Ferdinand Marcos

Marcos in 1982 during a ceremony
Ferdinand Marcos (right) with his family in the 1920s
Ferdinand Marcos being conferred with a Doctor Laws, honoris causa degree during the investiture of the first Filipino president of Central Philippine University, Rex. D. Drilon, on April 21, 1967.
Ferdinand Marcos as a soldier in the 1940s
Ferdinand Marcos is sworn into his first term on December 30, 1965.
The leaders of some of the SEATO nations in front of the Congress Building in Manila, hosted by Marcos on October 24, 1966
President Marcos (left) and his wife Imelda (center) meet with US President Lyndon B. Johnson (right) in Manila in October 1966.
Marcos with Japanese Emperor Hirohito in 1966
Ferdinand Marcos takes the Oath of Office for a second term before Chief Justice Roberto Concepcion on December 30, 1969.
Richard Nixon with the Marcos family in 1969
September 24, 1972, issue of the Sunday edition of the Philippine Daily Express
Imperial Japanese Army soldier Hiroo Onoda offering his military sword to Marcos on the day of his surrender on March 11, 1974
Ferdinand Marcos with US Secretary of State George Shultz, 1982
President Ferdinand E. Marcos in Washington in 1983
Marcos at the North–South Summit on International Cooperation and Development in Cancun alongside other world leaders including I. Gandhi, F. Mitterrand, R. Reagan, M. Thatcher, K. Waldheim, Zhao Ziyang; October 23, 1981
Corazon Aquino, widow of the assassinated opposition leader Benigno Aquino Jr., takes the Oath of Office on February 25, 1986
Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos at the White House with US President Ronald Reagan in 1982
The body of Ferdinand Marcos was stored in a refrigerated crypt at the Ferdinand E. Marcos Presidential Center in Batac, Ilocos Norte until 2016.
Students of the Ateneo de Manila University along Katipunan Avenue protesting against the burial of Marcos insisting that the former president is not a hero, but a dictator
Ferdinand Marcos in Washington, 1983
A 1999 view of the San Fernando segment of North Luzon Expressway, one of Marcos's infrastructure projects
San Juanico Bridge connecting Leyte and Samar
Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos with the Johnsons in 1966
Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos with the Nixons in 1969
Marcos greeting Robert Muldoon on the latter's official visit to the Philippines, 1980. New Zealand was a valuable strategic partner for the country in the last years of Marcos' rule.

Filipino politician, lawyer, dictator, and kleptocrat who was the 10th president of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986.

- Ferdinand Marcos
Marcos in 1982 during a ceremony

188 related topics

Alpha

Recreation of the Jabidah unit patch as described by Benigno Aquino Jr. in a privilege speech delivered at the Legislative Building, Manila, on March 28, 1968. Jibin Arula, in a 2009 interview, recalled that his unit patch displayed "skull markings".

Jabidah massacre

The alleged killing of Moro army recruits who mutinied allegedly upon learning the purpose of their training.

The alleged killing of Moro army recruits who mutinied allegedly upon learning the purpose of their training.

Recreation of the Jabidah unit patch as described by Benigno Aquino Jr. in a privilege speech delivered at the Legislative Building, Manila, on March 28, 1968. Jibin Arula, in a 2009 interview, recalled that his unit patch displayed "skull markings".

Author Cesar Adib Majul notes that the administration of Ferdinand Marcos had suppressed coverage of the affair in the interest of national unity, which led to little or no documentation about the incident.

The 2022 election decided the successor of both President Rodrigo Duterte and Vice President Leni Robredo. This photo shows Duterte inducting Robredo to head the HUDCC.

2022 Philippine presidential election

Held on Monday, May 9, 2022, as part of the 2022 general election.

Held on Monday, May 9, 2022, as part of the 2022 general election.

The 2022 election decided the successor of both President Rodrigo Duterte and Vice President Leni Robredo. This photo shows Duterte inducting Robredo to head the HUDCC.
"Vote-rich provinces," or provinces and Metro Manila as a whole that have more than one million voters. Nationally elected candidates and parties typically campaign in these areas to reduce costs.
287x287px
Provincial and city breakdown of the Vice presidential election of 2022.
Marcos and Robredo province swing from 2016 and 2022.
Bongbong Marcos campaigning in Makati
Isko Moreno and Willie Ong campaigning in Navotas
Leni Robredo and Francis Pangilinan campaigning at the Quezon Memorial Circle
Manny Pacquiao campaigning in Marikina City
Panfilo Lacson and Tito Sotto at a town hall meeting in Pasig

Marcos will become the 2nd president from Ilocos Norte, after his father, Ferdinand Marcos.

Martial law in Egypt: Egyptian tanks used in a checkpoint near midtown Tahrir during the 2011 Egyptian revolution.

Martial law

Imposition of direct military control of normal civil functions or suspension of civil law by a government, especially in response to an emergency where civil forces are overwhelmed, or in an occupied territory.

