Ferdinand Magellan

MagellanFernão de MagalhãesFernando de MagallanesMagellan, FerdinandcircumnavigationMagellan expedition15211st circumnavigation of the worldCastilian ('Spanish') expeditioncircumnavigate the Earth
Ferdinand Magellan ( or ; Fernão de Magalhães, ; Fernando de Magallanes, ; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.wikipedia
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Juan Sebastián Elcano

Elcanodel CanoCano, Juan Sebastian Del
Ferdinand Magellan ( or ; Fernão de Magalhães, ; Fernando de Magallanes, ; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.
After Magellan's death in the Philippines, Elcano took command of the carrack Victoria from the Moluccas to Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Spain.

Pacific Ocean

PacificWestern PacificSouth Pacific
Commanding a fleet of five vessels, he headed south through the Atlantic Ocean to Patagonia, passing through the Strait of Magellan into a body of water he named the "peaceful sea" (the modern Pacific Ocean).
The ocean's current name was coined by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the Spanish circumnavigation of the world in 1521, as he encountered favorable winds on reaching the ocean.

Strait of Magellan

Straits of MagellanMagellan StraitsMagellanic
Commanding a fleet of five vessels, he headed south through the Atlantic Ocean to Patagonia, passing through the Strait of Magellan into a body of water he named the "peaceful sea" (the modern Pacific Ocean).
Ferdinand Magellan (Fernão de Magalhães), a Portuguese explorer and navigator in the service of Charles I of Spain, became the first European to navigate the strait in 1520 during his global circumnavigation voyage.

Circumnavigation

circumnavigatecircumnavigatedaround the world
Ferdinand Magellan ( or ; Fernão de Magalhães, ; Fernando de Magallanes, ; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.
It was a Castilian (Spanish) voyage of discovery, led initially by the Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan between 1519 and 1521, and then by the spanish Juan Sebastián Elcano from 1521 to 1522.

Battle of Mactan

battle1521–1898fought
Magellan did not complete the entire voyage, as he was killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines in 1521.
The warriors of Lapu-Lapu, a native chieftain of Mactan Island, overpowered and defeated a Spanish force fighting for Rajah Humabon of Cebu, under the command of Ferdinand Magellan, who was killed in the battle.

Francisco Serrão

Serrão
He later sailed under Diogo Lopes de Sequeira in the first Portuguese embassy to Malacca, with Francisco Serrão, his friend and possibly cousin.
Francisco Serrão (died 1521) was a Portuguese explorer and a cousin of Ferdinand Magellan.

Enrique of Malacca

EnriqueEnrique de MalaccaHenrique of Malacca
After the conquest their ways parted: Magellan was promoted, with a rich plunder and, in the company of a Malay he had indentured and baptized, Enrique of Malacca, he returned to Portugal in 1512. It included about 40 Portuguese, among them Magellan's brother-in-law Duarte Barbosa, João Serrão, a relative of Francisco Serrão, Estêvão Gomes and Magellan's indentured servant Enrique of Malacca.
Enrique of Malacca (Enrique de Malaca; Henrique de Malaca; Malay: Panglima Awang), was a Melaka native who participated in the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan's mission to sail around the world in the 16th century.

Seville

SevillaSeville, SpainSevillian
In Seville he befriended his countryman Diogo Barbosa and soon married the daughter of Diogo's second wife, María Caldera Beatriz Barbosa.
In 1519, Ferdinand Magellan departed from Seville for the first circumnavigation of the Earth.

Magellanic penguin

MagellanicMagellanic penguin (''Spheniscus magellanicus'')
The Magellanic penguin is named after him, as he was the first European to note it. Magellan's navigational skills have also been acknowledged in the naming of objects associated with the stars, including the Magellanic Clouds, now known to be two nearby dwarf galaxies; the twin lunar craters of Magelhaens and Magelhaens A; and the Martian crater of Magelhaens.
The Magellanic penguin was named after Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who spotted the birds in 1520.

Magelhaens (lunar crater)

Magelhaens
The Magellanic penguin is named after him, as he was the first European to note it. Magellan's navigational skills have also been acknowledged in the naming of objects associated with the stars, including the Magellanic Clouds, now known to be two nearby dwarf galaxies; the twin lunar craters of Magelhaens and Magelhaens A; and the Martian crater of Magelhaens.
The crater name is the other spelling of Ferdinand Magellan who was a 16th-century Portuguese explorer and the first human to almost circumnavigate the Earth.

Rui Faleiro

Ruy Faleiro
Meanwhile, Magellan devoted himself to studying the most recent charts, investigating, in partnership with cosmographer Rui Faleiro, a gateway from the Atlantic to the South Pacific and the possibility of the Moluccas being Spanish according to the demarcation of the Treaty of Tordesillas.
Rui (Ruy) Faleiro was a Portuguese cosmographer, astrologer, and astronomer who was the principal scientific organizer behind Magellan's circumnavigation of the world.

Trinidad (ship)

Trinidadthe otherGonzalo Gómez de Espinosa
The flagship Trinidad (110 tons, crew 55), under Magellan's command
Trinidad was the flagship of Ferdinand Magellan's voyage of circumnavigation.

Duarte Barbosa

BarbosaDiogo BarbosaThe Book of Duarte Barbosa
In Seville he befriended his countryman Diogo Barbosa and soon married the daughter of Diogo's second wife, María Caldera Beatriz Barbosa. It included about 40 Portuguese, among them Magellan's brother-in-law Duarte Barbosa, João Serrão, a relative of Francisco Serrão, Estêvão Gomes and Magellan's indentured servant Enrique of Malacca.
In 1519, Barbosa embarked on the first expedition to circumnavigate the world, led by his brother-in-law Ferdinand Magellan.

