded to describe feminine people across gender and sexuality categories including heterosexual women, cisgender men and transfeminine people.

Everyday Feminism

Since the late 2010s, influenced by the emergence of queer and trans culture on sites such as Tumblr, Everyday Feminism and Autostraddle, femme has been expanded to describe feminine people across gender and sexuality categories including heterosexual women, cisgender men and transfeminine people.

Autostraddle

Since the late 2010s, influenced by the emergence of queer and trans culture on sites such as Tumblr, Everyday Feminism and Autostraddle, femme has been expanded to describe feminine people across gender and sexuality categories including heterosexual women, cisgender men and transfeminine people.

Heterosexuality

heterosexualstraightheterosexuals
Since the late 2010s, influenced by the emergence of queer and trans culture on sites such as Tumblr, Everyday Feminism and Autostraddle, femme has been expanded to describe feminine people across gender and sexuality categories including heterosexual women, cisgender men and transfeminine people.

Cisgender

ciscis malecisgender women
Since the late 2010s, influenced by the emergence of queer and trans culture on sites such as Tumblr, Everyday Feminism and Autostraddle, femme has been expanded to describe feminine people across gender and sexuality categories including heterosexual women, cisgender men and transfeminine people.

Transfeminine

transfeminine individuals
Since the late 2010s, influenced by the emergence of queer and trans culture on sites such as Tumblr, Everyday Feminism and Autostraddle, femme has been expanded to describe feminine people across gender and sexuality categories including heterosexual women, cisgender men and transfeminine people.

Postmodernism

postmodernpost-modernpostmodernist
The postmodern queer conception of femme is a femme-identified person who does not always dress or act in a "traditionally feminine" (meaning a feminine aesthetic, such as wearing makeup, heels, and numerous accessories) way, but who expresses femme identity through feminine-associated behaviours, interactions and political views.

Identity politics

gender politicsidentitypolitics of identity
Rather than an erotic identity rooted in lesbian women's culture, queer femme has been reframed into a political identity that is inclusive of all who wish to identify with it, feminine-presenting or not.