Fighter-bomber

fighter bomberfighter bomberstactical fighterfighter-bombersFighterJabotactical strikeFBFighter Bomber WingAttack
A fighter-bomber is a fighter aircraft that has been modified, or used primarily, as a light bomber or attack aircraft.wikipedia
648 Related Articles

Fighter aircraft

fighterfightersjet fighter
A fighter-bomber is a fighter aircraft that has been modified, or used primarily, as a light bomber or attack aircraft. In contrast, the Vought F4U Corsair fighter—which entered service in December 1942—had in common with its eventual U.S. Navy stablemate, the Grumman F6F Hellcat and the massive, seven-ton USAAF Republic P-47 Thunderbolt—a single Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp radial engine of 2,000 hp in a much smaller, simpler and less expensive single-seat aircraft, and was the first aircraft design to ever fly with the Double Wasp engine in May 1940.
Many fighters have secondary ground-attack capabilities, and some are designed as dual-purpose fighter-bombers; often aircraft that do not fulfill the standard definition are called fighters.

Attack aircraft

ground-attack aircraftground attack aircraftattack
A fighter-bomber is a fighter aircraft that has been modified, or used primarily, as a light bomber or attack aircraft.
Fighter aircraft often carry out the attack role, although they would not be considered attack aircraft per se, although fighter-bomber conversions of those same aircraft would be considered part of the class.

Light bomber

light bomberslightLight Bombardment
A fighter-bomber is a fighter aircraft that has been modified, or used primarily, as a light bomber or attack aircraft.
Purpose-built light bombers disappeared from military aviation by the end of World War II, as advancements in propulsion and aeronautical design enabled newer attack/strike aircraft, fighter-bombers and multirole aircraft types to deliver equal or greater bomb loads while also having superior performance, range and defensive capabilities.

Vought F4U Corsair

F4U CorsairCorsairF4U Corsairs
In contrast, the Vought F4U Corsair fighter—which entered service in December 1942—had in common with its eventual U.S. Navy stablemate, the Grumman F6F Hellcat and the massive, seven-ton USAAF Republic P-47 Thunderbolt—a single Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp radial engine of 2,000 hp in a much smaller, simpler and less expensive single-seat aircraft, and was the first aircraft design to ever fly with the Double Wasp engine in May 1940.
It quickly became one of the most capable carrier-based fighter-bombers of World War II.

Strike fighter

fighter-bomberfighter bomberstrike
Modern aircraft with similar duties are now typically called multirole combat aircraft or strike fighters.
As a category, it is distinct from fighter-bombers.

Republic P-47 Thunderbolt

P-47 ThunderboltP-47P-47 Thunderbolts
In contrast, the Vought F4U Corsair fighter—which entered service in December 1942—had in common with its eventual U.S. Navy stablemate, the Grumman F6F Hellcat and the massive, seven-ton USAAF Republic P-47 Thunderbolt—a single Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp radial engine of 2,000 hp in a much smaller, simpler and less expensive single-seat aircraft, and was the first aircraft design to ever fly with the Double Wasp engine in May 1940. Notable examples include the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, Hawker Typhoon and Republic P-47 Thunderbolt.
Its primary armament was eight .50-caliber machine guns and in the fighter-bomber ground-attack role it could carry five-inch rockets or a bomb load of 2,500 pounds (1,103 kg).

Messerschmitt Bf 109

Bf 109Messerschmitt 109Me 109
The Blenheim suffered disastrous losses over France in 1939 when it encountered Messerschmitt Bf 109s, and light bombers were quickly withdrawn.
It was conceived as an interceptor, although later models were developed to fulfill multiple tasks, serving as bomber escort, fighter-bomber, day-, night-, all-weather fighter, ground-attack aircraft, and reconnaissance aircraft.

Hawker Typhoon

TyphoonTyphoonsHawker Typhoon IB
Notable examples include the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, Hawker Typhoon and Republic P-47 Thunderbolt.
The Hawker Typhoon (Tiffy in RAF slang) is a British single-seat fighter-bomber, produced by Hawker Aircraft.

Focke-Wulf Fw 190

Fw 190Focke-Wulf 190Fw 190s
Notable examples include the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, Hawker Typhoon and Republic P-47 Thunderbolt.
The twin-row BMW 801 radial engine that powered most operational versions enabled the Fw 190 to lift larger loads than the Bf 109, allowing its use as a day fighter, fighter-bomber, ground-attack aircraft and, to a lesser degree, night fighter.

De Havilland Mosquito

MosquitoMosquitosMosquitoes
Examples include the Lockheed P-38 Lightning, the Bristol Beaufighter (developed from a torpedo bomber), and de Havilland Mosquito (developed from an unarmed fast bomber).
Originally conceived as an unarmed fast bomber, the Mosquito's use evolved during the war into many roles, including low- to medium-altitude daytime tactical bomber, high-altitude night bomber, pathfinder, day or night fighter, fighter-bomber, intruder, maritime strike, and photo-reconnaissance aircraft.

Military aircraft

militarycombat aircraftwarplane
Prior to World War II, general limitations in available engine and aeronautical technology required that each proposed military aircraft have its design tailored to a specific prescribed role.
Variations exist between them, including fighter-bombers, such as the MiG-23 ground-attack aircraft and the Soviet Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik.

