Fifth Air Force
5th Air ForceFifthFar East Air ForcesUS Fifth Air ForceFar East Air ForceU.S. Fifth Air ForceU.S. 5th Air Force5AF5th5th Air Force Service Command
The Fifth Air Force (5 AF) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force Pacific Air Forces (PACAF).wikipedia
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Camp NicholsNicholsUS air base in Pasay
With its origins going back over a century to 1912, the command was officially established on 6 May 1941 as the Philippine Department Air Force at Nichols Field, Luzon, Philippines.
Located near Fort William McKinley, south of Manila, it initially was the home of the 1st Group (Observation), being activated on 14 August 1919, Nichols Field became the headquarters of the Philippine Department Air Force, under the Army Philippine Department.
Far East Air ForceFar East Air ForcesFEAF
To reflect the expanded scope of the defensive forces the United States was sending to the Philippines, the Philippine Department Air Force was re-designated as Far East Air Force on 16 November 1941 with the Philippine Army Air Corps being incorporated as part of the new organization.
Formed on 16 November 1941, FEAF was the predecessor of the Fifth Air Force of the United States Army Air Forces and the United States Air Force.
28th Bombardment Squadron28th28 BS
In 1922, a second unit, the 28th Bombardment Squadron, was activated at Clark Field with DH-4s.
On 1 November, it was assigned to the incoming 19th Bombardment Group in a reorganization of the Far East Air Force (FEAF) assets in the Philippines.
20th Pursuit Squadron20th Tactical Fighter Squadron20th PS
20th Pursuit Squadron, 18 November 1940 (Seversky P-35)
In October 1941, The Philippine Department Air Force was renamed Far East Air Force and organized its pursuit squadrons into the 24th Pursuit Group, which consisted of the 20th Pursuit Squadron plus the 3d and 17th Pursuit Squadrons, along with two recently arrived squadrons that were attached to the group.
2d Aero Squadron2d Observation Squadron2nd Observation Squadron
The First Company, 2d Aero Squadron, was activated at Fort William McKinley, Luzon, on 3 February 1916.
The 2d Observation Squadron was carried on as an active unit under the Fifth Air Force after 5 May 1942 until 2 April 1946 when it was inactivated.
Hamilton FieldHamilton AFBHamilton Air Force Base
Ground echelon en route from US to Philippine Islands via ship, air echelon at Hamilton Field, California
In response to the growing crisis in the Pacific, on December 6, 1941, the 38th Reconnaissance Squadron (30th Bombardment Group) with four B-17Cs and two new B-17Es left Hamilton Field bound for Hickam Field, Hawaii on their way to Clark Field in the Philippines to reinforce the American Far East Air Force there.
14th14th Aero Squadron14th Bomb Squadron
14th Bombardment Squadron Del Monte Airfield, Mindanao
The squadron became part of the Philippine Department Air Force, which subsequently became the Far East Air Force on November 16, 1941, and was attached to the 19th Bombardment Group (Heavy).
5th Interceptor Command (Hq Nielson Field) provided RADAR defense of Luzon.
After Japanese invasion on 24 December 1941, mission changed to provide ground defense of island, with ground and air echelon personnel of unequipped Fifth Air Force units on Luzon attached to fight as ground infantry units during the Battle of the Philippines (1941–42) after their aircraft were destroyed or evacuated to locations away from Luzon.
Pacific TheaterPacific TheatrePacific
Fifth Air Force was a United States Army Air Forces combat air force in the Pacific Theater of World War II, engaging in combat operations primarily in the Southwest Pacific AOR.
While the Sixth Army was reinforced successfully, the US Fifth Air Force was able to devastate the Japanese attempts to resupply.
In 1917 outside Fort Stotsenburg, Luzon, construction began on a half-mile long dirt runway, hangars and other support facilities to bring the local army units into the air age.
Following the American recapture of Clark in February 1945, it served as the Fifth Air Force Headquarters building.
35th Tactical Fighter Wing35th Fighter Group35th Fighter-Interceptor Wing
35th FG (P-40) Port Moresby, New Guinea
The wing is part of Pacific Air Forces (PACAF)'s Fifth Air Force.
