Fidel Castro

CastroFidelCastro governmentCastroistCastro regimeFidel '''CastroCastrismoCastristCastro dictatorshipCastro Must Die!
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (13 August 1926 – 25 November 2016) was a Cuban Communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.wikipedia
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Cuban Revolution

revolution1959 revolution1959 Cuban Revolution
Returning to Cuba, Castro took a key role in the Cuban Revolution by leading the Movement in a guerrilla war against Batista's forces from the Sierra Maestra.
The Cuban Revolution (Revolución cubana) was an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro's revolutionary 26th of July Movement and its allies against the authoritarian government of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista.

Che Guevara

Ernesto "Che" GuevaraCheGuevara
After a year's imprisonment, Castro traveled to Mexico where he formed a revolutionary group, the 26th of July Movement, with his brother Raúl Castro and Che Guevara.
Later in Mexico City, Guevara met Raúl and Fidel Castro, joined their 26th of July Movement and sailed to Cuba aboard the yacht Granma with the intention of overthrowing U.S.-backed Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista.

Raúl Castro

RaúlRaul CastroCastro
After a year's imprisonment, Castro traveled to Mexico where he formed a revolutionary group, the 26th of July Movement, with his brother Raúl Castro and Che Guevara.
Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz (born 3 June 1931) is a Cuban politician who is currently serving as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, the most senior position in the socialist state, succeeding his brother Fidel Castro in April 2011.

Bay of Pigs Invasion

Bay of Pigsinvasioninvasion of Cuba
The United States came to oppose Castro's government and unsuccessfully attempted to remove him by assassination, economic blockade and counter-revolution, including the Bay of Pigs Invasion of 1961.
A counter-revolutionary military group (made up of mostly Cuban exiles who traveled to the United States after Castro's takeover, but also some US military personnel ), trained and funded by the CIA, Brigade 2506 fronted the armed wing of the Democratic Revolutionary Front (DRF) and intended to overthrow the increasingly communist government of Fidel Castro.

26th of July Movement

26 July MovementCuban26 of July Movement
After a year's imprisonment, Castro traveled to Mexico where he formed a revolutionary group, the 26th of July Movement, with his brother Raúl Castro and Che Guevara.
The 26th of July Movement (Movimiento 26 de Julio; M-26-7) was a vanguard revolutionary organization then a party led by Fidel Castro that in 1959 overthrew the Fulgencio Batista dictatorship in Cuba.

Assassination attempts on Fidel Castro

assassinate Fidel Castroassassination attempts against Fidel Castroassassinate
The United States came to oppose Castro's government and unsuccessfully attempted to remove him by assassination, economic blockade and counter-revolution, including the Bay of Pigs Invasion of 1961.
The United States' Central Intelligence Agency made several unsuccessful attempts to assassinate Fidel Castro during his time as the President of Cuba.

Cuban Missile Crisis

missile crisisCuban Quarantine1962 Cuban Missile Crisis
Countering these threats, Castro aligned with the Soviet Union and allowed the Soviets to place nuclear weapons in Cuba, sparking the Cuban Missile Crisis – a defining incident of the Cold War – in 1962.
An agreement was reached during a secret meeting between Khrushchev and Fidel Castro in July 1962, and construction of a number of missile launch facilities started later that summer.

Oriente Province

OrienteSantiago de CubaEastern Cuba
Born in Birán, Oriente as the son of a wealthy Spanish farmer, Castro adopted leftist anti-imperialist politics while studying law at the University of Havana.
Fidel and Raúl Castro were born in its provincial capital, Santiago de Cuba.

Moncada Barracks

Cuartel MoncadaAssault of the Moncada garrisonattack
After participating in rebellions against right-wing governments in the Dominican Republic and Colombia, he planned the overthrow of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista, launching a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953.
On 26 July 1953, the barracks was the site of an armed attack by a small group of revolutionaries led by Fidel Castro.

Non-Aligned Movement

NAMnon-alignednon-alignment
These actions, coupled with Castro's leadership of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1979 to 1983 and Cuba's medical internationalism, increased Cuba's profile on the world stage.
The purpose of the organization has been enumerated as to ensure "the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries" in their "struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics," by Fidel Castro in his Havana Declaration of 1979.

List of longest-ruling non-royal national leaders since 1900

20th-longestfourth longest-serving non-royal head of state/government of the 20th centurylongest ruling non-royal
The longest-serving non-royal head of state in the 20th and 21st centuries, Castro polarized world opinion.