Bomber

bombersBombardmentbomber aircraft
Various bombing tactics and techniques could also be used: some designs were intended for high-level bombing, others for low-level semi-horizontal bombing, or even for low-level steep dive bombing as exemplified by the Blackburn Skua and North American A-36 Apache.
This role is filled by tactical bomber class, which crosses and blurs with various other aircraft categories: light bombers, medium bombers, dive bombers, interdictors, fighter-bombers, attack aircraft, multirole combat aircraft, and others.

High level bombing

level bomberHigh-level bombinglevel bombing
Various bombing tactics and techniques could also be used: some designs were intended for high-level bombing, others for low-level semi-horizontal bombing, or even for low-level steep dive bombing as exemplified by the Blackburn Skua and North American A-36 Apache.
High level bombing missions have been flown by many different types of aircraft, including medium bombers, heavy bombers, strategic bombers and fighter-bombers.

Battle of Britain

Britainair battle with GermanyBattle of Britain Day
Bristol's Blenheim was even pushed into service as a fighter during the Battle of Britain but it was not fast enough. The Hawker Henley, a two-seat version of the Battle of Britain-winning Hawker Hurricane, was designed as a dive bomber. During the Battle of Britain, the Luftwaffe conducted fighter-bomber attacks on the United Kingdom from September to December 1940.
The Bf 109E was also used as a Jabo (jagdbomber, fighter-bomber)—the E-4/B and E-7 models could carry a 250 kg bomb underneath the fuselage, the later model arriving during the battle.

Hawker Hurricane

HurricaneHurricanesHawker Hurricanes
The Hawker Henley, a two-seat version of the Battle of Britain-winning Hawker Hurricane, was designed as a dive bomber.
The Hurricane was developed through several versions, into bomber-interceptors, fighter-bombers, and ground support aircraft as well as fighters.

Fighter-bomber attacks on the United Kingdom during World War II

fighter-bomber attacks on the United Kingdom
During the Battle of Britain, the Luftwaffe conducted fighter-bomber attacks on the United Kingdom from September to December 1940.
After the Luftwaffe's specialist ground attack aircraft, the Junkers Ju 87, suffered heavy losses in attacks on Britain, it was decided to use modified Messerschmitt Bf 109s and Messerschmitt Bf 110 as fighter-bombers.

Boulton & Paul Ltd

Boulton & PaulBoulton and PaulBoulton-Paul
The Beaufighter MkV had a Boulton-Paul turret with four 0.303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns mounted aft of the cockpit but only two were built.
The P.3 Bobolink fighter was overshadowed by the Sopwith Snipe and the Armistice beat the P.7 Bourges fighter-bomber into production.

Operation Bodenplatte

Operation ''BodenplatteUnternehmen BodenplatteBodenplatte
On New Year's Day 1945 in Operation Bodenplatte, over 1,000 aircraft (including more than 600 Fw 190s) launched a last-ditch attempt to destroy Allied planes on the ground in support of the Battle of the Bulge.
Every fighter and fighter-bomber Geschwader (Wing) currently occupied with air defence along the Western Front was redeployed.

Aerial warfare

aerial combatcombat missionair combat
Although still used, the term fighter-bomber has less significance since the introduction of rockets and guided missiles into aerial warfare.
It is a systematically organized and executed attack from the air which can utilize strategic bombers, long- or medium-range missiles, or nuclear-armed fighter-bomber aircraft to attack targets deemed vital to the enemy's war-making capability.

RP-3

rocketsRP-3 rockets60 lb" RP-3 unguided rockets
By September 1943 it was fitted with eight RP-3 rockets each with a 60 lb warhead, equivalent to the power of a naval destroyer's broadside.
They were generally used by British fighter-bomber aircraft against targets such as tanks, trains, motor transport and buildings, and by Coastal Command and Royal Navy aircraft against U-boats and shipping.

Heavy fighter

ZerstörerheavyZerstorer
The massive, powerful 18-cylinder Double Wasp engine weighed almost a ton—half as much again as the V12 Rolls-Royce Merlin and twice as much as the 9-cylinder Bristol Mercury that powered some heavy fighters.
A complex and advanced design for the early 1940s, the P-38 experienced technical problems in its initial deployments but these issues were solved in subsequent variants and it proved adaptable to undertake multiple roles including fighter escort, reconnaissance (as the F-4 and F-5 variants of which over 1,200 were built), and fighter-bomber.

North American P-51 Mustang

P-51 MustangP-51F-51 Mustang
They were escorted by only 10 to 12 North American P-51 Mustangs.
The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang is an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II and the Korean War, among other conflicts.

Multirole combat aircraft

multirolemultirole fightermulti-role combat aircraft
Modern aircraft with similar duties are now typically called multirole combat aircraft or strike fighters.

German destroyer Z33

Z33Z-33German destroyer ''Z33
Over 30 Beaufighters flying from RAF Dallachy in Scotland from Australian, British, Canadian and New Zealand squadrons attacked the German destroyer Z33 sheltering in Førde Fjord Norway.
While the ship was being towed to port for repairs, she and her escorts were attacked by Allied fighter-bombers.

Napier Sabre

SabreNapier Sabre IVNapier Sabre II
The reason was to take advantage of the new 2,000 hp engines then being planned, either the Napier Sabre or Rolls-Royce Vulture which required a larger airframe than the nimble Hurricane.
As air superiority over Continental Europe was slowly gained, Typhoons were increasingly used as fighter-bombers, notably by the RAF Second Tactical Air Force.