Archerfield Airport (Brisbane)ArcherfieldArcherfield Airfield
A second B-17 group, the 7th Bombardment Group with four squadrons of aircraft, had not arrived by the time war broke out on 8 December. It was diverted to Archerfield Airport, Brisbane, Australia, on 22 December 1941 due to the deteriorating situation in the Philippines.
With the Japanese conquests in the Philippines and much of the Southwest Pacific in 1941 and 1942, Brisbane became both the headquarters of the USAAF Fifth Air Force, as well as a major logistics and maintenance center.
38th Bomb Group38th38th BG
38th BG (B-25) Charters Towers, Australia
During World War II the 38th Bomb Group was a medium bombardment group operating in the Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA) as a B-25 Mitchell unit assigned to Fifth Air Force.
George C. KenneyGeneral George C. KenneyGeneral Kenney
Headquarters Fifth Air Force was re-staffed at Brisbane, Australia on 18 September 1942 and placed under the command of Major General George Kenney.
In July 1942, he assumed command of the Allied Air Forces and Fifth Air Force in General Douglas MacArthur's Southwest Pacific Area.
7th Bombardment Wing7th Bombardment Group7th Bomb Group
They were joined in January and February, two or three at a time, by 37 B-17Es and 12 LB-30s of the 7th Bombardment Group.
It operated initially in the Philippines as a B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bomber unit assigned to Fifth Air Force but after the fall of the Philippines in early 1942, operated primarily with the Tenth Air Force in India as a B-24 Liberator unit.
19th Bombardment Group19th Bomb Group19th
By October, it had become necessary to move one of the fighter squadrons out of Clark Field to make room for the expected arrival of the 19th Bombardment Group.
In March 1942, the group was re-established in Australia, as part of the Fifth Air Force.
30th30th Bomb Squadron30th Aero Squadron
30th Bombardment Squadron
Fifth Air Force operations were more of an improvised affair, and the numbers of B-17s that were lost in one-day missions in Europe than more than were operational any day in the entire Fifth Air Force.
3d Bombardment Group3rd Attack Group3d Attack Group
3rd BG (B-25, A-20, & A-24) Charters Towers, Australia
The World War II 3d Bombardment Group moved to Australia early in 1942 and served primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater as a light bombardment group assigned to Fifth Air Force.
353d Special Operations Group3d Air Commando Group553d Reconnaissance Wing
The group's origins date to 1944 as the 3d Air Commando Group. The unit was assigned to Fifth Air Force in the Philippines in 1944 for operations with P-51 Mustangs, C-47 Skytrains, and L-5 Sentinel aircraft.
Del Carmen Field
34th Pursuit Squadron, Del Carmen Field (P-35A)
The Fifth Air Force based Seversky P-35As assigned to the 34th Pursuit Squadron, attached to the 24th Pursuit Group at the airfield prior to the Japanese air attack on the Philippines, 8 December 1941.
374th Tactical Airlift Wing374th Troop Carrier Wing374th Troop Carrier Group
The final formation is the 374th Airlift Wing, at Yokota Air Base, Japan.
The 374th Airlift Wing is a unit of the United States Air Force assigned to Fifth Air Force.
49th Pursuit Group49th FG49th Fighter-Bomber Group
The 49th Fighter Group was a fighter aircraft unit of the Fifth Air Force that was located in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater during World War II.
35th Fighter Group35th Pursuit Group35th Fighter-Interceptor Group
On 20 November, two more squadrons, the 21st Pursuit Squadron and the 34th Pursuit Squadron, both from the 35th Pursuit Group, arrived from the States and were attached to the 24th Pursuit Group pending the arrival of the rest of the 35th group, which of course never came.
During World War II, the unit's predecessor, the 35th Fighter Group operated primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater as part of Fifth Air Force, first using P-38s and P-39s, and later P-47s.
58th Fighter Group58th Tactical Missile Group58th Fighter-Bomber Group
During World War II, the units predecessor unit, the 58th Fighter Group operated primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater as part of Fifth Air Force.
43d Bombardment Wing43rd Bombardment Wing43d Bombardment Group
It operated primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater as a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, and later a Consolidated B-24 Liberator heavy-bomber unit assigned to Fifth Air Force.