Ferdinand Magellan

MagellanFernão de MagalhãesFernando de MagallanesMagellan expeditionMagellan, FerdinandFernando MagallanesFerdFernao de MagalhaesFernão de Magalhães (Ferdinand Magellan)Maga'''lh'''ães
Ferdinand Magellan ( or ; Fernão de Magalhães, ; Fernando de Magallanes, ; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.wikipedia
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Magellan's circumnavigation

Armada de Moluccacircumnavigationfirst circumnavigation
Ferdinand Magellan ( or ; Fernão de Magalhães, ; Fernando de Magallanes, ; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.
In 1519, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan launched a Spanish expedition, the Armada de Molucca, that completed (after Magellan's death) the first circumnavigation of the world in 1522, concluded by the Spanish Juan Sebastián Elcano (thus the expedition is also called the Magellan–Elcano circumnavigation).

Juan Sebastián Elcano

ElcanoJuan Sebastian Elcanodel Cano
Ferdinand Magellan ( or ; Fernão de Magalhães, ; Fernando de Magallanes, ; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.
After Magellan's death in the Philippines, Elcano took command of the carrack Victoria from the Moluccas to Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Spain.

Strait of Magellan

Straits of MagellanMagellan StraitMagellan Straits
Despite a series of storms and mutinies, they made it through the Strait of Magellan into a body of water he named the "peaceful sea" (the modern Pacific Ocean).
Ferdinand Magellan's original name for the strait was Estrecho de Todos los Santos ("Strait of All Saints").

Pacific Ocean

PacificSouth PacificWestern Pacific
Despite a series of storms and mutinies, they made it through the Strait of Magellan into a body of water he named the "peaceful sea" (the modern Pacific Ocean).
The ocean's current name was coined by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the Spanish circumnavigation of the world in 1521, as he encountered favorable winds on reaching the ocean.

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles VEmperor Charles VCharles I of Spain
After King Manuel I of Portugal refused to support his plan to reach India by a new route, by sailing around the southern end of the South American continent, he was eventually selected by King Charles I of Spain to search for a westward route to the Maluku Islands (the "Spice Islands").
Charles ratified the Spanish conquest of the Aztec and Inca empires by the Spanish Conquistadores Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro, the establishment of Klein-Venedig by the German Welser family in search of the legendary El Dorado, and the expedition of Ferdinand Magellan around the globe.

Battle of Mactan

battlefierce battlefought
The expedition reached the Philippine islands, where Magellan was killed during the Battle of Mactan.
The warriors of the native chieftain of Mactan Island Lapu-Lapu overpowered and defeated a Spanish force fighting for Rajah Humabon of Cebu, under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who was killed in the battle.

Francisco Serrão

Serrão
He later sailed under Diogo Lopes de Sequeira in the first Portuguese embassy to Malacca, with Francisco Serrão, his friend and possibly cousin.
Francisco Serrão (died 1521) was a Portuguese explorer and a cousin of Ferdinand Magellan.

Sabrosa

Sabrosa Municipality
Magellan was born in the Portuguese town of Sabrosa in or around 1480.
After the 15th century, records from the region began to become more detailed, identifying the residence of noblemen in the region, including the House of Pereira, where Ferdinand Magellan (Fernão Magalhães) was born.

Enrique of Malacca

Enrique de MalacaEnriqueEnrique de Malacca
After the conquest their ways parted: Magellan was promoted, with a rich plunder and, in the company of a Malay he had indentured and baptized, Enrique of Malacca, he returned to Portugal in 1512 or 1513.
Enrique of Malacca (Enrique de Malaca; Henrique de Malaca; Malay: Panglima Awang), was acquired as a slave in Melaka by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who subsequently took him on the first (Spanish) circumnavigation of the world in 1519–22.

Seville

Seville, SpainSevillaSevilla, Spain
In Seville he befriended his countryman Diogo Barbosa and soon married the daughter of Diogo's second wife, Maria Caldera Beatriz Barbosa.
In 1519, Ferdinand Magellan departed from Seville for the first circumnavigation of the Earth.

Rui Faleiro

Ruy FaleiroFaleiro
Meanwhile, Magellan devoted himself to studying the most recent charts, investigating, in partnership with cosmographer Rui Faleiro, a gateway from the Atlantic to the South Pacific and the possibility of the Moluccas being Spanish according to the demarcation of the Treaty of Tordesillas.
Rui (Ruy) Faleiro, also known as Ruy de Faleira, was a Portuguese cosmographer, astrologer, and astronomer who was the principal scientific organizer behind Ferdinand Magellan's circumnavigation of the world.

