Figure skating

figure skaterfigure skatersskatingfigure-skatingskaterfigurefigure skateskatersExhibition figure skatingfigure ice-skating
Figure skating is a sport in which individuals, duos, or groups perform on figure skates on ice.wikipedia
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Pair skating

pair skaterpairspair
The four Olympic disciplines are men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dance.
Pair skating is a figure skating discipline defined by the International Skating Union (ISU) as "the skating of two persons in unison who perform their movements in such harmony with each other as to give the impression of genuine Pair Skating as compared with independent Single Skating".

Single skating

men's singles, ladies' singlesmen's singlesmen's singles, ladies singles
The four Olympic disciplines are men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dance.
Single skating is a discipline of figure skating in which male and female skaters compete individually.

Ice dance

ice dancingice dancerice dancers
The four Olympic disciplines are men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dance.
Ice dance (sometimes referred to as ice dancing) is a discipline of figure skating that historically draws from ballroom dancing.

Synchronized skating

synchronised skatingSynchronizedprecision skating
Non-Olympic disciplines include synchronized skating, Theater on Ice, and four skating.
Synchronized skating is a sport where between eight and sixteen figure skaters (depending on the level) perform together as a team.

Short program (figure skating)

SPshort programShort
From intermediate through senior-level competition, skaters generally perform two programs (short and free skate), which may include spins, jumps, moves in the field, lifts, throw jumps, death spirals, and other elements or moves, depending on the discipline.
The short program of figure skating is the first of two segments of competitions, skated before the free skating program.

Free skating

FSfree skateFree
From intermediate through senior-level competition, skaters generally perform two programs (short and free skate), which may include spins, jumps, moves in the field, lifts, throw jumps, death spirals, and other elements or moves, depending on the discipline.
The free skating segment of figure skating, also called the free skate and the long program, is the second of two segments of competitions, skated after the short program.

Glossary of figure skating terms

Zayak ruleshoot the duckfree leg
The blade has a groove on the bottom creating two distinct edges: inside and outside.
The following is a glossary of figure skating terms, sorted alphabetically.

Ice theatre

Theatre on Iceice theaterballet on ice
Non-Olympic disciplines include synchronized skating, Theater on Ice, and four skating.
Ice Theatre (also known as Theatre on Ice, TOI, and Ballet on Ice) is a branch of figure skating that merges technical jumps and spins with unique choreography, ice dancing, pairs moves, synchronized skating, and theater to tell a story or act out an emotion or idea.

Figure skate

skatesToe picktoe picks
Figure skating is a sport in which individuals, duos, or groups perform on figure skates on ice.
Figure skates are a type of ice skate used by figure skaters.

Figure skating at the Olympic Games

OlympicsWinter Olympicsfigure skating
These include the Winter Olympics, the World Championships, the World Junior Championships, the European Championships, the Four Continents Championships, the Grand Prix series (senior and junior), and the ISU Challenger Series.
Figure skating was first contested in the Olympic Games at the 1908 Summer Olympics.

European Figure Skating Championships

EuropeansEuropean ChampionshipsEuropean Champ.
These include the Winter Olympics, the World Championships, the World Junior Championships, the European Championships, the Four Continents Championships, the Grand Prix series (senior and junior), and the ISU Challenger Series.
The European Figure Skating Championships (also called "Europeans") is an annual figure skating competition in which figure skaters compete for the title of European champion.

Moves in the field

From intermediate through senior-level competition, skaters generally perform two programs (short and free skate), which may include spins, jumps, moves in the field, lifts, throw jumps, death spirals, and other elements or moves, depending on the discipline.
Moves in the field is a name given to elements of figure skating that emphasize basic skating skill and edge control.

International Skating Union

ISUInternational Skating Union (ISU)ISU championships
The International Skating Union (ISU) regulates international figure skating judging and competitions.
The International Skating Union (ISU) is the international governing body for competitive ice skating disciplines, including figure skating, synchronized skating, speed skating, and short track speed skating.

ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating

Grand PrixChampions Series (Grand Prix)Champions Series / Grand Prix
These include the Winter Olympics, the World Championships, the World Junior Championships, the European Championships, the Four Continents Championships, the Grand Prix series (senior and junior), and the ISU Challenger Series.
The ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating (known as ISU Champions Series from 1995 to 1997) is a series of senior international figure skating competitions organized by the International Skating Union.

Figure skating at the 2014 Winter Olympics – Team event

team eventTeam trophy2014 Winter Olympics (Team Event)
The four disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating and ice dance are also incorporated into a team event, which appeared on the Olympic program for the first time at the 2014 Winter Olympics.
The team event was a competition of figure skating of the 2014 Winter Olympics held at the Iceberg Skating Palace in Sochi, Russia.

Figure skating jumps

jumpsjumpfigure skating jump
From intermediate through senior-level competition, skaters generally perform two programs (short and free skate), which may include spins, jumps, moves in the field, lifts, throw jumps, death spirals, and other elements or moves, depending on the discipline.
Figure skating jumps are an element of three competitive figure skating disciplines—men's singles, ladies' singles, and pair skating but not ice dancing.

Figure skating spins

spinsspinfigure skating spin
From intermediate through senior-level competition, skaters generally perform two programs (short and free skate), which may include spins, jumps, moves in the field, lifts, throw jumps, death spirals, and other elements or moves, depending on the discipline.
Spins are an element in figure skating where the skater rotates, centered on a single point on the ice, while holding one or more body positions.

Miki Ando

Ando Miki
It is extremely rare for a female skater to land a quadruple jump; the only two female single skaters to be credited with quads in competition are Miki Ando, who landed the first quad salchow in Dec 2002, and Alexandra Trusova, who landed the first quad toe loop (and only the second quad salchow) in March 2018, both at the Junior level.
Miki Ando is a retired Japanese figure skater.

Alexandra Trusova

Trusova
It is extremely rare for a female skater to land a quadruple jump; the only two female single skaters to be credited with quads in competition are Miki Ando, who landed the first quad salchow in Dec 2002, and Alexandra Trusova, who landed the first quad toe loop (and only the second quad salchow) in March 2018, both at the Junior level.
Alexandra "Sasha" Vyacheslavovna Trusova (Александра Вячеславовна Трусова; born 23 June 2004) is a Russian figure skater, who currently holds the world record for the free skate (166.62 points) and the combined total (241.02 points).

Four skating

foursfours discipline
Non-Olympic disciplines include synchronized skating, Theater on Ice, and four skating.
Four skating is a figure skating and artistic roller skating discipline.

Angular momentum

conservation of angular momentumangular momentamomentum
The apparently effortless power and glide across the ice exhibited by elite figure skaters fundamentally derives from efficient use of the edges to generate speed.
The conservation of angular momentum helps explain many observed phenomena, for example the increase in rotational speed of a spinning figure skater as the skater's arms are contracted, the high rotational rates of neutron stars, the Coriolis effect, and the precession of gyroscopes.

Step sequence

step sequencesfootwork sequencesteps
A step sequence is an element in figure skating.

Figure skating at the 1908 Summer Olympics

Figure skating19081908 Summer Olympics
It was the first winter sport to be included in the Olympic Games, when it was contested at the 1908 Olympics in London.
The figure skating competition took place at the Prince's Skating Club, in the district of Knightsbridge.

Salchow jump

Salchowtriple salchowsalchows
The salchow jump is an edge jump in figure skating.

Loop jump

looptriple loopdouble loop
The loop jump is an edge jump in the sport of figure skating.