2006–2008 Cuban transfer of presidential duties

transfer of powertransfer of presidential duties2006 Cuban transfer of duties
In 2006, Castro transferred his responsibilities to Vice President Raúl Castro, who was elected to the presidency by the National Assembly in 2008.
The 2006–2008 Cuban transfer of presidential duties was the handover of the title of president and presidential duties from longtime Cuban leader Fidel Castro to his brother Raúl Castro, the next-in-line-of-succession person in Cuba, following Fidel's operation and recovery from an undisclosed digestive illness believed to be diverticulitis.

Fulgencio Batista

BatistaBatista regimeBatista Dictatorship
After participating in rebellions against right-wing governments in the Dominican Republic and Colombia, he planned the overthrow of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista, launching a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953.
Catalyzing the resistance to such tactics, for two years (December 1956 – December 1958) Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement and other nationalist rebelling elements led an urban and rural-based guerrilla uprising against Batista's government, which culminated in his eventual defeat by rebels under the command of Che Guevara at the Battle of Santa Clara on New Year's Day 1959.

List of awards and honours bestowed upon Fidel Castro

various international awards
Castro was decorated with various international awards and significantly influenced different individuals and groups across the world.
This is a comprehensive list of awards and honours bestowed upon the Cuban revolutionary and statesman Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (except things named after him).

Cuban exile

CubanCuban refugeeCuban exodus
Critics view him as a dictator whose administration oversaw human-rights abuses, the exodus of a large number of Cubans and the impoverishment of the country's economy.
The pre-Mariel group consisted of the mostly middle and upper classes of the island who fled due to fear of widespread reprisals after the communist takeover led by Fidel Castro in the late 1950s-1970s.

Hugo Chávez

ChávezHugo ChavezHugo Chávez Frías
In the 2000s, Castro forged alliances in the Latin American "pink tide" – namely with Hugo Chávez's Venezuela – and signed Cuba up to the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas.
Internationally, Chávez aligned himself with the Marxist–Leninist governments of Fidel and then Raúl Castro in Cuba, as well as the socialist governments of Evo Morales (Bolivia), Rafael Correa (Ecuador) and Daniel Ortega (Nicaragua).

Ángel Castro y Argiz

Ángel Castro
His father, Ángel Castro y Argiz, a veteran of the Spanish–American War, was a migrant to Cuba from Galicia, Northwest Spain.
Ángel María Bautista Castro y Argiz (5 December 1875 – 21 October 1956) was the father of Cuban leaders Fidel and Raúl Castro.

United States embargo against Cuba

embargoembargo against CubaCuban embargo
The United States came to oppose Castro's government and unsuccessfully attempted to remove him by assassination, economic blockade and counter-revolution, including the Bay of Pigs Invasion of 1961.
The United States imposed an arms embargo on Cuba on March 14, 1958 during the armed conflict between rebels led by Fidel Castro and the Fulgencio Batista regime.

History Will Absolve Me

La Historia Me Absolverá
Castro was sentenced on 16 October, during which he delivered a speech that would be printed under the title of History Will Absolve Me.
"History Will Absolve Me" (Spanish:"La historia me absolverá") is the title of a four-hour speech made by Fidel Castro on 16 October 1953.

Human rights in Cuba

human rightscontinuing flagrant violation of human rights and fundamental freedomsCuba
Critics view him as a dictator whose administration oversaw human-rights abuses, the exodus of a large number of Cubans and the impoverishment of the country's economy.
In 1959, Fidel Castro and his forces succeeded in displacing Batista from power.

First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba

First SecretaryFirst Secretary of the Communist PartyCommunist Party First Secretary
A Marxist–Leninist and Cuban nationalist, Castro also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from 1961 until 2011.
From 1961 until 2011, the position of First Secretary was held by Fidel Castro, who was Prime Minister of Cuba and, until 2008, President of the Council of State.

University of Havana

HavanaUniversidad de La HabanaHavana University
Born in Birán, Oriente as the son of a wealthy Spanish farmer, Castro adopted leftist anti-imperialist politics while studying law at the University of Havana.
Juan Manuel Menocal was a professor at the law school when Fidel Castro was a student there in the 1940s.

President of Cuba

PresidentPresident of the Council of State of CubaCuban President
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (13 August 1926 – 25 November 2016) was a Cuban Communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.
The position is distinct from the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba; although Fidel Castro held both positions from 1976 to 2008, and Raúl Castro held both positions from 2011 to 2018.

Havana

Havana, CubaLa HabanaMunicipality
In 1945, Castro transferred to the more prestigious Jesuit-run El Colegio de Belén in Havana.
After the revolution of 1959, the new régime under Fidel Castro promised to improve social services, public housing, and official buildings.

Birán

Born in Birán, Oriente as the son of a wealthy Spanish farmer, Castro adopted leftist anti-imperialist politics while studying law at the University of Havana.
Birán is a village in Holguín Province of Cuba, hamlet and consejo popular of Cueto, best known as the birthplace of Ramón, Fidel and Raúl Castro.