Antonio Pigafetta

Antonio Figafetta
Antonio Pigafetta, a Venetian scholar and traveller, asked to be on the voyage, accepting the title of "supernumerary" and a modest salary.
He traveled with the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan and his crew by order of the King Charles I of Spain on their voyage around the world.

Victoria (ship)

VictoriaNao VictoriaLa Victoria
Victoria (85 tons, crew 43), named after the church of Santa Maria de la Victoria de Triana, where Magellan took an oath of allegiance to Charles V; commanded by Luis Mendoza.
Victoria was part of a Spanish expedition commanded by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, and after his death during the voyage, by Juan Sebastián Elcano.

Magelhaens (Martian crater)

MagelhaensMartian crater of Magelhaens
The Magellanic penguin is named after him, as he was the first European to note it. Magellan's navigational skills have also been acknowledged in the naming of objects associated with the stars, including the Magellanic Clouds, now known to be two nearby dwarf galaxies; the twin lunar craters of Magelhaens and Magelhaens A; and the Martian crater of Magelhaens.
Its diameter is 105 km. Its name refers to Ferdinand Magellan, the 16th century Portuguese explorer.

Magellanic Clouds

Large and Small Magellanic CloudsClouds of MagellanLesser Magellanic Cloud
The Magellanic penguin is named after him, as he was the first European to note it. Magellan's navigational skills have also been acknowledged in the naming of objects associated with the stars, including the Magellanic Clouds, now known to be two nearby dwarf galaxies; the twin lunar craters of Magelhaens and Magelhaens A; and the Martian crater of Magelhaens.
See also: Kanas, Nick, Star Maps: History, Artistry, and Cartography, 2nd ed. (New York, New York: Springer Science + Business Media, 2012), § 4.3.2.2 Andreas Corsali, p. 118. Subsequently, they were reported by Antonio Pigafetta, who accompanied the expedition of Ferdinand Magellan on its circumnavigation of the world in 1519–1522. However, naming the clouds after Magellan did not become widespread until much later. In Bayer's Uranometria they are designated as nubecula major and nubecula minor. In the 1756 star map of the French astronomer Lacaille, they are designated as le Grand Nuage and le Petit Nuage ("the Large Cloud" and "the Small Cloud"). Herschel in 1847 from Cape Observatory South Africa spent 4 years writing a 400-page report detailing over a thousand of the many stars, nebulae and clusters which constitute the cloud which appeared to be a separate more distant group to the usual stars in the Milky Way, an early indication of separate galaxy.

Afonso de Albuquerque

AlbuquerqueAlfonso de Albuquerquede Albuquerque
In 1511, under the new governor Afonso de Albuquerque, Magellan and Serrão participated in the conquest of Malacca.
Under his command was Ferdinand Magellan, who had participated in the failed embassy of Diogo Lopes de Sequeira in 1509.

Jorge Reinel

Expert cartographer Jorge Reinel and Diogo Ribeiro, a Portuguese who had started working for Charles V in 1518 as a cartographer at the Casa de Contratación, took part in the development of the maps to be used in the travel.
In 1519 in Seville he participated in the maps designed for the trip of his countryman Ferdinand Magellan, and his depiction of the Maluku Islands served as a basis for Spanish claims to the islands.

Tierra del Fuego

Archipiélago de Tierra del FuegoFuegiansIsla Grande de Tierra del Fuego
Magellan and his crew were the first Europeans to reach Tierra del Fuego just east of the Pacific side of the strait.
Europeans first explored the islands during Ferdinand Magellan's expedition of 1520; Tierra del Fuego and similar namings stem from sightings of the many bonfires that the natives built.

Puerto San Julián

San JuliánPort St JulianSan Julian
For overwintering, Magellan established a temporary settlement called Puerto San Julian on March 30, 1520.
It was given its name by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan who arrived there on 31 March 1520 and overwintered in the harbour.

Philippines

🇵🇭FilipinoPhilippine
On 16 March Magellan reached the island of Homonhon in the Philippines, with 150 crew left.
The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for the Spanish, in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization.

Maluku Islands

MalukuSpice IslandsMoluccas
Born into a Portuguese noble family in around 1480, Magellan became a skilled sailor and naval officer and was eventually selected by King Charles I of Spain to search for a westward route to the Maluku Islands (the "Spice Islands").
Both Serrão and Ferdinand Magellan, however, perished before they could meet one another.

Treaty of Tordesillas

Tordesillas lineTordesillasline of demarcation
Meanwhile, Magellan devoted himself to studying the most recent charts, investigating, in partnership with cosmographer Rui Faleiro, a gateway from the Atlantic to the South Pacific and the possibility of the Moluccas being Spanish according to the demarcation of the Treaty of Tordesillas.
After the surviving ships of Magellan's fleet visited the Moluccas in 1521, Spain claimed that those islands were within its western hemisphere.

Estêvão Gomes

Estevão GomesEsteban GomezEsteban Gómez
It included about 40 Portuguese, among them Magellan's brother-in-law Duarte Barbosa, João Serrão, a relative of Francisco Serrão, Estêvão Gomes and Magellan's indentured servant Enrique of Malacca.
He sailed at the service of Castile in the fleet of Ferdinand Magellan, but deserted the expedition before reaching the Strait of Magellan, and returned to Spain in May 1521.