Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge

Entrance to Fern Cave
Map of Fern Cave NWR
Inside Fern Cave
Fern Cave NWR
Fern Cave NWR

199 acre National Wildlife Refuge located in northeastern Alabama, near Paint Rock, Alabama in Jackson County.

- Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge
Entrance to Fern Cave

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Map of Jackson County showing census subdivisions

Jackson County, Alabama

Northeasternmost county in the U.S. state of Alabama.

Northeasternmost county in the U.S. state of Alabama.

Map of Jackson County showing census subdivisions
County Road 98 in northern Jackson County

Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge

Location of Wheeler NWR in Alabama

Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge

35,000 acre National Wildlife Refuge located along the Tennessee River near Decatur, Alabama.

35,000 acre National Wildlife Refuge located along the Tennessee River near Decatur, Alabama.

Location of Wheeler NWR in Alabama
Wheeler NWR
Map of Wheeler NWR
Wheeler NWR

Wheeler NWR is charged with the administration of four other National Wildlife Refuges including Fern Cave, Key Cave, Sauta Cave, and the Watercress Darter National Wildlife Refuge.

Paint Rock, Alabama

Town in Jackson County, Alabama, United States, along the Paint Rock River, and is included in the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area.

Town in Jackson County, Alabama, United States, along the Paint Rock River, and is included in the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area.

The Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge is located along the base of the Cumberland Plateau just east of Paint Rock.

Asplenium scolopendrium

Evergreen fern in the genus Asplenium native to the Northern Hemisphere.

Evergreen fern in the genus Asplenium native to the Northern Hemisphere.

Habitat
<center>A cultivar with frilled frond margins.</center>
<center>A specimen growing in lime mortar on a wall.</center>
<center>Example of the North American variety.</center>

The variation americanum mostly grows along the Onondaga Limestone and Niagara Escarpment geological formations in Central New York (present in 2 counties), southern Ontario (present in 7 counties), and the eastern Upper Peninsula in Michigan (present in 2 counties). Exceptions are disjunct populations that exist in Alabama (in Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge, a wildlife refuge centered around an off-limits cave in Jackson County, Alabama, where it has declined heavily due to illegal plant collecting, and an undisclosed pit in Morgan County that is also off-limits and protected), and Tennessee (in just a single county); these southern populations are at dire risk of extirpation. An introduced population descended from New York plants is found in New Jersey; it is a remnant of a 1936 effort to practice ex-situ conservation of populations in New York.

Lechuguilla Cave, New Mexico, United States

List of caves in the United States

List of caves in the United States.

List of caves in the United States.

Lechuguilla Cave, New Mexico, United States

Fern Cave

Woodville, Alabama

Town in Jackson County, Alabama, United States.

Town in Jackson County, Alabama, United States.

The Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge lies to the northwest.

Physiographic regions in Alabama

Geography of Alabama

The geography of Alabama describes a state in the Southeastern United States in North America.

The geography of Alabama describes a state in the Southeastern United States in North America.

Physiographic regions in Alabama
Political Regions of Alabama

Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge

Possible cave entrances on Mars. The pits have been informally named (A) Dena, (B) Chloe, (C) Wendy, (D) Annie, (E) Abby (left) and Nikki, and (F) Jeanne.

List of caves

List of caves of the world that have articles or that are properly cited.

List of caves of the world that have articles or that are properly cited.

Possible cave entrances on Mars. The pits have been informally named (A) Dena, (B) Chloe, (C) Wendy, (D) Annie, (E) Abby (left) and Nikki, and (F) Jeanne.
The Cango caves in western cape.
African cave paintings.
Lithic Industries at Blombos Cave, Southern Cape, South Africa.
Wonder Caves Praying Mary.
Zhijin Cave is believed to possess the largest unsupported roof span of any cave worldwide.
Seven-star Cave — a Karst cave with limestone formations, near Guilin in Guangxi Province, southern China.
Entrance to the underground river at Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park.
Dhal Al Misfir Cave.
Hang Sơn Đoòng's main passage is the largest known cave passage in the world.
Waitomo Glowworm Cave.
Jenolan Caves.
Jewel Cave Historic Entrance.
Flowstone found in Mammoth cave.
Location map of wind cave.
Wind cave.

Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge, Alabama