A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft configuration with a single mainplane, in contrast to a biplane or other types of multiplanes, which have multiple planes.- Monoplane
Fighter aircraft are fixed-wing military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat.- Fighter aircraft
The Bleriot VIII design of 1908 was an early aircraft design that had the modern monoplane tractor configuration.- Fixed-wing aircraft
The parasol wing allows for an efficient design with good pilot visibility, and was adopted for some fighters such as the Fokker D.VIII and Morane-Saulnier AI in the later part of the First World War.- Monoplane
The earliest known aerial victory with a synchronized machine gun-armed fighter aircraft occurred in 1915, by German Luftstreitkräfte Leutnant Kurt Wintgens.- Fixed-wing aircraft
By World War II, most fighters were all-metal monoplanes armed with batteries of machine guns or cannons and some were capable of speeds approaching 400 mph. Most fighters up to this point had one engine, but a number of twin-engine fighters were built; however they were found to be outmatched against single-engine fighters and were relegated to other tasks, such as night fighters equipped with primitive radar sets.- Fighter aircraft
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A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.
While a biplane wing structure has a structural advantage over a monoplane, it produces more drag than a monoplane wing.
Following World War I, this helped extend the era of the biplane and, despite the performance disadvantages, most fighter aircraft were biplanes as late as the mid-1930s.