Juan de Cartagena

Shortly after landing at St. Julian, there was a mutiny attempt led by the Spanish captains Juan de Cartagena, Gaspar de Quesada and Luiz Mendoza.
Juan de Cartagena (died c. 1520) was a Spanish accountant and captain of one of the five ships led by Ferdinand Magellan in his expedition of the first circumnavigation of the earth.

Puerto San Julián

San JuliánPuerto San JulianPort St Julian
They found a sheltered natural harbor at the port of Saint Julian, and remained there for five months.
It was given its name by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan who arrived there on 31 March 1520 and overwintered in the harbour.

7th Portuguese India Armada (Almeida, 1505)

7th Portuguese India Armada7th Armada1505 expedition to India
In March 1505 at the age of 25, Magellan enlisted in the fleet of 22 ships sent to host Francisco de Almeida as the first viceroy of Portuguese India.

Guam

Territory of GuamGUGuamanian
On 6 March 1521, the exhausted fleet made landfall at the island of Guam and were met by native Chamorro people who came aboard the ships and took items such as rigging, knives, and a ship's boat.
Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, while in the service of Spain, was the first European to visit the island, on March 6, 1521.

Gaspar de Quesada

Shortly after landing at St. Julian, there was a mutiny attempt led by the Spanish captains Juan de Cartagena, Gaspar de Quesada and Luiz Mendoza.
Approximately six months in to the expedition, Quesada, with two other Spanish captains, attempted to overthrow Magellan in the Easter mutiny at the South American port of St. Julian.

Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
The expedition reached the Philippine islands, where Magellan was killed during the Battle of Mactan.
The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for the Spanish, in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization.

Afonso de Albuquerque

AlbuquerqueAlfonso de Albuquerquede Albuquerque
In 1511, under the new governor Afonso de Albuquerque, Magellan and Serrão participated in the conquest of Malacca.
Under his command was Ferdinand Magellan, who had participated in the failed embassy of Diogo Lopes de Sequeira in 1509.

Capture of Malacca (1511)

capture of Malaccaconquest of Malaccafall of Malacca
In 1511, under the new governor Afonso de Albuquerque, Magellan and Serrão participated in the conquest of Malacca.
Among its crewmen was also Ferdinand Magellan.

Maluku Islands

MoluccasMalukuSpice Islands
After King Manuel I of Portugal refused to support his plan to reach India by a new route, by sailing around the southern end of the South American continent, he was eventually selected by King Charles I of Spain to search for a westward route to the Maluku Islands (the "Spice Islands").
Both Serrão and Ferdinand Magellan, however, perished before they could meet one another.

Lapu-Lapu

Lapu LapuLapu-Lapu ShrineLapulapu
However, the island of Mactan, led by Lapulapu, resisted conversion.
He is best known for the Battle of Mactan that happened at dawn on April 27, 1521, where he and his soldiers defeated Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who was killed in the battle.

First Mass in the Philippines

first Mass on Philippine soil First Mass at LimasawaCatholic Mass
Magellan befriended local leaders on the island of Limasawa, and on March 31, held the first Mass in the Philippines, planting a cross on the island's highest hill.
When Ferdinand Magellan and his European crew sailed from San Lucar de Barrameda for a expedition to search for spices, these explorers landed on the Philippines after their voyage from other proximate areas.

Cebu

Cebu IslandCebu ProvinceCebú
After several weeks in the Philippines, Magellan had converted as many as 2,200 locals to Christianity, including Rajah Humabon of Cebu and most leaders of the islands around Cebu.
The arrival of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 began a period of Spanish exploration and colonization.

Antonio Pigafetta

Antonio Figafetta
He brought sailors Francisco Albo and Hernándo de Bustamante, pointedly not including Antonio Pigafetta, the expedition's chronicler.
He joined the expedition to the Spice Islands led by explorer Ferdinand Magellan under the flag of King Charles I of Spain and, after Magellan's death in the Philippines, the subsequent voyage around the world.

Rajah Humabon

HumabonKing HumabonRaja Humabon
After several weeks in the Philippines, Magellan had converted as many as 2,200 locals to Christianity, including Rajah Humabon of Cebu and most leaders of the islands around Cebu. The fleet left the Philippines (following a bloody betrayal by former ally Rajah Humabon) and eventually made their way to the Moluccas in November 1521.
Rajah Humabon, later baptized as Don Carlos, was the Rajah of Cebu (an Indianized Philippine polity) at the time of Portuguese-born Spanish explorer Ferdinand Magellan's arrival in the Philippines in 1521.