A Boeing 737 airliner is an example of a fixed-wing aircraft
Low wing on a Curtiss P-40
An F-16 Fighting Falcon (left), P-51D Mustang (bottom), F-86 Sabre (top), and F-22 Raptor (right) fly in a formation representing four generations of American fighters.
Delta (triangular) kite
Parasol wing on a Pietenpol Air Camper
Airco DH.2 "pusher" scout
Boys flying a kite in 1828 Bavaria, by Johann Michael Voltz
The Santos-Dumont Demoiselle was the first production monoplane (replica shown).
The USAF Lockheed Martin F-35A
Le Bris and his glider, Albatros II, photographed by Nadar, 1868
The Junkers J 1 monoplane pioneered all-metal construction in 1915.
SPAD S.A.2, with gunner in "basket" up front
Wright Flyer III piloted by Orville Wright over Huffman Prairie, 4 October 1905
Jules Védrines in his Nieuport 16, armed with a Lewis, after clearing the front line of German observation balloons with the first rocket attack in history
Santos-Dumont's self-propelled 14-bis on an old postcard
A replica German Fokker Dr.I
Curtiss NC-4 flying boat after it completed the first crossing of the Atlantic in 1919, standing next to a fixed-wing heavier-than-air aircraft
Nieuport-Delage NiD.52, which in various forms would be used through the 20s and into the 1930s by various European air arms, including that of the French and Spanish.
Aircraft parked on the ground in Afghanistan
A Messerschmitt Bf 109E warbird demonstrator
A glider (sailplane) being winch-launched
A Supermarine Spitfire, typical World War II fighter optimized for high level speeds and good climb rates.
Ultralight "airchair" Goat 1 glider
Grumman F4F-3 Wildcat, early 1942
A 1943 USAAF Waco CG-4A
North American P-51D Mustang during WWII
Hang gliding
The Messerschmitt Me 262 was one of the fastest aircraft of WWII.
A kite in flight
The Gloster Meteor was Britain’s first jet fighter and the Allies' only jet aircraft used during World War II
Chinese dragon kite more than one hundred feet long which flew in the Berkeley, California, kite festival in 2000
English Electric Lightning
A quad-line traction kite, commonly used as a power source for kite surfing
U.S. Air Force McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
Train of connected kites
The U.S. Air Force McDonnell F-15 Eagle
The IAI Heron is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) with a twin-boom configuration
A MiG-31 of the Russian Air Force
The An-225 Mriya, the largest airplane in the world, which can carry a 250-tonne payload, has two vertical stabilizers
An F/A-18C Hornet
Captured Morane-Saulnier L wire-braced parasol monoplane
The Dassault Rafale over RIAT in 2009
Two Dassault Mirage G prototypes, one with wings swept (top)
Lockheed Martin/Boeing F-22 Raptor at the 2008 Joint Services Open House airshow
The US-produced B-2 Spirit, a strategic bomber capable of intercontinental missions, has a flying wing configuration
Chengdu J-20 at the 2018 airshow in China
Computer-generated model of the Boeing X-48
The Sukhoi Su-57 of the Russian Air Force
The Martin Aircraft Company X-24 was built as part of a 1963–1975 experimental US military program
M61 20 mm gun installation on West German Lockheed F-104G Starfighter
Canards on the Saab Viggen
AIM-9 Sidewinder (underwing pylon) and AIM-120 AMRAAM (wingtip) carried by lightweight F-16 fighter
Typical light aircraft (Cessna 150M) cockpit with control yokes
An MBDA Meteor, an ARH BVR AAM used on the Eurofighter Typhoon, Saab JAS 39 Gripen, Lockheed Martin F-35, and Dassault Rafale
The six basic flight instruments. Top row (left to right): airspeed indicator, attitude indicator, altimeter. Bottom row (left to right): turn coordinator, heading indicator, vertical speed indicator.
The Chengdu J-20 of the People's Liberation Army Air Force

A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft configuration with a single mainplane, in contrast to a biplane or other types of multiplanes, which have multiple planes.

- Monoplane

Fighter aircraft are fixed-wing military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat.

- Fighter aircraft

The Bleriot VIII design of 1908 was an early aircraft design that had the modern monoplane tractor configuration.

- Fixed-wing aircraft

The parasol wing allows for an efficient design with good pilot visibility, and was adopted for some fighters such as the Fokker D.VIII and Morane-Saulnier AI in the later part of the First World War.

- Monoplane

The earliest known aerial victory with a synchronized machine gun-armed fighter aircraft occurred in 1915, by German Luftstreitkräfte Leutnant Kurt Wintgens.

- Fixed-wing aircraft

By World War II, most fighters were all-metal monoplanes armed with batteries of machine guns or cannons and some were capable of speeds approaching 400 mph. Most fighters up to this point had one engine, but a number of twin-engine fighters were built; however they were found to be outmatched against single-engine fighters and were relegated to other tasks, such as night fighters equipped with primitive radar sets.

- Fighter aircraft
A Boeing 737 airliner is an example of a fixed-wing aircraft

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First World War Sopwith Camel biplane

Biplane

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First World War Sopwith Camel biplane
1920s biplane hang glider
Soviet Antonov An-2 biplane from the 1940s
Wing stagger on a Fleet Finch primary trainer
The much smaller lower wing is apparent in this photo of a Nieuport 17
Otto Lilienthal flying his Large Biplane in Lichterfelde (near Berlin) on October 19, 1895
1909 Voisin biplane, with "curtains" connecting the upper and lower wings
Late 1930s Fiat CR.42 Falco with Warren truss interplane struts which reduced the work needed in rigging a biplane
Boeing-Stearman Model 75 PT-13D biplane trainer from the 30s and 40s
Polikarpov Po-2, of which over 20,000 were built by the Soviet Union
Mauro Solar Riser electric-powered ultralight biplane
Zeppelin-Lindau D.I strutless biplane
Nieuport 23 single-bay sesquiplane
SPAD S.XIII single-bay biplane with auxiliary struts
Curtiss JN-4 two-bay biplane
Handley Page V/1500 four-bay or multi-bay biplane
The Gloster Gladiator, A WWII Fighter bi-plane

A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.

While a biplane wing structure has a structural advantage over a monoplane, it produces more drag than a monoplane wing.

Following World War I, this helped extend the era of the biplane and, despite the performance disadvantages, most fighter aircraft were biplanes as late as the mid-1930s.