Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand

Fifth Labour GovernmentLabour GovernmentFifth LabourLabour-led governmentGovernmentClark Labour GovernmentLabour1999–2008a Labour governmentClark government
The Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 10 December 1999 to 19 November 2008.wikipedia
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New Zealand Labour Party

Labour PartyLabourLabour Government
Labour Party leader Helen Clark negotiated a coalition with Jim Anderton, leader of the Alliance Party and later the Progressive Party, and New Zealand First.
Labour again became the largest party from 1999 to 2008, when it governed in coalition with, or on the basis of negotiated support from, several minor parties; Helen Clark became the first Labour prime minister to lead her government through a third term in office.

Helen Clark

ClarkClark, HelenHelen Elizabeth Clark
Labour Party leader Helen Clark negotiated a coalition with Jim Anderton, leader of the Alliance Party and later the Progressive Party, and New Zealand First.
Clark led the Fifth Labour Government, which implemented several major economic initiatives including Kiwibank, the New Zealand Superannuation Fund, the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme and KiwiSaver.

Jim Anderton

Anderton, JimJames Patrick Anderton
Labour Party leader Helen Clark negotiated a coalition with Jim Anderton, leader of the Alliance Party and later the Progressive Party, and New Zealand First.
As Leader of the Alliance and later the Progressive Party, he served as Deputy Prime Minister in the Fifth Labour Government from 1999 to 2002.

Closing the Gaps

Closing the Gaps, an affirmative action strategy targeting socio-economic inequalities between Māori and Pacific Island ethnic groups and other groups, was a particularly controversial reform.
Closing the Gaps was a policy of the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand for assisting socio-economically disadvantaged Māori and Pacific Islander ethnic groups in New Zealand through specially targeted social programmes.

2008 New Zealand general election

2008 general election2008 election2008
In the 2008 election, the Labour Party lost convincingly to National, and the government was succeeded by the National Party led by John Key as Prime Minister.
The liberal-conservative National Party, headed by its parliamentary leader John Key, won the largest share of votes and seats, ending nine years of government by the social-democratic Labour Party, led by Helen Clark.

New Zealand First

NZ FirstNew Zealand First Party NZ First
Labour Party leader Helen Clark negotiated a coalition with Jim Anderton, leader of the Alliance Party and later the Progressive Party, and New Zealand First.
As a condition of the 2005 confidence and supply agreement between New Zealand First and the Labour Government, Peters launched the SuperGold Card in August 2007.

KiwiSaver

KiwiSaver Act 2006KiwiSaver system
A policy initiative of the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand (in office 1999-2008), KiwiSaver is governed by various Acts of Parliament, including the KiwiSaver Act 2006 (passed in September 2006).

Kiwibank

Kiwibank LimitedKiwibank New Zealander of the Year Awards
The controversial Employment Contracts Act was repealed, replaced by an Employment Relations Act more friendly to unions and collective bargaining; a state-owned bank, Kiwibank, was created at the behest of the Alliance; a majority stake in the national airline, Air New Zealand, was purchased; and the public health sector was reorganised with the re-establishment of partly elected District Health Boards.
The bank originated from Alliance Party policy during the 1999—2002 term of the Labour-led coalition government.

Electoral Finance Act 2007

Electoral Finance ActElectoral Finance Billattempt at campaign finance reform
A heavy-handed attempt at campaign finance reform later in this term also harmed the Government, which by now appeared tired and at a loss for direction, although it did succeed in implementing a wide range of social and economic reforms during its time in office.
The Fifth Labour Government introduced the Electoral Finance Bill partly in response to the 2005 New Zealand election funding controversy, in particular to "third-party" campaigns.

New Zealand Superannuation Fund

LanzaTechNew Zealand Super FundNZSF
The Superannuation Fund was created by the New Zealand Superannuation and Retirement Act 2001 on 11 October 2001 by Michael Cullen, who was then Minister of Finance under the Fifth Labour Government, and is colloquially known as the "Cullen Fund".

Working for Families

In 2004 the New Zealand Labour government introduced the Working for Families package as part of the 2004 budget.

Supreme Court of New Zealand

Supreme CourtNew Zealand Supreme CourtHigh Court
This second term was notable largely for its social and constitutional legislation, with the Government establishing a Supreme Court and ending appeals to the Privy Council, decriminalising prostitution, and providing for civil unions, the latter two changes in particular supported by the Green Party and opposed by United Future.
The policy was resurrected in 1999 by the Fifth Labour Government of 19992008.

New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme

Emissions Trading Schemeexisting emissions trading scheme
The NZ ETS was first legislated in the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 in September 2008 under the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand and then amended in November 2009 and in November 2012 by the Fifth National Government of New Zealand.

Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008

Emissions Trading Scheme
The Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 was a statute enacted in September 2008 by the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand that established the first version of the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme, a national all-sectors all-greenhouse gases uncapped and highly internationally linked emissions trading scheme.

Prostitution in New Zealand

New ZealandprostitutionContagious Diseases Act 1869
Labour returned to power (1999–2008), and Tim Barnett (Labour Christchurch Central 1996–2008) assumed responsibility for introducing it as a Private Member's Bill to decriminalise prostitution.

John Key

KeySir John KeyKey, John
In the 2008 election, the Labour Party lost convincingly to National, and the government was succeeded by the National Party led by John Key as Prime Minister.
Key became Prime Minister following the general election on 8 November 2008, which signalled an end to the Labour-led government of nine years under Clark.

Climate Change Response Act 2002

The Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 established the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand's version of the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme in September 2008.

Local-loop unbundling

local loop unbundlingLLUunbundled
In May 2004 this was confirmed by the Government, despite the intense "call4change" campaign by some of Telecom's competitors.

2008 New Zealand budget

2008 Budgetfirst budget
This was the ninth budget Michael Cullen has presented as Minister of Finance, and his last before the Fifth Labour Government was defeated at the 2008 general election.

1999 New Zealand general election

1999 election19991999 general election
This marked an end to nine years of the Fourth National Government, and the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government which would govern for nine years in turn, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election.

Fourth National Government of New Zealand

Fourth National GovernmentNational governmentFourth National
The previous government, the fourth National government, had been in power since 1990.

Margaret Wilson

Margaret Anne WilsonWilson, MargaretMargaret Ann Wilson
She was Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives during the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand.

Steve Maharey

Maharey, SteveSteven Maharey
In the fifth Labour Government, he held various ministerial roles including Minister of Education and Minister of Social Developing and Employment, before standing down before the 2008 general election to become the Vice-Chancellor at Massey University.

Trevor Mallard

Mallard, TrevorRt Hon Trevor Mallardunpopular decision
He was a Cabinet minister in the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand holding portfolios including Environment, Labour, Broadcasting, State Owned Enterprises, Rugby World Cup and Education.

Chris Carter (politician)

Chris CarterCarter, ChrisCartergate
He was a senior Cabinet Minister in the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand, serving lastly as Minister of Education, Minister Responsible for the Education Review Office and Minister of Ethnic Affairs.