Imposition of direct military control of normal civil functions or suspension of civil law by a government, especially in response to an emergency where civil forces are overwhelmed, or in an occupied territory.

Martial law in Egypt: Egyptian tanks used in a checkpoint near midtown Tahrir during the 2011 Egyptian revolution.
Polish ZOMO squads with police batons preparing to violently disperse protesters during martial law in Poland, 1981–1983. The sarcastic caption reads "outstretched hands of understanding" or "outstretched hands for agreement", with batons ironically symbolizing hands. 91 protesters died at the hands of the ZOMO and the Secret Services (SB)
2018 martial law in parts of Ukraine

The country was under martial law again from 1972 to 1981 under President Ferdinand Marcos.

Bangkang pinawa, an ancient Philippine mortar and pestle.

Luzon

Largest and most populous island in the Philippines.

Largest and most populous island in the Philippines.

Bangkang pinawa, an ancient Philippine mortar and pestle.
Detail of an illustration from Jean Mallat's Les Philippines (1846), showing "a Tagalog couple pounding rice." The mortar depicted is known as a "lusong", which was also the Old Tagalog name of the Pasig River delta.
U.S. Navy ships under attack while entering Lingayen Gulf, January 1945
The Central Luzon plain with Mount Arayat in the background
Lake Pinatubo in Zambales
A view of Quezon City in September 2017, the largest city in Luzon island
An Ifugao warrior with some of his trophies, Cordillera Mountains, circa 1912
Dominant languages per administrative region.
Saint Augustine Catholic Church in Paoay
EDSA, a major thoroughfare in Metro Manila
North coast of Luzon along the Cagayan-Ilocos Norte boundary
Summit of Mount Pulag, Luzon's highest mountain
West coast of Luzon at San Juan overlooking the South China Sea
The Cagayan Valley at Cabagan with the Sierra Madre mountains in the background
Canoes along upstream Cagayan River at Quirino province

However, the lingering poverty and inequality caused by the long dictatorship of US-supported dictator, Ferdinand Marcos, gave rise to the Philippine diaspora and many people from Luzon have migrated elsewhere and had established large overseas communities; mainly in the United States, Hong Kong, Singapore and Saudi Arabia.

Mitra in 1986

Ramon Mitra Jr.

Filipino statesman, diplomat, and pro-democracy activist.

Filipino statesman, diplomat, and pro-democracy activist.

Mitra in 1986

He was one of the first arrested and jailed when Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law.

Information sign at the boundary of Barangay Socorro in Quezon City listing the barangay's officials

Barangay

Smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district, or ward.

Smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district, or ward.

Information sign at the boundary of Barangay Socorro in Quezon City listing the barangay's officials
Maybo Barangay Hall in Boac, Marinduque
Sulop Barangay Hall
Mariki Barangay Hall in Zamboanga City

This was quickly replicated by the national government, and in 1974 President Ferdinand Marcos ordered the renaming of barrios to barangays. The name survived the 1986 EDSA Revolution, though older people would still use the term barrio.

Official Logo of UP Diliman

University of the Philippines Diliman

Coeducational, public research university located in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines.

Coeducational, public research university located in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines.

Official Logo of UP Diliman
Official Logo of UP Diliman
The Oblation Plaza showing the Oblation monument and the facade of Quezon Hall.
Fire trees of U.P. Diliman
Quezon Hall
The Carillon Tower and Carillon Plaza as seen from Magsaysay Avenue
The Sunken Garden in U.P. Diliman during the wet months
The Sunken Garden during the summer
UP Promenade
Activist organizations in UP Diliman in front of Palma Hall led a student walkout protest in 2019 commemorating the 47th anniversary of the declaration of martial law.
View of Quezon Hall from the University Avenue during U.P.D.'s 2011 Lantern Parade

In this period, UP Diliman became a center of dissent towards the Marcos' administration.

Arturo Tolentino

Filipino politician and diplomat who served as the Senate president and the Secretary of Foreign Affairs.

Filipino politician and diplomat who served as the Senate president and the Secretary of Foreign Affairs.

Tolentino's tomb at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.
Statue of Tolentino and the sports center named in his honor in a barangay in Sampaloc, Manila.

In 1966, shortly after Ferdinand Marcos was elected president, Tolentino was elected Senate president.

Philippine Legion of Honor

Established by President Manuel Roxas, through Philippine Army Circular No. 60 dated July 3, 1947.

Established by President Manuel Roxas, through Philippine Army Circular No. 60 dated July 3, 1947.

The Philippine Legion of Honor in the rank of Commander

Ferdinand Marcos, 1972, former President of the Philippines

Fabian Ver on April 2, 1982

Fabian Ver

Fabian Ver on April 2, 1982
A portrait of General Fabian Ver at the AFP Museum in Camp Aguinaldo

Fabian Crisologo Ver (born Fabian Maria Trinidad Juan Cirilo Crisologo y Ver; 20 January 1920 – 21 November 1998) was a Filipino military officer who served as the Commanding Officer of the Armed Forces of the Philippines under President Ferdinand Marcos.